Conditional
Sentences
Forms & Uses
Conditional sentences consist of two clauses:
- A conditional clause
- A main clause
If the weather is fine, ...
FIRST TYPE
Real, likely Conditionals
They have present or future time reference.
The main clause can actually take place i...
Real, likely Conditionals
There are different kinds of real
conditionals.
Conditional clause Main clause
Present Present
e...
SECOND TYPE
Hypothetical, imaginary
ConditionalsThey also have present or future time reference.
The difference with real,...
THIRD TYPE
Impossible Conditionals
These conditionals have past time reference.
They refer to things that could have happe...
Practice
Here you have some links to practice the different
conditionals.
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/conditio...
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Conditional sentences 3 types

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Conditional sentences 3 types

  1. 1. Conditional Sentences
  2. 2. Forms & Uses Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: - A conditional clause - A main clause If the weather is fine, we’ll go sunbathing. Conditional sentences are used to express that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition is fulfilled in the conditional clause.
  3. 3. FIRST TYPE Real, likely Conditionals They have present or future time reference. The main clause can actually take place if the condition happens. The condition seems realistic to happen e.g. If I find her address, I will send her an invitation. I want to send an invitation to a friend, I just have to find her address. e.g. If Peter has the money, he will buy a car. It is very likely that Peter will have enough money to buy that car.
  4. 4. Real, likely Conditionals There are different kinds of real conditionals. Conditional clause Main clause Present Present e.g. If it rains, you get wet. Present Future e.g. If I see Peter, I’ll tell him. Present Imperative e.g. If you know the answer, let me know.
  5. 5. SECOND TYPE Hypothetical, imaginary ConditionalsThey also have present or future time reference. The difference with real, likely conditionals is that here, the condition is rather improbable to happen. Conditional clause Main clause Past Simple Conditional Simple e.g. If I won the lottery, I’d travel to India. e.g. If Sally arrived on time, we would be happy. Sometimes, the condition is impossible. e.g. If I were you, I wouldn’t go.
  6. 6. THIRD TYPE Impossible Conditionals These conditionals have past time reference. They refer to things that could have happened if the condition had taken place. This didn’t happen, so it is impossible that the main clause happens. Conditional clause Main clause Past Perfect Conditional Perfect e.g.If Paul had come, he would have done it.
  7. 7. Practice Here you have some links to practice the different conditionals. http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/conditional-sentences/type-1/exercises?02 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/conditional-sentences/type-2/exercises?02 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/conditional-sentences/type-3/exercises?02
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