Biodiversity conservation and global change


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Botanic gardens, human well-being, tree species distribution shifts, invasive species, risk management, sea-level rise, climate according to Walter & Lieth, land use patterns, carbon emissions of conservation biologists, NIMBY, topography

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Biodiversity conservation and global change

  1. 1. Biodiversity Conservation – week 10 London Metropolitan Univ. - 2010 Marco Pautasso (marpauta at
  2. 2. Biodiversity and human well-beingTownsend et al. (2007) Urban Forestry and Greening
  3. 3. Why visiting a botanic garden?Ward et al. (2010) Urban Forestry and Greening
  4. 4. Why visiting a botanic garden?
  5. 5. Tree species distribution shifts after the last ice ageHannah (2010) Conservation Biology
  6. 6. Living collections of the world’s botanic gardensBotanica Helvetica (2007)
  7. 7. Reversed latitudinal gradient for the species richness of the world’s botanic gardensBotanica Helvetica (2007)
  8. 8. Area vs. age and latitude vs. age for the world’s botanic gardensBotanica Helvetica (2007)
  9. 9. Human impacts on biodiversityHabitat fragmentation, degradation and loss Water, air and soil pollution Species introductions Climate change Trade, travel, transportation and tourism
  10. 10. Mawdsley et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  11. 11. Biological Reviews (2010)
  12. 12. Climate change and trade route shiftsSource: UNEP
  13. 13. Trade route shifts and pollutionProwse et al. (2009) Ambio
  14. 14. Multiple risks in Lombardia, Italy floods/ wildfire landslidesearthquakes meteorologicalindustrial road accidentswork injuries Lari et al. (2009) Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Science
  15. 15. Fires, people and land use in the Mediterranean Syphard et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  16. 16. Lejeusne et al. (2010) Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  17. 17. Projected sea-level riseWiens et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  18. 18. Invasive species: some terms Native Cryptogenic Trailing Edge Invasion Founder population Alien Voltinism Introduction Naturalization Casual Walther et al. (2009) Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  19. 19. Invasive species and climate changeWalther et al. (2009) Trends in Ecology & Evolution
  20. 20. Climate change and spatial scaleWiens et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  21. 21. Climate change and ecosystem shiftsBradley (2009) Ecography
  22. 22. Climate change and plant distribution shiftsFrom: Denis Loustau (2006) Wilton Park Conference
  23. 23. Climate change and shifts in tree species distribution Fuhrer et al. (2006) Climatic Change
  24. 24. Climate change and topographyWiens et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  25. 25. Temperature vs. precipitation changeWiens et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  26. 26. Mediterranean climateWalter & Lieth (1967) Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas
  27. 27. Temperate (cool) oceanic climateWalter & Lieth (1967) Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas
  28. 28. Tropical wet climateWalter & Lieth (1967) Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas
  29. 29. Tropical climate with dry/wet seasonWalter & Lieth (1967) Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas
  30. 30. The tropics defined in terms of temperaturesWright et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  31. 31. Tropics, temperatures and land useWright et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  32. 32. Climate change, glaciers andwater availability Xu et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  33. 33. [CO2]from MacKay (2008) Sustainable Energy
  34. 34. [CO2]Psenner & Sattler (2009) EURAC Conference
  35. 35. Carbon emissions of conservation biologistsFox et al. (2009) Frontiers in the Ecology and the Environment
  36. 36. CO2 emissions (2000) per person per countryfrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  37. 37. NIMBYfrom MacKay (2009) Sustainable Energy
  38. 38. ReferencesHarwood TD, Xu XM, Pautasso M, Jeger MJ & Shaw M (2009) Epidemiological risk assessment using linked network and grid based modelling: Phytophthoraramorum and P. kernoviae in the UK. Ecological Modelling 220: 3353-3361Jeger MJ & Pautasso M (2008) Plant disease and global change – the importance of long-term data sets. New Phytologist 177: 8-11MacLeod A, Pautasso M, Jeger MJ & Haines-Young R (2010) Evolution of the international regulation of plant pests and challenges for future plant health. FoodSecurity 2: 49-70Moslonka-Lefebvre M, Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2009) Disease spread in small-size directed networks: epidemic threshold, correlation between links to andfrom nodes, and clustering. Journal of Theoretical Biology 260: 402-411Moslonka-Lefebvre M, Finley A, Dorigatti I, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Harwood T, Jeger MJ, Xu XM, Holdenrieder O & Pautasso M (2011) Networks in plantepidemiology: from genes to landscapes, countries and continents. Phytopathology 101: 392-403Pautasso M (2009) Geographical genetics and the conservation of forest trees. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Systematics & Evolution 11: 157-189Pautasso M & Chiarucci A (2008) A test of the scale-dependence of the species abundance-people correlation for veteran trees in Italy. Annals of Botany 101:709-715Pautasso M & Dinetti M (2009) Avian species richness, human population and protected areas across Italy’s regions. Environmental Conservation 36: 22-31Pautasso M & Fontaneto D (2008) A test of the species-people correlation for stream macro-invertebrates in European countries. Ecological Applications 18:1842-1849Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2008) Epidemic threshold and network structure: the interplay of probability of transmission and of persistence in directed networks.Ecological Complexity 5: 1-8Pautasso M & Powell G (2009) Aphid biodiversity is correlated with human population in European countries. Oecologia 160: 839-846Pautasso M & Weisberg PJ (2008) Density-area relationships: the importance of the zeros. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 203-210Pautasso M & Zotti M (2009) Macrofungal taxa and human population in Italys regions. Biodiversity & Conservation 18: 473-485Pautasso M et al (2010) Plant health and global change – some implications for landscape management. Biological Reviews 85: 729-755Pautasso M et al (2011) Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. Global Ecology & Biogeography 20: 426-436Pecher C, Fritz S, Marini L, Fontaneto D & Pautasso M (2010) Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the species richness ofstream macroinvertebrates. Basic Applied Ecology 11: 272-280Schlick-Steiner B, Steiner F & Pautasso M (2008) Ants and people: a test of two mechanisms behind the large-scale human-biodiversity correlation forFormicidae in Europe. Journal of Biogeography 35: 2195-2206Steck CE & Pautasso M (2008) Human population, grasshopper and plant species richness in European countries. Acta Oecologica 34: 303-310Xu XM, Harwood TD, Pautasso M & Jeger MJ (2009) Spatio-temporal analysis of an invasive plant pathogen (Phytophthora ramorum) in England and Wales.Ecography 32: 504-516