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Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade
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Introduction Western Civilization- 9th grade

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  • 1. The History of WesternThe History of Western CivilizationCivilization An IntroductionAn Introduction
  • 2. Key QuestionsKey Questions  What is history?What is history?  When did history begin?When did history begin?  What tools do historians use to study the past?What tools do historians use to study the past?  What can we learn from the study of history?What can we learn from the study of history?  How is the sovereignty and plan of God seenHow is the sovereignty and plan of God seen throughout history?throughout history?
  • 3. Tools historians use to explore historyTools historians use to explore history  AnthropologyAnthropology- the study of culture/people- the study of culture/people  ArcheologyArcheology- the study of artifacts- physical- the study of artifacts- physical objectsobjects  Geography studies-Geography studies- the study of place and itsthe study of place and its impact on history and cultureimpact on history and culture  Primary sourcePrimary source literature, documents, art, etc.literature, documents, art, etc.  Scientific toolsScientific tools – Example- DNA analysis, computer tools, etc.Example- DNA analysis, computer tools, etc.
  • 4. Two Major Views of HistoryTwo Major Views of History Linear viewLinear view – history has a beginning and endhistory has a beginning and end – history has purpose and ultimate meaninghistory has purpose and ultimate meaning – human beings have an important role to playhuman beings have an important role to play in historyin history – associated with western (Judeo-Christian)associated with western (Judeo-Christian) civilization and culturecivilization and culture
  • 5. Linear ViewLinear View
  • 6. Cyclical ViewCyclical View history is the repetition of eventshistory is the repetition of events human action has little if any realhuman action has little if any real meaning or purposemeaning or purpose associated more with eastern culturesassociated more with eastern cultures (Asia)(Asia) - Hinduism and Buddhism- Hinduism and Buddhism
  • 7. Cyclical ViewCyclical View
  • 8. Historical DivisionsHistorical Divisions used in Western Cultureused in Western Culture
  • 9. Two Major DivisionsTwo Major Divisions  BCBC- before the time of Jesus Christ- before the time of Jesus Christ – BCE- Before the Common Era -secularBCE- Before the Common Era -secular termterm  AD- Anno DominiAD- Anno Domini – Latin for “the year– Latin for “the year of our Lord” - after the life of Christof our Lord” - after the life of Christ – CE- Common Era – secular termCE- Common Era – secular term
  • 10. PrehistoryPrehistory BeforeBefore written recordwritten record ? to @5000 BC? to @5000 BC
  • 11. Prehistoric WorldPrehistoric World
  • 12. Dinosaur TrackDinosaur Track
  • 13. Woolly Mammoth found inWoolly Mammoth found in SiberiaSiberia
  • 14. Pre-historic cave paintings-Pre-historic cave paintings- FranceFrance
  • 15. Ancient HistoryAncient History  @5000 BC-@500 AD@5000 BC-@500 AD  Rise of civilizations in the Near EastRise of civilizations in the Near East (Mesopotamia)- Fertile Crescent(Mesopotamia)- Fertile Crescent  Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt  Ancient Hebrews (Jews)Ancient Hebrews (Jews)  Ancient GreeceAncient Greece  Ancient RomeAncient Rome
  • 16. Middle Ages (Medieval Period)Middle Ages (Medieval Period)  @500 AD – @1400 AD@500 AD – @1400 AD  Dominated by a Christian worldviewDominated by a Christian worldview  Extremely powerful Roman CatholicExtremely powerful Roman Catholic Church and papacyChurch and papacy  Feudalism: social and political orderFeudalism: social and political order  Crusades:Crusades: – campaign to recapture the Holy Landcampaign to recapture the Holy Land  Gothic art and architectureGothic art and architecture
  • 17. Modern PeriodModern Period @1400 – to present@1400 – to present Begins with theBegins with the RenaissanceRenaissance – Age of ExplorationAge of Exploration – Protestant ReformationProtestant Reformation – Rise of the modern nation-stateRise of the modern nation-state – Rise of modern scienceRise of modern science
  • 18. What is a civilization?What is a civilization?
  • 19. 88 CharacteristicsCharacteristics of a Civilizationof a Civilization
  • 20. Cities (Urbanization)Cities (Urbanization)
  • 21. WrittenWritten languagelanguage
  • 22. Complex ReligionComplex Religion
  • 23. Social ClassesSocial Classes
  • 24. Job SpecializationJob Specialization
  • 25. Public WorksPublic Works
  • 26. RoadsRoads
  • 27. Aqueducts to bring waterAqueducts to bring water
  • 28. Art and ArchitectureArt and Architecture
  • 29. Sumerian ZigguratSumerian Ziggurat
  • 30. US troops climbing the Ziggurat of UR in IraqUS troops climbing the Ziggurat of UR in Iraq
  • 31. Organized GovernmentOrganized Government
  • 32. Law CodesLaw Codes
  • 33. Code of Hammurabi- oldestCode of Hammurabi- oldest written law codewritten law code
  • 34. What role did geography play in theWhat role did geography play in the development of civilization?development of civilization?  access to water- rivers were keyaccess to water- rivers were key – farmingfarming – trade and commercetrade and commerce  mild climatemild climate  not too mountainousnot too mountainous  rich land for farmingrich land for farming  raw materials availableraw materials available
  • 35. The Cradle of CivilizationThe Cradle of Civilization Mesopotamia-Mesopotamia- land between the riversland between the rivers
  • 36. The Ancient Near EastThe Ancient Near East
  • 37. Fertile CrescentFertile Crescent
  • 38. Middle East TodayMiddle East Today

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