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Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare
 

Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare

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Presentation by Prof Gregory Neville of the Royal Veterinary College, University of London, at the Enhancing Safe Inter-regional Livestock Trade held at Dubai, UAE, 13-16 June 2011.

Presentation by Prof Gregory Neville of the Royal Veterinary College, University of London, at the Enhancing Safe Inter-regional Livestock Trade held at Dubai, UAE, 13-16 June 2011.

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    Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare Overview of international transport of cattle and water buffalo: animal welfare Presentation Transcript

    • Overview of International Transport of Cattle & Water buffalo Animal Welfare
    • International Live Cattle TradeThis trade will persist where there is a shortfallin meat supply and there is limited refrigerated storage and transport- Australia & Indonesia- South Asia- Southeast Asia- East Africa & Middle East- Brazil & Lebanon
    • Australia & Indonesia
    • Skin opening methodsReciprocating cuts Single sweep Chop
    • Problems identified in the recent ‘4 Corners’ Television program• rough casting methods• beating cattle unnecessarily• many cuts made in the neck• some animals get up after the cuts and walk about the premises
    • India & Bangladesh
    • % of animals with injuries at Bangladeshi MarketsTYPE of INJURY Cattle (368) Water buffalo (192)Abrasions 62 95Lacerations 32 57Swellings 5 15Penetration injuries 4 3Scars 60 32
    • % animals showing dehydration or metabolic depletionBlood Species % abnormally % normal % abnormallyparameter high lowTotal protein Cattle 100 0 0g/L Buffalo 97 2 1Sodium Cattle 69 24 7mmol/L Buffalo 76 19 5Creatine kinase Cattle 100 0 0U/L Buffalo 98 2 0NEFA Cattle 100 0 0μmol/L Buffalo 84 16 0Glucose Cattle 86 14 0mmol/L Buffalo 89 11 0
    • Indochina
    • East Africa & Middle East Livestock export numbers from Somalia 1997-2007 (Glipha) 3,000,000 2,500,000 Number of animals 2,000,000 Cattle 1,500,000 Sheep 1,000,000 Goats 500,000 Camels 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007CATTLE Year SHEEP & GOATS
    • Conclusions• dehydration and heat stress• metabolic depletion• sleep deprivation during long journeys• bruising, abrasions and other injuries• stressful handling methods• slaughter methods
    • Questions relevant to the Horn of Africa – Middle East Trade• journey distance• seasonality of the trade and heat exposure• injuries during transport (esp. feet and legs)• inappropriate handling methods• is halal slaughter performed well
    • Overview of International Transport of Cattle & Water buffalo Ethics Is it Fair ? Is it Necessary ? Are there Alternatives ?