Female Reproductive System Terms<br />-MariyaDemidovich<br />
The organ in which the developing fetus resides is called the uterus<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/19263.jpg<br />
Uterus<br />Located in the pelvis, anterior to the rectum<br />It is usually inclined slightly forward (anteverted)<br />Major function is to house and nourish a fertilized ovum<br />
Parts of the uterus<br />Fundus<br /> upper portion<br />Corpus<br /> Body of the uterus<br />Cervix<br /> lower portion<br /> neck of uterus<br />
Complications of the uterusCancer of the Cervix<br />-Usually due to the human papillomavirus (HPV)<br />-Regular (yearly) Pap Smear tests are a good detector of the cancer<br />-Can also occur due to frequent cervical inflammations and multiple pregnancies<br />-Currently there is a vaccine available that provides protection from HPV<br />
Complications of the UterusFibroids<br />Frequently found benign tumors<br />Can cause painful menstruation and intercourse<br />Can also cause urinary frequency and urgency<br />Usually detected by an ultrasound<br />A myomectomy is a surgery that removes fibroids<br />http://www.fibroids.com/images/fibroid-types.jpg<br />
The inner Lining of the uterus is called the endometrium<br />
Endometrium<br />The mucous lining of the uterine cavity<br />During fertilization the embryo implants into the endometrium and continues to develop<br />Has a rich blood supply that nourishes the growing embryo<br />It thickens every 28 days and sloughs off during the menstrual period if an embryo is not established during that time<br />
Complications of the endometrium<br />Adenomyosis: when the endometrium grows into the musclar layers of the uterus<br />Endometriosis: when the endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus<br />
The tubes that extend from the outer edges of the uterus and assist in transporting the ova and sperm are called Fallopian Tubes<br />http://www.womenshealthfremont.com/images/pic-fallopian-tubes.jpg<br />
Fallopian Tubes<br />Also called the uterine tubes or the oviducts<br />Run from the ovaries to the uterus<br />Propel the fertilized ovum from the ovary to the uterus for implantation<br />Conception, or the meeting of the egg and sperm occurs here<br />
Complications of the fallopian tubesEctopic Pregnancy<br />The embryo implants in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus<br />This pregnancy is not viable and can lead to serious bleeding and even death<br />A tubal abortion is usually performed either through the use of drugs or through surgery<br />http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/images/ency/fullsize/9288.jpg<br />
Works Cited<br />Fremgen, Frucht. Medical Terminology: A Living Language. 4th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2009: 315-330.<br />Hoehn, Marieb. Human Anatomy and Physiology. 8th ed. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2010: 1040-1058.<br />
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