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Metropolitan school in Adelaide
Glenunga International High School
Located in Glen Osmond, Adelaide, SA
Between 20 to 80 different nationalities
Around 1200 students
Choice between SACE and IB (International Bachelorette)
Reputation as one of the finest public schools in Adelaide
Long waiting list
Focus on sports, academics and languages
Aimed at Year 8
Target Areas include Languages, English, Drama, Health, PE and SOSE
Wellbeing over a 10 week period. Focused on a 4 week period to showcase content and assessment
Cultural comparison between nations
Incorporating Legal Studies into SOSE
Enhance language skills
Developing a greater understanding of a foreign nation
Linking German with SOSE and Legal Studies
Students to contemplate the meaning of ‘well-being’ from a number of sources
What does it take to be well and who decides what well is?
Inclusion of physical, mental, practical and theoretical aspects
Strong point 1: Physical Development
Strong point 2: Diet and Nutrition
Well-being as a main topic
Maximum learning benefit for students
Variety of sub-topics
Subjects areas linked via the common topic (well-being)
Adaptable in a variety of classrooms and different subjects
Variety of teaching techniques and assessment methods
Includes oral presentations, tests and assignments
Students kept on their toes
Students input essential
Students given the chance to reflect upon their own learning
Well-being is essential for students to learn, ensuring that the future generations are aware of the choices they make in terms of diet, nutrition and health in general. It seems rational for schools to teach students how to enable a healthier lifestyle, and hence enable students to choose a longer and healthier life.
The purpose of the topic is, as stated above, to educate students about the benefits of well-being and a healthy lifestyle in a way that can be useful and adapted to a range of subjects.
Integrated Curriculum for middle school education must still adhere to and remain aligned with SACSA. The framework provided by SACSA describes the key ideas and outcomes all learners can expect their education to be built on.
Each subject will provide key ideas, learning outcomes and evidence of this throughout.
1. 2. 3. Back Why SACSA?
SIMPLE! It provides the basis for educators to…
‘ design detailed learning and assessment programs which suits the needs of children and students in their settings…’
Initial proposal to identify needs for integrated curriculum following SACSA framework as basis for new learning platform.
Recognise SACSA key ideas and develop subject based unit plans that corresponds to each item.
Collaborate with co-working year level teachers to cross-analyse ‘Key Competencies’ that are students are intended to achieve. An overlap should become evident.
Ensure that the planned integrated curriculum manifests constructivists learning throughout and relates back to the fertile theme ‘well-being’.
The planned curriculum begins.
Consistent predetermined conferences are made to ensure all learning outcomes and key competencies are relating to central theme, and under the guidance of the SACSA framework.
Student’s response via feedback resources
Teacher evaluation of course content, effectiveness of integration and achievement or incompletion of learning outcomes, derived from SACSA framework.
Unknown diagram Back
A critical theorist named Jurgens Habermas (1971) associated with the Frankfurt School of philosophers, psychologists and sociologists put forward a theory of ‘Knowledge-constitutive interests.’ (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26) He proposed three distinct forms of knowledge is essential in human affairs, including in education (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26). These distinct forms are: 1. 2. 3. Back
T his form of knowledge comes from the questions ‘what’ and ‘how’. Habermas believed that technical knowledge helps people regulate, predict and control their daily lives (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26).
In the beginning of the unit we will focus on what assumed prior knowledge the students have on the unit topic ‘wellbeing’ and how it will be constructed and verified.
Here is an example using Habermas theory of
‘ Knowledge-constitutive interests.’
Using the Technical form of Knowledge: we will ask the students WHAT IS WELLBEING?
T his form of knowledge comes from the question ‘why’. Practical knowledge helps us to understand other people’s actions and attitudes and helps in our dealings with people (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26).
The characteristics of this question aims for the students to describe ‘wellbeing’ in their own words. Keeping in mind every answer will be different.
The purpose of this question is to find their own identity.
Using the Practical form of Knowledge: we will ask the students, WHY IS WELLBEING IMPORTANT?
This form comes from the questions ‘in whose interests’ or ‘who benefits and who loses’. This form enables people to critique situations and help others to emancipate themselves from various forms of disadvantages and oppression, and to seek justice for themselves and others. (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26) “ Students in the classroom will see for themselves how things fit together. Unfortunately, the reality of the situation is that they tend to learn what we teach” (Lake, 2001, p5) A discussion during the first class will help us find out what they have previously studied or are interested in learning about this topic. The pyramid of what we want the students to learn. Some, Most, All Back Fwd
Finally, using the critical form of knowledge we will ask the students, SHOULD THE GOVERNMENTS IN AUSTRALIA BE DEVOTED TO IMPROVING OUR INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL WELLBEING?
This question will make the students critically analyse what is important and how our society works.
This question will raise issues about who benefits and who loses.
This question also aims to help with their self awareness and understanding of others.
The Unknown Diagram... Back
B eane (1999- 2008) states that an “integrated curriculum is a curriculum design that promotes personal and social integration through the organisation of curriculum around significant problems and issues, collaboratively identified by educators and young people, without regard for subject area lines... with an emphasis on real-life themes.” Back
U sing Beane as our starting point we decided to develop single lesson plans which covered a 4-week period. Our task was to outline the SACSA key ideas, learning outcomes, and other important details we wish to cover under the topic ‘Well Being’.
A fter writing our lesson plans we discussed how the lessons could be combined to allow the students to learn key ideas while still being in an environment to go and perform extra research to gain a more in depth understanding of the topic. With this in mind, a mind map was created where each subject outlined what they believed was the key knowledge they were to take away from this topic . The mind map also allowed discussion and in-depth analysis to continue the production of the integrated lesson plan.
L astly, we developed a lesson plan, which incorporated all the necessary SACSA requirements, an overall understanding of knowledge from this topic, activities which could be used and the perception on how the subjects can work together to create a learning environment.
A fter going through key ideas and outcomes for each subject, throughout the planning stage we decided that we will come together to see if it has been achieved through our assessments and in class activities for each student.
W e felt that this method of evaluation would benefit in our favor because we as a group will be able to see what has been covered in our subjects and what hasn’t.
Middle School Focus
School with significant numbers
Without religious education to allow more flexibility around teaching times.
Wellbeing as a focus
Incorporate all the subject areas
Still designing an integrated curriculum
Promotes personal and social integration of a significant problem or issue relevant to the students (Beane).
Wellbeing Vs. The Olympics
Wellbeing more of an issues for the students
Why we each designed a lesson plan
Meet SACSA requirements
To ensure that each of us had an understanding of the final outcome
On completion of the lesson plans we sat down to discuss the students and what they should know at the end.
Led to the construction of the chart ‘What we want students to know’
In conclusion this four week integrated lesson plan, of a larger term piece of work outlines the key elements needed within Integrated Curriculum. As a group we found it hard to remove subject headings and make it completely Integrated however we have produced an excellent piece of work trying to remove these boundaries.
Beane, J. A. (1999- 2008). Organizing the Middle School Curriculum. Retrieved September 10, 2008, from National Middle School Association: http://www.nmsa.org/Publications/webexclusive/organizing/tabid/651/default.aspx
Bonanno, H. J. (1998). Improving Group Satisfaction: making groups work in a first-year undergraduate course. Teaching in Higher Education , 34 (3), 365-382.
Department of Education and Children's Services. (2001). South Australian Curriculum Standards and accountability framework . Retrieved October 10, 2008, from Learning Areas: http://www.sacsa.sa.edu.au/index_fsrc.asp?t=LA
Government of South Australia. (n.d.). Future SACE For Schools . Retrieved October 10, 2008, from Future SACE: http://www.futuresace.sa.gov.au/schools.htm
Hoepper & Mcdonald, H. (2004). Studying Society and Environment: A Guide for Teachers (3rd Edition ed.). (R. Gilbert, Ed.) South Bank, Victoria: Thomson Social Press.
Lake, K. (2007). Integrated Curriculum. School Improvement Research Series , 1-21.
Prensky, M. (2001, October). Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. Retrieved September 10, 2008, from Marc Prensky: http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf
Sweeney, T. (2008, September 16). Integrated Curriculum and ICT in the Middle School. Flinders University, South Australia.