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أيها الطبيب كن داعياً

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  • 1. ‫٥‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﲪﺪًﺍ ﻃﻴﺒًﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﹰﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﳉﻼﻝ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻭﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬‫ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻪ.. ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﲑ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ.. ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺟﺘﺒﺎﻩ.. ﻭﺃﺣﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻀﺎﻩ.. ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﻫﺪﺍﻩ..‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ..‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻜﹸﻢ ﹶﺃﻓﻠﹶﺎ ﺗُ ْﺒﺼﺮُﻭﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺭﻳﺎﺕ: ١٢[.‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ْ ﹶ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺮ.. ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻣﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﻌﺒﺪﻩ ﻬﺑﺎ.. ﻓﻴﺘﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﲰﺎﺀ ﻭﺃﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﺎ ﲢﻮﻳﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﺟﻞ ﺟﻼﻟﻪ.. ﻓﻤﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻣﺮﻧﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒﺼﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻧﻔﻮﺳﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﲢﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ ﰲ ﺩﻗﺔ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻬﺎ.. ﻭﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ؛ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻯ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺐ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ؛ ﰲ ﺩﻗﺔ‬‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﳍﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻛﺒﲑ؛ ﻓﻠﻮ ﺗﻌﻄﻞ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﳉﺴﺪ ﻟﻔﺴﺪ ﻭﻣﺮﺽ ﻭﻷﻧﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﺓ‬‫ﻹﺻﻼﺣﻪ.. ﻓﺴﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ.. ﻓﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﻭﺍﳉﺴﺪ ﻣﻌًﺎ..‬‫ﻓﺄﻧﺖ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻬﻢ ﰲ ﳎﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ.. ﻭﻣﻬﻨﺘﻚ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻛﻠﻔﺖ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻭﳓﺴﺒﻚ ﺃﻫﻼ ﳍﺎ.. ﻓﺤﺮﻱ ﺑﻚ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﲑ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻠﻚ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺷﺮﻉ ﺍﷲ؛ ﺣﱴ ﺗﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﷲ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ؛ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ؛ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺻﻠﹶﺎﺗِﻲ ﻭُﻧﺴﻜِﻲ ﻭﻣﺤﻴَﺎﻱ‬‫َ ُ ََ ْ َ‬ ‫ﹸﹾ ﻥ َ‬
  • 2. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٦‬‫ﻭﻣﻤَﺎﺗِﻲ ِﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﺭﺏﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌَﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ: ٢٦١[؛ ﻓﻠﺴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺔ ﺗﻌﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ْ َ‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫ََ‬‫ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻋﺒﺪًﺍ ﷲ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ‬‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺘﺔ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﻋﻨﺪﻙ ﺿﺎﺑﻂ؛ ﻻ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻉ ﳛﻜﻤﻚ، ﻭﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻦ ﻳﻀﺒﻂ ﺟﻮﺍﺭﺣﻚ ﻭﺳﻠﻮﻛﻚ، ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺣﱴ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻘﺎﻟﻴﺪ.. ﺑﻞ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻋﺒﺪ ﷲ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺘﻚ ﻭﻋﻴﺎﺩﺗﻚ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻛﻠﻚ ﻭﺷﺮﺑﻚ ﻭﻧﻮﻣﻚ ﻭﺫﻫﺎﺑﻚ ﻭﺇﻳﺎﺑﻚ..‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ.. ﻭﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻼ ﺑﺪ‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺣﱴ ﰲ ﻭﺿﻌﻚ ﻟﻠﺴﻤﺎﻋﺔ.. ﻭﻭﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺀ.. ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ.. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ..‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹸﻣ ُﻭﺍ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ِﻟﻴﻌُ ُﻭﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣُﺨﻠﺼﲔ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﺣﻨﻔﹶﺎﺀ‬‫َ ﺃ ِﺮ ﻟ َ ْﺒﺪ ﻠ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ﻪ ﺪ َ َُ َ‬ ‫ﻭُﻳﻘِﻴﻤُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎﺓ ﻭﻳُﺆﺗُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﱠﻛﹶﺎﺓ ﻭﺫِﻟﻚ ﺩِﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴﱢﻤﺔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﺔ: ٥[.‬ ‫ﹶ َ ﹶ َ ُ ﹶ َِ‬ ‫ﹶ َْ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﻓﺎﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻐﺮﺏ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻫﻞ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ ﻟﻴﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﺣﺼﻮﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺐ؛ ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺑﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ؛ ﻓﺎﺠﻤﻟﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻳﺆﻫﻠﻪ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻭﺭ ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ،‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ، ﻭﰲ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻭﻧﻔﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ.‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﺎﻟﺪﻋﺎﺓ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺼﻠﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺓ ﻗﺪ‬‫ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻬﻮﻥ ﺑﺼﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﲟﻘﺎﻭﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﲡﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﺇﻳﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺢ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ.‬
  • 3. ‫٧‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻓﻌﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺫﻫﺒﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻜﺎﺩ ﺗﺘﺎﺡ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ.. ﻭﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ‬‫ﻣﻊ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻮﺕ ﻭﺷﻴﻚ؛ ﻓﻨﻔﺴﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ﺣﻴﻨﺌﺬ ﻣﺘﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﳝﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﺗﻘﺮﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‬‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺁﺧﺮ.. ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﺗﱪﺯ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﰊ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻐﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻠﺤﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ.‬‫ﻓﻨﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻠﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻻ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ ﰲ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺩﻳﺎﻧﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻠﺔ؛ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻌﻄﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺀ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻳﺾ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻌﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺻﺪﺭﻩ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻱ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻘﺮ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻫﻮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ.. ﻓﻨﺤﻦ ﺃﻭﱃ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﲰﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻨﺎ..‬ ‫****‬
  • 4. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٨‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﻋﻮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﰲ ﻣﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ.. ﻭﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ..‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺮﻓﻊ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﻞ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﺮﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ.. ﻭﻭﻓﻘﻜﻤﺎ ﻟﻠﺨﻮﺽ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃﻛﻤﻞ ﻭﺟﻪ.. ﻓﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﺾ ﺧﻔﻔﹾﺘﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ.. ﻭﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﺏ ﻓﺮﺟﺘﻢ ﻛﺮﺑﺘﻪ.. ﻭﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺷﺎﺭﻓﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻧﻘﺬﲤﻮﻫﺎ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ..‬‫ﻭﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﳏﺮﻭﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻻﺩ ﺳﺎﻋﺪﲤﻮﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﳒﺎﺏ..‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻢ.. ﻭﻛﻢ..‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻬﻮﺩ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻭﻻ ﲢﺼﻰ.. ﻓﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﲢﺒﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﳌﻮﺍﻗﻔﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻗﺔ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻓﺔ.. ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺗﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ..‬‫ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ.. ﰒ ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻔﺴﻴﺢ.. ﻓﺎﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﺃﺭﺽ‬‫ﺧﺼﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻋﻮﺓ.. ﻓﺎﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻳﺄﰐ ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻟﺘﻌﻤﻼ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﻔﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺼﻠﺤﻪ.. ﺇﻥ ﹸﻣﺮ ﺃﻃﺎﻉ.. ﻭﺇﻥ ُﻨﻊ ﺍﻣﺘﻨﻊ..‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻓﺤﺮﻱ ﺑﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺒﺬﻻ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﻭﺳﻌﻜﻤﺎ ﻹﻧﻘﺎﺫ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻮﺱ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ.. ﻭﻟﺘﻮﺟﻬﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻟﺒﺎﺭﺋﻬﺎ.. ﻓﻌﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻒ‬‫ﻳﻐﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﳊﺴﻴﺔ.. ﻓﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺿﺎﻝ ﺍﻫﺘﺪﻯ.. ﻭﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﺃﺳﻠﻢ.. ﻭﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬
  • 5. ‫٩‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﻋﺎﺹ ﺗﺎﺏ ﻭﺃﻗﻠﻊ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ ﻭﻋﺼﻴﺎﻧﻪ.. ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻨﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﺧﻠﺼﺘﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ.. ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻷﻥ ﻳﻬﺪﻱ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﹰﺍ ﺧﲑ ﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﲪﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻢ«)١(..‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﻴﺌﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻮﻓﻘﺎﻥ.. ﰒ ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﳚﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ ﳎﺎﻻ ﻋﻤﻠ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ.. ﺑﻌﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻬﻮ ﳝﻜﻨﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ..‬‫ﻭﳏﺒﺔ ﻣﲏ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺷﺎﺭﻛﻜﻤﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺃﻻ ﳛﺮﻣﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﻭﺩ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺗﻜﺴﺒﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ، ﻭﺗﻔﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﺩﺓ، ﺃﻭ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ، ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻮﱘ، ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ:‬ ‫ً‬‫١- ﻋﻨﺪ ﺇﻋﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﺔ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﻓﻖ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﻫﺪﻳﺔ‬‫ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ: ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﻭﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﻭﻧﺸﺮﺓ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺎﺓ ﻟﺘﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ..‬‫ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺇﻫﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ »ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻳﺾ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺑﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ«.‬‫٢- ﺗﺬﻛﲑ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ؛ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﺐ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: »ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺗﺰﻓﺰﻓﲔ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ:‬‫ﺍﳊﻤﻰ ﻻ ﺑﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: »ﻻ ﺗﺴﱯ ﺍﳊﻤﻰ؛ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﺎ ﺗﺬﻫﺐ‬ ‫)١( ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.‬
  • 6. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٠١‬‫ﺧﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﺑﲏ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺬﻫﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﲑ ﺧﺒﺚ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ«)١(. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﻋﺴَﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ َﺗﻜﺮﻫُﻮﺍ ﺷ ْﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻫُﻮ ﺧ ْﻴ ٌ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٦١٢[.‬ ‫ﹾ ﹾَ َ َ َ َ ﺮ ﹸ ْ‬ ‫ََ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻤﲎ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ؛ ﻟﺸﺪﺓ ﻣﺎ ﳚﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﱂ، ﻓُﺬ ﱠﺮ ﲟﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻛ‬‫ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻣﺮﺽ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ.. ﻭُﺬ ﱠﺮ ﲝﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻳﻛ‬‫‪» :‬ﻻ ﻳﺘﻤﱠﻴ ﱠ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ِﻟﻀ ﱟ ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﻪ؛ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻻ ُﺑ ﱠ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ُﺮ‬ ‫ﻨ َﻦ‬‫ﻣﺘﻤﱢﻴﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺕ ﻓﻠﻴﻘﻞ: ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﺣﻴﲏ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺧﲑ ﱄ ﻭﺗﻮﻓﲏ‬ ‫ﻨﹰ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﺓ ﺧﲑًﺍ ﱄ«)٢(.‬‫٣- ﺑﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ.. ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺫﺭ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻭﺗﺒ ﱡﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺴُ‬‫ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺃﺧﻴﻚ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ«)٣(. ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﳛﺴﻦ ﺃﻥ‬‫َ ِْ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻮﺵ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ.. ﻃﻠﻖ ﺍﶈﱠﺎ.. ﻃﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ.. ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ:‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫»ﻻ ﺑﺄﺱ ﻃﻬﻮﺭ ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ«)٤(. ﻓﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻣﺮﻳﻀًﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ.. ﻓﻤﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺟﺰﺀﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﻧﺎﺗﺞ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ‬‫ﻧﻔﺴﻴﺔ.. ﻓﺘﻌﺎﳉﻪ ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻪ.. ﻭﺗﻄﻤﺌﻨﻪ.. ﻭﺗﺴ ﱢﻦ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ.. ﻭﺗﺬﻛ ُﻩ‬ ‫ﱢﺮ‬ ‫ﻜ‬‫ﺑﺎﷲ.. ﻓﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻬﻠﺔ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﺗﺰﻳﻞ ﻣﺎ ﰲ‬‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﻑ، ﻭﲡﻠﺐ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﻴﺎﺡ ﻭﲡﻌﻠﻪ ﻳﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ ﺃﻱ ﺷﻲﺀ ﲤﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.‬‫٤- ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻼﺟﻪ ﻭﺗﻮﻗﻲ ﺍﳊﻜﻤﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺇﺑﻼﻏﻪ‬‫ﲟﺮﺿﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﺝ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ.. ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺓ ﻧﻔﺴﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ.. ﻓﺈﻥ ﺧﻴﻒ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ.‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ.‬ ‫)٣( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ.‬ ‫)٤( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ.‬
  • 7. ‫١١‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻻﻬﻧﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻨﻮﻁ.. ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ: ﻓﻴﻚ ﻣﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﲑ ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺘﻚ‬‫ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ﺟﺪًﺍ.. ﻻ.. ﺑﻞ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﻳﻄﻤﺄﻥ.. ﻭﻳﺘﻔﺎﺀﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻟﻪ..‬‫ﻭﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ: ﻫﺬﺍ ﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﻩ، ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻹﻛﺜﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻛﺮ‬‫ﺍﷲ.. ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺸﻌﺮﻩ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﻣﺎﻟﻪ، ﻭﻳﺘﺄﻫﺐ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺕ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ.. ﻭﻛﻞ ﲝﺴﺒﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻞ.. ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﲟﺸﻮﺭﺓ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﺎﺭﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﺜﻠﻰ ﻹﺧﺒﺎﺭﻩ..‬‫٥- ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻓﺘﺎﻭﻯ ﻬﺗﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ ﺗﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ‬‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﳓﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳑﺎ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻪ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ؛ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﷲ.‬‫٦- ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﲟﺎ ﻳﻨﻔﻌﻪ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺮﺍﻩ.. ﻓﺘﻀﻊ ﰲ ﻛﻞ‬‫ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺼﺤﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮﺍﺕ.. ﻭﺗﺬﻛﺮﻩ‬‫ﺑﺎﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺤﺒﺔ؛ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻭﺿﻊ‬‫ﻣﻜﱪﺍﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻑ ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﻨﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻻﺣﻘﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ.‬‫٧- ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﻬﻧﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ.. ﻓﻴﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ‬‫ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ، ﰒ ﻳﺒﲔ ﻟﻪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﺟﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻭﺟﻪ ﳍﺎ.. ﻭﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻓﺎﺗﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﰲ‬‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﻮﺑﺔ.. ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ‬‫ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﻣﻌﺼﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺋﺮ ﻳﺒﲔ ﻟﻪ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻓﻌﻠﻪ، ﻭﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺎﺕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺮﺗﺪﻉ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﺼﻴﺘﻪ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺽ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﻨﺼﺢ..‬
  • 8. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٢١‬‫٨- ﻭﺿﻊ ﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﶈﻈﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ )ﳏﺎﺿﺮﺍﺕ – ﻧﺪﺍﻭﺕ – ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ(.‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫٩- ﺍﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺩﻋﺎﺓ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﻳﺦ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺿﻰ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺀ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻩ ﺷﺨﺼ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﳍﺎﺗﻒ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫٠١- ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ ﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻬﻢ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﺮﻳﺾ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﻨﺴﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﰲ ﻏﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ.‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺛﻮﻳﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺍﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻧﻌﻮﺩﻩ، ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺍﻷﺷﻌﺮﻱ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﻷﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ: ﻋﺎﺋﺪًﺍ ﺟﺌﺖ ﺃﻡ ﺯﺍﺋﺮًﺍ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﻋﺎﺋﺪًﺍ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻲ: ﻓﺈﱐ‬‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: »ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﺴﻠﻤًﺎ ﻏﺪﻭﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺻﻠﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺣﱴ ﳝﺴﻲ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﺴﺎﺀ ﺇﻻ ﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺧﺮﻳ ٌ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)١(.‬‫١١- ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ.. ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻷﱂ، ﻭﻗﻮﻝ‬‫ﺳﺒﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ: »ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﺸﻔﻴﻚ«)٢(. ﻭﺣﺚ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻀﻊ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺆﳌﻪ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ: »ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ- ﺛﻼﺛﹰﺎ- ﺃﻋﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﻩ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ.‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ.‬
  • 9. ‫٣١‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﺷﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺟﺪ ﻭﺃﺣﺎﺫﺭ«. ﺛﻼﺛﹰﺎ )١(، ﻭﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ، ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺩﻋﻴﺔ.‬‫٢١- ﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﻀﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻳﺾ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﻳﺒًﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ؛‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﺣﱴ ﺗﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﺻﻴﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﺸﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﱂ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ‬‫ﻏﲑﻙ.. ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﰲ ﺗﺬﻛﲑﻩ ﺑﻨﻄﻖ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ؛ ﺣﱴ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﶈﺘﻀﺮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮًﺍ.. ﻓَﺘﺬﹾﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺼﻮﺕ ﻳﺴﻤﻌﻪ ﻭﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﺠﺮﻩ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺕ ﻟﺴﻜﺮﺍﺕ«..‬‫ﰒ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻐﻤﺾ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﻭﺗﻠﲔ ﻣﻔﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﺗﻐﺴﻴﻠﻪ، ﰒ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻲ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﲟﻼﺀﺓ.. ﰒ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲣﱪ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻔﺰﻋﻬﻢ..‬‫ﻭﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﻉ ﰲ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭﻫﻢ؛ ﻟﻴﺴﺮﻋﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭﲡﻬﻴﺰﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺩﻓﻨﻪ، ﻭﻷﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ.‬‫٣١- ﳝﻜﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺩﻋﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﺩﺓ، ﺃﻭ ﰲ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ، ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻑ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻤﲔ.. ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻓﺘﺎﻭﻯ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ.. ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺣﱴ ﺗﻌﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪﺓ.. ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺗﺬ ﱢﺮ ﺑﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ..‬ ‫ﻛ‬‫٤١- ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﺩﻋﻮﻱ ﻟﻺﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ.. ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﻪ‬‫ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺿﻰ.. ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻖ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﺭﻗﻢ ﲢﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺐ؛ ﻟﻴﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺀ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ..‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻔﻲ ‪.‬‬
  • 10. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٤١‬‫٥١- ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ؛ ﺇﻣﺎ‬‫ﺑﺎﶈﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﻟﻠﺠﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﺓ ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﲔ ﻇﻬﺮﺍﻧﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻠﺔ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻨﻄﻖ ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻟﻔﺎﻇﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ، ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﱂ ﺗﺪﻉ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻟﻮ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺮﻳﻂ.. ﻭﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﺎﻥ.. ﻓﻬﺆﻻﺀ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ؟؟‬‫ﻭﺃﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ؛ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﻗﻮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻣﺘﺜﺎﻝ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺣﺔ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻛﺮﱘ..‬ ‫٦١- ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﺽ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺗﺮﺍﺏ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ..‬‫٧١- ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺘﺮﺍﻝ؛ ﻓﻴﻮﺿﻊ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺔ ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺓ، ﺃﻭ ﻳﺮﺑﻂ ﺑﺈﺫﺍﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ..‬ ‫****‬
  • 11. ‫٥١‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ.. ﺃﻳﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ..‬‫ﺍﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺷﺎﻕ؛ ﻭﺇﻻ ﳌﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺣﻔﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻬﻮﺍﺕ، ﻭﺣﻔﺖ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻜﺎﺭﻩ«)١(؛ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﺴﺒﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﲡﺪﺍﻧﻪ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﺸﺮﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﺭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﲰﺎﻉ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲣﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻤﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺆﺍﺩ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮ ﺃﻗﺴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻷﺑﺮﻩ.. ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ‬‫ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻀﻰ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺳﺎﺟﺪًﺍ ﺭﺍﻛﻌًﺎ.. ﺃﺟﻮﺭ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻻ ﳛﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻓﻘﻪ ﺍﷲ.. ﻓﺒﻌﻤﻠﻜﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺅﻭﺏ ﻭﺇﺧﻼﺻﻜﻤﺎ ﻭﺗﻔﺎﻧﻴﻜﻤﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺢ ﳍﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻔﺎﺀ ﺗﻜﻮﻧﺎ ﳑﻦ ﻭﻓﻘﻪ ﺍﷲ..‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ: ﺇﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ..‬‫ﻓﺄﻗﻮﻝ: ﻧﻌﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ؛ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺎ ﺃﲨﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻳﺼﺒﻮ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﻣﺮﻱﺀ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ.. ﻓﻬﻲ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻬﺗﻔﻮ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ.. ﻷﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲢﻘﻖ ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ؛ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ..‬‫ﻓﺎﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪:‬‬‫»ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ؛ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺃﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺃﺟﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻬﺑﺎ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﺷﻲﺀ«)٢(. ﻭﻣﻦ ﻧﺼﺢ ﻭﺃﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳋﲑ ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻛﻔﺎﻋﻠﻪ«)٣(.‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺬﺭ ﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ.‬ ‫)٣( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ ‪.‬‬
  • 12. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٦١‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﻏﺎﺙ ﻭﺃﻧﻘﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ، ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﻴَﺎﻫَﺎ ﻓﻜﹶﺄﻧﱠﻤَﺎ ﹶﺃﺣﻴَﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ: ٢٣[.‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ََ ْ ْ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻓ ﱠﺝ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﺏ ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪» :‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺃﺧﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ َﻧ ﱠﺲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺏ ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻔ َ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ«)١(.‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺒ ﱠﻢ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﻣﺮﻳﻀﻪ ﻭﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫‪» :‬ﻻ ﲢﻘﺮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻠﻘﻰ ﺃﺧﺎﻙ ﺑﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﻖ«)٢(.‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻃﻴﺒﺔ ﳌﺮﻳﻀﻪ ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺻﺪﻗﺔ«)٣(. ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ‬‫ﺣﺼﺮﻫﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﻭﺻﱪﺕ ﻭﺻﺎﺑﺮﺕ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﻳ ﻟ َ‬‫ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺍﺻﺒ ُﻭﺍ ﻭ َﺎﺑ ُﻭﺍ ﻭ َﺍﺑ ﹸﻮﺍ َﺍﱠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﻌ ﱠ ﹸﻢ ﺗﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ‬ ‫ْﹺﺮ َﺻ ﹺﺮ َﺭ ﹺﻄ ﻭ ﺗﻘ ﻠ َ ﹶ َﻠﻜ ْ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ‬ ‫َ َﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٠٠٢[.‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺭًﺍ ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ.. ﻋﺬﺭًﺍ ﺃﺧﱵ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ..‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻗﺪﺭًﺍ.. ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﶈﺒﺔ ﺛﻘﻼ.. ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻓﻌﲏ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ.. ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻌﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻛﻞ ﻏﻴﻮﺭ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﰲ ﳏﻴﻄﻜﻤﺎ؛ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑﻛﻤﺎ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺫﺭ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٣( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺃﲪﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ‪.‬‬
  • 13. ‫٧١‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﱂ ﺗﻌﺎﳉﺎ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻛﺎﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻢ.. ﻭﺃﺧﺸﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺒﺘﻬﺎ..‬‫ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺒﻴﻜﻤﺎ.‬ ‫****‬
  • 14. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٨١‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻻ ﺷﻚ ﺃﻥ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺐ ﻋﺮﺿﺔ ﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫َ ﱠ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﺑﻴﺪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻤﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ؛ ﺑﻞ ﺇﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ‬‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻀﻴﺌﺔ ﺗﻨﺸﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻭﺭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﺅﻳﺘﻬﺎ، ﻭﺗﻠﻬﺞ ﺍﻷﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ‬‫ﳍﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻖ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺜﲎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻬﻀﻢ ﺣﻘﻬﺎ.. ﻓﻬﻲ ﻗﻤﺔ ﰲ‬‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﳊﻨﻴﻒ، ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﱯ.. ﻓﻼ ﺗﺮﺿﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻬﺗﺘﻚ ﳏﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻌﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻩ.. ﻓﺎﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﳍﺎ، ﻭﺳﺪﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﳋﲑ ﺧﻄﺎﻫﺎ..‬‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺻﻮﺭ ﺗﻨﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻭﺭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﺅﻳﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ ﻏﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﻲ، ﻓﻼ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻭﻻ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﲢﻜﻤﻬﺎ..‬‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﳎﺎﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﱯ ﻓﻘﻂ.. ﻓﻼ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﲟﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬‫ﻭﻻ ﺳﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺪﻧﺲ ﺷﺮﻑ‬‫ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ، ﻭﺳﺄﺫﻛﺮ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ..‬‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ ﲢﻜﻲ ﻭﺍﻗﻌًﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺸﻪ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﺣﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﺪﻳﺔ، ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﺴﺒﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺪﰲ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻛﲑ ﻭﺍﻹﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ، ﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ..‬
  • 15. ‫٩١‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫١- ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ.. ﻗﺪ ﺗﺆﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﻼ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ.. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺧﻄﲑ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ.. ﻟﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻭﺃﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺗﺄﺧﲑﻫﺎ؛ ﻓﻠﻮ – ﻣﺜﻼ – ﺃﺗﺖ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻃﺎﺭﺋﺔ ﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺘﺄﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻴﺠﻮﺯ ﺗﺄﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ، ﻟﻜﻦ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻓﻼ ﳚﻮﺯ ﺗﺄﺧﲑﻫﺎ ﻭﳚﺐ ﺃﺩﺍﺅﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ، ﻭﳚﺐ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﺆﻗﺖ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ؛ ﲝﻴﺚ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﰲ ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ..‬‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻳﻄﻮﻝ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻗﺖ،‬‫ﻓﻴﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﳑﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﲨﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ )١(.. ﻓﻠﻴﻨﺘﺒﻪ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ.‬‫٢- ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻁ ﻭﺍﳋﻠﻮﺓ.. ﻭﻣﺎ ﺃﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﻣﺎ ﺍﳋﻠﻮﺓ! ﺃﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻔﺠﻊ؛‬‫ﻓﻴﺨﺘﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺑﺄﻱ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﺑﺄﻱ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ، ﻭﻛﺄﻬﻧﺎ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﱠﻤﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ..‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻣﺘﻪ، ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﰲ‬‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺸﻔﻴﺎﺕ ﻗﺪ ﻋﻢ ﻭﻃ ﱠ؛ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣﺎ ﺧﻼ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺑﺎﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺇﻻ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﱠ ﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺛﺎﻟﺜﻬﻤﺎ«.. ﻭﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺋﺐ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺴﺒﺒﻬﺎ.. ﻓﺎﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ‬‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ؛ ﻓﺎﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﲣﻔﻲ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻌﻒ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ،‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻳﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻃﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﱳ ﻭﻳﻐﺾ ﺑﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺮﺿﻰ ﺑﺎﳋﻠﻮﺓ‬‫ﺃﺑﺪًﺍ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮًﺍ ﻓﺘﺤﺼﻞ ﺍﳌﻔﺴﺪﺓ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﲢﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺒﺎﻩ..‬ ‫)١( ﻣﻦ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺜﻴﻤﲔ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ.‬
  • 16. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٠٢‬‫٣- ﻣﺎ ﻧﻼﺣﻈﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻃﻮﻗﺘﻤﺎ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺣﲔ‬‫ﺃﺩﻳﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻗﺴﻤﺘﻤﻮﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﺝ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺗﻨﺼﺤﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻳﺾ..‬‫ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳒﺪ ﺻﻮﺭًﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﲣﻞ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ: ﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻳﻨﺴﻰ.. ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﺗﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ، ﻓﻼ ﺗﺘﺎﺑﻊ‬‫ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﰲ‬‫ﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻪ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﺩﻭﺍﺀ ﻳﻀﺮﻩ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﻔﻌﻪ، ﻓﻜﻢ ﲰﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻭﺷﺎﻫﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻠﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﺓ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻹﳘﺎﻝ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺇﺑﺮﺓ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺘﻬﺎ، ﺃﻭ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﻻ‬‫ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﺔ، ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺄ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﹸﻮُﻮﺍ ﻗ ﱠﺍﻣﲔ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻘﺴﻂ‬‫ﻳ ﻟ َ َ َ ﻨ ﻛ ﻧ ﹶﻮ ِ َ ِ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺪَﺍﺀ...‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٥٣١[.‬ ‫َُ َ‬‫٤- ﺍﻧﺸﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﻧﺸﻐﺎﻻ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﳜﻞ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ؛ ﻓﺘﺆ ﱠﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻋﻴﺪ، ﻭُﻬﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ، ﻭﺗﺘﻔﺎﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺧ‬‫ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ.. ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﳌﻮﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺟﻞ، ﻓﻠﻴﺤﻀﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻷﻫﻠﻴﺔ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﻊ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻴﺼﱪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺄﺗﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺝ..‬‫٥- ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺳﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺭﺍﺕ.. ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺣﻆ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﲟﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺳﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻻ ﻳﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ،‬‫ﻭﻻ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻔﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﻔﻀﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ«)١(.‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺃ؛ﻣﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ ‪.‬‬
  • 17. ‫١٢‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ: ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺣﺮﻡ ﳌﺴﻪ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻗﻞ ِﻟﻠﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ َﻳﻐ ﱡﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃْﺑﺼَﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭَﻳﺤﻔﻈﹸﻮﺍ ﻓ ُﻭﺟﻬﻢ‬‫ﹺ ِ ْ َ ْ ﹶ ﹸﺮ َ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﹾ ْ ِ ﹺ َ ُﻀ ِ ْ‬‫ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹶﺃﺯﻛﹶﻰ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺧﺒ ٌ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ َﻳﺼﻨ ُﻮﻥ * ﻭﻗﻞ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ َﻳﻐﻀﻀﻦ‬‫ْ َﻌ ﹶ َ ﹸ ﹾ ﹾ ُ ْ ِ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ‬ ‫ُ ْ ﻥ ﻠ َ َﹺﲑ‬ ‫ﹶ َ ْ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃْﺑﺼَﺎﺭﻫﻦﱠ ﻭَﻳﺤﻔﻈﻦ ﻓﺮُﻭﺟﻬﻦﱠ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٠٣، ١٣[؛ ﻓﻴﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﹺ ِ َ ْﹶ ﹾ َ ﹸ َ ُ‬ ‫ِْ‬‫ﺗﺮﺍﻋﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺴﺪ ﺇﻻ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺞ ﻟﻌﻼﺟﻪ؛‬‫ﻓﻠﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺽ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﺃﺫﻬﻧﺎ ﻭﻃﺒﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻼ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﰲ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﻭﺟﻬﻬﺎ..‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﺗﻘﺎﺱ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺭﺍﺕ.‬‫٦- ﺍﻟﻼﻣﺒﺎﻻﺓ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ.. ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺴﻮﺓ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.. ﳑﺎ ﻳﺴﺒﺐ ﺭﺩﺓ‬‫ﻓﻌﻞ ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ.. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﰲ ﻃﻼﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﻔﺮﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺒﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﳊﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺒﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ‬‫ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﺍﳌﻬﺪﺋﺎﺕ؛ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺟﻴﺪ.. ﻟﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﺑﻀﺒﻂ ﺣﺮﻛﺎﻬﺗﻢ‬‫ﻭﻓﺮﺣﻬﻢ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺓ ﻟﺸﻌﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ.. ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺩﺓ؛‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻛﺮﺏ ﻭﺷﺪﺓ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﳍﺎ ﰲ ﺿﺤﻚ ﻭﺃﻧﺲ؛ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮ ﻏﲑ ﻻﺋﻖ.‬‫٧- ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎﻭﻥ ﺑﺄﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﳊﻀﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ،‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﻴﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻻ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ..‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻻ ﳚﻮﺯ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺘﻘﺎﺿﻮﻧﻪ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻷﺟﻞ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ.‬
  • 18. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٢٢‬ ‫٨- ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﱪ ﻭﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺎﺓ.‬‫٩- ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻌﻲ ﰲ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﺃﻭﻻ.. ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻑ ﻫﻮ ﺟﻞ ﳘﻚ؛ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻏﺎﺏ ﻓﻌﻠﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺸﺎﺀ..‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻋﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻚ؟!‬‫٠١- ﲰﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻏﺎﱐ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ؛ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ‬‫َِ َ ﻨ ﹺ َ ْ‬‫َﻳﺸﺘﺮﹺﻱ ﹶﻟﻬﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ِﻟُﻀ ﱠ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﻐﻴﺮ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭَﻳﱠﺨﺬﻫَﺎ ﻫﺰﻭًﺍ‬ ‫ْ َ َ ِ ﻴ ِﻞ َ ْ َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ َ ْ ﹺ ِ ﹾ ﹴ َ ﺘ ِ ﹶ ُ ُ‬ ‫َْ‬‫ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟِﺌﻚ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﻣﻬ ٌ‪] ‬ﻟﻘﻤﺎﻥ: ٦[، ﻭﺃﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ‬ ‫َ ُ ْ َ ﺏ ُ ﹺﲔ‬‫ﳍﻮ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ: ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻐﻨﺎﺀ.. ﻭﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻧﻐﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻴﻘﻴﺔ..‬‫١١- ﺍﳊﻘﺪ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﲑﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺷﺎﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﺴﺪ ﺷﺮﻑ ﺍﳌﻬﻨﺔ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳊﻄﺐ.. ﻭﺗﺸﻐﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺗﺼﻴﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﳍﻤﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ.‬‫٢١- ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﳏﺮﻣﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ، ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺮﺿﺔ، ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺮﺽ، ﻭﺍﻟﻀﺤﻚ ﻭﺍﳌﺰﺍﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺋﻖ.‬‫٣١- ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺋﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻖ ﲤﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﻼ ﺃﰎ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻟﻪ«)١(. ﻭﻗﺎﻝ: »ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻖ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ«)٢(. ﺑﻞ ﳚﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻔﺎﻩ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻓﺘﻮ ﱠﻠﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﺇﻥ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫َ َ ﻠ ِ ﹶَ َﻛ‬ ‫ﻛ ْﻨُﺘﻢ ﻣُﺆﻣﹺﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ: ٣٢[.‬ ‫ﹸ ْ ِْ َ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻘﺒﺔ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ.‬
  • 19. ‫٣٢‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫٤١- ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺫﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻻ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺘًﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﺐ ﻭﻻ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ«)١(.‬‫٥١- ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﲟﺮﺿﻪ.. ﻓﻘﺪ ﻻ ﺗﺮﺍﻋﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺑﺼﺪﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺽ ﺍﳋﻄﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺟﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﺳﻴﺔ.. ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﻳﻜﺘﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ، ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻫﻀﻢ‬‫ﳊﻘﻪ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﱂ ﻳﺆﺩ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺗﺒﻘﻰ‬‫ﰲ ﺫﻣﺘﻪ.. ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ – ﻭﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﲑًﺍ – ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﳜﱪ‬‫ﲟﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ – ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ – ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﻏﲑ ﺧﻄﲑ؛ ﻓﻠﻴﺨﱪ ﲟﺮﺿﻪ؛ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻪ.‬‫٦١- ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻞ.. ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺑﺴﻂ ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺎﻟﺔ ﺑﺒﺴﻂ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻠﻬﺎ.. ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳚﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ:‬‫ﻫﻮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﳚﺐ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺓ ﺛﻼﺙ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻞ: ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﺟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﻴﺎﺕ..‬‫ﺃ- ﻓﺎﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺍﺕ: ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳜﺸﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ‬‫ﻭﱂ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ.. ﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﻮ ﱂ ﺗﺴﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻷﺛﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻮﺩﻱ ﲝﻴﺎﺗﻪ..‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﻴَﺎﻫَﺎ ﻓﻜﹶﺄﻧﱠﻤَﺎ ﹶﺃﺣﻴَﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﺎﺱ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ‪..‬‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ََ ْ ْ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺏ- ﻭﺍﳊﺎﺟﻴﺎﺕ: ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻹﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺇﱃ‬‫ﺍﳋﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ.. ﻭﻻ ﻬﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﺑﺘﺮﻛﻪ.. ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻴﻤﻮﻧﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ.‬
  • 20. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٤٢‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﻠﻘﻨَﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﹺﺈْﻧﺴَﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﺣﺴﻦ َﺗﻘﻮﱘ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﲔ: ٤[ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ْ َ ﹺ ﹾﹺ ﹴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َﹶ ﹾ‬‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﻪ ﻣﺎﺋﻞ ﻓﻼ ﺣﺮﺝ ﰲ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺟﺔ.. ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﺸﻘﻮﻗﺔ.. ﻓﻬﺎﺗﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺘﺎﻥ – ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ – ﻻ ﺑﺄﺱ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ.. ﻓﺎﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﺃﺗﺖ ﻟﺪﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺭ..‬‫ﺝ- ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻨﺎﺕ: ﻓﻬﻲ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻝ‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ.. ﻭﳛﺮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻤﺎ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﺂﻣُﺮﻧﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓﻠﻴُﻐﻴﱢﺮُﻥﱠ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٩١١[.‬ ‫َﹾ َ ِ‬ ‫َ َ َ ْ ﹶﹶ َ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ: »ﻟﻌﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻮﺍﴰﺎﺕ،‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﴰﺎﺕ، ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻨﻤﺼﺎﺕ، ﻭﺍﳌﻔﻠﺠﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﺴﻦ ﺍﳌﻐﲑﺍﺕ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ«)١( ﻷﻥ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﱂ ﻳﺮﺽ ﲞﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ، ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﺭﺩ ﻫﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ؛ ﻷﻧﻚ ﻣﻬﻤﺎ ﻟﱠﻴﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻃﻠﺒﻪ ﻓﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳﺮﺿﻰ؛ ﺑﻞ ﺳﻴﻌﻮﺩ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ..‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ.. ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺇﳝﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﺔ..‬‫٧١- ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺌﺬﺍﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺿﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺣﺪ.. ﻓﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ.. ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺌﺬﺍﻥ.. ﺣﱴ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ..‬‫٨١- ﺇﺣﻴﺎﺀ ﲢﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ.. ﻓﻠﻚ ﻬﺑﺎ‬‫ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﺇﻥ ﺃﺗﻴﺖ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻓﻼ ﺗﻔﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ..‬ ‫ً‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ.‬
  • 21. ‫٥٢‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻃﺒﺎﺀ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ‬‫١- ﻟﺒﺲ ﺧﺎﰎ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻫﺐ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻫﺐ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻛﻮﺭ ﺃﻣﱵ ﻭﺣﻞ ﻹﻧﺎﺛﻬﻢ«)١(.‬‫٢- ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ‬‫ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ.. ﻻ ﻳﻬﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﻋﻮﺭﻬﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻻ‬‫ﺗﺸﻌﺮ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ.. ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﺸﻒ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻪ ﰲ ﻋﻼﺟﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻮﺭﺓ..‬‫٣- ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻄﺎﻝ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣﺎ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﲔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ«)٢(.‬‫٤- ﺣﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻴﺔ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺧﺎﻟﻔﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺍﺣﻔﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﺏ ﻭﺃﻭﻓﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻰ«)٣(.‬‫٥- ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﲔ.. ﻭﺃﻋﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﲟﻀﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺣﺮﻣﺘﻪ.. ﻓﺎﺗﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻟﻚ ﻷﻧﻚ ﻗﺪﻭﺓ..‬ ‫٦- ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﳌﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻠﺒﺲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ..‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٢( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ‪.‬‬ ‫)٣( ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪.‬‬
  • 22. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٦٢‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻦ‬‫١- ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ ﰲ ﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭﻫﺎ.. ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﻣﻌﺮﺿﺔ ﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻁ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺒﺪِﻳﻦ‬‫َ ْ َ‬ ‫ﺯﹺﻳَﻨَﺘﻬُﻦﱠ ﹺﺇﻟﱠﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻣ ْﻨﻬَﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ١٣[ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺮﱘ..‬ ‫ﹶََ ِ‬‫٢- ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻄﺮ.. ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺍﻷﺷﻌﺮﻱ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺃﳝﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻄﺮﺕ ﻓﻤﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻟﻴﺠﺪﻭﺍ ﺭﳛﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺯﺍﻧﻴﺔ«)١(.‬‫٣- ﻟﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻄﺎﻝ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺻﻨﻔﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﱂ ﺃﺭﳘﺎ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ – ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ – ﻭﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﻛﺎﺳﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﺭﻳﺎﺕ«)٢( ﻭﻗﺪ ﻓ ﱠﺮﻩ ﺃﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ: ﺑﻠﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﳋﻔﻴﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﲑ.‬‫٤- ﻟﺒﺲ ﺍﳌﻌﻄﻒ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳛﺪﺩ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻦ ﺍﳉﺴﻢ.. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﳏﺮﻡ.. ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ.‬‫٥- ﻟﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﳌﺘﱪﺟﺔ.. ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻛﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ – ﺣﻔﻈﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ -‬ ‫»ﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﻼﺕ ﺍﳌﻤﻴﻼﺕ«..‬‫٦- ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺺ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻟﻌﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻣﺼﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻨﻤﺼﺔ«)٣(..‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻌﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻬﻞ ﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﺸﻌﲑﺍﺕ؟! ﻭﳌﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫)١( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ.‬ ‫)٢( ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.‬ ‫)٣( ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ.‬
  • 23. ‫٧٢‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﲑ ﳋﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ.. ﻭﺍﻹﺿﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﳉﺴﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ُﺗﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹾﻘ‬ ‫ﹺﺑﹶﺄْﻳﺪِﻳﻜﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻬﻠﹸﻜﺔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٥٩١[.‬ ‫ْ ﹶِ‬ ‫ﹸْ‬‫٧- ﺍﳋﻠﻮﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻖ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳊﻀﻮﺭ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ.. ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻻ‬ ‫ﳜﻠﻮ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺑﺎﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺇﻻ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻱ ﳏﺮﻡ«)١(..‬ ‫****‬ ‫)١( ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ‪.‬‬
  • 24. ‫ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ ﻛﻦ ﺩﺍﻋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫٨٢‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺘﺎﻣـــﺎ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺐ.. ﺃﺧﱵ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺒﺔ..‬‫ﻣﺎ ﺃﲨﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳔﺘﻢ ﲝﺪﻳﺚ »ﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ« ﻓﻬﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﳌﻦ ﺗﺄﻣﻠﻪ..‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻞ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ؟‬‫ﺇﺫﹰﺍ.. ﻓﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺒﺬﻝ ﻣﺎ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻙ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﻜﻼﻣﻚ..‬‫ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﻔﻜﺮﻙ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﲟﺎﻟﻚ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺒﺪﻧﻚ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻚ.. ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﲟﻨﺼﺒﻚ..‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻔﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻟﺘﺤﻈﻰ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻴﻌﺔ..‬‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻻﻗﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺻﺪﻭ ًﺍ ﻭﻧﻜﺮﺍًﺎ ﻓﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹺﺇﱠﻤَﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ُﻄﻌ ُ ﹸﻢ ِﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻧﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺟﺰَﺍﺀ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺷ ﹸﻮﺭًﺍ * ﹺﺇﱠﺎ َﻧﺨَﺎﻑ ﻣﻦ‬‫ُ ِْ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ُ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ً َ ُﻜ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹾ ِ ﻤﻜ ْ َ ْ ِ ﻠ ِ‬‫ﺭﱢﻨَﺎ َﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻋُﻮﺳًﺎ ﻗﻤﻄﺮﹺﻳﺮًﺍ * ﻓﻮﻗﹶﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺷ ﱠ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻭﹶﻟ ﱠﺎﻫﻢ َﻧﻀﺮﺓ‬‫ﹶ َ ُ ُ ﻠ ُ َﺮ ﹶ َ َ ْ ﹺ َ ﻘ ُ ْ ْ َ ﹰ‬ ‫َﺑ ْ َﺒ ﹶ ْ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﺳُﺮُﻭﺭًﺍ * ﻭﺟﺰَﺍﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﺻَﺒﺮُﻭﺍ ﺟﻨﱠﺔ ﻭﺣﺮﹺﻳﺮًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ: ٩-٢١[.‬ ‫َﹰ ََ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ََ ُْ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﻓﺎﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﱢﻖ ﺃﻃﺒﺎﺀﻧﺎ ﻭﻃﺒﻴﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﳌﺎ ﲢﺐ ﻭﺗﺮﺿﻰ.. ﻭﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻓ‬‫ﻗﺪﻣﻮﻩ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺛﻘﻼ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻳﻦ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﻬﺗﻢ.. ﻭﺍﺣﻔﻈﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﱳ ﻣﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻄﻦ..‬‫ﻭﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭﺑﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﲨﻌﲔ..‬

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