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Fall of communism
 

Fall of communism

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    Fall of communism Fall of communism Presentation Transcript

    • THE FALL OFCOMMUNISMUSSR AND EASTERN EUROPE
    • Mikhail Gorbachev – detenta new era of reform Sought to reform and restructure the USSR Economic reform – perestroika  Economy somewhere between central planning (communism) and free markets (capitalism) New openness in society, politics, and speech- glasnost Free elections were help for the first time since 1917 (1989)
    •  Many non-Russians began to call for independence from the USSR Gorbachev called for the USSR to reform its policy toward the nations of Eastern Europe (Warsaw Pact nations) He also withdrew Soviet troops from Afghanistan
    • Boris Yeltsin was elected thepresident of Russia
    •  Russia struggled to create democratic and capitalistic state Corruption increased Poverty increased Standard of living decreased Russia still struggles to build a more modern, progressive, and economically stable state
    • The Berlin Wall came down - 1989
    • Reunification of Germany- 1993
    • Chancellor Angela Merkel
    • Gorbachev visiting Berlin
    • Gorbachev with Angela Merkel and LechWalesa (Poland Solidarity Movement
    • Gorbachev in a Louis VuittonAdvertisement
    • Hungary became independent –ended communism
    • Communist propaganda inBudapest, Hungary
    • Hungarian street signs after the fallof communism
    • Romania
    • Bucharest, Romania
    • The president of Romania and hiswife shortly before their execution
    • The European Union
    • Maastricht Treaty – 1990 – rulesfor a single European currency
    • THE FORMERYUGOSLAVIA 1989- 1990’s
    •  With the fall of communism, Yugoslavia broke up into separate republics with many declaring their independence National, ethnic, and religious tensions led to a violent and bloody war Rape, murder, ethnic cleansing, concentration camps marked the conflict The US carried our bombing raids on the capital of Serbia during the Clinton administration
    • Serbian leaders would later be arrested andcharged with war crimes