William shakespeare

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William shakespeare

  1. 1. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE APRIL 23, 1564 – APRIL 23, 1616
  2. 2. BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Was born in Stratford-on-Avon </li></ul><ul><li>Father – John, a merchant, a leading citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Mother – Mary Arden, a rich farmer’s daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Went to the local grammar school </li></ul><ul><li>Married Ann Hathaway at the age of 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Three children – Susanna, twins Judith and Hamnet </li></ul>
  3. 3. BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Quarrelled with the local squire, had to leave Stratford for London </li></ul><ul><li>An actor, revised old plays, started writing on his own </li></ul><ul><li>His career as a dramatist lasted for 21 years </li></ul><ul><li>In about 1610 returned to Stratford </li></ul><ul><li>Died at the age of 52 </li></ul><ul><li>Buried in the local church, epitaph </li></ul>
  4. 4. OPTIMISTIC PERIOD <ul><li>1. two long poems – “Venus and Adonis”, “Lucrece” </li></ul><ul><li>2. 154 sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>3. bright comedies </li></ul><ul><li>4. a tragedy – “Romeo and Juliet” </li></ul><ul><li>5. historical plays, e.g. “Richard III” </li></ul>
  5. 5. SONNETS <ul><li>Started in Italy in the 14th century, perfected by Petrarch, in England W.Shakespeare, J. Milton </li></ul><ul><li>A poem of 14 lines </li></ul><ul><li>The Dark Lady, the Young Friend, the author </li></ul><ul><li>Criticize human vices, express individual feelings of love, speak about the Renaissance ideals – friendship and beauty </li></ul>
  6. 6. SONNETS <ul><li>The ideal beauty – fair complexion, golden hair. Shakespeare’s beauty – different from the ideal </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship – the author’s young friend, the Earl of Southampton, not always friendly relationships </li></ul>
  7. 7. COMEDIES <ul><li>The Taming of the Shrew (Kiss me Kate) </li></ul><ul><li>A Mid-Summer Night’s Dream </li></ul><ul><li>The Twelfth Night </li></ul><ul><li>Much Ado About Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>The Merchant of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>The Merry Wives of Windsor </li></ul><ul><li>The Two Gentlemen of Verona </li></ul><ul><li>As You Like It </li></ul>
  8. 8. COMEDIES <ul><li>Although the comedies take the reader to Italy, they reflect Renaissance England. </li></ul><ul><li>The characters are Renaissance men and women whose aim is to enjoy life. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the comedies are full of sorrow and heartbreak, but the end is always happy. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of the author – to take the specatator away from everyday troubles. </li></ul>
  9. 9. COMEDIES <ul><li>5. The comic effect comes through comic characters and situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare believed in man’s virtues. He hoped that man would achieve his happiness. Love of life. </li></ul><ul><li>The problems are serious at core. Comedies often contain deep philosophical thoughts and problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Light and playful manner, smooth language. </li></ul>
  10. 10. TRAGEDIES <ul><li>ROMEO AND JULIET ( The Optimistic Period) </li></ul><ul><li>HAMLET, PRINCE OF DENMARK </li></ul><ul><li>OTHELLO, THE MOOR OF VENICE </li></ul><ul><li>KING LEAR </li></ul><ul><li>MACBETH </li></ul><ul><li>ANTHONY AND CLEOPATRA </li></ul><ul><li>CORIOLANUS </li></ul>
  11. 11. CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES <ul><li>Shakespeare is a severe critic. The difference between ideals and and real historical conditions – slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>He proved – society must be changed – the necessity of struggle </li></ul><ul><li>The main character – a noble figure in a difficult situation </li></ul><ul><li>Great personalities, unusual intellect, at the same time real ordinary men </li></ul>
  12. 12. CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES <ul><li>Shakespeare shows the weakness of his characters’ nature </li></ul><ul><li>Evil forces are victorious only to a certain point, in the end good wins </li></ul><ul><li>Real political and social world, the influence of the environment and history on characters </li></ul><ul><li>Nature – turns against the characters </li></ul>

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