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Marisa e-learning history and success story


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  • 1. E-Learning History and Success Story Marisa Paryasto 10 Dec 2012Monday, December 10, 2012 1
  • 2. The next big killer application for the internet is going to be education (John Chambers, CEO of Cisco Systems)Monday, December 10, 2012 2
  • 3. Has learning changed?Monday, December 10, 2012 3
  • 4. The world has changed Baby Thinks Magazine is IPAD watch?v=kEvi4cBZW6sMonday, December 10, 2012 4
  • 5. The world has changed Baby Thinks Magazine is IPAD watch?v=kEvi4cBZW6sMonday, December 10, 2012 4
  • 6. Tomorrow’s illiterate would not be the man who cannot read He will be the man who has not learned how to learn (Herbert Gerjuoy)Monday, December 10, 2012 5
  • 7. What is E-Learning The use of Internet technologies to deliver a broad array of solutions that enhance knowledge and performance (Rosenberg, 2001) E-learning is internet-enabled learning (, December 10, 2012 6
  • 8. History of E-Learning, December 10, 2012 7
  • 9. More about E-Learning History (1) *, December 10, 2012 8
  • 10. More about E-Learning History (2) *, December 10, 2012 9
  • 11. More about E-Learning History (3) *, December 10, 2012 10
  • 12. More about E-Learning History (4) *, December 10, 2012 11
  • 13. *, December 10, 2012 12
  • 14. Digital Divide content/uploads/2011/02/2009.09.21.divide.gif, December 10, 2012 13
  • 15. How to close the gap ‣ Equality: The Internet is considered as important -- if not more important -- as access to the telephone. With more and more career, business, civic and social welfare information uploaded to websites, online databases and even social networks, the very people who need this information may be the ones without access to it. ‣ Education: With the vast research and information resources available on the Internet, the prevalent use of distance learning and the fundamental computer and Internet skills that are gained by having online access, those without are at a distinct disadvantage. ‣ Democracy: As more of our political discourse takes place online -- online voting already occurs in some areas -- those without access are essentially silenced. ‣ Economy: Access to information technologies and other consumers via Internet connections is critical to the growth of commerce and transactional exchanges. The digital divide creates a vicious cycle: Those without economic means cannot access the Internet to take part in -- and benefit from -- these economic activities. *, December 10, 2012 14
  • 16. How technology helps learning Support new approaches: Increases productivity: ‣ cooperative learning ‣ student - teacher interaction ‣ shared intelligence and knowledge ‣ accurate information quickly provided ‣ problem solving and higher-level skills ‣ more “student- friendly” materials (use of multimedia elements)Monday, December 10, 2012 15
  • 17. Characteristics of e-Learning Just in time (JIT), more interactive, integrating work and learning, time effective, cost effective, consistent, broad, flexible Were (online + offline) When (Synchronous + Asynchronous) Media (text + video + audio + animation) Didactical interaction (assignments + discussions + seminar etc) Content delivery (paper + website + PDA etc) With (selfstudy + cooperative learning + collaborative learning) Type (formal + informal)Monday, December 10, 2012 16
  • 18. Classic learning vs E-Learning Classic Learning E-Learning Physical - limited scale Unlimited Classroom synchronous Anytime, anywhere Using ppt/transparency Multimedia/simulation textbooks/library Digital library Content video On demand Synchronous & Asynchronous collaboration communication Learning path and pace Personalisation One learning path determined by learnerMonday, December 10, 2012 17
  • 19. E-learning does not mean that Have to be away Working alone Being evaluated by everybody accept you Suitable for Abandoning traditional training methods everybody Going to cause trainers to lose there job Will make university have to close downMonday, December 10, 2012 18
  • 20. Pedagogical Approaches or Perspectives ‣ Social-contructivist: well afforded by discussion forums, blogs, wiki and on- line collaborative activities ‣ Laurillard’s Conversational Model: discussion boards ‣ Cognitive perspective: processes of learning, how the brain works ‣ Emotional perspective: emotional aspects of learning (motivation, engagement, fun, etc.) ‣ Behavioral perspective: skills and behavioral outcomes of the learning process. ‣ Contextual perspective: environmental and social aspects to stimulate learning. Interaction with other people, collaborative discovery and peer support ‣ Mode Neutral: convergence or promotion of ‘transmodal’ learningMonday, December 10, 2012 19
  • 21. Discussions ‣ What is the most essential problem in learning? ‣ Is there something wrong with classical learning so that we need e- learning, or is it the technology driving us to create e-learning? ‣ Legal issues: Credit based earning? ‣ Will e-learning replaces physical lecturers and universities? ‣ Which one is better? Classical learning or e-learning? Or combination of both?Monday, December 10, 2012 20
  • 22. The challenges of education today ‣ Education for a few to ‣ Liberal arts education to Education for all vocational education and (democratization of human resource development education) ‣ Creating “knowledge workers” in ‣ Learning as an individual science and technology process to Learning as an ‣ Theoretical to practical institutional phenomenon ‣ Single discipline to (learning organizations) Multidisciplinary to Integrated Knowledge ‣ Teacher-centered to Student- centered ‣ Knowledge as Truth to ‣ Rote learning to Learning as Knowledge as Relative reflection and application ‣ Childhood to Adult to Lifelong ‣ Face-to-face to Distance to E- learning learning to Mobile learningMonday, December 10, 2012 21
  • 23. Success Story - Khan Academy, December 10, 2012 22
  • 24. Success Story - Khan Academy, December 10, 2012 22
  • 25. Conclusion 1. Integrating educational technology: determine electronic tools, which methods to be implemented appropriately for a given situation and problem 2. Direct technology resources to specific problems and needsMonday, December 10, 2012 23