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Phonetics and phonology

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  • 1. PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY Marlene Reyes
  • 2. PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE  In pairs , discuss some concepts:  1. Phonetics, phonology , pronunciation , phonics, phoneme.  2. How do you include pronunciation in your class. Mention 5 different strategies used or seen used in class.
  • 3. PHONETICS  Definition: The branch of linguistics concerned with the study of speech sounds with reference to their distribution and patterning. Adjective: phonological.
  • 4. phonetics  pho·net·ics (f-ntks) n. (used with a sing. verb) 1. The branch of linguistics that deals with the sounds of speech and their production, combination, description, and representation by written symbols.  2. The system of sounds of a particular language.  sourceThe American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved
  • 5. PHONOLOGY  Definition: The branch of linguistics concerned with the study of speech sounds with reference to their distribution and patterning. Adjective: phonological.  source:
  • 6. PHONEME  Definition: The smallest sound unit in a language that is capable of conveying a distinct meaning, such as the s of sing and the r of ring. Adjective: phonemic.
  • 7. PHONOLOGY  Phonology is the study of the properties of sound systems, the principles that govern the ways in which speakers of different languages organise speech sounds to express meanings.  Source:Phonology - Critical Concepts in Linguistics by Charles W. Kreidler
  • 8. Phonetics and phonology  Definition of Phonetics and Phonology  Phonetics and phonology are related, dependent fields for studying aspects of language. Phonetics is the study of sound in speech; phonology is the study (and use) of sound patterns to create meaning. Phonetics focuses on how speech is physically created and received, including study of the human vocal and auditory tracts, acoustics, and neurology. Phonology relies on phonetic information for its practice, but focuses on how patterns in both speech and non-verbal communication create meaning, and how such patterns are interpreted. Phonology includes comparative linguistic studies of how cognates, sounds, and meaning are transmitted among and between human communities and languages.  Source;http://www.chegg.com/homework- help/definitions/phonetics-and-phonology-51
  • 9. PHONETICS  Phonetics (pronounced /fəˈnɛtɪks/, from the Greek: φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.[1] It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs (phones): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. Phonology, on the other hand, is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs.  source Wikipedia
  • 10. Phonetics: its branches  The field of phonetics is a multiple layered subject of linguistics that focuses on speech. In the case of oral languages there are three basic areas of study:  Articulatory phonetics: the study of the production of speech sounds by the articulatory and vocal tract by the speaker  Acoustic phonetics: the study of the physical transmission of speech sounds from the speaker to the listener  Auditory phonetics: the study of the reception and perception of speech sounds by the listener
  • 11. The difference between phonetics and phonology  Phonology concerns itself with systems of phonemes, abstract cognitive units of speech sound or sign which distinguish the words of a language. Phonetics, on the other hand, concerns itself with the production, transmission, and perception of the physical phenomena which are abstracted in the mind to constitute these speech sounds or signs.
  • 12. IPA Definition: The most widely used system for representing the sounds of any language. A reproduction of the latest version of the International Phonetic Alphabet (2005) is available at the website of the International Phonetic Association.
  • 13. PHONEMIC CHART
  • 14. http://soundsenglish.com/phonetic.ht ml