1.5 Marketing Plan - Marketing Mix by www.marketingPlanNOW.com

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Marketing planning is a lot to do with enlisting priorities upon which resources can be allocated. We have to understand the elements that build-up the Marketing Offer (product & pricing) and those of the Marketing Promotion (distribution channels & marketing communication), together being the elements of the marketing-mix. Following the understanding of those elements, one has to estimate their dosage upon their importance to the existing business. Beyond the marketing offer and its promotion, there are three extra elements to consider in the marketing-mix that are relevant only to a service.

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1.5 Marketing Plan - Marketing Mix by www.marketingPlanNOW.com

  1. 1. Analysis of the current situation c h a p t e r o n e Marketing Plan DIY d anny abramovich Chapter 1out of 4 Marketing-mix www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  2. 2. 1.5 Marketing-mix, introduction a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n
  3. 3. 1.5 Marketing-mix, introduction To properly understand what is ‘marketing-mix’ and later manage marketing activities by this concept, one can act as a bartender preparing a specialized cocktail for a specific customer . In order for it to be served and finally satisfy the customer’s needs, the cocktail will have an optimal result only with the right mix of variables . One version of the origins of the ‘marketing-mix’ starts in 1948 when James Culliton said that a marketing decision should be a result of something similar to a recipe . a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  4. 4. 1.5 Marketing-mix, introduction To properly understand what is marketing-mix and later manage marketing activities by this concept, one can act as a person who “thinks marketing” 1 preparing a specialized plan 2 for a specific target audience 3 . In order for it to become integrated marketing activities 4 and finally satisfy customers’ needs, the plan (2) will have an optimal result only with the right mix of variables , but what are they ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n T o properly understand what is marketing-mix and later manage marketing activities by this concept, one can act as a bartender 1 preparing a specialized cocktail 2 for a specific customer 3 . In order for it to be served 4 and finally satisfy the customer’s needs, the cocktail ( 2 ) will have an optimal result only with the right mix of variables : Liquor, sugar, ice, etc.
  5. 5. 1.5 Marketing-mix variables Few of the variables that have to fit into the “right mix” can be found in the following definition of ‘marketing’. Marketing is… The right product , at the right price , to the right customer , at the right time , at the right place , with the right communication for the right profit . What is the ‘variable-mix’ - or as it’s called the ‘marketing-mix’, and what are its variables ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  6. 6. 1.5 Marketing-mix variables as of 1960 Neil Borden coined the term 'Marketing-Mix‘ in 1953 while Jerome McCarthy added in 1960 the “4 P classification”, highlighting four basic variables that started (or were enforced to start) with the letter “P” : P roduct, P rice, P lace, P romotion The above 4 P concept is easy to remember but it tends to follow many other less practical ‘tips & tricks’ a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n click to enlarge
  7. 7. Marketing plan DIY a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n 4 P ’s of assessing creativity: P erson, P lace, P rocess, P roduct 5 D ’s of positioning: D ocument, D ecide, D ifferentiate, D esign, D eliver 5 P ’s of marketing classes: P resence, P articipation, P roactive, P roblem-solving, P ractical 4 C ’s of the customer: C ustomer needs, C ost to the customer, C onvenience, C ommunication X P ’s that are mentioned as part of the mix: P ackaging, P articipants, P artnerships, P lace, P rogramming, P romises, P romotion, P ublicity * Collected from various official studies 5 M Framework geared for the marketing evolution: M anagement, M ode, M edia, M essage, M etrics
  8. 8. 1.5 Marketing-mix variables as of 1960 a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n P roduct P rice P lace P romotion In order to have an optimal result with the right mix of controllable tactical variables, 50 years after the first use of the 4 P ’s; let’s get updated ! www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  9. 9. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features product The product is composed of three sub-variables that stand for the ‘product - mix’
  10. 10. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) Product - what is it we offer ? - P roducts, S ervices or I deas (PSI) to be marketed. - A PSI-mix includes three sub-variables that (almost) every PSI has in a unique dosage: - Brand - Quality of service - Physical features a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  11. 11. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n Four realms of experience model to the tourism industry (Pine & Gilmore, 1998) P roducts, S ervices or I deas (PSI), what about e xperiences ?
  12. 12. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) p roduct s ervice i dea a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features sub-variable with a firm liaison sub-variable with a weak liaison P roduct -mix s ervice -mix i dea -mix What is the quality of service of a bottle of mineral water? information www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  13. 13. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) Brand Quality of service Physical features Product-mix Service-mix Idea-mix a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n + + + = dosage has to be considered (ordinal scale) or or The product-mix of branded “commodities” favors the brand, then the physical features, and only then the quality of service.
  14. 14. 1.5 Marketing-mix, product (PSI) a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features product Supportive models www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  15. 15. 1.5 Marketing-mix, price a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price price The variable of price includes all the economic, marketing, legal and other considerations of pricing the offer
  16. 16. 1.5 Marketing-mix, price Price “ There is scarcely anything in the world that some man cannot make a little worse, and sell a little more cheaply. The person who buys on price alone is this man's lawful prey. ” John Ruskin, English critic & reformer (1819-1900) a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n Ile to kosztuje? How much does it cost? Wieviel kostet das? Combien ca coute? Quanto costa? (PEGFI) www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  17. 17. 1.5 Marketing-mix, price Price - at what price do we address the market ? - Price is simply the amount of money that customers are willing to pay for a product or service. - The market price of a good is determined by both the supply and demand for it (price elasticity). - In the context of the marketing-mix price also stands for discount standards: Who is liable to give and to get a discount of what kind and in which conditions? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n
  18. 18. 1.5 Marketing-mix, price a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n price Supportive models price www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  19. 19. 1.5 Marketing-mix, offer a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features product price price Product + Price variables = The marketing offer
  20. 20. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution distribution channels Marketing distribution channels are composed of two sub-variables that stand for the ‘distribution channels - mix’ www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  21. 21. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution Marketing distribution channels (not “Place”!) What are the best channels (not media) for our offer to reach the market ? Directly, indirectly or both ways ? - Direct distribution channels, or simply “direct marketing”, represent all the ways in which the offer can directly reach its market without intermediaries : - Direct mail, t elemarketing, email, fax, SMS/ MMS, voicemail, etc. - Direct selling, face-to-face selling & 1:1 marketing have a very similar meaning and are also a direct channel. a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n
  22. 22. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution Marketing distribution channels - Indirect distribution channels, or simply intermediaries, represent all the ways in which the offer can be channeled through to the customer indirectly via wholsalers, retailers, representatives, agents, and others. - Marketing distribution channels-mix: Often an optimal solution is to have an access to the market by both distribution channels: direct & indirect a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  23. 23. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution Marketing distribution channels - Procter & Gamble started a pilot to sell directly through www.theessentials.com a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n C ompanies that already sell directly include :
  24. 24. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution Direct distribution channels Indirect distribution channels Marketing distribution channels-mix a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n + + = dosage has to be considered (ordinal scale) www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  25. 25. 1.5 Marketing-mix, distribution a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n distribution channels Supportive models direct marketing indirect distribution
  26. 26. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships marketing communication Marketing Communication is composed of up to five sub-variables that stand for the ‘ marketing communication - mix’ www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  27. 27. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n A disappointed salesman of Coca Cola returns from his assignment in Dubai . A friend asked, "Why weren't you successful with the locals ?" The salesman explained, "When I got posted in the Dubai , I was very confident that I would make a good sales pitch in rural areas. But, I had a problem I didn't know how to speak Arabic . So, I planned to convey the message through three posters... First poster - A man lying in the hot desert sand... totally exhausted and fainting. Second poster - man is drinking our Cola. Third poster - Our man is now totally refreshed. Then these posters were pasted all over the place . "That should have worked“ , said the friend. The salesman replied "I didn’t realize that Arabic is read from right to left“ .
  28. 28. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom Marketing communication (not “Promotion”!) What are the mass communication tools (media) for our messages to be carried out to our market segments and effectively change their attitudes ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n source  coding  message  channel  decoding  reception Obj. Sign Media       www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  29. 29. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom Marketing communication What are the best mass communication tools (media) for our messages to change attitudes in the market ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n source  coding  message  channel  decoding  reception Obj. Sign Media      
  30. 30. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom Marketing communication What are the best mass communication tools (media) for our messages to change attitudes in the market ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n source  coding  message  channel  decoding  reception Obj. Sign Media       A dvertising P ublic relations S ales promotions C onventions & exhibitions S ponsorships www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  31. 31. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom Marketing communication What are the best mass communication tools (media) for our messages to change attitudes in the market ? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n source  coding  message  channel  decoding  reception Obj. Sign Media      
  32. 32. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom Advertising Public relations Sales promotions Conventions & exhibitions Sponsorships Marketing communication-mix Referred to as MarCom-mix Referred to as Integrated MarCom-mix (IMC) a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n + + + + + = dosage has to be considered (ordinal scale) www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  33. 33. 1.5 Marketing-mix, MarCom a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n marketing communication Supportive models advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships A IDAS
  34. 34. 1.5 Marketing-mix, promotion a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features distribution channels price marketing communication distribution marketing marketing channels communication promotion + = direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  35. 35. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a product a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships marketing p romotion marketing o ffer These are the 11 sub-variables to consider when a product is o ffered and p romoted.
  36. 36. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n employees There are three more variables to consider when a s ervice is to be o ffered and p romoted internal process of info accessibility s ervice marketing www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  37. 37. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships Empl  yees employees
  38. 38. 1.5 Marketing-mix, employees Empl  yees (People) The crucial human factor of providing a service : standards, manners, uniform, etc. - mainly investment in training. a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  39. 39. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships employees internal process of info internal process of info
  40. 40. 1.5 Marketing-mix, process of info Internal process of information (Process) The way that information flows within a service-oriented company often indicates the level of uniform know-how and responsiveness of employees at all levels. Such internal information has to flow top - down (i.e.: implementation of decisions & standards), bottom - up (i.e.: suggestion of new ideas, feed-back from the customers) and laterally (similar updates across the same management/ employee level). a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  41. 41. 1.5 Marketing-mix, process of info a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s o f n o i t a m r o f n i Qualitative internal process of information; top-down bottom-up and laterally strongly supports the interrelation between the service provider and the customer 2
  42. 42. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships employees internal process of info accessibility accessibility www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  43. 43. 1.5 Marketing-mix, accessibility Accessibility (Place , but not with its definition from 1960! ) Service over the counter - How easy is it to locate the address of the service provider & to reach it (transporation, parking, etc.)? How is it adapted to potential customers, including those with disabilities. Virtual service - Easy Internet address to remember, address strongly related to the offer, how easy is it to locate the real address of the service provider & to reach it (phone, email, fax, etc.)? a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n
  44. 44. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand quality of service physical features price direct marketing indirect distribution advertising sales promotions public relations conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships employees internal process of info accessibility Now that we understand its variables, how can we use the marketing-mix concept effectively when analyzing the past year’s marketing activities (chapter 1 of a marketing plan, the one we are now in) ? www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  45. 45. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a service a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n Let’s assume that the frame of the marketing-mix represents 100% of our past year’s resources: marketing budget & time. The mix can demonstrate the past year’s marketing activities as per the priority of each relevant variable. This is a Roman coin that has been discovered in London in 2007 in an area where the Olympic Aquatics Centre will be ready by 2012. The coin is dated AD 330, the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine II AD 330
  46. 46. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a product a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n brand indirect distribution As an example, let’s act as the corporate marketing decision makers of an exclusive brand such as The proposed mix presents the priorities as they were executed during the past year (by using an ordinal scale). advertising conventions/ exhibitions sponsorships quality of service price www.MarketingPlanNOW.com
  47. 47. 1.5 Marketing-mix of a product a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n physical features indirect distribution Acting as the corporate marketing decision makers of a basic commodity such as Next chapter (2) we will meet again the marketing-mix concept when dealing with marketing objectives : we will draw the desired mix for next year versus the existing one (1.5). price
  48. 48. a n a l y s i s o f t h e c u r r e n t s i t u a t i o n www.MarketingPlanNOW.com

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