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Heidelberg classeswithoutquizzescanoeingpresentation62312

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“Migrating from a way of life to a source of recreation and fitness -- one of the finest gifts offered by the First Nation: The Canoe"

“Migrating from a way of life to a source of recreation and fitness -- one of the finest gifts offered by the First Nation: The Canoe"

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Heidelberg University Alumni Weekend: June 22 - 24, 2012 Classes Without Quizzes“Migrating from a way of life to a source of recreation andfitness -- one of the finest gifts offered by the First Nation: The Canoe
    • 2. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Explore one of the oldest and mostefficient forms of transportation in NorthAmerica and now a leading recreationalsport and pastime -- Canoeing localstreams, rivers & lakes and morechallenging wilderness destinations and alifetime sport for all ages...
    • 3. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012“Canoes have been found in waters all over theworld, but only in upper North America havethese indigenous crafts been used by lateEuropean immigrants to create a nation...” The Canoe,A living Tradition“There is hardly a river or lake in NorthAmerica that was not first seen from thegunwale of a canoe.” The Canoe, A living Tradition
    • 4. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Earliest canoes were used by Polynesians about2,500 BCEVikings used wooden canoes before they builtlarger ships
    • 5. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Pre-canoe North American First Peoples traveledonly as far as their feet would carry themDevelopment and use of the canoe... Freed them from their immediate surroundings Opened new vistas Dramatically expanded their hunting and gathering areas Improved their lives Set free of the restrictions of rocks, trees and swamps
    • 6. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Initial, useful purposes of the canoe Exploration Trade War Hunting
    • 7. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012The First N. American Canoes Pacific Dugouts of the Northwest Bark Canoes of the Woodland Indians Skin Canoes of the Arctic lands
    • 8. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Bark Canoes became the preferred anddominant water vessel materialMany different bark types used Elm Chestnut Hickory Beech Cottonwood Eucalyptus Purple Heart Birch
    • 9. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Birch Bark had Multiple, Practical Uses beforethe Canoe Used for gathering sap and berries Served as a waterproof cooking pots to boil meats (red-hot rocks added to the water)
    • 10. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Birch Bark -- the Perfect Material for Canoes Light Smooth Resilient Waterproof Plentiful - huge stands grew to 40-50 ft., sometimes 80 and a girth that you could not wrap your arms around Beautiful White outer skin provides color contrast and can be painted Tough, pliant tan under bark can be painted or scored Capable of sophisticated shaping into elegant and subtle forms
    • 11. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Other Uses for the Birch Bark & Wood Used for toboggans, snowshoes and utensils Bark was the chief covering of wigwams in the winter Provided rough, temporary raincoats Torch tinder Made animal calls Quivers Medicines for coughs and blood purification
    • 12. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Birch Bark Canoe Building Done by eye No written records No template Some use of crude measuring sticks
    • 13. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Traditional Birch Bark Canoe Just over 14 feet Weighed less than 40 poundsLife-Span 5 years 20-30 years with little useRepair Walk into the woods Piece of birch bark Spruce tree roots and tree gum
    • 14. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012The Canoe Plays a Definitive Role in the Shapingof North American Society Brought together Native Americans & European colonists Promoted exploration Changed the economy forever with the onset of the fur tradeThe Canoe Evolved from a Symbol Mobility Spirituality CraftsmanshipCanoe Became an Instrument for CommercialTrade, Recreation & Sport
    • 15. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012“The Greatest Praise for the North AmericanIndian Canoe is that Early Europeans with TheirKnowledge, Sophistication & Tools ContributedNothing that Improved the Design orFunctionality.” The Canoe
    • 16. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Early Contact with First Nations and theirCanoes was documented in 1534 when JacquesCartier was met by 2 fleets of 40-50 canoesCartier’s Second Voyage was Further Up the St.Lawrence River (“River to Canada”) Told by First Nations that no one ever reach the headwaters Later explorers did find the headwaters and reached the Pacific Ocean by canoe
    • 17. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Fur Trading Empires were Created North West Companies Hudson’s Bay Company
    • 18. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Coureurs de Bois - New France (“Runners of theWoods”) and Voyageurs - After the British Takeover Life together (First Nations and Voyageurs) changed both Established a culture in which N. American society would be built European survival rested with the First Nations Native herbal medicine was advanced far beyond what they knew Europeans enjoyed the Indian inventions of the toboggan, dogsled, moccasin and snowshoe Native skills were invaluable: canoeing, fish/spear/net, find/stalk/kill game, how to dress, tap/boil sap for syrup, make/maintain fire, build a warm/dry shelter
    • 19. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012The Artwork of Frances Anne Hopkins CapturedThe Fur Trade and Life of the Voyageur Arrived in 1858 from England, married and stayed for 12 years Returned to England with her husband and continued to paint until her death in 1918
    • 20. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012
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    • 24. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012
    • 25. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012The “Grand Portage” 8.5 mile trail connecting lake Superior to what was Ft. Charlotte Follows the lower Pigeon River Portage opened trade in fur-rich forests Links chains of lakes and rivers to the Pacific Ocean
    • 26. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012
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    • 28. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Voyageur Canoe Types Canots du Nord carried up to ton and a half 24 - 28 ft., and 4-6 paddlers Canots du Maitre traveled with loads up to 5 tons, 7-16 paddlers and up to 40 ft.Voyageur Canoe“Brigades” (3-6 canoes) traveledon the Great Lakes Routes
    • 29. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012
    • 30. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Canoe Use in Transition and End of the Bark Era Settlement of the West in mid-1800s brought wagon roads, ships and steam trains and eventually took the place of the canoe in commerce Canoes were getting bigger and bigger, loads were heavier, quality birch bark was harder to find and by the late 1800s canvas started to replace bark The original and primary canoe uses of subsistence fishing, hunting, trapping and gathering were greatly diminished by the urbanization of society Recreation and sport have overtaken primary uses Resort living and cottaging became a lifestyle for the wealthy with canoeing as a major part of summer leisure living
    • 31. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012The Emergence of the Canoe as Recreation andSport Indians raced canoes for fun & Europeans took to canoe sports post the turning of wilderness into “civilized” countryside Canoe regattas began before 1850 Canoe meets popular by the early 1900s Many N. American towns on water had a canoe/boat club with storage at water level and dancing or other social activity on the 2nd floor Canoeing became a medal sport in the 1936 Olympics
    • 32. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Growth of Canoeing and Paddle Sports Aroundthe World People have more leisure time Trend toward spending time in healthy pursuits More disposable income to spend on equipment Olympics in the 1990s promoted interest in racing and adventure paddling Between 40-50 countries compete in Olympic canoe and paddling events America and Canada remain the spiritual and statistical centers for paddling 26 million North Americans participate in paddle sports
    • 33. Classes Without Quizzes: Alumni Weekend June 23, 2012Canoeing Fun Facts June 23, 2012 Canada National Canoe Day Longest trip ever taken: Don Stark and 2 sons paddles 12, 181 miles from Winnipeg to the mouth of the Amazon Largest raft of canoes and kayaks ever: 1,902 on September 24, 2011 at Inlet, NY (Adirondacks) Canoe societies in US, Canada, British Isles, Europe, Korea & Japan
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