Educational technology 1 new

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Educational technology 1 new

  1. 1. Rizal Technological University LESSON 5 : THE CONE EXPERIENCE LESSON 6 : USING AND EVALUATING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SUBMITTED BY : (WRECKING GIRLS) MARK JOHN BRIOL CASAO ZAJARAH BALAJADIA ROVEL INIGUEZ VENUS MASAGANDA JOANNE DELA CRUZ RUDELYN TASANI SUBMITTED TO: DR. ULYSSES L. LIM 2ND SEMESTER (2013-2014)
  2. 2. LESSON 5 : THE CONE EXPERIENCE CONE EXPERIENCE – IS A MODELTHAT PRESENTS BANDS OF EXPERIENCE ARRANGED ACCORDING TO DEGREE OF ABSTRACTION AND NOT DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY . EDGAR DALE ( APRIL 27 1900 IN BENSON , MINNNESOTA ) HE WAS A AMERICAN EDUCATIONIST WHO DEVELOPED THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE. HE MADE SEVERAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO AUDIO AND VISUAL INSTRUCTION, INCLUDING A METHODOLOGY FOR ANALYZING THE CONTENT OF MOTION PICTURES PARTS OF CONE EXPERIENCE DIRECT PURPOSEFUL EXPERIENCE – WE BUILD UP OUR RESERVOIR OF MEANINGFUL INFORMATION AND IDEAS THROUGH THE FIVE SENSES. CONTRIVED EXPERIENCES – WE MAKE USE OF A REPRESENTATIVE MODELS OR MOCK UPS OF REALITY FOR PRACTICAL REASONS AND SO THAT WE CAN MAKE THE
  3. 3. REAL LIFE ACCESSIBLE TO THE STUDENTS PERCEPTION AND UNDERSTANDING . DRAMATIZED EXPERIENCES –WE CAN PARTICIPATE IN A RECONSTRUCTED EXPERIENCE, EVEN THOUGH THE ORIGINAL EVENT IS FAR REMOVED FROM US IN TIME. DEMONSTRATIONS – IT IS A VISUALIZED EXPLANATION OF AN IMPORTANT FACT, IDEA OR PROCESS BY THE USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS , DRAWINGS, FILMS, DISPLAYS, OR GUIDED MOTIONS. STUDY TRIPS – ARE EXCURSIONS, EDUCATIONAL TRIPS AND VISITS CONDUCTED . EXHIBITS – THESE ARE DISPLAYS TO BE SEEN BY SPECTATORS. TELEVISION AND MOTION PICTURES – IT CAN RECONSTRUCT THE REALITY OF THE PAST SO THAT WE ARE MADE TO FEEL WE ARE THERE . STILL PICTURES, RECORDINGS, RADIO – THESE ARE VISUAL AND AUDITORY DEVICES WHICH MAY BE USED BY AN INDIVIDUAL OR A GROUP.
  4. 4. VISUAL SYMBOLS – THESE ARE NO LONGER REALISTIC REPRODUCTION OF PHYSICAL THINGS FOR THESE ARE HIGHLY ABSTRACT REPRESENTATIONS . VERBAL SYMBOLS – THEY ARE NOT LIKE THE OBJECTS OR IDEAS FOR WHICH THEY STAND. THEY USUALLY DO NOT CONTAIN VISUAL CLUES TO THEIR MEANING .
  5. 5. LESSON 6 : USING AND EVALUATING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS
  6. 6. HOW CAN INSTRUCTORS USE THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE? According to Dale’s research, the least effective method at the top, involves learning from information presented through verbal symbols, i.e., listening to spoken words. The most effective methods at the bottom, involves direct, purposeful learning experiences, such as hands-on or field experience. Direct purposeful learning experiences represent reality or the closet things to real, everyday life. The cone charts the average retention rate for various methods of teaching. The further you progress down the cone, the greater the learning and the more information is likely to be retained. It also suggests that when choosing an instructional method it is important to remember that involving students in the process strengthens knowledge retention. It reveals that “action-learning” techniques result in up to 90% retention. People learn best when they use perceptual learning styles. Perceptual learning styles are sensory based. The more sensory channels possible in interacting with a resource, the better chance that many students can learn from it. According to Dale, instructors should design instructional activities that build upon more real-life experiences.
  7. 7. SELECTION OF MATERIALS THE FOLLOWING GUIDE GUIDED QUESTIONS EXPRESS STANDARDS TO CONSIDER IN THE SELECTION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:  DOES THE MATERIAL GIVE A TRUE PICTURE OF THE IDEAS THE PRESENT? TO AVOID MISCONCEPTIONS, IT IS ALWAYS GOOD TO ASK WHEN THE MATERIAL WAS PRODUCED.  DOES THE MATERIAL CONTRIBUTE MEANINGFUL CONTENT TO THE TOPIC UNDER STUDY? DOES THE MATERIAL HELP YOU ACHIEVE THE INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVE ?  IS THE MATERIAL ALIGNED TO THE CURRICULUM STANDARDS AND COMPETENCES?  IS THE MATERIAL CULTURE-AND GRADES-SENSITIVE?  DOES THE MATERIAL HAVE CULTURE BIAS?  IS THE MATERIAL APPROPRIATE FOR THE AGE, INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERIENCE OF THE LEARNERS?  IS THE PHYSICAL CONDITION OF THE MATERIAL SATISFACTORY ? AN EXAMPLE, IS A PHOTOGRAPH PROPERLY MOUNTED ?  IS THERE A TEACHER GUIDE TO GUIDE TO PROVIDE A BRIEFING FOR EFFECTIVE USE? THE CHANCE THAT THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL WILL BE USED TO THE MAXIMUM AND TO THE OPTIMUM IS INCREASED WITH A TEACHER’S GUIDE.  CAN THE MATERIAL IN QUESTION HELP TO MAKE STUDENTS BETTER THINKERS AND DEVELOP THEIR CRITICAL FACULTIES? WITH EXPOSURE TO MASS MEDIA, IT IS HIGHLY
  8. 8. IMPORTANT THAT WE MAINTAIN AND STRENGTHEN OUR RATIONAL POWERS .  DOES THE USE OF MATERIAL MAKE LEARNERS COLLABORATE WITH ONE ANOTHER?  DOES THE MATERIALS PROMOTE SELF-STUDY?  IS THE MATERIAL WORTH THE TIME, EXPENSE AND EFFORT INVOLVED? A FIELD TRIP , FOR INSTANCE , REQUIRES MUCH TIME, EFFORT AND MONEY . IS IT MORE EFFECTIVE THAN ANY OTHER LESS EXPENSIVE AND LESS DEMANDING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL THAT CAN TAKE ITS PLACE? OR IS THERE A BETTER SUBSTITUTE? THE PROPER USE OF MATERIALS YOU MAY HAVE SELECTED YOUR INSTRUCTIONS MATERIAL WELL. THIS IS NO GUARANTEE THAT THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL WILL BE EFFECTIVELY UTILIZED . IT IS ONE THING TO SELECT A GOOD INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL; IT IS ANOTHER THING TO USE IT WELL . P – prepare yourself P – prepare your student P – present the material F – follow up PREPARE YOUR SELF – YOU KNOW YOUR LESSON OBJECTIVE AND WHAT YOU EXPECTED FROM THE CLASS AFTER THE SESSION AND WHY YOU HAVE YOU EXPECTED FROM THE CLASS
  9. 9. AFTER THE SESSION AND WHY YOU HAVE SELECTED SUCH PARTICULAR INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL. PREPARE YOUR STUDENTS – SET REASONABLY HIGH CLASS EXPECTATIONS AND LEARNING GOALS. IT IS SOUND PRACTICE TO GIVE THEM GUIDE QUESTIONS FOR THEM TO BE ABLE TO ANSWER DURING THE DISCUSSION . PRESENT THE MATERIAL – UNDER THE BEST POSSIBLE CONDITIONS. MANY TEACHERS ARE GUILTY OF THE R.O.G. SYNDROME. THIS IS MEANS “RUNNING OUT OF GAS” WHICH USUALLY RESULT FROM POOR PLANNING . FOLLOW UP – REMEMBER THAT YOU USE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL TO ACHIEVE AN OBJECTIVE , NOT TO KILL TIME NOR TO GIVE YOURSELF A BREAK , NEITHER TO MERELY ENTERTAIN THE CLASS . YOU USE THE INSTRUCTIONAL FOR THE ATTAINMENT OF A LESSON OBJECTIVE.
  10. 10. Rizal Technological University DAY TOPIC Introduction and Abstraction 1 PRESENTOR Joanne Dela Cruz Bands of experience in Dale’s Cone of Experience Rudelyn Tasani PS Personal Postscript – The Cone of Experience: A Reminder Venus S. Masaganda
  11. 11. Rizal Technological University DAY TOPIC PRESENTOR Introduction and Abstraction Selection of Materials The Proper Use of Materials 2 Rovel Iniguez Zajarah Balajadia Mark John B. Casao
  12. 12. Rizal Technological University Name : ____________________________________ Section :____________________________________ Date : _______________ Professor : _________ A.Write TRUE if the sentence given is correct If not write FALSE. __________________1. Exhibit are displays to be seen by spectators. __________________2. Direct purposeful experiences are first hand experiences which serve as the foundation of our learning. __________________3. Television and VHS pictures can reconstruct the reality of the past so effectively that we are made to feel we are there. __________________4. Field trips are excursions, educational trips, and visits conducted to observe an event that is unavailable within the classroom. __________________5. Demonstration is a visualized explanation of an important facts and ideas. __________________6. Demonstration is process by the use of photographs, drawings, films, displays, or guided motions _________________7. We can use representative models or mock ups in contrived experiences. _________________8. Edgar Dale is the proponent of Cone of Experience. _________________9. Visual symbols can be charts, graphs, maps and diagrams. _________________10. Still pictures, Recordings, radio are visual and auditory device which may be used by an individual or a group. B. Enumeration B.A. Give the bands of experience in Dale’s Cone of Experience ( 7 points) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. C. 8. 9. 10. 11. B.B. Give the meaning of PPPF (3 points) PPPF- Essay Does the use of material make learners collaborate with one another? Does PPPF help us to make our action well?
  13. 13. Rizal Technological University ANSWER KEY A. Write TRUE if the sentence given is correct If not write FALSE. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. True True False False True True True True True True B. Enumeration B.A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Direct Purposeful Experiences Contrived Experiences Dramatized Experiences Demonstrations Study Trips Exhibits Educational Television Motion Pictures Recordings, Radio, Still Pictures Visual Symbols Verbal Symbols B.B P – Prepare yourself P – Prepare your student P – Present the material F – Follow up C. ESSAY - Write your answer at the back of your questionnaire. Write your answer at the back of your questionnaire.

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