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William shakespeare
 

William shakespeare

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    William shakespeare William shakespeare Presentation Transcript

    • WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE APRIL 23, 1564 – APRIL 23, 1616
    • BIOGRAPHY
      • Was born in Stratford-on-Avon
      • Father – John, a merchant, a leading citizen
      • Mother – Mary Arden, a rich farmer’s daughter
      • Went to the local grammar school
      • Married Ann Hathaway at the age of 18
      • Three children – Susanna, twins Judith and Hamnet
    • BIOGRAPHY
      • Quarrelled with the local squire, had to leave Stratford for London
      • An actor, revised old plays, started writing on his own
      • His career as a dramatist lasted for 21 years
      • In about 1610 returned to Stratford
      • Died at the age of 52
      • Buried in the local church, epitaph
    • OPTIMISTIC PERIOD
      • 1. two long poems – “Venus and Adonis”, “Lucrece”
      • 2. 154 sonnets
      • 3. bright comedies
      • 4. a tragedy – “Romeo and Juliet”
      • 5. historical plays, e.g. “Richard III”
    • SONNETS
      • Started in Italy in the 14th century, perfected by Petrarch, in England W.Shakespeare, J. Milton
      • A poem of 14 lines
      • The Dark Lady, the Young Friend, the author
      • Criticize human vices, express individual feelings of love, speak about the Renaissance ideals – friendship and beauty
    • SONNETS
      • The ideal beauty – fair complexion, golden hair. Shakespeare’s beauty – different from the ideal
      • Friendship – the author’s young friend, the Earl of Southampton, not always friendly relationships
    • COMEDIES
      • The Taming of the Shrew (Kiss me Kate)
      • A Mid-Summer Night’s Dream
      • The Twelfth Night
      • Much Ado About Nothing
      • The Merchant of Venice
      • The Merry Wives of Windsor
      • The Two Gentlemen of Verona
      • As You Like It
    • COMEDIES
      • Although the comedies take the reader to Italy, they reflect Renaissance England.
      • The characters are Renaissance men and women whose aim is to enjoy life.
      • Sometimes the comedies are full of sorrow and heartbreak, but the end is always happy.
      • The aim of the author – to take the specatator away from everyday troubles.
    • COMEDIES
      • 5. The comic effect comes through comic characters and situations.
      • Shakespeare believed in man’s virtues. He hoped that man would achieve his happiness. Love of life.
      • The problems are serious at core. Comedies often contain deep philosophical thoughts and problems.
      • Light and playful manner, smooth language.
    • TRAGEDIES
      • ROMEO AND JULIET ( The Optimistic Period)
      • HAMLET, PRINCE OF DENMARK
      • OTHELLO, THE MOOR OF VENICE
      • KING LEAR
      • MACBETH
      • ANTHONY AND CLEOPATRA
      • CORIOLANUS
    • CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES
      • Shakespeare is a severe critic. The difference between ideals and and real historical conditions – slave trade
      • He proved – society must be changed – the necessity of struggle
      • The main character – a noble figure in a difficult situation
      • Great personalities, unusual intellect, at the same time real ordinary men
    • CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES
      • Shakespeare shows the weakness of his characters’ nature
      • Evil forces are victorious only to a certain point, in the end good wins
      • Real political and social world, the influence of the environment and history on characters
      • Nature – turns against the characters