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Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
Present perfect
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Present perfect

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  • 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT
  • 2. FORM Affirmative sentences: We use the auxiliary “have” (“has“ for the 3rd person singular) + the past participle of the verb. e.g. They have been to China.
  • 3. Negative sentences: We use the auxiliary “have” (“has“ for the 3rd person singular) + not + the past participle of the verb. e.g. They have not been to China.
  • 4. Questions: We use the auxiliary “have” (“has“ for the 3rd person singular) + the past participle of the verb. And we also change the word order to have/has + subject + past participle e.g. Have they been to China?
  • 5. USE USE 1 We use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about recent past actions (to give news). Examples I’ve cut my finger! My sister has had a baby! The cat has broken a vase! Tip! We often use just with the Present Perfect Tense to speak about a recent past action.
  • 6. He’s just scored a goal
  • 7. They’ve just had an argument
  • 8. He’s just made a big deal
  • 9. She’s just won the elections
  • 10. He’s just jumped off a plane
  • 11. USE 2 We use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about experiences. It is important if we have done it in our lives or not. It is not important when we did it. Examples I have been abroad two times. Anna has never broken a leg. Have you ever eaten sushi? Tip! We often use never and ever with the Present Perfect Tense to talk about experiences.
  • 12. USE 3 We use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about an action which started in the past and is still true. Examples I have been a teacher for more than ten years. We haven't seen Janine since Friday. How long have you been at this school? Tip! We often use since and for to say how long the action has lasted.
  • 13. For + a period of time: for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours. e.g. I have worked here for five years. She has lived here for twenty years. They have been married for six months. Since + a point in time: since this morning, since last week, since yesterday, since I was 12, since Friday, since 6 o'clock. e.g. I have lived here since 1998. They have been married since June. We have been at this school since last year.
  • 14. Do you have a pet? How long have you had it? Do you have a laptop computer? How long have you had it?
  • 15. USE 4 We also use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about a past action that has the result in or a connection with the present. Examples I have lost my wallet. = I don't have it now. Jimmy has gone to South America. = He isn't here now. Have you finished your homework? = Is your homework ready now? Tip! We often use just, already and yet with the Present Perfect Tense for an action in the past with the result in the present.
  • 16. We often use yet, just and already with the present perfect tense. • just (to say something happened very recently) and already (to say something happened earlier than expected) go before the main verb in positive sentences. • yet (to ask if something has happened or say it hasn’t happened) goes at the end in negative sentences and in questions. • He’s just arrived at the airport. • We’ve already met his new girlfriend. • She hasn’t arrived yet.
  • 17. Complete the following sentences using yet, already or just. yet -Has Gina phoned you ……………….? -Yes, she has ………………. phoned me. just -Have you done your homework .............? yet yet -No, I haven’t done it ……………….. -Do you know Mary is coming for dinner? already -Yes, she has………………. phoned me.
  • 18. 1. She _______________ to her parents many times about this subject. a. spoken b. have spoken c. has spoken d. has spoke   2. _________________________ well last night? a. Did she slept b. Did she sleep c. Has she slept d. Has she sleep   3. He is very tired because he _____________________ since 8 am. a. didn't sat down b. hasn't sit down c. didn't sit down d. hasn't sat down
  • 19. 4. He ________________________ when he was younger. a. have sung b. has sung c. sings d. sang   5. _____________________________a plane? a. Has he flew b. Has he flown c. Did he flew d. Did he fly   6. They ________________________ to Salalah. They took a taxi. a. hasn't driven b. didn't drove c. didn't drive d. hasn't drove  
  • 20. 7. She ________________________ a lot yesterday. a. has cried b. cryed c. cried d. has cryed   8. She ________________________ in a long time. a. hasn't cooked b. didn't cook c. hasn't cook d. didn't cooked
  • 21. http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-perfect-simple http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/pres_perf.htm http://esl.about.com/library/grammar/blpresperfect.htm http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/tenses/pres_perfect.htm http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_present-perfect_quiz.htm http://www.better-english.com/grammar/presentperfect1.htm http://www.clafoti.com/imagenes11/pres_perf.htm

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