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  • 1. America In The Beginning
    Who were the first Americans?
    This land bridge is known as Beringia.
    Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migration to the America's.
    This caused ocean levels to drop and expose land.
    In the Bering straight, a land bridge appeared connecting Siberia & the Americas
    30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age
    The world was covered in glaciers
    or sheets of ice.
    How and why did they come here?
  • 2. America In The Beginning
    What happened when they came to America?
    The ice age ended warming up glaciers causing water levels to rise covering up the land bridge.
    Some animals died off like mammoths.
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own environments
    in order to survive.
    How did they meet their new needs?
    Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the mammoths and spread out or migrated to the America's
  • 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
    America In The Beginning
    Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region .
    Many Native American have these things in common.
    1. Nature has a spirit & believes in many gods.
    2. No one can own land.
    3. Only use what is needed.
    4. Trade was important to most societies
    Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
    What did they have in common?
  • 4. 8 Cultural
    Regions
    California
    Great Basin
    Great Plains
    South East
    North West Coast
    Plateau
    Eastern Woodlands
    South West
  • 5. 8 Cultural Regions
  • 6.
  • 7. North West Coast
    Weather:
    long cold winters
    cool summers
    heavy rainfall
    Natural Resources:
    ocean/beaches
    thick forests of fir,
    spruce, and cedar
    rugged mountains
    seafood/salmon
    deer, moose, bear, elk,
    beaver, mountain goats
  • 8. California
    Weather:
    rainy winters
    hot dry summers
    Natural Resources:
    ocean/coast
    foothills
    valley's
    deserts
    mountains
    acorns, oak trees
    grass, and plants
    redwood trees
    salmon/seafood/shellfish
    deer, rabbits, ducks,
    roots berries, pine nuts
  • 9. Great Basin
    Weather:
    little rain
    hot during the day
    cold at night
    Natural Resources:
    mostly dessert
    low areas surrounded by
    mountains at the edges
    with valleys that had
    seasonal lakes and streams
    plants that need little water like
    grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
    at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
    small animals rabbits, lizards,
    grasshoppers, snakes
    sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
    seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
  • 10. Plateau
    Weather:
    long cold winters
    comfortable summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains with
    dense forests in areas
    flatter in the center with
    drier grass lands
    rivers
    driftwood, mud, dirt,
    grass and sage brush
    fish, antelope, deer, seeds
    onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
  • 11. Great Plains
    Weather:
    cold winters
    hot summers
    Natural Resources:
    mountains surrounding edges
    treeless grasslands in the center
    east more water and softer soil
    west drier dense grass
    Buffalo and smaller animals
  • 12. South West
    Weather:
    high temperatures
    little rain
    dry/arid
    Natural Resources:
    mountains, canyons
    desserts, flat top mesas
    rivers, little water
    clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
    corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
  • 13. Eastern Woodlands
    Weather:
    snowy winters , rain
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    lots of lakes and streams
    Forests, plants,
    maple trees, elm,
    deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
    corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
    nuts, berries
  • 14. South East
    Weather:
    long warm humid summers
    mild winters
    Natural Resources:
    rivers, ocean/coast
    Fertile coastal plains
    mountains,
    swamps
    Trees, clay, shells,
    corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
    sunflowers, sweet potatoes
    squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
    deer, alligators, turtles,
    wild rice, persimmons