It was tha peace settlement signed after World war One had ended in 1918 and in the shadow of the Russian Revolution and other events in Russia.
The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris, between Germany nad Allies.
The three most important politicians there were David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson.
Worl war One had left Europe devastated. The countries that had fought in it, had suffered casualties (dead soldiers) never experienced before.
Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, Russia and America.
Those who had fought against the Alleis suffered heavy casualties as well: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria.
Total deaths: 8.5 million and 21 million being wounded.
750,000 destroyed French homes.
The infrastructure of the region had been severely damaged.
Germany was held responsible for the war and its consequences.
Spanish flu hit Europe, 25 million people died.
The attitude towards Germany of the “Big Three”
The treaty was signed on June 28th 1919, after months of arguments among the “BIG THREE”.
The “Big Three” were David Lloyd of Britain, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson of America.
The terms of the Treaty of Versailles
It can be divided into a number of sections: territorial, military, financial and general.
The consequences of Versailles
The League of Nations was created
Land had to be handed over the Poland, France, Belgium and Denmark.
All overseas colonies were to be handed over to the League.
All land taken from Russia had to be handed back to Russia
Germany’s army had to be reduced to 100,000 men
Germany’s navy was educed to 6 battleships with no submarines. No air force was allowed. Western Germany was to be demilitarised Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria Germany had to accept the “War Guilt Clause” and pay reparations
Traety of Saint Germain
Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Neuilly
Treaty of Sevres
Hamer, J (1980) “ The Twentieth Century” Macmillan London