Name: Daniel Stiven Quintero HenaoTeacher: Miss Martha Rocio LondoñoSubject: EnglishGrade: 804Shift: Morning Year: 2012
It takes place from Saturday through Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, usually in February, and sometimes early March. It has a tradition of more than one hundred years. The Carnival season begins the second Saturday in January when the holidays begin public and verbenas, however, other activities directly related to the carnival happen during much of the year.
Thebarranquilla’s carnival is celebrated in Barranquilla.
More than 1 million people, visitors and locals annually participate in the festival.
Carnival is an inexhaustible source of inspiration for musicians of the Colombian Caribbean, this is how we find countless recordings alluding to the Carnival of Barranquilla in diversity of rhythms, from cumbia, porro, fandango, scribbles, armories, tamboritos, pujas, cumbiones, guarachas , walks and salsa music.
The Carnival of Barranquilla birth occurred in the nineteenth century, and currently involves about 500 folk groups (costumes and floats) and generates an estimated 40 billion pesos in ingress.
The Carnival of Barranquilla is the folk festival and most important cultural in Colombia, Barranquilla. This Carnival is a cultural event in which all varieties express cultural and folklore of the Caribbean Coast and the most diverse local cultural events, popular music and dance. It is the most representative of the city that attracts and strangers.
Barranquillas Carnival (Spanish: Carnaval de Barranquilla) is Colombias most important ffolklore celebration, one of the biggest carnivals in the world. The carnival has traditions that date back to the 19th century. Forty days before Holy Week, Barranquilla decks itself out to receive national and foreign tourists, and join together with the citys inhabitants to enjoy four days of intense festivities. During the carnival Barranquillas normal activities are paralyzed because the city gets busy with street dances, musical and masquerade parades. Barranquillas Carnival includes dances like the Spanish paloteo, african Congo and indigenous mico y micas.
Many styles of Colombian music are also performed, most prominently cumbia, and instruments include drums and wind ensembles. The Carnival of Barranquilla was proclaimed Cultural Masterpiece of the Nation by Colombias National Congress on 2002. Also the UNESCO, in Paris on November 7, 2003, declared it as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, and it was during Olga Lucia Rodriquez Carnival Queen year. The Carnival starts on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday with the Battle of the Flowers, which is considered one of the main activities. Then, The Great Parade on Sunday and Monday is marked by an Orchestra Festival with Caribbean and Latin bands. Tuesday signals the end of the carnival, announced by the burial of Joselito Carnaval, who is mourned by everyone. Barranquillas Carnival slogan is: Who lives it, is who enjoys it (Quien lo vive, es quien lo goza).
The carnival queen is chosen at the end of the previousyear so that she has time to prepare herself. The KingMomo is also chosen around this time, and whoever isthe queen or the king has taken part in the carnivalsince childhood and is well known for his carnival spirit.Rehearsals for the carnival start several weeks before the Carnival and every Friday of this season is Carnival Friday.
The Carnival Queen presides over the different events until the symbolic burial of JoselitoCarnaval (Joseph Carnival). Carnival starts off with the Pre-Carnival activities. The festivalofficially begins with the Lectura del Bando, which is the traditional reading of the carnivalproclamation. Here it is stated that everyone must enjoy themselves, dance and party wildly.Although the carnival officially initiates with this activity, in Barranquilla there is happinessand joy weeks before of this. The Pre-Carnival activities include the Lectura DelBando, Toma de la Ciudad (Taking the City), the Crowing of the Carnival Queen andKing, the Children’s Carnival Procession,and finally the most important pre-carnival event, LaGuacherna. The Guacherna is a night parade of dances, cumbias, and masquerades, whichtakes place a Friday before the Saturday of carnival. The Carnival starts on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday with the Battle of theFlowers, which is the most important event of the carnival. The Battle of the Flowers is atraditional float parade composed of the greatest and most colorful creations.Approximately, is a six hour show of floats and it is led by the Carnival Queen followed byfolk dances, musicians, dance groups, costumed groups, marchers, disguises and firebreathers. The audience can enjoy all the carnival characters here. Sunday of Carnival is when the Great Parade takes place. It is considered a day of maskand disguises because floats are not present this day. Different dance groups competeagainst each other for the coveted prize of performing in the Battle of the Flowers thefollowing year.
Monday is marked by an Orchestra Festival, with Caribbean and Latin bands from early afternoon until early Tuesday. The Festival involved various categories and groups that compete for the coveted Golden Congo. The Fantasy Parade is also presented on Monday, and it is a very colorful parade in which all kinds of customs are seen. Tuesday signals the end of the carnival, announced by the burial of Joselito Carvajal, who is mourned by everyone. Joselito, a character who symbolizes the joy of the festivities, who had resurrected the Saturday of carnival and dies on the last day tired and hungover to resurrect the following year in the next carnival. Tuesday`s parade is shorter than the other parades, and here happy widows participate crying because of this personage`s death. It is similar to burial. At night, a funny litany is celebrated with simple lines and its characteristic tone, and current national and international affairs are criticized. The next day is Ash Wednesday and Lent, a period of religious devotion and abstinence, begins. All of the carnival events are often broadcasted live by regional television channels. The Carnival of Barranquilla is very important for the economy of the entire region. Tourism increases significantly these 4 days, which are holidays in Barranquilla.
The music contains a mixture of cumbia, porro, mapale, gaita, chandé, puya, fandango, and fantastic merecumbés. These are examples of many styles of Colombian music. It is a party that gathers up tradition based on the creativity of the Colombian people, and it is expressed by various forms of dancing, by means of music, by different forms of art works, by the wearing of different costumes, and by the way of celebrating. The Carnaval ofBarranquilla is unique because of its cultural diversity and because it is a party where the people are the main protagonists. Every dance, every folkloric group, and every custom play different roles to make the party the best show on earth. The Carnaval of Barranquilla is multicultural, diverse, and rich in different cultural expressions. Its dancing and dancing expressions, just like its music, is gathered from every city of the Caribbean part of Colombia. The Carnavals diversity can be categorized in seven different blocks: Traditional dances or folkloric dances; dances relation or manifestation dances; special dances or choreographic dances; Comparsas (a form of live music), with which the choreography and creativity of dances are expressed; Comedies, which are traditional and folkloric popular theater, where oral expression is its primary characteristic; Litany, which are traditional groups that sing along a choir; and last but not least the customs. These can be individual, or collectives, structural, and dramatic.
La Marimonda, which are hooded figures with long noses, floppy ears and bright trousers and vests, is the most popular costume because it is the only costume that originated in Barranquilla. The rest of the costumes come from European or African origin. Carnaval de BarranquillaMarimonda characters Other traditional customs are El garabato, El Africano, Dracula, El torito, EL Congo, El Monocuco, Los Cabezones, Las Muñeconas, and El Tigrillo. The Carnival s dances are: La Cumbia, El Garabato, El Son de Negro, El Congo, El Mapale, El Caiman, El Paloteo, El Gusano, Las Farotas, De Relacion and Las Pilanderas. "The cumbia, a good example of the fusion of Indian, Black and White elements that simulates a couple courting and is characterized by the elegance and subtle movements of the woman’s hips to the rhythm of a drum and flute." Another of the main dances is the Garabato, which represents a mystical battle between life and death. The Congo represents African tradition in its movement and also the memory of slavery in America
The Carnival of Barranquilla is multicultural, diverse, and rich in different cultural expressions. Its dancing and dancing expressions, just like its music, is gathered from every city of the Caribbean part of Colombia.