Close to the arctic circle, the ancient greek´s Thule, Trondheim is the greatest city of the far North, with an amazing medievel cathedral, an historic town center and the best high-latitude University.
<ul><li>Trondheim was founded by Viking King Olav Tryggvason in AD 997, and occupies a special place in Norwegian culture and history. </li></ul><ul><li>The city was the nation's first capital, and continues to be the coronation city where Norway's Kings from Harald Hårfagre (10th century BC) to King Harald V (1991 - ) have been crowned and blessed. </li></ul>
<ul><li>For centuries, Trondheim was the northernmost mercantile city in Europe. This also resulted in a more international culture than many other Scandinavian cities at the time. </li></ul>
The inhabitants like to call their city the historical, the religious, and the technology capital of Norway. It´s also believed to be located in Trondheim region the mythical Thule found by greek explorer Pytheas.
<ul><li>1. The Nidelva </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>The Wharves </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Nidelva ( Nid river ) ends in a fiord. This location allows for a good harbour and good sailing channels, and favoured Trondheim’s place in northern economy for centuries. Wharves (warehouses) were built along the river to store goods from that flourishing trade. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The oldest of the wharves along the Nidelva date back to the 18th century; they still give the impression of the waterfront as it was long before then. </li></ul>
<ul><li>On the seafront, towards the canal, many of the wharves ( " Brygger “ ) were built more recently, in the 19th and 20th centuries. Now they house shops, offices, restaurants and cafes, helping to keep a special charm. </li></ul>
In these warehouses the boats used to load an unload cargo . The houses were used as storage and could be reached from both the river,
A long stretch of the Nidelva is lined with wooden warehouses
The wharves remind us of the importance of Trondheim as a merchant city.
Fertile communities lined the shores of the long, wide Trondheims Fjord and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting provided excellent living standards.
<ul><li>2. The old bridge </li></ul><ul><li>(Gamle Bybro) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gate of Fortune – that’s how locals call the old town bridge, built in 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>The carved gates have made it Trondheim's distinctive hallmark. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gamle bybro is also called " Lykkens portal " ( The Gate of Fortune ), after Oskar Hoddø's waltz " Nidelven stille og vakker du er ". </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bakklandet i </li></ul><ul><li>s one of the best </li></ul><ul><li>This neighbourhood on the east side of the Nidelva features old timber buildings, originally the homes of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>This special area of town is a strong part of Trondheim's cultural identity. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bakklandet was first built in the 17th century, but was partly destroyed when the Swedish under General Armfeldt beleaguered the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction took place soon after as small houses were erected, for the most part occupied by seamen, fishermen and labourers. </li></ul>
No other city in the Nordic countries has as much wooden architecture as Trondheim
Many of the wooden buildings in Trondheim date from the 19th century, but these retain something of a tradition going back to the 18th and 17th centuries
Trondheim allowed new buildings to be made of wood in residential areas where houses were not so densely packed as in the shopping districts.
The restored Bakklandet is a charming mixture of houses, shops and cafés.
Stiftsgården, the Royal Residence The palace is one of the largest wooden buildings in the Nordic countries, now called the Royal Residence. It was completed in 1778.
<ul><li>The palace is the official residence of Norway’s King and Queen in Trondheim </li></ul>
Ringve Museum , a museum devoted to music. http://www.ringve.com/English/ Trondheim has a broad music scene, and is known for its strong communities committed to classical music, with a music conservatory at NTNU and a municipal music school, the Nidaros Cathedral Choir and the Trondheim Soloists .
<ul><li>Nidaros was the most important pilgrim destination in northern Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims came to Nidaros cathedral to visit the shrine of St. Olaf, or King Olaf Haraldson (995 to 1030), who founded the city. </li></ul><ul><li>He was buried on the spot where the cathedral now stands. </li></ul><ul><li>Nidaros cathedral is Norway's national sanctuary. </li></ul>
<ul><li>St. Olav is Norway's patron saint, whose reputation shone far beyond the borders of his country. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Construction started in 1070, but the oldest parts still in existence are from the middle of the 12th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Ravaged by fire on several occasions, the church was rebuilt each time - mainly in the Gothic style, but the oldest parts around the transept reflect the Roman style. </li></ul>
The west wall is the main façade of the church. Over 50 statues cover the front of the building and several other statues and dozens of fascinating gargoyles can be found throughout the rest of the cathedral
<ul><li>Detail of the West Wall , richly ornamented in stone </li></ul>
<ul><li>St. Olav, in the west wall </li></ul>
Pilgrims came from far and wide to be healed at St. Olav’ s shrine. The church remained one of Europe’s most important places of pilgrimage until the Reformation.
<ul><li>Archbishop's Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Erkebispegården </li></ul><ul><li>This is the oldest secular building in Scandinavia. Work on it started in the second half of the 12th century, and it served as the Archbishop's residence until the Reformation in 1537. </li></ul><ul><li>The Archbishop's Residence is one of the best preserved buildings of its type in Europe </li></ul>
<ul><li>Nedre Elvehavn is a borough of Trondheim located east bank of Nidelven. </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1990s the borough went through a major renovation, resulting in a new and expensive area close to the city centre with business, shopping, restaurants and pubs. </li></ul>