Initial intro to worldview

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  • 1. Introduction toIntroduction to WorldviewsWorldviews James SireJames Sire The Universe Next DoorThe Universe Next Door
  • 2. ““THE UNEXAMINEDTHE UNEXAMINED LIFE IS NOT WORTHLIFE IS NOT WORTH LIVING.”LIVING.” SOCRATESSOCRATES
  • 3.  What is a worldview?What is a worldview?  Does everyone have a worldview?Does everyone have a worldview?  Why is a person’s worldviewWhy is a person’s worldview important?important?  What are the major questions thatWhat are the major questions that worldview attempts to address?worldview attempts to address?
  • 4. What is a worldview?What is a worldview?  A commitment to a set beliefs andA commitment to a set beliefs and values (Sire, 20)values (Sire, 20)  ““A framework through which we viewA framework through which we view the world…..” James Olthuis (Sire, 18)the world…..” James Olthuis (Sire, 18)  Worldview involves both our intellectWorldview involves both our intellect (mind) and our “soul” (Sire, 20)(mind) and our “soul” (Sire, 20)  ““Matter of the heart” (20)Matter of the heart” (20)  Central aspect of the “self” (20)Central aspect of the “self” (20)
  • 5. WORLDVIEW DEFINEDWORLDVIEW DEFINED -CHAPTER 1 pp. 20-22-CHAPTER 1 pp. 20-22  A SET OFA SET OF ASSUMPTIONSASSUMPTIONS ABOUT THEABOUT THE NATURE OF REALITYNATURE OF REALITY  OFTEN EXPRESSED AS A “STORY” OROFTEN EXPRESSED AS A “STORY” OR NARRATIVENARRATIVE  THESE ASSUMPTIONS MAY BE TRUE ORTHESE ASSUMPTIONS MAY BE TRUE OR FALSEFALSE  OUR ASSUMPTIONS DETERMINE HOW WEOUR ASSUMPTIONS DETERMINE HOW WE ATTEMPT TO ANSWER LIFE’SATTEMPT TO ANSWER LIFE’S BIGGESTBIGGEST QUESTIONSQUESTIONS  Questions ofQuestions of meaning, value, purposemeaning, value, purpose
  • 6. WHY IS A PERSON’SWHY IS A PERSON’S WORLDVIEW IMPORTANT?WORLDVIEW IMPORTANT?  OUR WORLDVIEW IMPACTS HOW WEOUR WORLDVIEW IMPACTS HOW WE LIVE OUR LIVES-LIVE OUR LIVES-  EXISTENTIAL COMPONENTEXISTENTIAL COMPONENT  IT DETERMINES OURIT DETERMINES OUR  BELIEFS/VALUES/ MORALITYBELIEFS/VALUES/ MORALITY  DECISIONS AND CHOICESDECISIONS AND CHOICES  ACTIONSACTIONS
  • 7. ACTIONS VALUES WORLDVIEW
  • 8. WORLDVIEW QUESTIONSWORLDVIEW QUESTIONS The Universe Next DoorThe Universe Next Door – Chapter 1 pp. 22-23– Chapter 1 pp. 22-23  WHAT ISWHAT IS PRIMEPRIME REALITYREALITY??  THETHE ULTIMATE REALITYULTIMATE REALITY  THIS IS THE “GOD” QUESTIONTHIS IS THE “GOD” QUESTION  IS THERE A GOD?IS THERE A GOD?
  • 9. PHYSICAL/MATERIALPHYSICAL/MATERIAL REALITYREALITY  WHAT IS THE NATURE OFWHAT IS THE NATURE OF EXTERNAL (PHYSICAL) REALITY?EXTERNAL (PHYSICAL) REALITY?  WHAT IS THE NATURAL WORLD?WHAT IS THE NATURAL WORLD?  PHYSICAL (MATERIAL) UNIVERSEPHYSICAL (MATERIAL) UNIVERSE  WHAT IS THE UNIVERSE (COSMOS) ANDWHAT IS THE UNIVERSE (COSMOS) AND EVERYTHING IN IT?EVERYTHING IN IT?
  • 10. HUMAN BEINGSHUMAN BEINGS  WHAT IS A HUMAN BEING?WHAT IS A HUMAN BEING?  ARE HUMAN BEINGS PHYSICALARE HUMAN BEINGS PHYSICAL ONLY?ONLY?  ARE HUMAN BEING BOTH BODYARE HUMAN BEING BOTH BODY AND “SOUL”AND “SOUL” –– MIND AND MATTER?MIND AND MATTER?  WHAT DOES IT REALLY MEAN TO BEWHAT DOES IT REALLY MEAN TO BE HUMAN?HUMAN?  HOW SHOULD WE SEE AND VALUEHOW SHOULD WE SEE AND VALUE HUMAN LIFE?HUMAN LIFE?
  • 11. DEATHDEATH  WHAT HAPPENS WHEN WE DIE?WHAT HAPPENS WHEN WE DIE?  DO HUMANS SIMPLY CEASE TO EXIST?DO HUMANS SIMPLY CEASE TO EXIST?  IS THERE SOMETHING ABOUT HUMANIS THERE SOMETHING ABOUT HUMAN BEINGS THAT TRANSCENDS PHYSICALBEINGS THAT TRANSCENDS PHYSICAL LIFE?LIFE?  IS THERE AN ULTIMATE JUSTICE AFTERIS THERE AN ULTIMATE JUSTICE AFTER DEATH?DEATH?
  • 12. KNOWINGKNOWING  HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WEHOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WE KNOW?KNOW?  -- EPISTEMOLOGYEPISTEMOLOGY - STUDY OF“KNOWING”- STUDY OF“KNOWING”  --DO WE KNOW ONLY THROUGH THEDO WE KNOW ONLY THROUGH THE MIND?MIND?  -DO WE KNOW THROUGH SENSORY-DO WE KNOW THROUGH SENSORY EXPERIENCEEXPERIENCE  -ARE WE BORN WITH AN IMPRINTED-ARE WE BORN WITH AN IMPRINTED (INTUITIVE) KNOWLEDGE OR(INTUITIVE) KNOWLEDGE OR KNOWING?KNOWING?  NATURE AND NURTURENATURE AND NURTURE
  • 13. MORALITYMORALITY  HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT IS RIGHTHOW DO WE KNOW WHAT IS RIGHT AND WRONG?AND WRONG?  HOW DO HUMANS MAKE VALUEHOW DO HUMANS MAKE VALUE JUDGEMENTS?JUDGEMENTS?  IS MORALITY A SET STANDARD ORIS MORALITY A SET STANDARD OR SOMETHING CREATED BY HUMANSOMETHING CREATED BY HUMAN BEINGS?BEINGS?
  • 14. HUMAN HISTORYHUMAN HISTORY  WHAT IS THE MEANING OF HUMANWHAT IS THE MEANING OF HUMAN HISTORY?HISTORY?  DOES LIFE HAVE ANY REAL MEANINGDOES LIFE HAVE ANY REAL MEANING AND PURPOSE?AND PURPOSE?  IS HISTORY MOVING TOWARD SOMEIS HISTORY MOVING TOWARD SOME ULTIMATE GOAL OR FULFILLMENTULTIMATE GOAL OR FULFILLMENT  IS HISTORY SIMPLY A CYCLE OFIS HISTORY SIMPLY A CYCLE OF RECURRING EVENTS WITH NORECURRING EVENTS WITH NO UNDERLYING MEANING OR PURPOSE?UNDERLYING MEANING OR PURPOSE?
  • 15. THE MAJOR WAYSTHE MAJOR WAYS THAT WE FORM OURTHAT WE FORM OUR WORLDVIEWWORLDVIEW
  • 16. REASONREASON LOGICLOGIC SCIENCESCIENCE OBSERVATIONOBSERVATION EMPIRICISMEMPIRICISM VERIFICATION THROUGH THEVERIFICATION THROUGH THE HARD SCIENCES AND HUMANHARD SCIENCES AND HUMAN REASONREASON
  • 17. REVELATIONREVELATION FAITHFAITH INTUITIONINTUITION
  • 18. ARE THESEARE THESE MUTUALLYMUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE WAYS OFEXCLUSIVE WAYS OF KNOWING OR DOKNOWING OR DO THEY WORKTHEY WORK TOGETHER?TOGETHER?
  • 19. IS ONE WAYIS ONE WAY SUPERIOR TO THESUPERIOR TO THE OTHER?OTHER?
  • 20. THE WAY WE APPROACHTHE WAY WE APPROACH AND ANSWER THESEAND ANSWER THESE FUNDAMENTALFUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS WILLQUESTIONS WILL DETERMINE OURDETERMINE OUR WORLDVIEW AND HOWWORLDVIEW AND HOW WE LIVE OUR LIVES.WE LIVE OUR LIVES.