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Past simple

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  • 1. THE PAST SIMPLE
  • 2. USE• Actions that started and finished in the past Examples I went to the beach last Sunday I bought a new car yesterday.• Actions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story) Examples I went into the disco and I saw my favourite girl, then I asked her to dance,... He came in, took off his coat and sat down.
  • 3. FORM Two types of verbs• REGULAR• IRREGULAR
  • 4. Regular verbs-ed for all persons Play  played Work  worked Stay  stayed Listen  listened
  • 5. Spelling• 1) Double the consonant if the verb ends in consonant- vowel-consonant and has only one syllable stop – stopped swap - swapped• 2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –e love – loved save – saved• 3)Verbs ending in y preceded by a consonant: Change y to i Then add -ed. hurry - he hurried (watch out! play – played)
  • 6. Irregular verbsThe form CHANGES from infinitivesExamplesspeak  spokeeat  atesee  sawfly  flewthink  thought
  • 7. Verb TO BEI youheshe was we were theyit
  • 8. Negative Sentences DID NOT + VERB (base form)Example: I did not work yesterday or I didn’t work yesterdayINCORRECT: I didn’t worked
  • 9. More examples: - I didn’t go on holiday last year - I didn’t went on holiday last year
  • 10. Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOTExamples I was not at school yesterday afternoon or I wasn’t at school yesterday afternoon They were not at home last weekend or They weren’t at home last weekend
  • 11. Yes /No QuestionsDID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence ? Example Did you work yesterday? - Yes, I did. - No, I didn’t.
  • 12. Yes /No Questions verb TO BE WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence ?Example: Were you at home last weekend? - Yes, I was. - No, I wasn’t.
  • 13. REMEMBER!!• Positive sentences: – I played football yesterday – I went home early on Saturday• Negative sentences: – I didn’t play football yesterday – I didn’t go home early on Saturday• Yes/No questions: – Did you play football yesterday? – Did you go home early in Saturday?
  • 14. REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE• Positive sentences: I was in London last year• Negative sentences: They weren’t at home last weekend• Yes/No questions: Were you ill yesterday?
  • 15. What’s the past form?break forget lose stealbroke forgot lost stolebuy give make takebought gave made tookfeel hear meet teachfelt heard met taughtfind keep read thinkfound kept read thoughtfly leave send throwflew left sent threw
  • 16. How do you say these past verbs? ended arrived stopped parked decide landed hoped talked argued walked stayed listened booked rented hated liked laughed
  • 17. WELL DONE!!