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Crosswalk – portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
Intersection – area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
Official traffic-control signal – any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When traffic control signals are not in place, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in crosswalks or any unmarked crosswalk at an intersecion [ I.C. 321.327 ]
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway and shall exercise due care upon observing any child upon the roadway. [ I.C.321.329 ]
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS No parking on a sidewalk, in a crosswalk, in front of a curb cut or ramp or within 10’ of a flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal on the side of the road [ I.C. 321.358 ]
Pedestrians are subject to signals [ I.C. 321.325 ]
Pedestrians shall walk on left side of road [ I.C. 321.326 ]
Pedestrians have the right-of-way where traffic control signals are not in place or in operation [ I.C. 321.327 ]
Pedestrians crossing other than at crosswalk shall yield right-of-way to all vehicles upon roadway [ I.C. 321.328 ]
Pedestrian shall move upon right half of crosswalk [ I.C.321.330 ].
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals at intersections [ I.C. 321.325 ]
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall at all times walk on or along the left side of the road [ I.C. 321.326 ]
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When crossing the roadway at any point other than a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection the pedestrian shall yield to the vehicle upon the roadway [ I.C. 321.328 ]
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk [ I.C. 321.328 ]
Vehicle/Pedestrian Traffic Laws Pedestrians shall move, wherever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks [ I.C.321.330 ].
School Area – Those streets and highways abutting the grounds of an active educational institution that includes school property. Only streets and highways that are adjacent to a school are included in the school area.
School Zone – That portion of a street or highway located within a school area that is subject to a reduced speed limit at certain times of a day. A school zone is defined by traffic control devices and normally adjacent to school property. It may be established at other locations when justified by an engineering study. School zones are not to be applied in a blanket manner for all streets and highways within a school area.
School Crossing – An official school student crossing on an adopted school route plan of a school safety program. Any crossing not so officially designated is termed a “pedestrian crossing.”
SCHOOL ADVANCE WARNING Installed in advance of the school grounds or school crossings*. Used in advance of any installation of the School Crosswalk Warning assembly , or in advance of the first installation of the School Speed Limit assembly . The assembly shall be installed not less than 150 ft (45m) nor more than 700 ft (210m). Reduced speed zone Crosswalk Warning assembly MUTCD
REDUCED SCHOOL SPEED ZONE AHEAD May be used to provide road users advance notice of a reduced speed zone *. The speed limit displayed on the Reduced Speed School Zone Ahead sign shall be identical to the speed limit displayed on the subsequent School Speed Limit sign or School Speed Limit assembly. Reduced speed zone MUTCD * Note: Placement in advance of school speed zone dictated by MUTCD Design Standards.
YIELD LINES Unsignalized midblock crosswalk May use to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to yield. Minimum of 4 ft in advance at signalized crosswalk MUTCD Yield Poin t
STOP LINES Stop lines may be used to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to stop. Stop Point ≥ 4 ft Stop Point MUTCD or or
Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Training Program SIDEWALK Gives children a visual cue to keep them a safe distance back from the curb or edge of the street. Yellow “stand-back” line is marked or taped on sidewalk. OPTIONAL Detectable Warning
400 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Training Program Module - 2 / Law & Traffic Control Devices 200 ft
Design and operation shall consider the needs of pedestrian as well as vehicular traffic.
Signal faces conveniently visible to pedestrians shall be provided by pedestrian signal heads or a signal face for an adjacent vehicular movement.
Pedestrians should be provided with sufficient time to cross the roadway
Adjustments can be made for more time, call traffic engineer to observe and adjust
Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Training Program Module - 2 / Law & Traffic Control Devices MUTCD
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS “ steady circular green light ” or “ steady green arrow ” vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicular and pedestrian traffic lawfully within the intersection [ I.C. 321.257 ].
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS “ steady circular yellow ” or “ steady yellow arrow ” Are advised that there is insufficient time to cross the intersection. Any pedestrian starting to cross the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles [ I.C. 321.257 ].