Health and wellness


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Health and wellness

  1. 1. Health andWellness
  2. 2. Course Objectives• 1. Develop an holistic understanding of overall health and wellness.• 2. Develop the awareness of major communicable and no communicable diseases.• 3. Understand the physiology of all the systems of the human body.• 4. Understand the causes of environmental pollution and related health hazards.
  3. 3. What is Health?• 1800s: Health vs. Sickness• 1900s: Health vs. Physical Hygiene• 1940s:Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease. (WHO)
  4. 4. Health• Health is a quality of life, involving social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and biological fitness on the part of the individual, which results from adaptations to the environment.•W E L L N E S S
  5. 5. Aspects of Health
  6. 6. Physical HealthIncludes characteristics such as body size and shape, sensory sharpness, susceptibility to disease and disorders, bodyfunctioning, physical fitness, and recuperative ability.
  7. 7. Social Health Refers to the ability to have a satisfyinginterpersonal relationships: interactions with others, the ability to adapt to various social situations, and daily behaviors.
  8. 8. Mental/Emotional Health It includes feelings about yourself, using your mind to develop thinking skills. People with good mental health enjoy learning, see mistakes as opportunities to learn, grow and change. They accept responsibility for their actions and stand up for their beliefs and values.
  9. 9. Illness-Wellness Continuum
  10. 10. Factors that determine health or illness• Poor diet and nutrition• Sedentary lifestyle• Chronic stress• Destructive habits• Environmental pollution• Internal pollution• Genetic expression
  11. 11. Lifestyle• the way in which a person lives
  12. 12. Health Risks/ Risk Factors• RISK FACTOR- any action or condition that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other negative outcome.
  13. 13. Health Risks/ Risk Factors• Hereditary risk factors• Environmental risk factors - physical, social, culture• Behavioral risk factors
  14. 14. Nature of Diseases• Infectious diseases• Noninfectious diseases
  15. 15. Infectious Diseases The infectious disease process is defined as theinteraction between the pathogenic microorganism, the environment, and the host.
  16. 16. The chain begins with the existence of a specific pathogenic microorganism.The second link is the reservoir, an environment where the pathogen can survive.
  17. 17. The third link is the means of escape from the reservoir.The fourth link is the mode of transmission from the reservoir to the host.
  18. 18. The fifth link is the means of entry into the host. And the last link is the hosts susceptibility to the pathogenic microorganism.
  19. 19. If even one link of the chain is missing, itinterrupts the process, and no infection will occur.