The Simple Past Tense Yesterday I went for a swim.
Affirmative: The past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding – d or – ed to the base form of the verb. I work ed in a shop last year, I live d in a big house when I was younger. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR VERBS I work ed hard last weekend
ED Formation - We add -ed at the end of the verb: Walk -> walked - If the verb ends in “e”, we only add -d: Live -> lived - When the verb ends in consonant+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant: Stop -> stopped - When the verb ends in consonant+y, we remove the “y” and add -ied: Study -> studied
Simple Past Tense : Irregular verbs <ul><li>Affirmative: </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular past verb forms must be learned because they don’t follow any rule: </li></ul><ul><li>Go went </li></ul><ul><li>Come came </li></ul><ul><li>Buy bought </li></ul><ul><li>Drink drank </li></ul><ul><li>Eat ate </li></ul><ul><li>Find found </li></ul><ul><li>See saw </li></ul>I went to Paris last July
PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS Negative: Use did not or didn’t + a base form verb to make the past simple tense negative. I didn’t work last summer I didn’t live in a flat during my last Summer holidays. I didn’t go to Berlin last July
<ul><li>Interrogative: </li></ul><ul><li>Use did + subject + a base form verb to make the past simple interrogative. Did you play sport last Summer? </li></ul>Did you travel by boat last holidays? Yes, I did. Did you see any dolphins? No I didn’t. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS
Past simple tense: Affirmative Regular verbs Negative Questions Short answer Short answer I work ed . I didn't work. Did I work? Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He work ed . He didn't work. Did he work ? Yes, he did. No, he didn't. She work ed . She didn't work. Did she work? Yes, she did. No, she didn't. It work ed . It didn't work. Did it work? Yes, it did. No, it didn't. You work ed . You didn't work. Did you work? Yes you did. No, you didn't. We work ed . We didn't work. Did we work? Yes we did. No, we didn't. They work ed . They didn't work. Did they work? Yes they did. No,they didn't.
1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adver b (yesterday, last Mont.): “ Last year I took my exams” . 2. It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now : "I lived in Asia for two years." 3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past : " When I was a child we always went to the seaside on bank holidays." The Simple Past Tense is used
<ul><li>Time expressions: </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday, last month, last year, last time, … ago, in ... </li></ul>The Simple Past Tense My friends travelled to Saudi Arabia two years ago
Past continuous tense The farmer was working at 6 o’clock yesterday evening
Past continuous tense AFFIRMATIVE: Play was He She It were You We They play ing was I
Past continuous tense Was the teacher explaining grammar at school last Monday? No, she wasn’t. She was explaining Geography.
Past continuous tense INTERROGATIVE: Play NEGATIVE: Play was were was he she it you we they play ing ? I He She It You We They I was not wasn’t were not weren’t play ing Was not Wasn’t
Uses of the past continuous 1-W e use the past continuous tense to describe a past action over a period of time " What were they doing yesterday at 8 0’clock ?" "They were working all day.
This time yesterday the hairdresser was working 2- We use the past continuous to say that somebody was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.
3- Past simple and past continuous are used together when something happened in the middle of something else The policeman broke his ankle while he was running after the dog
<ul><li>Past continuous (in the middle of an action) </li></ul><ul><li> I was walking home when I met Dave. (in the middle of walking home) </li></ul><ul><li> Ann was watching televis i on when the phone rang. </li></ul><ul><li>Past simple (complete action) </li></ul><ul><li> I walked home after the party last night. </li></ul><ul><li> Ann watched televison a lot when she was ill last year </li></ul>Compare the past continuous (I was doing) and past simple (I did):
Past continuous tense <ul><li>Time expressions: </li></ul><ul><li>While, as, when. </li></ul>While the band was playing a mobile phone rang
past perfect FORM This tense is formed with the past tense of the verb to have + past participle of the main verb. Examples I had never seen so many measuring tools. What assistance had he given? He hadn’t expected this outcome.
past perfect USE 1. W e use this tense to describe one past action happening before another past action. Example The customer had left the shop by the time I found his order form.
past perfect <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>W e use this tense to describe one past action happening before another past action. </li></ul><ul><li>We use it when necessary to indicate the sequence of two actions. </li></ul>Example He had already cleared the screen when I got behind his desk.
past perfect <ul><li>USE </li></ul><ul><li>W e use this tense to describe one past action happening before another past action. </li></ul><ul><li>We use it when necessary to indicate the sequence of two actions. </li></ul><ul><li>We often us it when the second action is understood, but not stated. </li></ul>Example I hadn’t realized! (until you told me.)
past perfect on the time diagram now past future had dinner watched TV 1. When I had had dinner, I watched TV. had dinner watched TV past now future 2. I had dinner before I watched TV. In (1) the sequence of actions is expressed by the past perfect tense ; whereas in (2) the sequence of actions is indicated by the use of before
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