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“Integra8ng	
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Smart	
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KETs	
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1.  “The	
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6.  “Also	
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CoR	
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Markkula KET & SS Open Days 8 Oct 2013
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Markkula KET & SS Open Days 8 Oct 2013

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Markkula: Key Enabling Technologies and Smart Specialisation. Presentation in an Open Days workshop in Brussels 8 October 2013.

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Markkula KET & SS Open Days 8 Oct 2013

  1. 1. Open  Days  2013  Workshop:     “Integra8ng  Key  Enabling  Technologies  in  your   Smart  Specialisa8on  Strategy”   Markku   Markkula   •   Member  of  the  EU   Commi/ee  of  the   Regions,  Rapporteur  on   “Horizon  2020”  and   “Closing  the  InnovaBon   Divide”   •   Espoo,  Chair  of  the  City   Planning  Board   •   Advisor  to  the  Aalto   Presidents  at  Aalto   University   Europe  2020  calls  for  transformaBon.  European  actors   already  have  much  of  the  high  level  research  results   required,  and  the  European  Research  Area  has  good  systems   to  produce  more.  However,  these  are  not  consistently  used   in  poliBcal  and  business  processes  and  governance.     There  is  a  huge  gap  between  the  latest  research  knowledge   and  real  life  pracBce.   According  to  the  KETs  High  Level  Expert  Group  (June  2011)   KETs  have  two  specific  characterisBcs  that  separate  them   from  other  “enabling  technologies”:     •  KETs  are  embedded  at  the  core  of  innova8ve  advanced   products.   •  KETs  underpin  strategic  European  value  chains.   Keeping  these  in  mind,  I  will  in  my  presentaBon  review  KETs   linked  with  RIS3  regional  strategies  based  on  smart   specialisaBon.   markku.markkula@aalto.fi  
  2. 2. KETs  a  Learning  Process  for  Policy  Makers   •  Special  focus  in  RIS3  should  be  on  developing  and  implemenBng  the   concepts  and  processes  needed  to  take  full  advantage  of  digitalizaBon  and   new  key  enabling  technologies  for  modernizing  regional  innovaBon  policy.       •  Policy  makers  should  play  the  dual  role  of:      a)  understanding  of  how  complex  systems  and  societal  innova8ons    work;  and      b)  being  both  process  owners  and  learners,  thus  inves8ng  a  fair    amount  of  their  8me  in  deepening  their  own  knowledge.     •  The  Commission  defines  KETs  as  “knowledge  intensive  and  associated  with   high  R&D  intensity,  rapid  innova9on  cycles,  high  capital  expenditure  and   highly  skilled  employment.  They  enable  process,  goods  and  service   innova9on  throughout  the  economy  and  are  of  systemic  relevance.  They   are  mul9disciplinary,  cuAng  across  many  technology  areas  with  a  trend   towards  convergence  and  integra9on.”     Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  3. 3. KET     to  Speed  up  and  Scale  up     EU2020  Implementa8on   Regional   Innova8on   Ecosystems  &     Pioneering    EU2020   Markku  Markkula,  markku.markkula@aalto.fi   Chair  CoR-­‐EPP  Task  Force  on  Europe  2020,  Aalto  University,  Finland   Urban   Design   Solu8ons   Digitalisa8on  &  KET     Real  Life  Test-­‐beds   Open  Innova8on    &   Smart  Specializa8on   Scien8fic  Excellence   More   Societal     Innova8ons  
  4. 4. “A  European  strategy  for  Key  Enabling  Technologies  –   A  bridge  to  growth  and  jobs”  (COM(2012)  341)   KET  &  Cohesion  Policy:   •  KETs  have  the  potenBal  to  bring  growth  to  regions  and  enhance  their  overall   compeBBveness.  In  parBcular  for  less  developed  regions,  it  is  of  key  importance  to   have  access  to  these  technologies  in  order  to  modernise  the  industrial  base  and   improve  compeBBveness.   •  The  Commission  has  therefore  idenBfied  KETs  as  one  of  the  investment  prioriBes   for  regional  innovaBon  financing  in  its  proposal  for  revision  of  the  European   Regional  Development  Fund  (ERDF).  Smart  specialisaBon  seeks  the  involvement  of   all  regions  in  using  their  diversity  to  their  advantage  to  achieve  smart  growth.   KET  &  Knowledge  Triangle:   •  Strengthening  and  inter-­‐linking  acBviBes  around  the  knowledge  triangle  between   research,  educaBon  and  innovaBon  is  of  key  importance  in  this  context.  While  it  is   crucial  to  develop  a  large  talent  pool,  it  is  even  more  essenBal  to  have  the  right   skills  in  the  right  place  and  at  the  right  Bme.  The  Commission  will  thus  support   training  acBviBes  aimed  at  improving  skills  (not  only  technical  but  also   entrepreneurial  and  business-­‐related)  in  KETs  product  demonstraBon  projects   under  Horizon  2020.   Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  5. 5. CoR  Opinion  on  “Developing  a  Common  Strategy  for     Key  Enabling  Technologies  in  the  EU”  (14  April  2010)   •  “The  CoR  stresses  the  importance  of  KETs  in  underpinning  pracBcal  applicaBons,  their  potenBal   role  in  the  new  European  plan  for  innovaBon,  and  their  possibiliBes  to  enhance  quality  of  life   and  compeBBveness  in  European  regions.”   •  “The  CoR  notes  that  these  technologies  have  the  potenBal  to  turn  into  valuable  assets  for   ciBzens,  businesses  and  administraBons,  and  could  contribute  to  the  improvement  of  products   and  quality  of  public  services.”   •  “The  CoR  endorses  the  increased  focus  proposed  in  the  KET  Communica8on  on  joint  strategic   programming  and  demonstra8on  projects,  as  well  as  the  pursuit  of  a  more  strategic  and   coordinated  approach,  not  only  by  the  EU  and  Member  States,  but  also  by  the  regions.”   •  “The  CoR  endorses  the  Commission's  proposal  to  set  up  a  high-­‐level  expert  group  tasked  with   developing  a  shared  longer  term  strategy  for  KET,  and  requests  the  Commission  to  be  kept   informed  from  an  early  stage  about  developments  around  this  group,  including  their  analyses   and  policy  recommendaBons.”   I  am  here  painBng  the  landscape  for  the  content  of  our  workshop.  For  this,  I  have   selected  here  a  few  bullet  points  from  the  CoR  opinions.  In  my  workshop  presentaBon   I  will  take  a  few  of  these  in  deepening  my  messages  and  demonstraBng  my  messages   with  some  pictures  to  describe  the  road  from  poliBcal  statements  to  regional   implementaBon.   Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  6. 6. CoR  Opinion  on  “Horizon  2020”  (19  July  2012)   1.  “The  Horizon  2020  three-­‐pillar  system  brings  extensive  added  value  to  European  Research.”   2.  “Horizon  2020  should  fund  the  research  and  development  of  concepts,  methods  and  other  forms  of   intellectual  capital  needed  for  the  cooperaBon  of  regions  and  ciBes,  universiBes  and  business  on   innovaBon  and  valorisaBon  of  knowledge.”   3.  “The  CoR  emphasises  the  role  of  key  enabling  technologies  (KET)  in  Horizon  2020.  Technologies   should  not  only  be  developed  in  separate  science  and  technology  programmes;  rather,  they   should  be  linked  as  early  as  the  R&D  stage  to  industrial  value  chains  and  global  innova8on  value   networks,  and  to  ac8vi8es  that  develop  regional  ecosystems  and  innova8on  clusters  and   strengthen  exper8se.  Campus  developments  at  regional  level  could  make  a  contribuBon  in  this   respect.  This  is  important  because  it  allows  product  development  acBviBes  by  small  and  also  larger   businesses  to  extend  beyond  the  difficult  early  stages.”   4.  “Regions  and  ciBes  should  include  Research,  Development  and  InnovaBon  (RDI)  as  an  essenBal  part   of  their  core  policy  agenda.  Horizon  2020  and  Cohesion  funding  should  be  used  to  create  the   concepts,  tools  and  other  pre-­‐condiBons  through  which  local  and  regional  authoriBes  can  acBvely   promote  innovaBon,  take  risks  and  invest  in  the  pracBcal  applicaBon  of  RDI,  so  as  to  provide  a   tailored  regional  dimension.”   5.  “The  CoR  proposes  a  strategic  objec8ve  for  Horizon  2020  to  create  the  European  open  innova8on   culture  via  dedicated  programmes  and  other  instruments.  Innova8on  ecosystems,  key  enabling   technologies,  public  procurement  and  research  infrastructures  require  extensive  developments.”   Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  7. 7. 6.  “Also  a  change  of  mindset  is  required  in  order  to  reach  the  set  goals.  CoR  calls  for  pioneering   regions  to  form  European  consorBums  integraBng  different  capabiliBes  to  create  ground-­‐breaking   societal  innovaBons  for  Europe-­‐wide  use.”   7.  “All  regional  research  funded  by  Horizon  2020  should  include  a  "global  excellence"  dimension,   facilitated  by  the  principles  of  smart  specialisaBon.  Furthermore,  a  closer  linkage  of  Horizon  2020   and  the  structural  funds  should  be  also  properly  reflected  in  the  operaBonal  programmes  and  in   the  strategies  for  research,  innovaBon  and  smart  specialisaBon.”   8.  “The  CoR  calls  for  the  changes  in  role  of  Joint  Research  Centre  to  assist  the  regional  and  local   decision  making  with  the  latest  RDI  outcomes.  This  focusing  should  be  accomplished  in  close   coordinaBon  with  the  new  developments  of  the  Smart  SpecialisaBon  Plaiorm.  Instead  of  reports   and  other  publicaBons,  the  outcomes  should  revolve  much  more  around  funding  of   experimentaBons  and  rapid  prototyping,  applying  research  knowledge  to  pracBcal  change   processes  in  all  parts  of  Europe,  thus  increasing  the  renewal  capital  on  regional  and  local  levels.”   9.  “In  parBcular,  they  need  to  be  able  to  develop  joint  plaiorms  (such  as  innovaBon  forums  and  test-­‐ beds  for  cooperaBon  by  integraBng  real  and  virtual  worlds)  to  foster  open  innovaBon  and  regional   innovaBon  ecosystems.  AcBve  European  cooperaBon  would  result  in  economies  of  scale  and  the   creaBon  of  wider  markets  for  local  businesses  and  other  local  developments.  Smart  specialisaBon  –   as  the  key  guiding  principle  both  of  Horizon  2020  and  of  cohesion  policy  –  is  opening  up  new   avenues  to  all  this.”   10.  “The  laboratories  are  no  longer  tradiBonal  university  faciliBes,  but  regional  innovaBon  ecosystems   as  test-­‐beds  for  rapid  prototyping  of  many  types  of  user-­‐driven  innovaBons:  new  products,   processes,  structures  and  systems  of  transformaBve  and  scalable  nature.  These  cannot  be  created   and  maintained  without  acBve  parBcipaBon  by  local  and  regional  authoriBes.”   Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  8. 8. CoR  Opinion  on  “Closing  the  Innova8on  Divide”   (30  May  2013)   1.  “As  many  phenomena  of  the  digital  society  have  already  demonstrated,  significant  transforma8on   takes  place  from  the  bobom  up,  and  a  pervasive  mindset  of  "entrepreneurial  discovery"  is  cri8cal.   The  CoR  encourages  the  Commission  to  set  up  "entrepreneurial  discovery"  programmes  to  work  at   different  levels  and  discover  what  is  most  effecBve  for  local  needs  and  European  scaling.”   2.  “InnovaBon  communiBes  operate  as  ecosystems  through  systemic  value  networking  in  a  world  without   borders.  Regions  need  new  arenas  as  hotspots  for  innovaBon  co-­‐creaBon.  These  could  be  described  as   "innovaBon  gardens"  and  "challenge  plaiorms",  which  together  form  prototype  workspaces  for   invenBng  the  future.”   3.  “The  best  pioneers  for  developing  and  running  Europe-­‐wide  projects  should  be  financed  through   Horizon  2020  and  cohesion  funding  –  the  aim  being  also  to  test  effecBve  methodologies  and  tools  in   real  life  collaboraBon  and  cross-­‐border  learning.”   4.  “The  CoR  is  aware  that  societal  innovaBveness  can  be  substanBally  increased  by  mobilising  ciBzen   parBcipaBon.  In  parBcular  this  means  harnessing  digital  technology  in  a  human‑centred  way:   crowdsensing  and  crowdsourcing.  In  smart  ciBes,  development  is  strongly  based  on  bo/om-­‐up   parBcipatory  processes,  sensing  the  dynamics  of  all  forms  of  societal  acBviBes,  and  on  individual  and   shared  responsibility  –  much  more  than  in  tradiBonal  top-­‐down  city-­‐operated  services.”   5.  “The  CoR  notes  that  there  are  exciBng  developments  emerging  in  university  laboratories  around   Europe,  and  even  globally,  which  tackle  major  societal  and  industrial  challenges.  However,  the  best   laboratories  for  breakthrough  innova8ons  today  are  no  longer  tradi8onal  university  facili8es,  but   regional  innova8on  ecosystems  opera8ng  as  testbeds  for  rapid  prototyping  of  many  types  of  user-­‐ driven  innova8ons,  based  on  transforma8ve  and  scalable  systems.  To  transform  science  and   technology  research  results  into  strong  flows  of  new  products,  services,  and  processes,  Europe  needs   to  sBmulate  innovaBon  in  systems  of  producBon  different  from  old-­‐style  manufacturing.”   Open  Days  8  October  2013   Markku  Markkula  
  9. 9. SystemsApprocah InterpendentVariables AnalyticalApproach IndependentVariables Social ModelBiological ModelMachine Model Nature  of  Inquiry   Nature  of  Organiza8on   Markkula,  M.,  Pirmvaara,  M.  &  Miikki,  L.,  2009  &  2013.  Developed  using  the  ideas  from:   Gharajedaghi,  J.,  2006.  Systems  Thinkig:  Managing  Chaos  and  Complexity.     Traditional Organisation Specific Business Plan Success  Factors:     -­‐   Ecosystem  thinking     -­‐  Co-­‐crea8on   -­‐  Entrepreneurial  Discovery   -­‐   Effec8ve  use  of  KETs   -­‐  Knowledge  Triangle     (synergy  between  R&E&I)   Regional   Innova8on   Test-­‐Bed  /  Case  Aalto:   Technology  linked  with     Factories  &   Living  Labs  &     Start-­‐ups   KET  =  the  Real  Enablers  for  Systemic  Change   based  on  Smart  Specialisa8on  
  10. 10. Regional  Innova8on  Ecosystem   Aalto  University  Campus  2020   According to the plans, by 2020, there will be new investments of 4-5 billion €: metro, tunnel construction of ring road, other infra, housing, office and business buildings, public services, university buildings, sports and cultural facilities… Aalto University Nokia Rovio Tapiola Garden City EIT ICT Lab Laurea Energizing  Urban   Ecosystems  (20   million  €  research   program)   2012-­‐2016   Young  entrepreneurial  mindset   Aalto  Innova8on  Garden  
  11. 11. Regional  Innova8on  Ecosystems:     Case  T3  Espoo  /  Aalto  University  Campus   IntegraBng  real  and  virtual  worlds  within  the  Energizing  Urban  Ecosystems  EUE  research  program  (for  the   whole  EUE  the  budget  is  totally  20  m€  for  4  years)  adopts  cumng-­‐edge  techniques  for  spaBal  data   acquisiBon.  These  are  applied  to,  and  combined  with,  concepts  for  a  digital  ubiquitous  ecosystem  in  Espoo   City  T3  area  (Otaniemi  –  Keilaniemi  –  Tapiola).  The  target  applicaBon  will  be  a  mobile  and  virtual  smart  city   model  with  geospaBal  virtual  knowledge  elements.  Specific  a/enBon  will  be  paid  to  aspects  of  usability   and  innovaBve  visualisaBon  for  various  user  needs.  By  capturing  the  city’s  geometry  and  characterisBcs   through  laser  scanning,  the  resulBng  model  can  be  applied  in  an  informaBon  modelling  process  to  conduct   different  kinds  of  analysis.  The  virtual  —  possibly,  photorealisBc  —  models  used  as  the  basis  for  the   regional  informaBon  model  create  a  virtual  city,  geometrically  accurate  and  visually  close-­‐to-­‐idenBcal  with   the  real  one.  This  enables  city  planning,  built  environment  and  real  estate  management  professionals,  as   well  as  decision-­‐makers  and  ciBzens,  to  use  the  model  for  diverse  purposes.     The  resulBng  regional  informaBon  models  become  shared  knowledge  resources  to  support  decision-­‐ making  about  a  facility  from  earliest  conceptual  stages,  through  design  and  construcBon  through  its   operaBonal  life  and  eventual  demoliBon.     The  starBng  point  for  the  regional  informaBon  modeling  is  the  integraBon  of  exisBng  building  informaBon   models,  different  spaBal  informaBon  systems,  and  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  measuring  techniques  such  as  Mobile   Laser  Scanning,  with  virtual  environments.  This,  in  effect,  creates  a  combinaBon  of  the  physical  and  virtual   worlds.  Within  the  EUE  program,  we  have  used  these  instruments  in  creaBng  our  virtual  collaboraBon   plaiorms.  Online  virtual  reality  hosBng  systems,  like  Meshmoon,  are  sBll  fairly  new  technologies,  but  the   potenBal  is  high.     Based  on  the  text  by  the  research  team  of     professor  Hannu  Hyyppä,  Aalto  University  
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