• Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
789
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Internet Radio Workshop for Tanzanian Journalist
    • VIKES and MISA Tanzania.
    • – Internet radio – webcasting – open source audio editing – podcasting –
    • – future of radio –
    • Dar es Salaam February 2010
    • Markku Liukkonen
    • Radio producer, multimedium journalist (procumer)
    • Turku, Finland
    • [email_address]
  • 2. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.1 Podcasting
    • - “Podcast is a series of digital media files (either audio or video) that are released episodically and downloaded through web.” (wikipedia)
    • - Basically a downloadable mp3 file.
    • - Can be streamed through web browser – On Demand (1.6)
    • - Can be attached with metadata and rss-feed
    • - http://butiama.podomatic.com//
  • 3.  
  • 4. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.2 rss-feed
    • - "Really Simple Syndication"
    • - web feed format used to publish frequently updated works - such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video
    • - http://allafrica.com/tools/headlines/rss.html
    • - rss2.0 works with podcasting to digital media players (iTunes, Winamp, rythmbox...)
  • 5. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.3 Webcasting
    • - A webcast is a media file distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. (wikipedia)
    • - webcast may either be distributed live or on demand
    • - largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who usually "simulcast" their output.
  • 6. 1 . Basic terms
    • 1.4 simulcasting
    • - Simultaneous Broadcast
    • - Programs or events broadcast across more than one medium, or more than one service on the same medium, at the same time
    • - For example live radio broadcast is simultaneously aired analogue FM-frequency and digital web radio stream
  • 7.  
  • 8. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.5 Internet Radio (web radio, net radio, streaming radio...)
    • - audio listening service transmitted via the Internet
    • - Different from podcasting, which involves downloading rather than streaming.
    • - The most common way to distribute Internet radio is via streaming technology using a lossy* audio codec.
    • *compressed audio format
  • 9. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.6 On-Air vs. On-Demand
    • - On-Air is live broadcasting
    • - On-Demand radio is available for radio consumer all time.
    • - On-Demand -> Podcasting
    • - Archive
    • - http://www.uhurunews.com/radio/shows
  • 10. 1. Basic terms
    • 1.7 Open-source software
    • - It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner.
    • - The term open-source software originated as part of a marketing campaign for free software.
    • - Mozilla Firefox, Linux Ubuntu, Open Office, Audacity...
  • 11.  
  • 12. 2. Internet Radio
    • 2.1 Short History of internet Radio
    • - 1994 college radio station of the University of North Carolina became the first radio station to broadcast its signal over the internet
    • - 1994 Rolling Stones concert was the "first major cyberspace multicast concert.
    • -In 1995, Progressive Networks released RealAudio as a free download.
    • - March 1996, Virgin Radio - London, became the first European radio station to broadcast its full program live on the internet (multicasting)
    • ->
  • 13. 2. Internet Radio
    • -> 2.1 Short History of internet Radio
    • - The International Webcasting Association was formed in 1996
    • - By the end of the 1990s there were thousands of Internet radio stations and music sites online.
    • - In the mid-2000s Internet radio has become a growing phenomenon, with the number of stations at five figures.
    • - In the years to come Internet radio will certainly become a bigger force in society and may be the first giant step toward world integration and globally-minded content.
    • - Radio took 30 years to reach an audience of 50 million people, TV took 13 years, but the Internet has taken only four.
  • 14. 2. Internet Radio
    • 2.2 Webcasting now
    • - The ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish.
    • - The largest webcasters are existing radio and TV stations
    • - Big part of social media ”revolution”
    • - Easy to participate and distribute -> Procumer
    • - Transformation from push- to pull strategy
    • - Participation
    • - Mobile, portable, 24/7...
  • 15. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media
    • 3.1 Metadata, web2.0,
    • - Tags that can be found by search engines
    • - Important for coverage
    • - Connection with other Podcasters
    • - Horizontal information flow
    • - Global village
  • 16. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media
    • 3.2 Platforms
    • Social Media:
    • - Blogs
    • - Facebook, MySpace etc.
    • - Professional discussion phorums
    • Other:
    • http://www.getapodcast.com/
    • http://www.radio-locator.com
    • http://www.live-radio.net
  • 17. 3. Radio in Internet and Social Media
    • 3.3 Future of radio
    • - http://www.seacom.mu/news/newsMediaMp3.html
    • - Information will be more mobile, social and local
    • - Two way information, Horizontal vs. Vertical.
    • - Megatrends vs. Silent Signals
    • - ”Everything that is commonly acknowledged now, has been an heresy in the past.”
    • - Media will be diversified
    • - Convergence will increase
  • 18. 4. Audacity and Audio Conversion
    • - Audacity's features include:
    • Importing and exporting wav, AIFF, Mp3 (via the LAME encoder, downloaded separately) and Ogg Vorbis
    • - Recording and playing sounds
    • - Editing via Cut, Copy, Paste (with unlimited Undo)
    • - Multitrack mixing
    • - A large array of digital effects and plug-ins. Additional effects can be written with Nyquist
    • - Amplitude envelope editing
    • - Noise removal
  • 19. 4. Audacity and Audio Conversion
    • http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
    • http://wiki.audacityteam.org/wiki/Category:Tutorial
    • http://wiki.audacityteam.org/wiki/Category:Tips
  • 20. 5. Podomatic
    • - Registration
    • - Basic user Interface of Podomatic
    • - http://www.podomatic.com/featured
    • - Promotion
  • 21. 6. Work Shop Exercise
    • - Record
    • - Edit and Convert
    • - Publish
  • 22.