Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
6. Unionists
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

6. Unionists

1,433

Published on

Published in: Travel, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,433
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Ireland 1909 – 1922 Lesson 6 Unionists
  • 2. Contents 1. Go over Homework 2. Unionists  Ulster Province  Home Rule Threat  Organising Unionist Opposition  Ulster Volunteer Force  Curragh Mutiny  Partition Considered  Video (12 mins)  Homework Lesson 6 2
  • 3. Homework 1. What were the three main 1. What was Carson’s aim if he could “statements” of The Solemn League not stop Home Rule for all of and Covenant? Ireland?  Loyalty to British Crown  Partition, excluding the 9 counties  Refuse to accept Irish parliament of Ulster from Home Rule  Wanted to stay part of United 2. What was the name of the Kingdom Unionists private army set up in 2. Complete the phrase: “Ulster will January 1913? fight and Ulster…  Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)  …will be right!” 3. Where did the Unionists receive 3. Document Study (C) – page 20. most of their guns from in 1914? What three reasons are given for  Germany Home Rule being bad for Ireland and especially Ulster? 1. Subversive of our civil & religious freedom 2. Destructive of our citizenship 3. Perilous to the unity of the Empire Lesson 6 3
  • 4. Homework (continued) 1. Where, in Ireland, did they land 1. What year did Carson take over these guns? as leader of the Ulster Unionist  Larne (and Bangor) Party? 2. What did the British Govt do about  1910 it? 2. What was James Craig’s position  Nothing to stop it in 1911, when he organised the 3. What was Asquith’s compromise first major demonstration against solution to satisfy the Unionists? Home Rule?  Partition of NE Ulster: Six counties  Deputy Leader of the Ulster only would be excluded from home Unionist Party Rule for six years. 4. What was Redmond’s response to this solution?  He accepted the idea Lesson 6 4
  • 5. Ulster Province Ulster Province: 60% Protestant 40% Catholic  Population Breakdown  Religious Differences  Protestant  Felt more in common with Scottish Presbyterian neighbours than with Irish Catholics  What were the Economic Differences between Ulster and the rest of Ireland?  Ulster was Ireland’s most prosperous province  Industrial Belfast felt more in common with British Industrial cities than rural south  Richer and more advanced farming methods  Centuries of Mistrust & Prejudice  Protestant workers feared the influx of Catholics seeking jobs would force down wages  Many Catholics saw Ulster as the hated Other Provinces: symbol of British interference in Ireland 5% Protestant All of Ireland 95% Catholic 10% Protestant 90% Catholic Lesson 6 5
  • 6. Home Rule Threat  Industrialists and farmers feared southern Home Rule parliament might threaten their economic wealth. It shows Belfast City Hall, once a This postcard was one of proud symbol of Ulster unionism’s many produced by entrepreneurial spirit, in a state unionists to promote of utter dereliction as a result of their opposition to Home Home Rule Rule This card reflects the Belfast City Hall low opinion they had of southern Irish Catholics’ ability to Unionists saw manage political and themselves as economic affairs a thrifty, sober and industrious people Lesson 6 6
  • 7. Protestants at Mercy of Catholics  Protestants feared that an Irish parliament would put them at the mercy of Catholics.  They feared Catholics would legislate to destroy the Protestant way of life. “We will fight as men alone can fight who have the Bible in one hand and the sword in the other…..and this will be our dying cry, echoed from one end of Ulster to the other: No Papacy, no Surrender “ – 1868 Protestant minister “Home Rule means Rome Rule” – Orange Order Lesson 6 7
  • 8. British Conservative Political View  Conservatives encouraged Ulster to reject Home Rule by any means  In 1886 Conservative Politician Lord Randolf Churchill believed the Orange Card would be one to play  In 1886 he said to a Belfast Crowd: “Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right”  Ulster Orange Order would need to organise opposition to Home Rule within Ulster on such a scale that parliament would never pass a Home Rule bill  Many feared that Home Rule was the vital Lord Randolf Churchill step to a completely independent Ireland  Feared other members of British Empire might then follow Ireland’s example and the Empire would disintegrate  Independent Ireland easily over-run by foreign powers - could expose Britain on its western flank Lesson 6 8
  • 9. Ulster Unionist Propaganda Who do you think this is trying to persuade? Lesson 6 9
  • 10. Organising Unionist Opposition  Demonstrations  Sept 1911, first demonstration at Craigavon  Organised by James Craig, deputy Leader of Ulster Unionist Party, at his home (Craigavon)  April 1912, 100,000 Unionists attended a demonstration, addressed by Conservative Opposition leader Andrew Bonar-Law Andrew Bonar-Law  Sept 12th 1912 Bonar-Law stated: With this “They would be justified in resisting by all means…. including force…..I can imagine statement, what no length of resistance to which Ulster can could Bonar- go in which I should not be prepared to Law be accused support them” of? Lesson 6 10
  • 11. Ulster Solemn League & Covenant  28th Sept 1912, A demonstration was led by Sir Edward Carson  leader of the Unionists from 1910  This led to the proclamation of the Ulster Solemn League & Covenant  those who signed promised to oppose Home Rule by all means necessary  470,000 signed the Covenant  Carson and other leaders signed in their own blood Lesson 6 11
  • 12. 3 reasons why Home Rule would be against Ireland’s interests Declaration of Loyalty to the King and Empire Commitment to defend Ireland from Home Rule Refusal to recognise a Home Rule Parliament if it ever becomes established Lesson 6 12
  • 13. What is the cartoonists message? …and what symbolism is he using? Lesson 6 13
  • 14. Ulster Volunteer Force  Early 1913 a private army was set up to give military muscle to Unionist demands  It was 100,000 strong  at first trained with wooden rifles  What was the Larne gun-running incident, 24 April 1914?  20,000 German rifles and three million rounds of ammunition landed  distributed quickly amongst Ulster Volunteers  though illegal the British did nothing to stop it Lesson 6 14
  • 15. Curragh Mutiny  Asquith’s dilemma:  If it came to civil war would the Govt use the British Army to fight loyal Ulster Unionists who wanted to remain British citizens?  What was the Curragh Mutiny?  March 1914 Sixty British officers stationed at Curragh military camp refused to fight against the Ulster Volunteers  Officers were British and Irish  They had been ordered to safeguard munitions depots against raids by the UVF  Other British officers warned they would follow the Curragh example. Why is this a bad time for a major crisis in the army?  A major crisis with a war looming had to be avoided  The British Govt tells officers they would not be ordered to fight the UVF Lesson 6 15
  • 16. Who do you think is running from the crowd? Where do the British soldiers sympathies lie? Lesson 6 16
  • 17. Note the use of the British Union Jack in the UVF flag Belfast postcard produced in 1914 Lesson 6 17
  • 18. Partition Considered  Privately Carson knew that Home Rule could not be stopped for all Ireland  His aim was to exclude the 9 counties of Ulster from Home Rule  Protestants had a majority in Ulster (60% to 40%)  Asquith aimed to satisfy the Unionists by partition of Northeast Ulster:  6 counties only would be excluded from Home Rule for six years.  Unionists refused saying they did not want to remain in the British Empire only on a temporary basis  Carson said that the proposal was a “sentence of death with a stay of execution for six years” Lesson 6 18
  • 19. Video: “The Troubles” – Part 2 6 – 18 mins [12 mins total]  Unionist reaction to Home Rule  Conservatives encourage resistance  Partition compromise  Mutiny  UVF arming Lesson 6 19

×