This is a customer-ready deck for presenting basic overview of Open Government and Open Data projects and the advantages of Cloud Computing.The deck covers basic Open Government and Open Data principles and gives many examples of Open Data projects worldwide. Many of the examples are hosted on Microsoft’s Windows Azure Cloud platform – all of these are live sites.The last few slides of the deck should be customized based on the audience.
If the audience is already familiar with Open Government and Open Data concepts, you can skip to Slide 5.
Open Government has many different definitions in different jurisdictions globally. This slide captures the 3 most common principles of any Open Gov initiative.
These are the key characteristics of an Open Data project. Important to highlight Open Data does NOT refer to sharing of private, personal information (PPI).
Open Data projects are being implemented worldwide. Some are sponsored at National level (top-down), some at local/Municipal level (bottom-up).
One of the key objectives of Open Government is to engage citizens, and make those engagements relevant (to the individual). For that reason, Open Government initiatives often utilize social media. Some examples are given here from Canada. In these cases, open data was combined with social media to enhance engagement with citizens on local issues and Government initiatives. Open Data and Social Media are complementary.
Washington DC were the pioneers of use of Open Data. They have a very effective Open Data Catalog and an appstore showcasing apps developed with that data.
Key characteristics of Open Data applications. Important to point out that Government organizations are NOT the primary developer of open data apps – they are primarily developed by citizens, developers, communities, etc. FixMyStreet in UK was one of the first groundbreaking Open Government applications.
Government organizations often hold application development contests to get citizens and developers excited about using open data. This example was from Washington DC.
Open Data applications are often called ‘mashups’ because they combine data from different sources in innovative ways.Stumble Safely (Washington DC) combined location of bars/restaurants, plus transit information, with real-time crime data enabling users of the application to find the safest route home at night.VanPark (Vancouver, Canada) was developed for the 2010 Winter Olympics to provide visitors with a one-stop shop for Parking information across the city. It encompassed both civic parking facilities and commercial parking facilities – the first application to combine these data sources.
The Cloud has many inherent advantages which greatly benefit Open Data initiatives.Cloud is ‘open’ – citizens and developers can use their own access devices and development toolsCloud is ‘low-cost’ – Governments can host data and make it public cheaper than cost of traditional hardware/softwareCloud does not impact infrastructure – projects can be launched without impacting operational systemsCloud is ‘fast’ – Open Data projects can be launched in ‘days’ rather than ‘years’. E.g. http://data.medicinehat.caCloud is ‘scalable’ – Cloud will scale depending upon citizen demand, you only get charged for what you use – overall cost stays low
Windows Azure is Microsoft’s Cloud platform and is inherently designed to be ‘open’. Developers can choose which dev tools they prefer to use, including the most popular open source tools.Microsoft has several Open Government solution offerings.
Windows Azure DataMarket is a packaged commercial offering enabling hosting and sharing of large volumes of data.
Open Government Data Initiative (OGDI) is a toolkit enabling easy development of an Open Data catalog on Windows Azure.
The City of Medicine Hat in Alberta, Canada used OGDI to build their Open Data catalog. It is a good example of the ease and low-entry cost of the Cloud. In Medicine Hat, it took ‘two web developers a few days’ to build their catalog.
Eye on Earth is a large-scale Cloud-based environment application. The European Environment Agency (EEA) publishes data for Air, Water, and Noise quality for thousands of locations around EU. Citizens can input their own rating (using simple phone-based SMS) and validate the quality of the data based on their location.This is an example of a large-scale Cloud application.
City of San Francisco piped the output of their 311 Call Centre system to the Cloud so that citizens could get real-time self-driven access to the information without impacting the operational system.
VanGuide was a tourism application service built for the 2010 Winter Olympics. The service uses Vancouver open data and runs on Windows Azure cloud. The client application is available on Windows Phone 7 and iPhone – the source code is available for reuse on Codeplex.
An example of a hybrid open-source and Windows Azure solution. The source code for Emitter is available on Github.
In UK, http://data.gov.uk uses a Windows Azure back-end to provide large volume transactional and real-time Weather data. Front-end utilizes open source technologies Drupal and CKAN showing how Cloud can be used in hybrid implementations.
Open Government Cloud-based sandbox Demo site for EU. Government agencies can load their data into the Cloud and make it available to citizens and developers via an Open API. Currently hosts data from over 20 countries and more than 110 datasets.
This slide should be customized for each audience. This example is from Finland and shows examples of Open Data sources.
Tim Berners-Lee ‘5-stars of Open Data’ is often used as the criteria to assess effectiveness and quality of open data sources. Microsoft’s OGDI provides 4-stars ‘out of the box’.
This slide needs to be customized for the specific audience. It indicates examples of innovation opportunity for Government sharing of Open Data in that country.
This slide needs to be customized for the specific audience. It indicates examples of business opportunity arising from Government sharing of Open Data.
Open Government Open Innovation and the Cloud
Jan 2012Mark Gayler – email@example.comOpen Software EvangelistMicrosoft Corp
What is Open Government and Open Data? Open Data around the World Open Data Technology and the Cloud Open Government and Innovation Q&A
Government initiative(s) to promote transparency, public participation and collaboration Global initiatives – Europe, Americas, etc. Common Principles: Transparency – to enable greater accountability, efficiency, and economic opportunity by making government data and operations more open. Participation – to create early and effective opportunities to drive greater and more diverse expertise into government decision making. Collaboration – to generate new ideas for solving problems by fostering cooperation across government departments, across levels of government, and with the public Gov 2.0 = “Platform for Open Government”.
Data generated by government organizations made available to the Public free of restriction (issued with EULA) Timely, accessible, open format Low-cost, generates more value than the data itself Stimulates community development and citizen participation is machine-readable for reuse by developers"is not personally identifiable information aboutindividuals. It does not have privacy issues associatedwith it. And it does not include military or state secrets."Tim Berners-Lee, 2010
116 National Projects worldwide1 USA, UK, EU, APAC Driven by Central Government E.g. USA, UK Driven by Local Government E.g. Canada 40+ Cities in North America 400,000+ Datasets worldwide2 Thousands of OSS applications 1Open WebFoundation 2TWC LOGD
Open Data ‘Pioneers’ First Open Data Catalog - http://data.octo.dc.gov/ Data available in open formats DC App Store http://appstore.dc.gov
Developed by Public ‘Community’ developers Local citizens Often called ‘Mash-Ups’ Typically utilize GIS mapping Often use GPS and mobile Often utilize ‘crowdsourcing’ Open data protocols E.g. KML, XML, RSS Often ‘free’ and ‘open’ toolsets... PHP, MySQL, MediaWiki, Python etc.
www.appsfordemocracy.org“The first edition of Apps for Democracy yielded 47 web, iPhone and Facebook apps in 30 days - a $2,300,000 value to Washington DC at a cost of $50,000
Data on the go Timeliness Location relevance Mobility Social Networking Washington DC - Stumble Safely Vancouver Parking 2010 Parking mashup for 2010 Winter Olympics
Cloud inherently ‘open’ Low-cost Minimal infrastructure impact Fast ‘time-to-market’ Scalable – based on demand
Windows Azure Command-line Tool for Tools for Windows Azure Windows Azure AppFabric SDKs SDKs http:// oData XML AtomPub REST RSS Web ServicesRuntimes & Services
Cloud-based marketplace Data and application offerings Self-publishing Open data interface
Utilizes OGDI/Azure Property Assessments Elections Buildings Very small scale
http://www.eyeonearth.eu/ Global observatory for environmental factors Air and Water Quality Combines Gov statistics with public feedback Interactive, 2-way communications with ratings
San Francisco 311 Allows citizens to report and track non- emergency incidents Combines mapping with Cloud
Incorporates Cloud, mapping, social networking and iPhone ODAF Open Source on Codeplex
Tracks Pollution sources in local neighbourhood OGDI/Azure data storage Drupal front-end Open Source on Github
Windows Azure Used for large volume High transaction Weather Data Hourly/Daily
Open Data Meetup Helsinki, Aalto Uni – Nov 2011 http://dataist.wordpress.com http://www.kansanmuisti.fi
* Star for putting data on the Web at all, with an openlicense. E.g. Zip files and PDFs get 1 star.** Stars if its machine-readable e.g. Excel.*** Stars for machine-readable, non-proprietary formatse.g. CSV or XML.**** Stars if the data uses URL for identification.***** Stars when data is linked to other data for context. *Tim Berners-Lee – Gov 2.0 Expo, 2010
Enhance Government transparency and accountability Engage citizens, inclusion and well-being Stimulate business and economic growth (SMBs) Drive “Smart” innovation technological, organizational, socio-cultural, regional, economic Economic competitiveness
Government reporting and monitoring Transport services and schedules Public safety Social Services Mapping/GIS Tourism Reuse based on open data standards
OGDI Interactive SDK – http://ogdisdk.cloudapp.net OGDI on Codeplex – http://ogdi.codeplex.com VanGuide on Codeplex – http://vanguide.codeplex.com Open Data Application Framework – http://odaf.codeplex.com VanGuide and ODAF on YouTube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZUHVQT24Is OpenIntel on Codeplex – http://oi.codeplex.com Emitter on Github – http://github.com/redbit/emitter Port 25 – http://port25.technet.com