Melanoma presentation

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A powerpoint about Melanoma, the deadliest skin cancer.

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Melanoma presentation

  1. 1. Melanoma<br />Ava<br />
  2. 2. Statistics<br />8,700 people die from Melanoma each year in the US<br />68,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma each year in the US<br />Sixth most common cancer in US<br />
  3. 3. Melanoma Rates Are Increasing<br />
  4. 4. Risk Factors<br />Fair skin, blue or green eyes, red or blond hair<br />Close relatives with a history of melanoma<br />Exposure to cancerous causing chemicals such as arsenic, coal tar, and creosote<br />Presence of multiple birthmarks<br />Weakened immune system from AIDS, leukemia, organ transplant, certain medications<br />If you have previously had melanoma<br />
  5. 5. History<br />John Hunter discovered fist tumor in 1787<br />Wasn’t recognized as a disease until 1806 by Rene Laennec<br />Samuel Cooper in 1840 found that melanoma is untreatable past its first stages <br />In 1956 Henry Lancaster made the connection between sunlight intensity and development of melanoma <br />
  6. 6. Types of Melanoma<br />Superficial Spreading Melanoma<br />Nodular Melanoma<br />LentigoMaligna melanoma<br />AcralLentiginous melanoma<br />Melanoma of the eye<br />
  7. 7. Normal Melanocytes<br />“This shows an even distribution of dendriticmelanocytes within the basal layer of the epidermis”<br />
  8. 8. Stage 0<br />
  9. 9. Stage I<br />Some of the melanocytes are atypical, and their numbers increase.<br />
  10. 10. Melanoma Lesions<br />
  11. 11. Stage I<br /><ul><li>Thin melanoma of the skin
  12. 12. Treatments
  13. 13. surgery
  14. 14. 90% survival rate</li></li></ul><li>Stage II<br />Radical Growth Phase (RGP) Melanoma<br />
  15. 15. Stage II<br /><ul><li>Medium or thick melanoma of the skin
  16. 16. Treatments
  17. 17. Surgery removing affected area and sampling the lymph nodes
  18. 18. Sometimes radiation is used
  19. 19. 75% Survival Rate</li></li></ul><li>Stage III<br />Vertical Growth Phase (VGP)<br />Leads directly to metastasis<br />
  20. 20. Stage III<br /><ul><li>Lumps of melanoma close to or in that region but a ways from the primary skin lesion, lymph node involvement, or both
  21. 21. Treatments
  22. 22. Surgery to remove tumors, surrounding area, and lymph nodes
  23. 23. Sometimes radiation
  24. 24. High-dose interferon-alpha for a year
  25. 25. 30-60% Survival rate depending on extent of disease</li></li></ul><li>Stage IV<br /><ul><li>Spread to distant sites in the body or lymph nodes several levels beyond the skin area of the primary lesion
  26. 26. Treatments
  27. 27. Surgery and radiation
  28. 28. Systemic drugs
  29. 29. Experimental treatments
  30. 30. Less than 10% survival rate</li></li></ul><li>Sources<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001853<br />http://www.oncolink.org/types/article.cfm?c=18&s=63&ss=861&id=9623<br />http://www.cancerquest.org/<br />http://www.medicinenet.com/biological_therapy/article.htm<br />http://www.mamashealth.com/cancer/melanoma.asp<br />http://www.sunislife.com/ART_sunscreenscancer2.html<br />http://www.malignant-melanoma.net/who-discovered-melanoma.php<br />http://www.melanomahopenetwork.org/Section.asp?SID=2200&N=Treatment%20Options<br />http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7130/fig_tab/nature05661_F1.html<br />

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