Well-being is essential for students to learn, ensuring that the future generations are aware of the choices they make in terms of diet, nutrition and health in general. It seems rational for schools to teach students how to enable a healthier lifestyle, and hence enable students to choose a longer and healthier life.
The purpose of the topic is, as stated above, to educate students about the benefits of well-being and a healthy lifestyle in a way that can be useful and adapted to a range of subjects.
Integrated Curriculum for middle school education must still adhere to and remain aligned with SACSA. The framework provided by SACSA describes the key ideas and outcomes all learners can expect their education to be built on.
Each subject will provide key ideas, learning outcomes and evidence of this throughout.
A critical theorist named Jurgens Habermas (1971) associated with the Frankfurt School of philosophers, psychologists and sociologists put forward a theory of ‘Knowledge-constitutive interests.’ (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26) He proposed three distinct forms of knowledge is essential in human affairs, including in education (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26). These distinct forms are: 1. 2. 3. Back
T his form of knowledge comes from the questions ‘what’ and ‘how’. Habermas believed that technical knowledge helps people regulate, predict and control their daily lives (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26).
In the beginning of the unit we will focus on what assumed prior knowledge the students have on the unit topic ‘wellbeing’ and how it will be constructed and verified.
Here is an example using Habermas theory of
‘ Knowledge-constitutive interests.’
Using the Technical form of Knowledge: we will ask the students WHAT IS WELLBEING?
T his form of knowledge comes from the question ‘why’. Practical knowledge helps us to understand other people’s actions and attitudes and helps in our dealings with people (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26).
The characteristics of this question aims for the students to describe ‘wellbeing’ in their own words. Keeping in mind every answer will be different.
The purpose of this question is to find their own identity.
Using the Practical form of Knowledge: we will ask the students, WHY IS WELLBEING IMPORTANT?
This form comes from the questions ‘in whose interests’ or ‘who benefits and who loses’. This form enables people to critique situations and help others to emancipate themselves from various forms of disadvantages and oppression, and to seek justice for themselves and others. (Hoepper & McDonald, 2004, p26) “ Students in the classroom will see for themselves how things fit together. Unfortunately, the reality of the situation is that they tend to learn what we teach” (Lake, 2001, p5) A discussion during the first class will help us find out what they have previously studied or are interested in learning about this topic. The pyramid of what we want the students to learn. Some, Most, All Back Fwd
B eane (1999- 2008) states that an “integrated curriculum is a curriculum design that promotes personal and social integration through the organisation of curriculum around significant problems and issues, collaboratively identified by educators and young people, without regard for subject area lines... with an emphasis on real-life themes.” Back
U sing Beane as our starting point we decided to develop single lesson plans which covered a 4-week period. Our task was to outline the SACSA key ideas, learning outcomes, and other important details we wish to cover under the topic ‘Well Being’.
A fter writing our lesson plans we discussed how the lessons could be combined to allow the students to learn key ideas while still being in an environment to go and perform extra research to gain a more in depth understanding of the topic. With this in mind, a mind map was created where each subject outlined what they believed was the key knowledge they were to take away from this topic . The mind map also allowed discussion and in-depth analysis to continue the production of the integrated lesson plan.
L astly, we developed a lesson plan, which incorporated all the necessary SACSA requirements, an overall understanding of knowledge from this topic, activities which could be used and the perception on how the subjects can work together to create a learning environment.
A fter going through key ideas and outcomes for each subject, throughout the planning stage we decided that we will come together to see if it has been achieved through our assessments and in class activities for each student.
W e felt that this method of evaluation would benefit in our favor because we as a group will be able to see what has been covered in our subjects and what hasn’t.
In conclusion this four week integrated lesson plan, of a larger term piece of work outlines the key elements needed within Integrated Curriculum. As a group we found it hard to remove subject headings and make it completely Integrated however we have produced an excellent piece of work trying to remove these boundaries.
Beane, J. A. (1999- 2008). Organizing the Middle School Curriculum. Retrieved September 10, 2008, from National Middle School Association: http://www.nmsa.org/Publications/webexclusive/organizing/tabid/651/default.aspx
Bonanno, H. J. (1998). Improving Group Satisfaction: making groups work in a first-year undergraduate course. Teaching in Higher Education , 34 (3), 365-382.
Department of Education and Children's Services. (2001). South Australian Curriculum Standards and accountability framework . Retrieved October 10, 2008, from Learning Areas: http://www.sacsa.sa.edu.au/index_fsrc.asp?t=LA
Government of South Australia. (n.d.). Future SACE For Schools . Retrieved October 10, 2008, from Future SACE: http://www.futuresace.sa.gov.au/schools.htm
Hoepper & Mcdonald, H. (2004). Studying Society and Environment: A Guide for Teachers (3rd Edition ed.). (R. Gilbert, Ed.) South Bank, Victoria: Thomson Social Press.
Lake, K. (2007). Integrated Curriculum. School Improvement Research Series , 1-21.
Prensky, M. (2001, October). Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. Retrieved September 10, 2008, from Marc Prensky: http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf
Sweeney, T. (2008, September 16). Integrated Curriculum and ICT in the Middle School. Flinders University, South Australia.