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Presentation: Methods to help teachers with students with ADHD.

Presentation: Methods to help teachers with students with ADHD.

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ADHD ADHD Presentation Transcript

  • Your ADHD child in the classroom
    Did not hear the instructions.
    Couldn’t find his notebook.
    Bothered the classmates near him.
    Got up several times.
    Broke the tip of his pencil.
    How does he feel when the time is up and he only managed to put his name on the paper?
  • The problem:
    ADHD affects a child’s ability to achieve academically and form positive social relationships. These inabilities tend to increase the chances that they develop low self esteem and give up on academic success.
  • The goal:
    The goal of this research is to find methods that will alleviate the symptoms of ADHD in the classroom so these children perform academically and interact with their peers in a positive way.
  • Who is affected by ADHD?
    ADHD affects everyone that has a relationship with that child:
    Parents
    Siblings
    Teachers
    Classmates
  • Peer Relationships
    Parents of children with a history of ADHD report almost 3 times as many peer problems as those without a history of ADHD.
    Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are almost 10 times as likely to have difficulties that interfere with friendships.
    (CDC, 2010)
  • ADHD is society’s problem
    “Given the substantial burden associated with ADHD and LD for children, their families, and society, there remains a continuing need to monitor the national prevalence of these conditions” (Pastor & Reuben, 2008, p.7).
  • Classroom Environment
    If a child with ADHD can affect everyone around him, it is to the teacher’s benefit as well as the child’s for the teacher do whatever it takes to help that student succeed.
    Learn what ADHD is.
    Learn what can be done to help.
  • ADHD
    Approximately 9.5% of school age children have ADHD
    Only 66.3% of those children take medication
    (Center for disease prevention, 2010).
  • Difference in diagnoses between boys and girls
    (Pastor & Reuben, 2008)
  • ADHD by Race 2004-2006
    (Pastor & Reuben, 2008)
  • What is ADHD?
    ADHD is a neurodevelopmental, biological condition characterized by:
    Inattention
    Hyperactivity
    Impulsivity
    (www.addhealthandwellness.com)
  • What ADHD is not
    Laziness
    Lack of Intelligence
    Bad attitude
    The parents fault
    Irresponsibility
  • Typical methods don’t work
    “To tell a person with ADHD to try harder is about as helpful as telling someone who is nearsighted to squint harder” (Hallowell & Ratey, 2005, p.51)
  • Classroom Set up
    Minimize the student’s distractions
    Use desk dividers
    Keep away from high traffic area
    Sit close to teacher
    Use rows instead of tables
    Play white noise or soft music
    For more suggestions go to:http://www.addinschool.com/elementary/roomsetup.htm
  • Lesson Presentation
    Provide outline prior to lesson
    Include variety of activities
    Use multisensory presentations
    Make lessons brief
    Involve the student in the lesson
    http://www.addinschool.com/elementary/lessons.htm
  • Teach Organization
    Allow 5 minutes to organize desks
    Most organized desk award
    System for complete/incomplete work
    Use color coding in classroom
    Establish method for homework
    http://www.addinschool.com/elementary/organization.htm
  • Increase on task behavior
    Provide an individual timer
    Give work in small doses
    Allow breaks
    Check on student often
    Reward wanted behavior
    http://www.addinschool.com/elementary/timeontask.htm
  • Social Skills
    Review his plan for recess activity
    Role play target social skills
    Keep close during unstructured activities
    Teach "Stop and Think" before talking
    http://www.addinschool.com/elementary/socialskills.htm
  • Help them cope
    Have a consistent routine
    Provide a place to unwind and reduce stress
    Provide immediate feedback
    Let the little things go
    Treat them with respect
  • A teacher can make or break a child’s year.
    “In the successful years, he felt that his teacher really understood him and was rooting for him. In the disaster years, he didn’t click with the teacher, and just completely shut down” (Kutscher 2005).
  • Bibliography
    Cowan, D. (2007), The ADHD information library. Retrieved from http://newideas.net/
    Hallowell, E. & Ratey,J. (2005). Delivered from distraction. New York: Ballantine Books
    Hallowell, E. & Ratey, J (1994). Driven to Distraction. New York: Simon & Shuster
    Kutcher, M. (2005). Kids in the syndrome mix of ADHD, LD, Aspergers, Tourettes, Bipolar, & more. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • Bibliography
    Pastor P. & Reuben C. (2008) Diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability: United States, 2004–2006. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 10(237). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/Sr10_237.pdf
  • Bibliography
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, (2010), Increasing Prevalence of Parent-Reported Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children --- United States, 2003 and 2007. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5944a3.htm?s_cid=mm5944a3_w