System Of Education In PolandPresentation Transcript
System of education in Poland.
Pre-primary education This educational level is regarded as the first level of the school system. It concerns children from 3 to 6 years of age. Six-year-old children are obliged to complete a year of preparation forprimary education (under municipal responsibility) called “0 grade”. The classes are attached either to kindergartens or primary-schools. Both private and public schools can be fee-paying, however in the latter case the conditions specified in the legislation apply.
Education in Poland starts at the age of seven in primary school. Next there is the lower secondary level consisting of three years in school called gymnasium starting at the age of 13, and ending with an exam. This is followed by the upper secondary level, which has several alternatives. The most common is a three-year liceum or a four-year technikum. They both end with a maturity examination (matura, roughly equivalent to Britisch A-level examination). We used to have the system of marks from 2 to5 which was extended by adding a plus or a minus.
In the early 1990 the system was extended by adding new marks, 1 and 6. Now we have marks from 1 to 6. 1 (is insufficient)2 (is poor)3 (is sufficient)4 (is good)5 (is very good)6 (is excellent)In the new system, 1 is the failing grade, and 6 means that the student exceeded the expectations. In the first stages of primary school (I – III classes) there are no marks. The teachers write descriptionsof their pupils’ abilities.
A primary school is an institution where children receive the first stage of compulsory education known as primary or elementary education. In Poland children attend primary school from the age of7 to 12.
A gymnasiumis a type of school providing lower secondary education.In Poland pupils attend gymnasium at the age of 13 –16 and after passing the final exam they go to liceum.
Liceum is an upper secondary school where young people stay for 3 years. The school prepares the students to enter a university. At the end of school pupils pass the exam called matura (3 compulsory subjects and from 1 to 3 optionalsubjects). Some pupils after gymnasium attend four-year technical schools called technikum . Except the subjects of science, languages and Polish literaturethey can study technical subjects like electronics,mechanics, automation, computer technologies.
Technikum trains low-level industrial managers (foremen, technical supervisors etc.) or specializes in occupations that require more advanced skills. Some pupils may attend vocational schools preparing them to some physical jobs. Those students can’t continue their education in universities and collages.
Jagiellonian UniversityThe oldest university in Poland.
High schools may be followed by several forms of upper education: colleges, universities and polytechnics leading to licencjat (Polish equivalents of Bachleor’s degree), magister (Polish equivalent of Master’s degree) The most ambitious students may continue the education and award the Ph.D. degree or even the title of professor.