What was life in japan like before the shogun
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What was life in japan like before the shogun

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A look at the early years before Shogun rule. ...

A look at the early years before Shogun rule.

I have modified others people slides and used information from a number of sources. I do not have the rights to the photos and the content is from varying sources.
A main source was Oxford big ideas history 8, an amazing source.

More in: Education , Spiritual
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  • 1. Year 8 HistoryMr. Modra
  • 2.  Geography Shintoism Beginning of social order The imperial court Significant individual – Prince Shotoku The city of Heian-Kyo The Samurai Questions
  • 3. Japan has more than 3000 islands, but most Japanese live on the four largest Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu Hokkaido.Japan’s rugged terrain means that only 15 per cent of the land can be farmed.Throughout Japan’s history, local clans (family groups) fought over fertile land or what little there was.
  • 4.  The mountainous landscape encouraged many Japanese to look to the sea for a living. Early Japanese settlers fished from coastal villages. To this day, seafood remains an important part of the Japanese diet. Merchants travelled along the coastline, visiting villages with goods to trade. The sea surrounding Japan separated its people from Asia and, as a result, Japan developed its own unique religion, arts and social structures.
  • 5.  Buddhism started in India -> China -> Korea -> Japan
  • 6.  The roots of Japan’s traditional Shinto religion (meaning ‘the way of the gods’) were laid do wn thousands of years ago. Shintoism is a religion that is still practised today. Followers believe that the gods are sacred spirits known as kami. Like many other ancient peoples, the early Japanese believed that all natural things were alive.
  • 7.  Is a belief system that has a positive, uplifting view of life on Earth. People are basically considered basically good. Evil spirits are responsible for bad things Many Shinto Rituals are aimed at warding of evil spirits Paper brings luck because the word for paper in Japanese is also Kami. Many major Deities Fortune telling omikuji papers are found at the shrines which is given out after making a donation
  • 8.  A traditional Japanese gate that is found at the entry way into a Shinto shrine or at sacred sites
  • 9. According to a Shinto creation myth, in the beginning there were two gods called Izanagi and Izanami (his wife). They placed a spear into the ocean and as they brought it out, water drops falling from the spear formed into the islands of Japan.Izanami had many children, but died while giving birth to Kagu- Tsuchi, the god of fire. Izanagi followed her into Yomi, the Land of the Dead, to bring her back. By doing so, he brought impurities back with him that affected the Earth. These impurities cause human wrongdoing. He washed himself and the water drops that fell from his body became other gods. These included Susanowo, the storm god, and Amaterasu, the Sun goddess. Amaterasu’s grandson, Jimmu, was said to be the ancestor of the emperors of Japan.
  • 10.  Who are the kami and why are they important in the Shinto religion? Create a facts chart on what you have learned in this section about Shintoism. Look at Source 5.4.  Why do you think omikuji papers are located at Shinto shrines?  What is the Japanese word for ‘paper’? What link does this have with Shintoism? Look at Source 5.5.  Who are the characters in the image and what are they doing?  How are these characters thought to have been connected to the emperors? Draw a simple comic strip (use simple stick figures if you like) to retell the myth of Japan’s creation and what happened to the gods involved. Look at Source 5.6.  Why do you think a tori has been placed on top of the Wedded Rocks?  What do you think is the significance of the knotted rope?
  • 11. Despite their power, clan leaders needed help to protect their lands and enforce the law. So they called on men from Japan’s lower social ranks.Over time, these men came to be known as the samurai ‘those who serve’. By around the 12th century, the samurai had developed into a highly trained and skilled warrior class who were masters of martial arts.
  • 12.  Soldiers became corrupt and attacked farmers and travelers• Landowners surrounded themselves with bodyguards or SAMURAI (one who serves) – Lived according to the BUSHIDO – BUSHIDO – code of behavior or “the way of the warrior” • Show courage • Reverence to gods • Protect those who were weaker • Die an honorable death • If they did not uphold the code they were expected to commit ‘Hari kiri’
  • 13.  By 5th century they were the leading clan The Yamato claimed to be the emperors but had no real power The clans had real power If another clan claimed power, they simply controlled the emperor Yamato chiefs claimed that they were descended from the Sun goddess Amaterasu, and therefore had a right to rule Japan.
  • 14.  Japan was made up of hundreds of clans, each with their own warlords, that controlled their own territories Worshipped own nature gods/goddesses Later they combined to form SHINTO
  • 15. Around this time, the Yamato clan grew to control much of southern Japan, developing great military power in order to protect its territory.Other clans still held their own lands, but had to promise their loyalty to the Yamato chief. The Yamato chief’s territory was divided into a series of provinces that were controlled by the junior clan chiefs. Each of these chiefs ensured that the supreme leader
  • 16.  It was believed the emperor communicated with the gods and had magical powers. Therefore, he did not involve himself in the day to- day running of his country. Special advisors and ministers were appointed to carry out these functions. The emperor was removed from his people, living in an isolated, but beautiful, imperial court. It was a place of luxury and privilege for a select few. The reality of life did not come inside
  • 17.  Men who belonged to the court had little contact with the outside world unless they were appointed as a governor of a domain. It was more important to them to be a good poet than it was to be a good administrator. The court was often entertained through poetry or music contests, or through scrolls of picture stories. Physical activities included archery and kemari, where the players had to kick a leather ball to each other without letting it touch the ground.
  • 18.  Planned to strengthen imperial authority by building a strong government. Created a new constitution – The Seventeen Article Constitution  Gave all power to the Emperor  Controlled rice cultivation  Rice farmers had to pay tax and offer military service  Not focused on laws but on morals and virtues
  • 19.  After his reign the emperor continued assert their authority. All land in Japan came under the emperor’s control and in 646 when he divided Japan into provinces run by officials who took part of the crops for the emperor Clan leaders can no longer collect taxes
  • 20.  Source 5.10Harmony is to be cherished, and opposition for opposition’s sake must be avoided as a matter of principle … When an imperial command is given, obey it with reverence. The sovereign is likened to heaven, and his subjects are likened to earth.With heaven providing the cover and earth supporting it, the four seasons proceed in orderly fashion, giving sustenance to all that which is in nature. If earth attempts to overtake the functions of heaven, it destroys everything. Cast away your ravenous desire for food and abandon your covetousness for material possessions. If a suit is brought before you, render a clear-cut judgement … Punish that which is evil and encourage that which is good.Translated extract from The Seventeen-Article Constitution created by Shotoku
  • 21.  In 794 the imperial court moved its capital to Heian (modern day Kyoto) Highly refined court society arose Had many rules  Length of swords  Color of robes  Even number of skirts women wore
  • 22.  Etiquette (good manners) were extremely important  Loud laughing, or mismatched clothes were considered deeply embarrassing Everyone at the court was expected to write poetry and paint Lady Murasaki Shikibu – Tale of Genji  Life of a prince in the imperial court  Detailed description of court life during this period
  • 23.  Planned city established in 749 by Emperor Kammu. Become the capital of Japan for over 1000 years and is now known as Kyoto.