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Part Camp Ny Jun09 Elliott

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Dr Mark Elliott's presentation to ParticipationCamp09 - held the weekend of 27-28 June at NYU's Interactive Telecommunications Program @ the Tisch School of the Arts 721 Broadway, New York. Mark's …

Dr Mark Elliott's presentation to ParticipationCamp09 - held the weekend of 27-28 June at NYU's Interactive Telecommunications Program @ the Tisch School of the Arts 721 Broadway, New York. Mark's talk focused on how to engage citizens in collaborative planning and policy-making using participatory tools and methods.

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  • 1. collaboration :: cooperation :: coordination Coordination, Cooperation & Collaboration Tools & Modalities for Collaborative Planning & Policy-making Participation Camp New York, 2009 Mark Elliott Chief Consultant & Director Collabforge
  • 2. Starting At The Beginning What is participation? Dictionary: ‘to take part’
  • 3. Starting At The Beginning ‘Participation’ must get more defined in order to: • to map & augment existing processes • develop new processes • build & or match tools to suit
  • 4. Understanding Participation What is participation?
  • 5. Understanding Participation Collective Activity Process Output
  • 6. Understanding Participation Collective Activity Process Output
  • 7. Understanding Participation Why are we here?
  • 8. Understanding Participation Why are we here?
  • 9. Understanding Participation Why are we here?
  • 10. Understanding Participation Opportunity to engage: • ideas surrounding this event? • presenters like me? • people next to you?
  • 11. Understanding Participation Potential lies in the space that is our commonalities & differences: • ideas • experiences • resources • connections
  • 12. Understanding Participation This space is diminished by our proximity here, now.
  • 13. Understanding Participation This space is a relational space.
  • 14. Coordination This space is a relational space - defined by the way it brings together disparate people ideas matter
  • 15. Coordination Collective Activity Process Output disparate elements pulled into a patterns across disparate Coordination relational space elements emerge Example: how a search engine uses keywords to bring together webpages and resources on the Internet.
  • 16. Cooperation Cooperation (process / set of instructions) provides for transactional exchange that leads to an aggregation of value • reciprocal altruism or recycling • captialism or communism • file sharing or social bookmarking • lining up for our groceries or traffic lights • representative democracy...
  • 17. Cooperation cooperative processes can be implicit or explicit conscious or unconscious massive or micro designed or evolved proprietary or open source democratic or autocratic
  • 18. Cooperation Enabler of cooperative process: compliance of will
  • 19. Understanding Participation Collective Activity Process Output disparate elements pulled into a patterns across disparate Coordination relational space elements emerge individuals comply to process / aggregated value of Cooperation set of instructions individual contributions Examples: a company & profit, a survey & results, voting & elected politician, taxation & social service.
  • 20. Collaboration Collaboration = collective creation
  • 21. Collaboration What do we typically mean by ‘collaboration’? ‘working together towards a shared objective’
  • 22. Collaboration Collaboration is: Co-creation on part of a group of people with add/edit/delete rights to the same pool of content.
  • 23. Collaboration Collective Activity Process Output disparate elements pulled into a patterns across disparate Coordination relational space elements emerge individuals comply to process / aggregated value of Cooperation set of instructions individual contributions co-created innovation participants of a group add/edit/ Collaboration representing a shared delete same pool of content understanding
  • 24. Collaboration Divergent production develops multiple solutions to the same problem domain creative arts, lateral thinking, brainstorming Convergent production is a cognitive process whereby an agent seeks a single best solution mathematics, logic, scientific method J. P. Guilford (1950; 1962)
  • 25. Collaboration To ‘consciously collaborate’ have to consider: • What should we collaborate on? • How shall we do it? • medium, process, tools, etc
  • 26. Negotiation in Collective Activity Collaboration, cooperation & coordination all require amounts of two types of negotiation. Cultural negotiation: language, norms, beliefs, values (sociology) Social negotiation: personal histories & relationships, personalities & computability issues, reputation (psychology)
  • 27. Negotiation in Collective Activity A collaborative system’s capacity for negotiation is directly proportional to the robustness of its outcomes.
  • 28. Understanding Participation Collective Process Output Negotiation Activity disparate elements patterns across Low Coordination pulled into a relational disparate elements (cultural) space become visible individuals comply to aggregated value of Medium Cooperation process / set of individual (cultural, social) instructions contributions participants of a group co-created innovation High Collaboration add/edit/deletes same representing a shared (social, cultural) pool of content understanding
  • 29. Understanding Collaboration
  • 30. Mass Collaboration Recently, something important has happened: we have broken through collaboration’s glass ceiling wikis disintermediate social negotiation with creative contribution
  • 31. Thank you! Mark Elliott, Director & Chief Consultant +61 421 978 501 Mark.Elliott@Collabforge.com Twitter: @MarkElliott

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