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A powerpoint about Melanoma, the deadliest skin cancer.

A powerpoint about Melanoma, the deadliest skin cancer.

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Melanoma presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Melanoma
    Ava
  • 2. Statistics
    8,700 people die from Melanoma each year in the US
    68,000 people are diagnosed with melanoma each year in the US
    Sixth most common cancer in US
  • 3. Melanoma Rates Are Increasing
  • 4. Risk Factors
    Fair skin, blue or green eyes, red or blond hair
    Close relatives with a history of melanoma
    Exposure to cancerous causing chemicals such as arsenic, coal tar, and creosote
    Presence of multiple birthmarks
    Weakened immune system from AIDS, leukemia, organ transplant, certain medications
    If you have previously had melanoma
  • 5. History
    John Hunter discovered fist tumor in 1787
    Wasn’t recognized as a disease until 1806 by Rene Laennec
    Samuel Cooper in 1840 found that melanoma is untreatable past its first stages
    In 1956 Henry Lancaster made the connection between sunlight intensity and development of melanoma
  • 6. Types of Melanoma
    Superficial Spreading Melanoma
    Nodular Melanoma
    LentigoMaligna melanoma
    AcralLentiginous melanoma
    Melanoma of the eye
  • 7. Normal Melanocytes
    “This shows an even distribution of dendriticmelanocytes within the basal layer of the epidermis”
  • 8. Stage 0
  • 9. Stage I
    Some of the melanocytes are atypical, and their numbers increase.
  • 10. Melanoma Lesions
  • 11. Stage I
    • Thin melanoma of the skin
    • 12. Treatments
    • 13. surgery
    • 14. 90% survival rate
  • Stage II
    Radical Growth Phase (RGP) Melanoma
  • 15. Stage II
    • Medium or thick melanoma of the skin
    • 16. Treatments
    • 17. Surgery removing affected area and sampling the lymph nodes
    • 18. Sometimes radiation is used
    • 19. 75% Survival Rate
  • Stage III
    Vertical Growth Phase (VGP)
    Leads directly to metastasis
  • 20. Stage III
    • Lumps of melanoma close to or in that region but a ways from the primary skin lesion, lymph node involvement, or both
    • 21. Treatments
    • 22. Surgery to remove tumors, surrounding area, and lymph nodes
    • 23. Sometimes radiation
    • 24. High-dose interferon-alpha for a year
    • 25. 30-60% Survival rate depending on extent of disease
  • Stage IV
    • Spread to distant sites in the body or lymph nodes several levels beyond the skin area of the primary lesion
    • 26. Treatments
    • 27. Surgery and radiation
    • 28. Systemic drugs
    • 29. Experimental treatments
    • 30. Less than 10% survival rate
  • Sources
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001853
    http://www.oncolink.org/types/article.cfm?c=18&s=63&ss=861&id=9623
    http://www.cancerquest.org/
    http://www.medicinenet.com/biological_therapy/article.htm
    http://www.mamashealth.com/cancer/melanoma.asp
    http://www.sunislife.com/ART_sunscreenscancer2.html
    http://www.malignant-melanoma.net/who-discovered-melanoma.php
    http://www.melanomahopenetwork.org/Section.asp?SID=2200&N=Treatment%20Options
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v445/n7130/fig_tab/nature05661_F1.html