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Crossing Guard 2 Law

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  • Message The goal of Module 3 is that participants will apply knowledge of pedestrian and vehicle laws in their school crossing guard program duties. Participants will demonstrate knowledge of school area traffic regulations and the basic workings of school zone traffic controls.
  • Message In Iowa Code 321.322 , the driver of a vehicle approaching a stop intersection indicated by a stop sign shall stop at the first opportunity at either the clearly marked stop line or before entering the crosswalk... Background The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign shall slow to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions and, if required for safety, shall stop at the first opportunity at either the clearly marked stop line or before entering the crosswalk... [ I.C.321.322 ]. For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A , subsection 8. Additional penalties for violations causing serious injury or death, see 321.482A .
  • Message According Iowa Code 321.327 , when traffic control signals are not in place or in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, except as otherwise provided in this chapter. Background A person convicted of a violation of this section is guilty of a simple misdemeanor punishable as a scheduled violation under section 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph “ b . Additional penalties for violations causing serious injuy or death, see 321.482A
  • Message Notwithstanding the provisions of section Iowa Code 321.329 states every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway...and shall exercise due care upon observing any child or any confused... Background ...and shall give warning by sounding the horn when necessary...or incapacitated person upon a roadway [ I.C.321.329 ]. For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph b Additional penalties for violations causing serious injuy or death, see 321.482A.
  • Message As stated in Iowa Code 321.358 , no parking on sidewalk, in crosswalk, in front of curb cut or ramp or within 10 feet of a flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal on the side of the road. Key Point: This applies to school crossing guards parking at their assigned crosswalk! Background No person shall stop, stand, or park a vehicle, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control device, in any of the following places: 1. On a sidewalk, except a bicycle may stop, stand, or park on a sidewalk if not prohibited by a local jurisdiction, 2. On a Crosswalk, 3. Within ten feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal located at the side of a roadway. 4. In front of a curb cut or ramp which is located on public or private property in a manner which blocks access to the curb cut or ramp [ I.C. 321.358 ]. For fines applicable to offenses charged as scheduled violations, see 805.8A , subsection 1, paragraph a.
  • Message Iowa Code 321.325 states, pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals at intersections... Background as heretofore declared in this chapter, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the restrictions stated in sections 321.327 to 321.331 [ I.C.321.325 ]. 321.327 Pedestrians' right-of-way 321.328 Crossing at other than crosswalk 321.329 Duty of Driver – Pedestrians crossing or working on highways. 321.330 Use of Crosswalks. 321.331 Pedestrians soliciting rides For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A , subsection 7 paragraph b. Additional penalties for violations causing serious injuy or death, see 321.482A .
  • Message According to Iowa Code 321.326 , pedestrians shall at all times when walking on or along a highway, walk on the left side of such highway. Background For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A , subsection 9.
  • Message Iowa Code 321.328 says when crossing the roadway at any point other than a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection the pedestrian shall yield to the vehicle upon the roadway. Background 1.) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway except in cities that may restrict such a crossing by ordinance. 2.) Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway. For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A , subsection 9.
  • Message The third aspect to Iowa Code 321.328 is where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk. Background 3.) Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk [ I.C. 321.328 ]. For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A
  • Message Iowa Code 321.330 states pedestrians shall move, wherever practicable, upon the right half of the crosswalks. Background For applicable scheduled fines, see 805.8A
  • Message According to Iowa Code 321.1 and 321.234 , a bicyclist is any device propelled by human power. Background This is the full Iowa Code regarding bicycles: 1. A person, including a peace officer, riding a bicycle on the highway is subject to the provisions of this chapter and has all the rights and duties under this chapter applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except those provisions of this chapter which by their nature can have no application or those provisions for which specific exceptions have been set forth regarding police bicycles. 2. A person propelling a bicycle on the highway shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached to the bicycle. 3. A person shall not use a bicycle on the highway to carry more persons at one time than the number of persons for which the bicycle is designed and equipped. 4. This section does not apply to the use of a bicycle in a parade authorized by proper permit from local authorities. [ I.C. 321.234 ] For applicable scheduled fines, see § 805.8A , subsection 9
  • Message With some background information on Iowa's vehicle, pedestrian and bicycle laws that apply to you, we will go over traffic control devices that are fond in the school area. The goal of this topic area is not to make you traffic engineers, but as program coordinators, supervisors, and trainers (or school crossing guards) you need to understand the meanings of all school area traffic control devices. “Traffic control devices” includes legally posted (by state, county or municipality) traffic signs, signal devices and pavement markings. The purpose of traffic control devices is to promote highway safety and efficiency by providing for the orderly movement of all road users on streets highways throughout the nation. Traffic contrl devices notify road users of regulations and provide warning and guidance needed for the reasonably safe, uniform, and efficient operation of all elements of the traffic stream. The five basic requirements of a traffic control device are to: 1. Fulfill a need; 2. Command attention; 3. Convey a clear, simple meaning; 4. Command respect from road users, and 5. Give adequate time for response. It's essential that you know how motorists and pedestrians should respond to these, and insist that students at your assigned crosswalk follow your direction consistent with their meaning under law.
  • Message Iowa code mandates the “Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices” (MUTCD), as the manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic control devices. This also provides a few exceptions to the manual for school zones regarding portable or part-time stop signs. They can be used when necessary for emergency and temporary traffic control zone purposes and in school zones at appropriate school crosswalks. Ask Class: Why do you think it's important to have uniform traffic controls? Background 761—130.1(321) Manual. The “Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices” (MUTCD), 2003 Edition including Revision No. 1 dated November 2004, published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, shall constitute the manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic control devices for use upon the highways of this state. 130.1(1) The department makes the following exception to the MUTCD for school zones: In Part 2, Section 2B.05 of the MUTCD, STOP Sign Applications, Standard, in lieu of the sentence “Portable or part–time STOP signs shall not be used except for emergency and temporary traffic control zone purposes,” the department adopts the following: “Portable or part–time STOP signs may be used only in the following situations: 1. When necessary for emergency and temporary traffic control zone purposes, or 2. In school zones at appropriate school crosswalks.” Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Regardless of the school location, the best way to achieve reasonably safe and effective traffic control is through the uniform application of realistic policies, practices, and standards developed through engineering judgement. Pedestrian safety depends upon public understanding of accepted methods for efficient traffic control. This principle is especially important in the control of pedestrians, bicycles, and other vehicles in the vicinity of schools. Neither pedestrians on their way to or from school nor road users can be expected to move safely in school areas unless they understand both the need for traffic controls and how these controls function for their benefits. Key Point: It's important that school crossing guards educate students walking and bicycling to and from school on traffic safety and the meaning of traffic controls. Procedures and devices that are not uniform might cause confusion among pedestrians and road users, prompt wrong decisions, and contribute to crashes. To achieve uniformity of traffic control in school areas, comparable traffic situations need to be treated in a consistent manner. MUTCD 2003 Edition Section 7A.01 Reference Picture: Crossing Guard Trainer Course. Ames, Iowa (November, 2009).
  • Message A sign is any traffic control device that is intended to communicate specific information to road users through a word or symbol legend. Signs do not include traffic control signals, pavement markings, delineators, or channelization devices . The signs used for school area traffic control must be retroreflectorized or illuminated. School warning signs can be either yellow or yellow-green backgruond with a black legend and border, and should be placed so they are most visible. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Sign assemblies are groups of signs, located on the same support(s), that supplement one another in conveying information to road users. On the screen are signs that you typically see in school areas, these can all be part of a school sign assembly. I'm sure you recognize all of these. We will discuss them one at a time. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual onUniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message This is an example of the School Advance Warning sign in the real world. If used, the School Advance Warning assembly shall consist of a School Advance Warning (S1-1) sign suplemented with a plaque with the legend AHEAD (W16-9p) or XXX FEET (XXX METERS) (W16-2a or W16-2). Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message A real life example of a Reduced School Speed Zone. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Here is a real life example of a Reduced Speed Limit sign. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Here is a real life example of an overhanging flashing beacon.
  • Message Remember the two different crossing designations we defined earlier – Pedestrian Crossings and School Crossings. School Crossings are found in school areas and are normally marked by a School Assembly Area sign. All other corssings are “pedestrian crossings”, which are identified to pedestrians and motorists by other signs. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Here is another exampel of a pedestrian crosswalk that has a pedestrian actuation button, and arrow pointing to the crosswalk, a yield to sign, and a sign to tell the pedestrian how to handle the crosswalk. There is a lot going on, which may be somewhat distracting, but it's a cool idea.
  • Message An example of a real life End of School Zone sign.
  • Message In Iowa State Code regarding Traffic Operations [ 761-130.1(1) ], makes the following exception to the MUTCD recommendations for School Zones: (a) In Part 2, Section 2B.05 of the MUTCD, STOP Sign Applications, Standard, in lieu of the sentence, “ Portable or part-time STOP signs shall not be used except for emergency and temporary traffic control zone purposes,” the department adopts the following sentence: “Portable or part-time STOP signs may be used in school zones at appropriate school crosswalks.” (b) In Part 7, Section 7A.04 of the MUTCD, Scope, Standard, in lieu of the sentence “ Portable school signs shall not be used,” the department adopts the following sentence: “ Portable or part-time STOP signs may be used in school zones at appropriate school crosswalks.” Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Here are some examples of rollout stop signs that have been in use in Iowa's School Areas.
  • Message Parking and stopping regulatory signs may be used to prevent parked or waiting vehicles from blocking pedestrians' views, and drivers' views of pedestrians, and to control vehicles as a part of the school traffic plan. Key Point: Remember crossing guards are required to obey parking signs. Key Point: Keep signage simple Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message The SCHOOL marking is used generally in conjunction with a School Advance Warning Sign. Pavement markings should be only one lane in width; however, SCHOOL markings may extend to the width of two approach lanes. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Real life examples of the three styles of crosswalks.
  • Message Since you do not want vehicles to stop in the crosswalk to yield for pedestrians or stop in the crosswalk in response to a traffic signal or stop sign, yield or stop lines may be used to provide a visual reference on how far in advance of the crosswalk motorists are required to stop. If used, yield lines consist of a row of solid white isosceles triangles pointing toward approaching vehicles extending across approach lanes to indicate the point at which the yield is intended or required to be made. Yield lines should be placed between 20 and 50 ft in advance of the nearest crosswalk line at unsignalized midblock crosswalks and a minimum of 4 ft in advance of yield controlled intersections. Parking should be prohibited in the area between the yield line and the crosswalk. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Stop lines consist of solid white lines extending across approach lanes to indicate the point at which the stop is intended or required to be made. They are placed a minimum of 4 ft in advance of the crosswalk at controlled intersections and at least 40 ft in advance of a stop controlled midblock crosswalk. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message The last marking we will discuss is the “stand-back” line. Yellow stand-back lines provide a visual cue where students should wait as they are gathering and waiting to be crossed. If there are not stand-back lines at your crossing location and you would like to add them, talk to your crossing guard supervisor. If the sidewalk is equipped with a detectable warning for the visually impaired, this can be used as a stand-back visual cue for students. Ask the class: Does anyone have any questions about the markings that we covered?
  • Message Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal as provided in I.C. 321.325 , Iowa Code 321.257 states a “ steady circuluar green light ” or “ steady green arrow ” means, vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of way to other vehicular and pedestrian traffic lawfully within the intersection. Background For applicable scheduled fines, see I.C. 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph a, and subsection 9.
  • Message When pedestrians face a “steady circular yellow” or “steady yellow arrow”, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian control signal as provided in I.C. 321.325 , they are warned that there is insufficient time to cross the intersection. Any pedestrian starting to cross the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles [ I.C. 321.257 ]. Background For applicable schedule scheduled fines, see I.C. 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph a, and subsection 9.
  • Message Pedestrians facing a steady red signal shall not enter the roadway, unless the pedestrian can safely cross the roadway without interfering with any vehicular traffic [ Iowa Code 321.257 ]. Background For applicable schedule scheduled fines, see I.C. 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph a, and subsection 9.
  • Message Sometimes pedestrian control signals are installed in conjunction with traffic control signals (traffic lights) at crosswalk locations. These are installed: - Considering pedestrian volume; - At an established school crossing at any signalized location; - If an exclusive signal phase is provided or made available for pedestrian movements in one or more directions, with all conflicting vehicular movements being stopped; or - In situations that may confuse or cause conflicts with pedestrians using a crosswalk guided only by vehicluar signal indications. This slide shows two different variants of the symbol signal head that you may see. One has both the “hand” and “walking person” symbol on one screen. The other variant has two screens, one for the hand and one for the walking person. Some of the old style “WALK” and “DON'T WALK” signal heads are still in use. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message Here are some real life examples of the WALKING PERSON and HAND pedestrian signals.
  • Message A steady WALKING PERSON or WALK light means that a pedestrian facing the illuminated pedestrain signal may proceed to start to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal, possibly in conflict with turning vehicles, and shall be given the right-of-way by drivers of all vehicles [ I.C. 321.257 ]. Background For applicable schedule scheduled fines, see I.C. 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph a, and subsection 9.
  • Message A flashing UPRAISED HAND or DON'T WALK light is a pedestrian signal which means that pedestrian traffic facing the illuminated pedestrian signal shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal, but that any pedestrian who has already started to cross on a steady WALKING PERSON signal indication shall proceed out of the traveled way [ I.C.321.257 ]. Background For applicable scheduled fines, see I.C. 805.8A , subsection 7, paragraph a, and subsection 9.
  • Message Sometimes a pedestrian interval countdown display is added to the flashing hand phase to inform pedestrians of the number of seconds remaining in the pedestrian change interval. A pedestrian interval countdown display may be added to a pedestrian signal head in order to inform pedestrians of the number of seconds remaining in the pedestrian change interval. The countdown pedestrian signal shall be located immediately adjacent to the associated UPRAISED HAND pedestrian signal head indication. If used, the display of the number of remaining seconds shall begin only at the beginning of the pedestrian change interval. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message A steady UPRAISED HAND signal indication means that a pedestrian shall not enter the roadway in the direction of the signal indication. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message If a particular signalized location presents difficulties for pedestrians who have visual disabilities to cross reasonably safely and effectively, an engineering study should be conducted that considers the safety and effectiveness for pedestrians in general, as well as the information needs of pedestrians with visual disabilities. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message When pedestrian actuation is used, pedestrian push button detectors should be capable of easy activation and conveniently located near each end of the crosswalk. Signs shall be mounted adjacent to or integral with pedestrian push button detectors, explaining their purpose and use. Key Point: Normally, push button detectors and signs that give crossing instructions are installed near the near-side signal head. Reference U.S. Department of Transportation ( USDOT) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. 2003 Edition, R1 2004 & R2 2007. http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/pdfs/2003r1r2/pdf_index.htm
  • Message This is a real life example of the pedestrian signals in conjunction with traffic signals. That completes Module 3 Ask the class: Does anyone have any questions about the vehicle and pedestrian laws that we went over or traffic control devices?
  • Transcript

    • 1. MODULE 2 – Law & Traffic Control DevicesModule Goal   Apply knowledge of pedestrian and vehicle laws in their school crossing guard program duties.Objective One Demonstrate a knowledge of school area traffic regulations and the basic workings of school zone traffic controls. 1Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 2. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When required to stop, vehicular traffic must stop before entering the crosswalk or behind a clearly marked stop line [I.C. 321.322] 2Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 3. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When traffic control signals are not in place, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in crosswalks or any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection [I.C. 321.327] 3Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 4. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway and shall exercise due care upon observing any child upon the roadway. [I.C.321.329]Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 5. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS No parking on a sidewalk, in a crosswalk, in front of a curb cut or ramp or within 10’ of a flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal on the side of the road [I.C. 321.358] 5Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 6. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals at intersections [I.C. 321.325] 6Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 7. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall at all times walk on or along the left side of the road [I.C. 321.326] 7Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 8. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When crossing the roadway at any point other than a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection the pedestrian shall yield to the vehicle upon the roadway [I.C. 321.328] 8Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 9. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk [I.C. 321.328] 9Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 10. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall move, wherever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks [I.C.321.330].Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 11. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWSBicycle LawEvery person propelling a device by human power has all of the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle [ I.C. 321.1 & 321.234] 11Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 12. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS• Traffic Control Devices Include: – Traffic signs – Traffic signals – Pedestrian signals – Pavement markings• Must satisfy five basic requirements: – Fulfill a need; – Command attention; – Convey a clear, simple meaning; – Command respect from road users; – Give adequate time for response. Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 13. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS• Background Law: – I.C. 761-130.1(321) Constitutes the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), 2003 ed. As the manual and specifications a uniform system of traffic control devices in Iowa. – 130.1(1) Gives exceptions to manual for specific for school zones regarding portable or part- time stop signs: • Emergency and temporary traffic control purpose • At appropriate school crosswalks. 13 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 14. Uniformity• Reasonably safe and effective traffic control through uniformity: – Policies – Practices – StandardsIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 15. SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS • Shall be retroreflectorized or illuminated. • Shall have a yellow or yellow-green background with a black legend and border. • Should be placed where messages are most effective without restricting lateral clearance or sight distances. • Placement should consider highway design, alignment, vehicle speed, and roadside development. 15Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 16. SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS MUTCD 16Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 17. SCHOOL ADVANCE WARNING 17Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 18. 18Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 19. SCHOOL SPEED ZONE 19Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 20. SCHOOL SPEED ZONE 20Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 21. SEE THE DIFFERENCE??Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 22. PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGN 22Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 23. PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGNIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 24. END OF SCHOOL ZONE 24Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 25. PORTABLE STOP SIGNS Iowa State Code makes the following exception to the MUTCD for School Zones [761-130.1(1)]:“ Portable or part- time STOP signs may be used in school zones at appropriate school crosswalks.” 25Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 26. PORTABLE STOP SIGNS 26Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 27. PARKING AND STOPPING SIGNS 1. May Use: 1. To prevent vehicles blocking pedestrians and driver views. 2. As school traffic plan to control vehicles. MUTCD 27Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 28. MARKINGS 28Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 29. CROSSWALKS Any of these 3 styles may be used. 29Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 30. YIELD LINES Yield Point May use to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to yield. 30Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 31. STOP LINES Stop lines may be used to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to stop. Stop Point or Stop Point ≥ 4 ft or MUTCD 31Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 32. SIDEWALK Gives children a visual cue to keep them Yellow “stand- a safe distance back from the curb or edge back” line is of the street. marked or taped on sidewalk. OPTIONAL Detectable WarningIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Training Program 32Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 33. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular green light” or “steady green arrow”Vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicular and pedestrian traffic lawfully within the intersection [I.C. 321.257]. 33Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 34. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular yellow” or “steady yellow arrow”Are advised that there is insufficient time to cross the intersection. Any pedestrian starting to cross the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles [I.C. 321.257]. 34Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 35. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular red”Shall not enter the roadway, unless the pedestrian can safely cross the roadway without interfering with any vehicular traffic [I.C. 321.257]. 35Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 36. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS Shall be used in conjunction with  traffic control signals if justified by  OR an engineering study. Exclusively intended for controlling  pedestrian traffic 36Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 37. 37Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 38. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A steady WALKING PERSON or WALK light means – Pedestrian facing the illuminated pedestrian signal indication may proceed to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal, possibly in conflict with turning vehicles – Shall be given the right-of- way by drivers of all vehicles [I.C. 321.257]. 38Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 39. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A flashing UPRAISED HAND or DONT WALK light means – pedestrian traffic facing the illuminated pedestrian signal shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal – Any pedestrian already crossing on a steady WALKING PERSON signal indication shall proceed [I.C. 321.257]. 39Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 40. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A pedestrian interval countdown display 4 – May be added to inform pedestrians of time left to cross. – Shall be located immediately adjacent to the associated UPRAISED HAND 4 pedestrian signal head indication. – Displayed of the number of remaining seconds shall begin only at the beginning of the pedestrian change interval. MUTCD 40Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 41. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A steady UPRAISED HAND signal indication means • Pedestrian shall not enter the roadway in the direction of the illuminated pedestrian signal. MUTCD 41Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 42. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS OR Some pedestrian signals provide audio cues to inform pedestrians with visual disabilities. MUTCD 42Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 43. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • Pedestrian Detectors and Signage • Detectors should be capable of easy activation and conveniently located near each end of the crosswalk. • Signs shall be mounted adjacent to or integral with pedestrian push button detectors, explaining their purpose and use. MUTCD 43Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 44. 44Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 45. PEDESTRIAN LEAD INTERVALIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
    • 46. CONCLUSIONThe Iowa Code provides rights and duties for  pedestrians and bicyclistsThe Manual for Uniform Traffic Control Devices  standardizes placement of signs and markingsCrossing guards should understand how traffic  controls function for the safety of the  students.Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices