Biodiversity, people and networks


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Transport networks in a globalized world, conservation biogeography, elevational gradients in vascular plant species richness, sudden oak death, landscape pathology, fire blight, network epidemiology, Canterbury (Kent), United Kingdom, macroecology

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Biodiversity, people and networks

  1. 1. Biodiversity, people and networks Marco Pautasso marpauta at Canterbury (UK) 3 Nov 2010
  2. 2. Transport networks in a globalized world passengersfrom: Hufnagel et al. (2005) PNAS (air) & Kaluza et al. (2010) Interface (sea)
  3. 3. Conservation biogeography • N = 692, r2 = 0.13, y = 2.15 (SE = 0.08) + 0.15 (SE = 0.01) x, p < 0.0001 o N = 2187, r2 = 0.10, y = 2.18 (SE = 0.05) + 0.15 (SE = 0.01) x, p < 0.0001 US counties with (•) or without (o) Universities and/or Botanic Gardensfrom: Pautasso & McKinney (2007) Conservation Biology
  4. 4. Elevational gradient in vascular plant biodiversityMarini et al. (in press)Global Ecology &Biogeogeographydata from Bergamo& Brescia provinces, Italy
  5. 5. Landscape pathologyPicture: D. Rizzo, UC Davis from: Pautasso et al. (2010) Biological Reviews
  6. 6. Fire blight epidemic development in Switzerland 2003-07 1995 1999 2003 2007Data from: Eidgenössisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartement, Swiss Confederation
  7. 7. Network theory NATURALNetwork pictures from:Newman (2003) SIAM Review food webs cell metabolism meta- Food web of Little Rock populations Lake, Wisconsin, US ant nests sexual partnerships epidemiology family innovation networksInternet flows co-authorship HIVstructure railway urban road nets spread electrical networks networks network power grids telephone calls WWW computing airport Internet E-mail committees grids networks software maps patternsTECHNOLOGICAL SOCIALfrom: Moslonka-Lefebvre et al. (2011) Phytopathology
  8. 8. Biodiversity conservation at the interface between disciplines Kiss et al. (2010) Journal of Informetrics
  9. 9. Acknowledgements Diego Kevin Fontaneto, Gaston,Mike McKinney, Stockholm Sheffield IngridKnoxville Susanne Fritz, Parmentier, Copenhagen BruxellesPeterWeisberg, Glen Powell, Mathieu Caroline Moslonka- Mike Jeger, LorenzoReno London Pecher, Lefebvre, Paris Silwood Marini, Bozen PadovaOttmar TomHoldenrieder, Claude Steck, Birgit & Florian Schlick- Joan Webber, Alice Holt Harwood,Zurich Birmensdorf Steiner, Innsbruck Canberra
  10. 10. Biogeographical patterns in bird biodiversity abundance (individuals) (c) Log10 assemblage Log10 plot area (km2)Log10 plot area (km2) Survey year (a), (b) & (c) from: Pautasso & Gaston (2006) Global Ecology & Biogeography; (d) from: Pautasso & Gaston (2005) Ecology Letters
  11. 11. Random sample of 100 papers per year on ‘species richness’ in WOS (1991-2004)from: Lonsdale et al. (2008) European Journal of Forest Research
  12. 12. Biogeography of the living collections(a) of the world’s botanical gardens (c) (c) log10 spp richness (n) (d) (yr) (b) Size of countries reflects n of botanic gardens (d)b from:, c & d: from: Pautasso & Parmentier (2007) Botanica Helvetica
  13. 13. Living collections of the world’s botanic gardens (2)from: Golding et al. (2010) Annals of Botany
  14. 14. Locally, biodiversity-people correlations tend to be negative birds in Florencefrom: Chiari et al. (2010) J Animal Ecology
  15. 15. Scale-dependence of the correlation between species richness of stream macro-invertebrates and peoplefrom: Pecher et al. (2010) Basic and Applied Ecology
  16. 16. Sampling effort explains the correlation between species richness of Orthoptera and people in Italyfrom: Cantarello et al. (2010) Naturwissenschaften
  17. 17. Lower epidemic threshold for scale-free networks with positive correlation between in- and out-degree 1.00 localprobability of persistence random 0.75 small-world scale-free (two-way) scale-free (uncorrelated) 0.50 scale-free (one way) 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 Epidemic probability of transmission does not develop Epidemic develops from: Moslonka-Lefebvre et al. (2011) Phytopathology
  18. 18. Current research – 1. epidemic modelling in small-size directed networks N replicates = 100; error bars are St. Dev.; different letters show sign. different means at p < 0.05from: Moslonka-Lefebvre et al. (2009) Journal of Theoretical Biology
  19. 19. Correlation of epidemic final size with out-degree of starting node increases with network connectivityfrom: Pautassoet al. (2010) N replicates = 100; error bars are St. Dev.;Ecol Compl different letters show sign. different means at p < 0.05
  20. 20. ReferencesBarbosa AM, Fontaneto D, Marini L & Pautasso M (2010) Positive regional species–people correlations: a samplingartefact or a key issue for sustainable development? Animal Conservation 13: 446-447Cantarello E, Steck CE, Fontana P, Fontaneto D, Marini L & Pautasso M (2010) A multi-scale study of Orthopteraspecies richness and human population size controlling for sampling effort. Naturwissenschaften 97: 265-271Dehnen-Schmutz K, Holdenrieder O, Jeger MJ & Pautasso M (2010) Structural change in the international horticulturalindustry: some implications for plant health. Scientia Horticulturae 125: 1-15Golding J, Güsewell S, Kreft H, Kuzevanov VY, Lehvävirta S, Parmentier I & Pautasso M (2010) Species-richnesspatterns of the living collections of the worlds botanic gardens: a matter of socio-economics? Annals of Botany 105:689-696Moslonka-Lefebvre M, Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2009) Disease spread in small-size directed networks: epidemicthreshold, correlation between links to and from nodes, and clustering. Journal of Theoretical Biology 260: 402-411Moslonka-Lefebvre M, Finley A, Dorigatti I, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Harwood T, Jeger MJ, Xu XM, Holdenrieder O &Pautasso M (2011) Networks in plant epidemiology: from genes to landscapes, countries and continents.Phytopathology 101: 392-403Pautasso M (2009) Geographical genetics and the conservation of forest trees. Perspectives in Plant Ecology,Systematics and Evolution 11: 157-189Pautasso M & Parmentier I (2007) Are the living collections of the world’s botanical gardens following species-richnesspatterns observed in natural ecosystems? Botanica Helvetica 117: 15-28Pautasso M, Moslonka-Lefebvre M & Jeger MJ (2010) The number of links to and from the starting node as a predictorof epidemic size in small-size directed networks. Ecological Complexity 7: 424-432Pecher C, Fritz S, Marini L, Fontaneto D & Pautasso M (2010) Scale-dependence of the correlation between humanpopulation and the species richness of stream macroinvertebrates. Basic Applied Ecology 11: 272-280
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