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Conditional sentences

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  • 1. Conditional Sentences by miguel ángel rodríguez lópez
  • 2. Conditional Sentences
    • They are composed by 2 clauses.
    • one that expresses the condition
      • Introduced by the word “ if ”, commonly known as “if clause”.
    • one that expresses the consequence.
    • Example: If you work hard, you will succeed.
  • 3.
    • There are 3 main types of conditional patterns.
    • 1st conditional : probable condition
    • 2nd conditional : improbable condition
    • 3rd conditional : imaginary condition
    Conditional Sentences
  • 4. 1st Conditional : Probable Condition
    • It is used for actions which are true or likely to happen
    • Examples:
    • If it rains tomorrow, we shall cancel the picnic.
    • You will be tired if you do a lot of exercises.
    • Note on 1st Conditional :
    • If + present tense, future tense
    • A modal verb (can, must, etc.) is sometimes used instead of a present tense.
  • 5. 2nd Conditional : Improbable Condition
    • It is used for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen
    • Examples:
    • If it rained tomorrow, we should stay at home.
    • You could start dinner if it were ready.
    • Note on 2nd Conditional :
    • if + past tense, would/should/could + verb
  • 6. 3rd Conditional : Imaginary Condition
    • It is used for impossible activities which could NOT be true or performed
    • Examples:
    • If it had rained yesterday, I would have stayed at home.
    • What would you have done if you had been attacked by a monster?
    • Note on 3rd conditional
    • if + past perfect, perfect conditional (would, should, could + have + past participle)
  • 7. Exercise
    • Try to distinguish the following sentences.
    • 1. If you take a taxi, you can get there in time for the play.
    • 2. If I had known your arrival, I should have met you.
    • 3. If I dropped this bomb, it would explode .
  • 8. Exercise
    • Try to distinguish the following sentences.
    • 1. If you take a taxi, you can get there in time for the play.
    • First Conditional
    • 2. If I had known your arrival, I should have met you.
    • Third Conditional
    • 3. If I dropped this bomb, it would explode.
    • Second Conditional
  • 9. Summary
    • Conditional sentences are composed by 2 parts
      • one that expresses the condition
      • one that expresses the consequence
    • 3 main types of conditional patterns.
      • First Conditional : Probable Condition
      • Second Conditional : Improbable Condition
      • Third Conditional : Imaginary Condition

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