Renaissance Art and Mannerism by Stephen Gomez


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Renaissance Art and Mannerism by Stephen Gomez

  1. 1. Submitted By: James Andrew Go Stephen Gomez Christine Birao
  2. 2.  Started in Florence, Italy in the 14th-16th Century wherein the rebirth of Classical Ideas and Styles took place.  In the Early stages of this period, artists began using egg temperas and frescoes to create their masterpieces. Innovations within the field of painting had allowed many methods of painting to be practiced in the Modern Times.
  3. 3.  Term means “Rebirth”.  The period wherein apprenticeship programs were the standard training forum, and is still being practiced today.  Classified into two: Early and High Renaissance.
  4. 4.  Interested in Greek & Roman culture (“the classics”)  Use of perspective in paintings  Believed in humanism  Used critical method of study  The figures in their artwork were more realistic.
  5. 5.  No perspective  No proportion  Little kid drawings?
  6. 6.  Many religious themes.  Shows how central religion was.
  7. 7.  Everyday scenes.  More realistic.
  8. 8.  The painting applies the method of linear perspectives, foreshortening, chiaroscuro, balance and proportion.  Paintings were made in Egg Temperas and Frescoes, then later with Oil Paintings and Canvases.
  9. 9.  Masaccio’s Holy Trinity. A painting made in a fresco, and applies the method of linear perspectives.
  10. 10.  A panel painting by the Flemish artist Rogier van der Weyden created c. 1435, now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid. Rogier van der Weyden’s Descent from the Cross, which is made in oil on a wood panel.
  11. 11.  1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli.  It is made with egg tempera on a wood panel.  It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore (which is related to the Venus Anadyomene motif).
  12. 12.  Mantegna’s Dead Christ, which was made with egg tempera on a canvas, and an example of a foreshortened painting.
  13. 13.  Artists were able to apply more modern techniques to the already notable structures from Greek and Roman temples.  Varied and very often executed on a grand scale.  Some of the greatest early Renaissance Sculpture was created by the artists Donatello, Ghiberti and Leonardo's master Verrocchio.
  14. 14.  The pair of gilded bronze doors (1425–52)  It was designed by the sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti for the north entrance of the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Florence.
  15. 15.  Bronze statue of David (circa 1440s)  Famous as the first unsupported standing work of bronze cast during the Renaissance, and the first freestanding nude male sculpture made since antiquity.
  16. 16. It is one of the most exquisite Renaissance equestrian statues.  Located beside the Scuola Grande di San Marco.  It was erected in fulfillment of a request made by the condotierro before his death in 1475. 
  17. 17.  It is the architecture of the period between the early 15th and early 17th centuries in different regions of Europe  Architects aimed to use columns, pilasters, and entablatures as an integrating system.  The leading architects of the Early Renaissance or Quattrocento were Brunelleschi, Michelozzo and Alberti.
  18. 18.  It is the main church of Florence, Italy.  It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to the design of Arnolfo di Cambio.
  19. 19.  It is a Renaissance palace located in Florence, Italy.  The palace was designed by Michelozzo di Bartolomeo.
  20. 20. It is one of the largest churches of Florence, Italy.  Situated at the centre of the city’s main market district.  It is one of several churches that claim to be the oldest in Florence. 
  21. 21.  Started in the 15th Century. Most popular works came from Italy.  All Italian painters have practiced a formula which is creating light/shadow to create the illusion of 3-D space called chiaroscuro.  Like in the Early Renaissance, paintings were made in Egg Temperas (but rarely used), Frescoes, Wood Panels, Oil, and Canvas.
  22. 22.  Leonardo Da Vinci’s famous painting, Mona Lisa, which was made with oil in a lombardy poplar panel.
  23. 23.  Michelangelo’s The Creation of Adam. Made in a fresco, and displayed on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
  24. 24.  Sculptures were mostly made out of marble.  The subjects of these sculptures under this era were naked figures, which reflected wealth and knowledge.  Known artists under this era was Michelangelo. Known for his works namely Pieta, David, and Moses.
  25. 25.  Masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and 1504.  The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favored subject in the art of Florence. Michelangelo’s David, made out of Marble.
  26. 26.  The crown jewel of his work. Based from the Gospel of Luke which states the death of Christ.  Jesus’ body was carried by Mary, to be taken into the catacomb for burial. Michelangelo’s Pieta, the most famous sculpture of his time.
  27. 27.  Witnessed the pinnacle of classical simplicity and harmony in Renaissance art and architecture. Donato Bramante was the leader in this era.  Architects aimed to use columns, pilasters, and entablatures as an integrating system.  Central Part Layout were used to construct engineering feats during this era. Denotes rational symmetry, which uses polygonal figures like the square, octagon, and many others.
  28. 28.  It is a martyia (a building that commemorates a martyrdom) that marks the traditional site of Saint Peter's crucifixion.
  29. 29.  It is a religious building in Florence, central Italy.  Considered to be one of the masterpieces of Renaissance architecture.  It is located in the "first cloister" of the Basilica di Santa Croce.
  30. 30.  Artificial methods were applied by artists in creating paintings. The distortion of the human body and the scenery experimentation are common examples of which.  Classical Mythology and Catholic-themed paintings are common examples under this era.  Notable for its intellectual sophistication as well as its artificial (as opposed to naturalistic) qualities.
  31. 31.  Started around the 16th Century in Italy following the High Renaissance Period. Ended during the same century, Western Mannerism continued until the 17th Century.  The opposite of the Renaissance-era paintings which focuses on natural perspectives.  Derives from the Italian maniera, meaning "style" or "manner“.
  32. 32.  Parmigianino’s Madonna with the Long Neck. Mannerism Paintings make itself known with elongated proportions, highly stylized poses, and lack of clear perspective.
  33. 33.  Michelangelo himself displayed tendencies towards Mannerism, notably in the Sistine Chapel.  1508-12, from the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  34. 34.  Resulted in such qualities as distorted anatomy (e.g. elongated limbs) and complex postures.  Characterized by elongated forms, spiral angles, and aloof subject gazes.  Attempt to find an original style that would surpass the achievements of the High Renaissance.
  35. 35.  Giambologna, Rape of the Sabine Women, 1583, Florence, Italy, 13' 6" high, marble. In this piece, Giambologna demonstrates the use of the figura serpentinata.
  36. 36. 1545 bronze sculpture of Perseus with the head of Medusa on a square base with bronze relief panels  Located in the Loggia dei Lanzi of the Piazza della Signoria in Florence, Italy. 
  37. 37.  Set up in the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence's Piazza della Signoria.  Known for a fine sense of action and movement, and a refined, differentiated surface finish.
  38. 38.  Architects aimed to use columns, pilasters, and entablatures as an integrating system.  Showed extensive knowledge of Roman architectural style.  Architects experimented with using architectural forms to emphasize solid and spatial relationships.
  39. 39.  Palace in the suburbs of Mantua, Italy.  It is a fine example of the mannerist style of architecture, the acknowledged masterpiece of Giulio Romano.  A square building, constructed 1524-1534 for Federico II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua.
  40. 40.  Located within Vatican City  Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.  Michelangelo designed the dome of St. Peter's Basilica on or before 1564, although it was unfinished when he died.
  41. 41.  Designed by Andrea Palladio.  It is a Renaissance villa just outside Vicenza, northern Italy.  The name "Capra" derives from the Capra brothers, who completed the building after it was ceded to them in 1592.
  42. 42. Renaissance art, for us, was by far the greatest era for the world of art. It was eternally preserved by being practiced by today’s era of artists, trained or not trained. Also, we have observed that architectural feats of the past were being based in some of the structures still standing or being built today, like the Cebu City Capitol, which embraced the principle of Rational Symmetry due to the design of the dome and the inner parts. The White House was no exception as well. With regards with the paintings, we have observed that some of the paintings made in the past were being based in creating great masterpieces today, like Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, which remained the most popular painting of all time. As with the sculptures, although we could not find any, but we know that these methods will be preserved and passed down from generation to generation.