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Health Presentation

  1. 1. Schizophrenia By: Marlynn Castillo
  2. 2. Why a concern to me? <ul><li>My children may develop this disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can carry the genes, but not show the disorder. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Schizophrenia <ul><li>Chronic, severe and disabling disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>People with this disorder hear voices, others do not hear. </li></ul><ul><li>They may believe that others are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. </li></ul>
  4. 4. People with Schizophrenia… <ul><li>Are not especially violent, and prefer to be left alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt suicide much more often than people in the general population. </li></ul><ul><li>About 10% (especially young men) succeed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How do people get schizophrenia? <ul><li>If schizophrenics have very low reproductive rates, what is keeping those genes going? </li></ul><ul><li>Researcher’s at McLean Hospital, based on their studies believe that most people carrying the schizophrenia genes are not the patients, rather, they are some of the well parents or siblings, most of whom never show signs of the illness. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Continued… <ul><li>The idea Deborah Levy the lab’s director has id that schizophrenia results from a critical combination of genes, perhaps a variable handful of them. Relatives may carry one or more of those genes, but not the critical complement that bring on the disease. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Symptoms <ul><li>Symptoms fall into three categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Positive symptoms- easy to spot </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negative symptoms- reductions in normal emotional and behavioral states. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive symptoms- problems with attention- often detected only when neuropsychological tests are perfomed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Positive Symptoms <ul><li>Hallucinations- when they hear, see, smell, or feel. Voices are the more common type of hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>Delusions- false personal beliefs that are not part of the person’s culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought Disorder- difficulty organizing their thoughts or connecting them logically. </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders of Movement clumsiness and uncoordinated. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Negative Symptoms <ul><li>Lack of pleasure in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking infrequently, even when forced to interact. </li></ul><ul><li>They often neglect basic hygiene and need help with everyday activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Often perceived as lazy and unwilling to better lives. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Cognitive Symptoms <ul><li>Poor executive functioning (ability to absorb and interpret information and make decisions) </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to sustain attention </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with working memory </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive impairments often interfere with the patient’s ability to lead a normal life and earn a living. </li></ul>
  11. 12. When does it start? <ul><li>Symptoms start to emerge on men in their late teens and early 20s. </li></ul><ul><li>In women in their mid-20s to early 30s. </li></ul><ul><li>Seldom occur after age 45 and only rarely before puberty. </li></ul>
  12. 13. How to live with Schizophrenia?
  13. 14. Treatments or Medications <ul><li>Since this disorder is chronic, people with it have to take special treatments. Antipsychotic medications have been used since the 1950s and have been effectively to alleviate the positive symptoms. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Diet & Exercising <ul><li>People with schizophrenia have the same right to diet and do exercise. They are capable of these activities, can exercise and take care of their bodies they can be concern about their bodies as they see others in shape. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Social Life <ul><li>They need such a supportive therapy or rehabilitation, this emphasizes social and vocational training to help them function more effectively in their communities. Some programs can include vocational counseling, job training, money management and assistance in learning how to use public transportation. </li></ul>
  16. 17. My Action Plan <ul><li>The plan I have created is that is anyone has someone who has schizophrenia the one thing that help a lot is being around them, not bulling them, and talk to them help them out, create a list of daily activities so they know what to follow. They have the right to have a social life just as any of, </li></ul>
  17. 18. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;Schizophrenia.&quot; Medical Library . 20 July 2006. National Institute of Mental Health. 23 Mar. 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Schizophrenia.&quot; Medline Plus . 3 Nov. 2008. National Institute of Mental Health. 23 Mar. 2009 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Goldberg, Carey. &quot;Quirks may be indicators of schizophrenia genes.&quot; The San Diego Union Tribune . 23 Mar. 2009 <>. </li></ul>