Open Standard
                    Isriya Paireepairit
                <isriya_pa@sipa.or.th>
Software Industry Promotion A...
What is Open Standard?

“Open Standard” in term of specification
   “Open” : Everyone can participate, Document is availabl...
Standard Body

or “Standard Organization”
Vendor neutral
Has formal process to publish standard
Example
   W3C, IEEE, IETF...
Is it Open Standard?

XML
MPEG
PDF
Microsoft Word
Is it Open Standard? (2)
XML
  W3C
  Document is available, free of charge
MPEG
  ISO (MPEG-4 = ISO 14496)
  Document is a...
Is it Open Standard? (3)
PDF
      Adobe
      Document is available, free of charge
Microsoft Word
      Microsoft
      ...
Problem with Close Standard

 Vendor Lock-in
    Stuck with only one software vendor
    Imagine if license will be change...
Open Standard Benefits

Solve vendor lock-in problem
Separate content from application
   Can use any applications which fo...
Open Document Format

“ODF” or in short, “OpenDocument”
“OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications”
Developed from...
OpenDocument Structure

Actually XML-based in ZIP format
Separate style from content
Images and other media are linked, no...
OpenDocument MIME Type

For Documents
   .odt - Text
   .ods - Spreadsheet
   .odp - Presentation
   .odg - Drawing
OpenDocument MIME Type (2)

 For Templates
    .ott - Text
    .ots - Spreadsheet
    .otp - Presentation
    .otd - Drawing
Software Support
Open Source

      OpenOffice.org 2.0

      OpenOffice.org 1.1.5 and above

      KOffice 1.4

      Abiwor...
Government Adoption

Europe
   Valoris Report recommend OpenDocument for EU
   EU tends to require using OpenDocument when...
Government Adoption (2)
Massachusetts
   “It is an overriding imperative of the American democratic
   system that we cann...
Government Adoption (3)

Massachusetts (Cont.)
   Part of “Enterprise Technical Reference Model” (ETRM)
   Decision to use...
Government Adoption (4)

Other countries
   Some ministries or departments in Singapore, France, Brazil
   Cities: Munich,...
Some Adoption Tips
Keep both version, ODF and .doc
Use PDF for un-editable documents
Plain text is enough in many cases
Do...
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Open Standard

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Introduction to concept of "Open Standard". Especially on Open Document Format.

Presented at CICC Asia OSS Training, ICT Learning Center, Central World Plaza, Bangkok (18 Jan 2006)

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Open Standard

  1. 1. Open Standard Isriya Paireepairit <isriya_pa@sipa.or.th> Software Industry Promotion Agency (Public Organization) Asia OSS Training, Bangkok This slide is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License 2.5
  2. 2. What is Open Standard? “Open Standard” in term of specification “Open” : Everyone can participate, Document is available Don’t mean “free (of cost)” “Standard” : Specification is controlled by Standard Body
  3. 3. Standard Body or “Standard Organization” Vendor neutral Has formal process to publish standard Example W3C, IEEE, IETF, ISO
  4. 4. Is it Open Standard? XML MPEG PDF Microsoft Word
  5. 5. Is it Open Standard? (2) XML W3C Document is available, free of charge MPEG ISO (MPEG-4 = ISO 14496) Document is available for anyone who pay for it
  6. 6. Is it Open Standard? (3) PDF Adobe Document is available, free of charge Microsoft Word Microsoft No document at all (even for internal use!!!)
  7. 7. Problem with Close Standard Vendor Lock-in Stuck with only one software vendor Imagine if license will be changed tomorrow Worst case for government document
  8. 8. Open Standard Benefits Solve vendor lock-in problem Separate content from application Can use any applications which follow standard More competition, lower cost
  9. 9. Open Document Format “ODF” or in short, “OpenDocument” “OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications” Developed from Sun StarOffice Format Now controlled by OASIS (Organization for Advancement of Structured Information Standards) In process to be ISO standard
  10. 10. OpenDocument Structure Actually XML-based in ZIP format Separate style from content Images and other media are linked, not embedded You can try “unzip example.odt” en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDocument is a good resource
  11. 11. OpenDocument MIME Type For Documents .odt - Text .ods - Spreadsheet .odp - Presentation .odg - Drawing
  12. 12. OpenDocument MIME Type (2) For Templates .ott - Text .ots - Spreadsheet .otp - Presentation .otd - Drawing
  13. 13. Software Support Open Source OpenOffice.org 2.0 OpenOffice.org 1.1.5 and above KOffice 1.4 Abiword 2.4 Proprietary Sun StarOffice 8 IBM Workplace
  14. 14. Government Adoption Europe Valoris Report recommend OpenDocument for EU EU tends to require using OpenDocument when ISO standardization is completed
  15. 15. Government Adoption (2) Massachusetts “It is an overriding imperative of the American democratic system that we cannot have our public documents locked up in some kind of proprietary format, perhaps unreadable in the future, or subject to a proprietary system license that restricts access.” Eric Kriss, (then) Secretary of Administration and Finance
  16. 16. Government Adoption (3) Massachusetts (Cont.) Part of “Enterprise Technical Reference Model” (ETRM) Decision to use ODF is made, cannot be changed back Supported by Adobe, Corel, IBM and Sun Will start at 1 Jan 2007
  17. 17. Government Adoption (4) Other countries Some ministries or departments in Singapore, France, Brazil Cities: Munich, Bristol (UK), Vienna Thailand Pushing Open Standard to Ministry of ICT
  18. 18. Some Adoption Tips Keep both version, ODF and .doc Use PDF for un-editable documents Plain text is enough in many cases Document Conversion service http://converttle.nectec.or.th - via web Start at yourself
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