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Grammar book
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  • 1. Page 1 ---------- SERPage 2 ---------- ESTARPage 3 ---------- GUSTARPage 4 ---------- TRANSITION WORDSPage 5 ---------- IMPERFECT/IRREGULARSPage 6 ---------- ACABARPage 7 ---------- HACER FORMULASPage 8 ---------- VERBS LIKE GUSTARPage 9 ---------- REFLEXIVE VERBSPage 10 --------- TU COMMANDSPage 11 --------- D.O.P. + PLACEMENT
  • 2.  ESTAR IS A VERB THAT ALSO TRANSLATES TO “TO BE”, HOWEVER, ESTAR IS USED TO DESCRIBE TEMPORARY / VARYING CONDITIONS OF SOMEONE OR SOMETHING. CONJUGATED FORMS:  YOESTOY  TUESTAS  EL/ELLA/UD.ESTA  NOSOTROSESTAMOS  VOSOTROSESTAIS  ELLOS/ELLAS/UDS.ESTAN
  • 3.  Gustar Translates To “To Like”. To Begin A Sentence With Gustar, Start With A Pronoun, Such As Te (Which In This Case Translates To “You”), Then Put The Properly Conjugated Form Of Gustar. Unlike Other Verbs, Gustar Does Not Conjugate Based On The “Yo” Or “Tu” Or El” Form. If A Singular Noun Is Being “Gustared”, Then “Gusta” Is Used. If A Plural Noun Is Being “Gustared”, Then “Gustan” Is Used. Conjugated forms of Gustar: Yo Me gusta(an) Tu Te gusta(an) El/ella/ud. Le gusta(an) Nosotros Vosotros Ellos/Ellas/Uds.
  • 4. TRANSITION WORDS connect two sentences or two parts of a sentence together. Tambien O • ALSO • OR Y PERO • AND • BUT NI ESQUIERDA • AND • SO
  • 5. IMPERFECT TENSE VERBS name ongoing actions of the past. In other words, they refer to a past action that occurred over a period of time (movie). AR’S HABLABA HABLABAS HABLABA HABLAMOS HABLABAN(HABLAR) ER’S COMÌA COMÌAS COMÌA COMÌAMOS COMÌAN(COMER) IR’S ESCRIBÌA ESCRIBÌA ESCRIBÌAS ESCRIBÌA ESCRIBÌNESCRIBIR MOS
  • 6.  ACABAR IS THE INFINITIVE FORM OF THE VERB THAT MEANS “TO HAVE JUST DONE (SOMETHING). When using ACABAR put the conjugated version of the verb at the beginning of the sentence, followed by DE, then followed by the infinitive form of a verb.  Acabo de ir al baÑo. (I just went to the bathroom) ACABO ACABAMOS ACABAS ACABAÌS ACABA ACABAN
  • 7.  HACE + TIME + CONJUGATED VERB Used to talk about how much time spent doing something. Hace trenta y cinco menos que grito a mi amigo. HAY + QUE + INFINITIVE Used to talk about what needs to be done (in the FUTURE) It is impersonal: not directed toward anyone in particular Hay que estudiar SE PROHIBE + INFINITIVE Used to tell what is prohibited. SE PERMITE+ INFINITIVE tells what is allowed. Se prohibe fumar - Se permite comer. IR + A + INFINITIVE Tells what someone is going to do. Present tense  since and for Pritierate  ago  Roberto VA a comer.
  • 8. REFLEXIVE verbs reflect action back to the subject of the sentence. - Reflexive verbs occur when the “DOER” (or subject) in a sentence is THE SAME as the “RECEIVER” of the sentence.
  • 9. AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVEPUT THE VERB INTO THE START WITH NO, THEN “LO”, INFINITIVE FORM, THEN AND THEN THE PROPER ADD “LO” TO THE END OF FORM OF THE DESIRED IT. VERB.COMERLO = EAT IT! - AR = ES - ER/IR = AS - NO LO COMEAS!
  • 10. ME NOS TE OSLO/LA LOS/LAS