How Big is the Food Poisoning Problem? <ul><li>CDC reports that yearly 76,000,000 are sickened, 325,000 are hospitalized a...
Civil Litigation – How it Really Works <ul><li>Strict liability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is their fault –  Period! </li></...
Strict Liability for Food –  a Bit(e) of History “…  a manufacturer of a food product under modern conditions  impliedly  ...
Who is a Manufacturer? <ul><li>A “manufacturer”  is defined as a “product seller who designs, produces, makes, fabricates,...
The Legal Standard:  Strict Liability <ul><ul><li>STRICT LIABILITY IS LIABILITY  WITHOUT  REGARD TO FAULT. </li></ul></ul>...
Why Strict Liability? <ul><li>Puts pressure on those (manufacturers) that most likely could correct the problem in the fir...
Things that the Fish Industry  Worries About <ul><li>Mercury in Tuna </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics in  Fish Farming </li><...
My Experience with the Fishing Industry
Jack in the Box <ul><li>1992 and 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 600 people sickened in six States –  most children - 50 HUS...
 
 
Odwalla <ul><li>1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70 people sickened 5 HUS, 1 death </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple lawsuits </li></u...
 
Odwalla
Peanut Butter and Salmonella  - Again <ul><li>Over 700 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Typhimuriu...
What is the Problem? <ul><li>Industrialization of our food supply? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Advances in Surveillanc...
<ul><li>Free Market? </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation? </li></ul><ul><li>Litigation? </li></ul><ul><li>Criminalize? </li></ul>...
My Top Eleven <ul><li>Improve surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Government Agencies work together </li></ul><ul><li>Train, ce...
My Top Eleven <ul><li>Reform agencies at every level to be more proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Legal consequences </li></ul><...
Questions
For More Information… <ul><li>Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm </li></ul><ul><li>1301 2nd Avenue </li></ul><ul><li>S...
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Fish and Food Safety 2010 with Bill Marler

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Bill Marler's presentation to the Seafood Products Association food safety and modern food production methods. Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm.

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Fish and Food Safety 2010 with Bill Marler

  1. 2. How Big is the Food Poisoning Problem? <ul><li>CDC reports that yearly 76,000,000 are sickened, 325,000 are hospitalized and 5,000 die as a result of eating food.* </li></ul><ul><li>Resent estimates $152,000,000 in cost to victims </li></ul><ul><li>Not counting Business Loss </li></ul>
  2. 3. Civil Litigation – How it Really Works <ul><li>Strict liability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is their fault – Period! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Negligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did they act reasonably? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Punitive damages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did they act with conscious disregard of a known safety risk? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Strict Liability for Food – a Bit(e) of History “… a manufacturer of a food product under modern conditions impliedly warrants his goods… and that warranty is available to all who may be damaged by reason of its use in the legitimate channels of trade…” Mazetti v. Armour & Co ., 75 Wash. 622 (1913)
  4. 5. Who is a Manufacturer? <ul><li>A “manufacturer” is defined as a “product seller who designs, produces, makes, fabricates, constructs, or remanufactures the relevant product or component part of a product before its sale to a user or consumer….” </li></ul>RCW 7.72.010(2); see also Washburn v. Beatt Equipment Co ., 120 Wn.2d 246 (1992)
  5. 6. The Legal Standard: Strict Liability <ul><ul><li>STRICT LIABILITY IS LIABILITY WITHOUT REGARD TO FAULT. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The focus is on the product; not the conduct </li></ul><ul><li>They are liable if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The product was unsafe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The product caused the injury </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Why Strict Liability? <ul><li>Puts pressure on those (manufacturers) that most likely could correct the problem in the first place </li></ul><ul><li>Puts the cost of settlements and verdicts directly onto those (manufacturers) that profit from the product </li></ul><ul><li>Creates incentive not to let it happen again </li></ul>
  7. 8. Things that the Fish Industry Worries About <ul><li>Mercury in Tuna </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics in Fish Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability of Fish Stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish Farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-target fish kill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Norovirus and Hepatitis A in Shellfish </li></ul>
  8. 9. My Experience with the Fishing Industry
  9. 10. Jack in the Box <ul><li>1992 and 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 600 people sickened in six States – most children - 50 HUS – 4 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Two Class Actions – Hundreds of Individual Suits </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders Litigation, Congressional Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements in Excess of $100,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Cause - knowingly undercooking </li></ul>
  10. 13. Odwalla <ul><li>1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70 people sickened 5 HUS, 1 death </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple lawsuits </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Investigation and Plea </li></ul><ul><li>Knowingly sold contaminated Apple Juice </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements over $20,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Price fell and they were purchased </li></ul>
  11. 15. Odwalla
  12. 16. Peanut Butter and Salmonella - Again <ul><li>Over 700 persons infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Typhimurium have been reported from 46 states </li></ul><ul><li>Over 150 people hospitalized </li></ul><ul><li>Nine Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Over 4,000 products recalled </li></ul><ul><li>Bankruptcy </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Prosecution? </li></ul>
  13. 17. What is the Problem? <ul><li>Industrialization of our food supply? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Advances in Surveillance? </li></ul><ul><li>Bugs are bigger, stronger, faster? </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Free Market? </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation? </li></ul><ul><li>Litigation? </li></ul><ul><li>Criminalize? </li></ul>How to Solve the Problem?
  15. 19. My Top Eleven <ul><li>Improve surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Government Agencies work together </li></ul><ul><li>Train, certify, vaccinate food handlers </li></ul><ul><li>Stiffen license requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Increase food inspections </li></ul>
  16. 20. My Top Eleven <ul><li>Reform agencies at every level to be more proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Legal consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Technology to make food more traceable </li></ul><ul><li>Promote research </li></ul><ul><li>Provide tax breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Improve consumer understanding </li></ul>
  17. 21. Questions
  18. 22. For More Information… <ul><li>Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm </li></ul><ul><li>1301 2nd Avenue </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 2800 </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle, WA 98101 </li></ul><ul><li>1 866-770-2032 </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Marler’s Blog </li></ul>
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