Fall of communism

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  • 1. THE FALL OFCOMMUNISMUSSR AND EASTERN EUROPE
  • 2. Mikhail Gorbachev – detenta new era of reform Sought to reform and restructure the USSR Economic reform – perestroika  Economy somewhere between central planning (communism) and free markets (capitalism) New openness in society, politics, and speech- glasnost Free elections were help for the first time since 1917 (1989)
  • 3.  Many non-Russians began to call for independence from the USSR Gorbachev called for the USSR to reform its policy toward the nations of Eastern Europe (Warsaw Pact nations) He also withdrew Soviet troops from Afghanistan
  • 4. Boris Yeltsin was elected thepresident of Russia
  • 5.  Russia struggled to create democratic and capitalistic state Corruption increased Poverty increased Standard of living decreased Russia still struggles to build a more modern, progressive, and economically stable state
  • 6. The Berlin Wall came down - 1989
  • 7. Reunification of Germany- 1993
  • 8. Chancellor Angela Merkel
  • 9. Gorbachev visiting Berlin
  • 10. Gorbachev with Angela Merkel and LechWalesa (Poland Solidarity Movement
  • 11. Gorbachev in a Louis VuittonAdvertisement
  • 12. Hungary became independent –ended communism
  • 13. Communist propaganda inBudapest, Hungary
  • 14. Hungarian street signs after the fallof communism
  • 15. Romania
  • 16. Bucharest, Romania
  • 17. The president of Romania and hiswife shortly before their execution
  • 18. The European Union
  • 19. Maastricht Treaty – 1990 – rulesfor a single European currency
  • 20. THE FORMERYUGOSLAVIA 1989- 1990’s
  • 21.  With the fall of communism, Yugoslavia broke up into separate republics with many declaring their independence National, ethnic, and religious tensions led to a violent and bloody war Rape, murder, ethnic cleansing, concentration camps marked the conflict The US carried our bombing raids on the capital of Serbia during the Clinton administration
  • 22. Serbian leaders would later be arrested andcharged with war crimes