Conservation biology of freshwater and marine ecosystems

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Conservation biology of freshwater and marine ecosystems, river catchments and deadwood, river restoration projects, stream macro-invertebrates, pond biodiversity in golf courses, agriculture intensity, land sharing vs. land sparing, integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation

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Conservation biology of freshwater and marine ecosystems

  1. 1. Biodiversity Conservation – week 5 London Metropolitan Univ. - 2010 Marco Pautasso (marpauta at gmail.com)
  2. 2. Biodiversity Conservation main topics – week 5 Freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity conservationBiodiversity conservation along the coasts, in seas and oceans
  3. 3. Publications on freshwater biodiversity Oertli et al. (2009) Hydrobiologia
  4. 4. Perception of deadwood in streamsChin et al. (2008) Environmental Management
  5. 5. Perception of deadwood in streamsChin et al. (2008) Environmental Management
  6. 6. Living wood in streamsOpperman (2007) Earth Surface and Processes
  7. 7. Pond biodiversity and golf courses in Stockholm Colding et al. (2009) Ecological Applications
  8. 8. Pond biodiversity and golf courses in Stockholm Colding et al. (2009) Ecological Applications
  9. 9. Freshwater habitats: some definitions Davies et al. (2009) Aquatic Conservation
  10. 10. Freshwater biodiversity and agriculture Davies et al. (2009) Aquatic Conservation
  11. 11. Freshwater biodiversity in agricultural landscapesDavies et al. (2008) Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
  12. 12. Freshwater biodiversity in agricultural landscapesDavies et al. (2008) Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
  13. 13. Estonian river catchments and trends in nutrient concentrations Iital et al. (2010) Journal of Environmental Monitoring
  14. 14. Estonian river catchments and trends in nutrient concentrations Iital et al. (2010) Journal of Environmental Monitoring
  15. 15. Land use and human population in Estonian river catchments 60 80 70 50 60 40 agriculture (%) 50 arable (%) 30 40 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 -2 log10 human population density (n km ) log10 human population density (n km ) -2 35 70 30 60 25 50 wetlands (%) 20 forest (%) 40 15 30 10 20 5 10 0 0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 -2 log10 human population density (n km ) -2 log10 human population density (n km ) data from: Iital et al. (2010) Journal of Environmental Monitoring
  16. 16. Endemic stream macro-invertebrates in South France Brown et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  17. 17. River restoration projects in Austria, Germany and Liechtenstein Kail et al. (2007) Journal of Applied Ecology
  18. 18. Cross-taxon congruence in freshwater biodiversity Heino (2010) Ecological Indicators
  19. 19. Freshwater species introductions in the UK Keller et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  20. 20. Freshwater species introductions in the UK Keller et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  21. 21. Biodiversity conservation and the Three Gorges Dam in China Lopez-Pujol & Ren (2009) Journal of Natural History
  22. 22. Biodiversity conservation and the Three Gorges Dam in China Lopez-Pujol & Ren (2009) Journal of Natural History
  23. 23. Biodiversity conservation and the Three Gorges Dam in China Lopez-Pujol & Ren (2009) Journal of Natural History
  24. 24. Biodiversity conservation in the Pantanal region, Brazil Lourival et al. (2009) Wetlands
  25. 25. Biodiversity conservation in the Pantanal region, Brazil Lourival et al. (2009) Wetlands
  26. 26. Freshwater conservation: the need for an upstream view Nel et al. (2009) Aquatic Conservation
  27. 27. Species-area relationships in ponds?Oertli et al. (2002) Biological Conservation
  28. 28. European ecoregionsMuecher et al. (2009) Landscape and Urban Planning
  29. 29. Ecoregions in South AfricaNel et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  30. 30. Ecoregions in South AfricaNel et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  31. 31. Amis et al. (2009)Biological Conservation
  32. 32. Integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation Amis et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  33. 33. Integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation Amis et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  34. 34. Integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation Amis et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  35. 35. Integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation Amis et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  36. 36. Integrating terrestrial and freshwater conservation Amis et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  37. 37. Grazing marshes in the South-East of England Ormerod et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  38. 38. Conservation value of snails in grazing marshes in SE England Ormerod et al. (2010) Conservation Biology
  39. 39. Global map of forested regionsSchmitt et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  40. 40. Global protection status of forestsSchmitt et al. (2009) Biological Conservation
  41. 41. Biodiversity research by country terrestrial marine freshwaterHendriks & Duarte (2008) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
  42. 42. Temporal trends in research on biodiversityHendriks & Duarte (2008) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
  43. 43. Global patterns in tortoise and freshwater turtle biodiversity ~320 spp of tortoises and freshwater turtles, 40% threatenedBuhlmann et al. (2009) Chelonian Conservation and Biology
  44. 44. Marine protected areas in the Philippines Weeks et al. (2009) Conservation Biology
  45. 45. Marine biodiversity in the world oceans and in the Mediterranean Bianchi & Morri (2000) Marine Pollution Bulletin
  46. 46. Mediterranean geologic historyBianchi & Morri (2000) Marine Pollution Bulletin
  47. 47. Marine genetic diversity: evolution of measurement methods Feral (2002) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
  48. 48. fish Cross- taxon coralscongruence in tropical reefs snails lobsters Roberts et al. (2002) Science
  49. 49. ReferencesBarbosa AM, Fontaneto D, Marini L & Pautasso M (2010) Positive regional species–people correlations: a sampling artefact or a key issue forsustainable development? Animal Conservation 13: 446-447Cantarello E, Steck CE, Fontana P, Fontaneto D, Marini L & Pautasso M (2010) A multi-scale study of Orthoptera species richness and humanpopulation size controlling for sampling effort. Naturwissenschaften 97: 265-271Golding J, Güsewell S, Kreft H, Kuzevanov VY, Lehvävirta S, Parmentier I & Pautasso M (2010) Species-richness patterns of the living collectionsof the worlds botanic gardens: a matter of socio-economics? Annals of Botany 105: 689-696Pautasso M (2009) Geographical genetics and the conservation of forest trees. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Systematics & Evolution 11: 157-189Pautasso M & Chiarucci A (2008) A test of the scale-dependence of the species abundance-people correlation for veteran trees in Italy. Annals ofBotany 101: 709-715Pautasso M & Dinetti M (2009) Avian species richness, human population and protected areas across Italy’s regions. Environmental Conservation36: 22-31Pautasso M & Gaston KJ (2006) A test of the mechanisms behind avian generalized individuals-area relationships. Global Ecology andBiogeography 15: 303-317Pautasso M & Fontaneto D (2008) A test of the species-people correlation for stream macro-invertebrates in European countries. EcologicalApplications 18: 1842-1849Pautasso M & Parmentier I (2007) Are the living collections of the world’s botanical gardens following species-richness patterns observed in naturalecosystems? Botanica Helvetica 117: 15-28Pautasso M & Powell G (2009) Aphid biodiversity is correlated with human population in European countries. Oecologia 160: 839-846Pautasso M & Weisberg PJ (2008) Density-area relationships: the importance of the zeros. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 203-210Pautasso M & Zotti M (2009) Macrofungal taxa and human population in Italys regions. Biodiversity & Conservation 18: 473-485Pautasso M et al (2010) Plant health and global change – some implications for landscape management. Biological Reviews 85: 729-755Pecher C, Fritz S, Marini L, Fontaneto D & Pautasso M (2010) Scale-dependence of the correlation between human population and the speciesrichness of stream macroinvertebrates. Basic Applied Ecology 11: 272-280Schlick-Steiner B, Steiner F & Pautasso M (2008) Ants and people: a test of two mechanisms behind the large-scale human-biodiversity correlationfor Formicidae in Europe. Journal of Biogeography 35: 2195-2206Steck CE & Pautasso M (2008) Human population, grasshopper and plant species richness in European countries. Acta Oecologica 34: 303-310

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