PeruSpanish dividedPeru into 3 regions:1. COAST2. HIGHLANDS3. JUNGLE
JAVIER PULGARVIDAL1.Chala or Coast2.Yunga3.Quechua4.Suni5.Puna6.Janca7.Rupa – Rupa orHigh Jungle8.Omagua or LowJungle
CHALA• Chala: "maize plant" in Quechua.•500 meters above sea level.•Flora: palm trees, coconuts, olivetrees, papayas, and grapes: pisco.•The fauna: sea animals, such asfish, sea lions, and others.•Weather: warm in summer andhumid in winter.
YUNGA•Yunga: "warm valley.•Located: 500-2300 metersabove sea level.•Flora: avocado, plum andcitrus trees. Sugarcane fields.•Fauna: birds: tortolas anddoves. Wild cats and reptiles.•Weather: dry and some rains.
QUECHUA•Located: 2300-3500 meters abovesea level.•Flora: maize and wheat. Tomatoes,papayas and peaches.•Fauna: birds: young eagle and thesparrow hawk (gavilán). Also thegray fox and the puma.•Weather: dry with drastic changes.
SUNI•Located: 3500-4100 meters abovesea level.•"Suni" means "high" in Quechua.•Flora: hardy plants and bushes(arbustos), with very few trees.Quinoa and potatoes.•Fauna: guinea pig (cuy).•Weather: cold and dry.
PUNAPuna: “cold high Land”.Located: 4,100 to 4,800Fauna: llama, vicuña,guanaco and alpaca.Flora: Vegetation doesn tgrow a lot. Some species:ichu and the Puca Raimondi.The weather: cold
JANCA• Janca: "white“• Located: 4,800 and 6,768.• Characterized by glaciers andsnow-capped peaks: Huascaran.• The weather: extremely cold (-0)• Flora: moss (musgo) and liquens.• Fauna: Some animals and birdssuch as the condor
RUPA-RUPA OR HIGH JUNGLE• Rupa-Rupa: “ardent”• Located: 1,000 to 400 above the sealevel.• Flora: trees: quina, oje and barbasco.Flowers: orchids and begonias. In thevalleys: coffee, tea, cocoa and fruits.• Fauna: gallito de las rocas, oso deanteojos and the monkey choro de colaamarilla.• The weather: warm and humid
OMAGUA OR LOWJUNGLE• Omagua or Low Jungle: “Region ofthe fresh water fish”• 400 and 80 meters above the sealevel• Fauna: mammals, reptiles, birdsand insects. Fish: paiche.• Flora: Brazil nut tree, Mahogany,and the hallucinogenic ayahuasca.• Weather: hot and humid.