Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Network

351
views

Published on

Published in: Design, Technology, Business

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
351
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • {}
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 9 Communications and Networks
    • 2. Chapter 9 Objectives Discuss the components required for Discuss the components required for successful communications successful communications Identify various sending Identify various sending and receiving devices and receiving devices Describe uses of computer communications Describe uses of computer communications List advantages of using aanetwork List advantages of using network Differentiate among client/server, Differentiate among client/server, peer-to-peer, and P2P networks peer-to-peer, and P2P networks Describe the various network Describe the various network communications standards communications standards Explain the purpose of Explain the purpose of communications software communications software Describe various types of lines for Describe various types of lines for communications over the telephone network communications over the telephone network Describe commonly used Describe commonly used communications devices communications devices Discuss different ways to set up Discuss different ways to set up aahome network home network Identify various physical and wireless Identify various physical and wireless transmission media transmission media Next
    • 3. Communications What are computer communications?  Process in which two or more computers or devices transfer data, instructions, and information p. 460 Fig. 9-1 Next
    • 4. Communications What is needed for successful communications? Sending device — initiates instruction to transmit data, instructions, or information Communications device — connects the sending device to the communications channel Communications device — connects the communications channel to the receiving device p. 460 - 461 Communications channel — media on which data, instructions, or information travel Receiving device — accepts transmission of data, instructions, or information Next
    • 5. Uses of Computer Communications What are some uses of communications technology? Internet Chat Rooms FTP p. 462 Web Instant Messaging E-Mail Newsgroups Web Folders Internet Telephony Video Conferencing Fax Machine or Computer Fax/Modem Next
    • 6. Uses of Computer Communications What are wireless messaging services? Text messaging Wireless instant allows users to send messaging allows and receive short wireless mobile text messages on a devices to exchange smart phone or messages Picture messaging PDA Video messaging p. 463 - 464 allows users to send graphics, pictures, video clips, sound files, and short text messages Next
    • 7. Uses of Computer Communications What are wireless Internet access points and cybercafés?   Wireless Internet access point allows wireless connection to Internet in public location  3G network Cybercafé is coffee house that provides computers with Internet access Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Hot Spots below Chapter 9 p. 464 Fig. 9-5 Next
    • 8. Uses of Computer Communications What is a global positioning system (GPS)? Step 1. GPS satellites orbit Earth. Every thousandth of a second, each satellite sends a signal that indicates its current position to the GPS receiver. Step 2. A GPS receiver (such as in a car,, a watch, a smart phone, a handheld device, or a collar) determines its location on Earth by analyzing at least 3 separate satellite signals from the 24 satellites in orbit. Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click GPS below Chapter 9 p. 466 Fig. 9-6 Next
    • 9. Uses of Computer Communications What are collaboration and groupware?  Collaboration is working with other users connected to a server   A document management system provides for storage and management of a company’s documents Groupware is software that allows people to share information p. 467 - 468 Fig. 9-7 Next
    • 10. Uses of Computer Communications What are voice mail and web services?   Voice mail is voice message converted to digital form Web services describe standardized software that enables programmers to create applications that communicate with other remote computers over the Internet or on an internal business network p. 468 Fig. 9-8 Next
    • 11. Networks What is a network?  Collection of computers and devices connected via communications devices and transmission media p. 469 Fig. 9-9 Next
    • 12. Networks What is a local area network (LAN)?  Network in limited geographical area such as home or office building  Wireless LAN (WLAN)  Metropolitan area network (MAN) connects LANs in city or town Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Wireless Local Area Networks below Chapter 9 p. 471 – 472 Fig. 9-10 Next
    • 13. Networks What is a wide area network (WAN)?   Network that covers large geographic area using many types of media Internet is world’s largest WAN p. 472 Fig. 9-12 Next
    • 14. Networks What is a client/server network?  One or more computers act as server and other computers, or clients, access server p. 472 Fig. 9-13 Next
    • 15. Networks What is a peer-to-peer network?   Simple network that connects fewer than 10 computers Each computer, or peer, has equal capabilities p. 473 Fig. 9-14 Next
    • 16. Networks What is Internet peer-to-peer (P2P)?  Enables users to connect to each other’s hard disks and exchange files directly Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click P2P below Chapter 9 p. 473 - 474 Fig. 9-15 Next
    • 17. Networks What is a bus network?   All computers and devices connect to central cable, or bus Example of network topology (layout of devices in network)  p. 474 Fig. 9-16 Popular topologies are bus, ring, and star Next
    • 18. Networks What is a ring network?   Cable forms closed ring, or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction p. 474 Fig. 9-17 Next
    • 19. Networks What is a star network?   All devices connect to a central device, called hub All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub p. 475 Fig. 9-18 Next
    • 20. Networks What is an intranet? Internal network that uses Internet technologies Makes information accessible to employees Typically includes connection to Internet Extranet allows customers or suppliers to access part of company’s intranet p. 475 Next
    • 21. Network Communications Standards What are Ethernet and token ring? Ethernet technology allows computers to contend for access to network  If two computers send data at same time, a collision occurs and computers must send again Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Ethernet below Chapter 9 p. 476 Token ring technology controls access to network by requiring devices to pass a special signal, called token Next
    • 22. Network Communications Standards What are TCP/IP and 802.11 (Wi-Fi)?  TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) technology transmits data by breaking it up into small pieces, or packets   Commonly used for Internet transmissions 802.11 (Wi-Fi) is family of standards for wireless LANs p. 477 - 478 Fig. 9-20 Next
    • 23. Network Communications Standards What is Bluetooth? Short-range radio waves transmit Short-range radio waves transmit data between Bluetooth devices data between Bluetooth devices p. 478 Next
    • 24. Network Communications Standards What are IrDA, RFID, WiMAX, and Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)? IrDA IrDA specification allows specification allows data to be transferred data to be transferred wirelessly via infrared wirelessly via infrared light waves light waves Radio Frequency Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Identification (RFID) uses radio signals to communicate uses radio signals to communicate with aatag placed in an object with tag placed in an object Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click WiMAX below Chapter 9 p. 478 - 480 Worldwide Interoperability Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX for Microwave Access (WiMAX or 802.16) or 802.16) standard that specifies how wireless standard that specifies how wireless devices communicate over the air devices communicate over the air in aawide area in wide area Wireless Applications Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP) Protocol (WAP) allow wireless mobile devices allow wireless mobile devices to access Internet to access Internet Next
    • 25. Video: Keep Tabs on Your Pets Discover how to improve the odds of recovering a lost or stolen pet low quality (click to start) high quality (click to start) Next
    • 26. Communications Software What is communications software? Programs that help users establish connection to Internet, other network, or another computer Programs that help users manage transmission of data, instructions, and information Programs that provide an interface for users to communicate with one another p. 480 Next
    • 27. Communications Over the Telephone Network What is the public switched telephone network (PSTN)?  Worldwide telephone system that handles voice-oriented telephone calls p. 481 Fig. 9-23 Next
    • 28. Communications Over the Telephone Network What is a dial-up line?  Temporary connection using telephone line for communications   p. 481 Costs no more than making regular call Computers at any two locations can establish a connection using modems and telephone network Next
    • 29. Communications Over the Telephone Network What is a dedicated line? Always-on connection between two communications devices   Four types are ISDN line, DSL, T-carrier line, and ATM Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click DSL below Chapter 9 p. 482 Fig. 9-24 Next
    • 30. Communications Devices What are examples of communications devices? Common types are dial-up modems, ISDN and DSL modems, cable modems, network cards, wireless access points, routers, and hubs ISDN and DSL modems send and receive data from ISDN and DSL lines p. 484 Next
    • 31. Communications Devices What is a dial-up modem?   Converts digital signals to analog signals and vice versa Notebook computers often use PC Card modem p. 485 Figs. 9-27 Next
    • 32. Communications Devices What are ISDN and DSL modems? Communications devices that send and Communications devices that send and receive digital ISDN and DSL signals receive digital ISDN and DSL signals Usually external devices in which one Usually external devices in which one end connects to a telephone line and the other end connects to a telephone line and the other end connects to a port on the system unit end connects to a port on the system unit p. 485 Next
    • 33. Communications Devices What is a cable modem?    Sends and receives data over cable television network Much faster than dial-up modem or ISDN Sometimes called a broadband modem Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Cable Modems below Chapter 9 p. 485 - 486 Fig. 9-28 Next
    • 34. Communications Devices What is a wireless modem?   Allows access to the Web wirelessly from a notebook computer, a PDA, a smart phone, or other mobile device Typically use the same waves used by cellular telephones p. 486 Fig. 9-29 Next
    • 35. Communications Devices What is a network card?   Adapter card, PC Card, or flash card that enables computer or device to access network Sometimes called network interface card (NIC) p. 486 Fig. 9-30 Next
    • 36. Communications Devices What is a wireless access point?  Central communications device that allows computers and devices to transfer data wirelessly among themselves or wirelessly to a wired network p. 487 Fig. 9-31 Next
    • 37. Communications Devices What is a router?    Connects computers and transmits data to correct destination on network Routers forward data on Internet using fastest available path Some routers have a built-in hardware firewall Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Hardware Firewalls below Chapter 9 p. 488 Fig. 9-32 Next
    • 38. Communications Devices What is a hub?  Device that provides central point for cables in network p. 488 - 489 Fig. 9-33 Next
    • 39. Home Networks What is a home network?   Multiple computers connected in home Several types of home networks     Ethernet — connect computers via cable Powerline cable — use electrical lines in house Phoneline — use telephone lines HomeRF (radio frequency) — wireless Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Home Networks below Chapter 9 p. 489 - 490 Fig. 9-34 Next
    • 40. Communications Channel What is a communications channel?  Transmission media on which data travels in communications system Transmission media are materials capable of carrying one or more signals p. 491 Bandwidth is amount of data that can travel over a communications channel Next
    • 41. Communications Channel How is a request sent over the Internet using a communications channel? p. 491 Fig. 9-35 Next
    • 42. Physical Transmission Media What is physical transmission media?  Wire, cable, and other tangible materials used to send communications signals p. 492 Fig. 9-36 Next
    • 43. Physical Transmission Media What are twisted-pair cable and coaxial cable?   Twisted-pair cable is used for telephone systems and network cabling Coaxial cable is often used for cable television wiring p. 493 Fig. 9-37—9-38 Next
    • 44. Physical Transmission Media What is fiber-optic cable?    Capable of carrying significantly more data at faster speeds than wire cables Less susceptible to interference (noise) and, therefore, more secure Smaller size (thinner and lighter) p. 493 Fig. 9-39 Next
    • 45. Wireless Transmission Media What is wireless transmission media?   Used when inconvenient, impractical, or impossible to install cables Includes Bluetooth and IrDA p. 494 Fig. 9-40 Next
    • 46. Wireless Transmission Media What are broadcast radio and cellular radio?   Broadcast radio distributes radio signals over long and short distances Cellular radio is form of broadcast radio used for mobile communications Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Cellular Communications below Chapter 9 p. 494 Fig. 9-41 Next
    • 47. Wireless Transmission Media What is a microwave station?   Earth-based reflective dish used for microwave communications Must transmit in straight line with no obstructions p. 495 Fig. 9-42 Next
    • 48. Wireless Transmission Media What is a communications satellite?  Space station that receives microwave signals from earth-based station, amplifies signals, and broadcasts signals back to any number of earthbased stations p. 496 Fig. 9-43 Next
    • 49. Summary of Communications and Networks Communications terminology Communications terminology and applications and applications How to join computers into a network How to join computers into a network Chapter 9 Complete Various communications Various communications devices, media, and procedures devices, media, and procedures