Sigmund Freud
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  • 1. Sigmund FreudThe Father ofPsychoanal ysis
  • 2. Born on 6th May 1856 inSIGMUND the Moravian town of FREUD (1856-1939) Příbor Real Name: Sigismund Schlomo Freud An Austrian Neurologist Attended University of Vienna at the age of 17 in 1881
  • 3. SIGMUND FREUD (1856-1939)In 1881, he graduated University ofVienna in Medicine Faculty.The following year he worked atTheodor Meynerts Psychiatric Clinic.Studied a new promisingdrug, cocaine.
  • 4. In 1885, Freud began to distance away from a medical approach to psychiatry.Received a brief scholarship to Paris Salpetrière Jean-Martin Charcots ClinicHe became immersed in Jean-Martin Charcots, a
  • 5. Hysteria was common among women in the Victorian Era.Freud was very interested in hypnotherapyCharcot’s work with hypnotherapy opens a new insight for Freud.
  • 6. applied hypnotherapy on his patients which he collaborate with Josef Breuer, a friend and Viennese doctor. Discovered that being in a relaxed state of mind, patients are open about traumatic past events This made Freud a pioneer of catharsis or "talking cure“ Added use of dream analysis 1896 Psychoanalysis was officially recognized He released fundamental work for the whole VIENNA, AUSTRIA IN THE 2OTH CENTURY psychoanalytic theory titled “Interpretation of Dreams “ in 1900
  • 7. was appointed as professor of neuropathology in University of Viennao Gained some followers including Carl Jung and Alfred Aldero 1908 The First Congress of International Association of “THE COMMITTEE” Pyschoanalysis
  • 8. Won Goethe’s Literary Prize in 1930Continues to published papers and books on psychoanalysis : (1895) Studies in Hysteria (1900) The Interpretation of Dreams (1901) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1905) Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria (1923) The Ego and the Id (1930) Civilization and its Discontents (1939) Moses and MonotheismOn 4 June 1938, Freud left Vienna for England and spend his remaining lifethere.Died on 23rd September 1939 in Hampstead house, with cause varying fromcancer to morphine abuse.
  • 9. School of Thought:Psychoanalysis The Conscious and Unconscious Mind The Id, Ego, and Superego Life and Death Instincts Psychosexual Development Defence Mechanisms Therapy Chair
  • 10. The Conscious and Unconscious Mind
  • 11. Includes everything that we’re aware of is a reservoir offeelings, thoughts, urges, andmemories that outside of our conscious awareness
  • 12. Life and Death InstinctLife Instincts (Eros)• Instincts that deal with basic survival, pleasure, an d reproductionDeath Intincts(Thanatos)• unconscious desire to die
  • 13. Psychosexual Development• Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages
  • 14. Defense Mechanism • is a tactic develope d by the ego to protect against anxiety
  • 15. Defense Mechanisms Examples
  • 16. Therapy Chair
  • 17. Criticism againstSigmund Freud
  • 18. CriticismFreud was mostly criticize as beingunscientific E.g. The id, ego and superego theory have no physical part in the human brain that represent the three elements stated. Freud based this theory on individual assessments with no firm proofFreud made his observations and individualassessments and derived his theory from alimited population, mostly upper-class
  • 19. SexismFreud theorize that women aremutilated and must learn to accept theirlack of a penis .He focused more onmale development and implied thatwomen mirrored male developmentand was inferior. He coined the term“penis envy”
  • 20. Legacy ofSigmund Freud
  • 21. • Today, Sigmund Freud remain as the most recognizable name in psychology• Contribute to a whole school of thought which is psychoanalysis
  • 22. CitationsCherry K. (n.d). Sigmund Freud Biography(1856-1939). About.com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/freudprofile.htmCherry K. (n.d). Sigmund Freud - Life, Work and Theories. About.com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/p/sigmund_freud.htmCherry K. (n.d). Defense Mechanisms. About.com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/ss/defensemech_2.htmCherry K. (n.d). Freuds Stages of Psychosexual Development. About.com. Rerieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/ss/psychosexualdev_7.htm
  • 23. Cherry K. (n.d). Psychoanalysis. About.Com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychistory_2.htmCherry K. (n.d). The Id, Ego and Superego. About.com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/personalityelem.htmCherry K. (n.d). The Conscious and Unconscious Mind. About.Com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/consciousuncon.htmCherry K. (n.d). What is a Freudian Slip?. About.com. Retrieve fromhttp://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/f/freudian-slip.htmn.a.(n.d). Biography of Sigmund Freud (1856-1938). GradeSaver. Retrieve fromhttp://www.gradesaver.com/author/sigmund-freud/n.a.(n.d). Sigmund Freuds Theories. Essortment. Retrieve fromhttp://www.essortment.com/sigmund-freuds-theories-21636.html
  • 24. Images retrieve fromhttp://bloomhypnosis.com/faqshttp://prophetessmckinney.blogspot.com/2011/07/life-and-death-instincts.htmlhttp://www.austincc.edu/ddydek/9thedch11notes.htmhttp://enneagram-instrument.org/enndef.htmhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f4/The_Scream.jpg/230px-The_Scream.jpghttp://csea.phhp.ufl.edu/ufsite.htmlhttp://biography4u.com/committee.html