Offical corel painter tutorial 02
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Offical corel painter tutorial 02

on

  • 350 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
350
Views on SlideShare
350
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Offical corel painter tutorial 02 Offical corel painter tutorial 02 Document Transcript

  • IssuetwoVisitusonline–www.paintermagazine.co.ukOfficialCorel® PainterTM Magazine Learn to paint digitally today! Artistic advice and inspiration Precise colour selection Using the Airbrush options Creativetipsandtricks Philip Straub DiscoverhowthisPainterMaster createshisamazingartworks The art of glazeThe art of glaze Quicklyadddefinitionandzingto yourworkbyapplyingaglaze RealBristle brushes Achieverealisticbrushstrokeswith thesephenomenalnewbrushes FEATURED IN THIS ISSUE Free CD inside Official Magazine Learn to paint digitally today! Artistic advice and inspiration Precise colour selection Using the Airbrush options Creativetipsandtricks Official MagazineOfficial Magazine brushesb ush Takecontrolof Learnhowtoselect,editanduse thebestbrushesin CorelPainter www.paintermagazine.co.uk PC and Mac ISSUE TWO £6.00ISSN 1753-3155 9 7 7 1 7 5 3 3 1 5 0 0 0 0 2 PHOTOS | GUIDES | FONTS | TRIALS Tonal control The options available for correcting colour in images Tonal control Edward Hopper We reveal how to paint in the style of this iconic American artist Composition Learn how to arrange objects for maximum effect OPM_02-Cover.indd 1 6/3/07 16:40:00
  • 5 Jo Cole Editor jo.cole@imagine-publishing.co.uk Welcome Nodoubtalotofyouwillhave triedCorelPainterXbynow andnodoubtyouwillhave beenveryexcitedbythenew RealBristlebrushcategory. ThismakesCorelPainteract evenmoreliketraditional mediabecauseitallowsyoutomakethebrush behaveasifitwasarealbrush.Ourtutorial onpage38showshowitworksusingarather lovelyseascapeasanexample. Andkeepingwiththebrushtheme,our featurethisissueexploressomeofthebest brushesforcreatingcertainartisticeffects. Whileamerefeaturecouldneverhopeto capturethecompletepowerofCorelPainter’s brushesandcontrols,it’senoughtogiveyou somecreativeideas!Andforevenmoreideas, turntoourPaintLike…tutorial(page56) anddiscoverhowtore-createoneofthemost iconicmodernpaintingsofourtime–Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks.Alsolearnabout compositiononpage66andseehowitcan improveyourartwork. Happypainting! ThisisTHEmagazineforanyonewantingtofurthertheir CorelPainterskillsorlearnhowtobecomeabetterartist ISSUETWO Visitourwebsite! Ifyoufindthatthemagazineisn’tenoughtosatisfyyourCorel Painterappetite,youcanalwaysvisitourwebsite.Poponoverto www.paintermagazine.co.ukandregisterasauser.Oncethisis outoftheway,explorethepagesandenjoygreatcontentsuchas… •Downloadableresources •Onlinegalleriestoshareyourwork •SpecialforumformeetingotherCorelPainterusers Cloneandglaze Pg 30 Buildupaglazeeffectby manipulatingtheclone commandandproducea gloriousportrait Brushes: Airbrushes Pg 64 Discover how these brushes work and use them in your art Paintlike: EdwardHopper Pg 56 UseCorelPaintertore- createthisclassicimage ofAmerica 003_OPM02_Welcome.indd 3 12/3/07 09:45:05
  • Regularsineveryissue Pg34 08 Subscriptions Sign up to subscribe to the magazine and save yourself up to 40%! 10 Paintershowcase Look out for the special pages presenting some of the best work from Corel Painter artists 12 Letters The newest addition to the mag – this is where you can send your art and comments 76 ArtClass A hotbed of solutions to creative queries, as well as specific software questions 94 Reader’sGallery Jennifer Miller shares some of her exquisite work in the latest Reader’s Gallery Reviews 6 97 Reader’s Challenge Load up the supplied images and enter our regular challenge 98 On the disc All the content found nestled on this issue’s special CD-ROM 84 FujifilmFinePixF31fd We take a look at the Fujifilm FinePix F31fd and see whether its face-detection technology is pure gadget or sheer genius 86 HPPhotoshosmartProB9180 Big artistic ideas require a big printer to let others see them. We try this A3+ printer and see if it’s good enough for your work 88 Books Three more fantastic titles that will inspire you and expand your working knowledge of traditional art techniques 90 TheBigPrintCompany Learn more about this professional printing company and then see how you can order an MDF block mounted print WIN! YOUR WORK PRINTED TO CANVAS Pg97 PhilipStraub Regulars P38USINGTHE REALBRISTLEBRUSHES SPECIALTUTORIALONUSINGTHIS FABULOUSNEWCOLLECTIONOF BRUSHESINCORELPAINTER X P99GETSTARTEDWITH DIGITALPAINTING FREECD-ROMPACKEDWITH ESSENTIALRESOURCESFORCREATING DIGITALART ONTHEFRONTCOVER Discover more about this artist and how he creates his awe-inspiring art Cloneandglazepg30 Learn more about this professional how you can order an MDF block Interview Pg14 The newest addition to the mag special CD-ROM Pg97 006-7_OPM02_Contents.indd 6 9/3/07 17:26:25
  • RealBristlebrushes pg40 7 66 Learnaboutcomposition Applying the tried and tested rules of composition is a good way of ensuring that your work is as pleasing as possible to the eye. We look at the best and show how to use them 30 Cloneanimageandgeta glazeeffect Emulate the look of an old master by cloning an image and applying glaze effects 38 RealBristlebrushes Discover how this new brush category in Corel Painter X can be used to produce art 52 Createyourowngallery We reveal how to set up your own gallery on the magazine website and also see what else you can do there 56 Paintlike:EdwardHopper His paintings became cultural icons of America. Re-create his Nighthawks painting and learn more about his style Primers Getupandrunning… 36 Effects:TonalControl Use this menu to unearth the commands for colour correcting your photos and artwork 64 Brushes: Airbrushes The best options for using these delicate and smooth collection of brush effects Featurefocus Gettoknowyourtools 48 Selectcolour You have a few choices when it comes to setting a hue to work with – we show you what they are Traditionalartistictechniques Drawing101 PaintlikeEdwardHopper pg56 20 GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushes Read this guide to discover which brushes work best for which style of artwork and guarantee yourself great pictures every time Specialcreativeguides Feature Getstartedwithbrushes pg20 www. painter magazine. co.uk Visitour websitenow! tutorials Createinspirationalart 66 Learnaboutcomposition Applying the tried and tested rules of composition is a good way of ensuring that your work is as pleasing as possible to the eye. We look at the best and show how to use them TraditionalartistictechniquesTraditionalartistictechniques Drawing101 006-7_OPM02_Contents.indd 7 9/3/07 17:27:12
  • showcase 010-11_OPM_02-artspread.indd 10 9/3/07 15:02:22
  • KATARINASOKOLOVA TITLEChio-Chio-San WEBSITEwww.katarinasokolova.com JOBTITLEProfessionalartistandphotographer CLIENTSCorelCorporation,privatecollectors Katarinacomesfromabatikandgraphicsbackground,whichhashelped shapethebeautifulfabricdetailyouseeineachandeveryoneofher paintings.Wecouldn’tresistputtingherChio-Chio-Sanpaintingonour cover,asitexemplifiesthequalityoffinishachievablewithCorelPainter. YoucanseemoreofKatarina’sdigitalpaintingsintheComputerGraphics sectionofhersiteandifyoufallinlovewithone,youcancontactherto seeifit’spossibletopurchaseaprintofit! 010-11_OPM_02-artspread.indd 11 9/3/07 15:03:03
  • 12 news events resourcesevents resourcesevents letters websiteletters websiteletters info news events resourcesevents resourcesevents Buying artwork I’ve wanted to get into digital art for a while now and �inally have the time now that I am retired. The thing is, I feel as though I have missed the boat in terms of �inding helpful online resources – I just want somewhere that I can visit from time to time to get some inspiration. Also, can you give me the contact details of any artists who sell prints of their work? By the way, congratulations on a great magazine. It’s already help me get the hang of Quick Clone, so I am more than pleased that it has come out. Please keep up the good work! Steve Marchent our Letters Hello Steve, thanks for getting in touch and for the praise! In fact, thank you to everyone who has written in and said how much they enjoy the magazine. It’s exciting to think about how the title can develop – with your help, of course! Now onto your question. A lot of artists offer prints of their work from their site, but by far the best way to shop for some digital art is to visit the deviantART site. It might be that you’ve already found it but if you haven’t, it is a bubbling cauldron of talent of artists covering all disciplines. The shop allows you to buy prints (canvas and paper) of your favourite work, as well as calendars, puzzles and various other novelty items. Find it all at http://shop.deviantart.com. Famous paintings I’vejustboughtissueone–greatstuff!I particularlylikedtheVanGoghtutorial andwonderedifyou’llbedoingmoreofthe same?I’vealwaysbeenfascinatedwith copyingmasterpieces. Dave Ridgely It sounds like you could have a career in the art forgery business, Dave! Just keep our names out of it… You will be delighted to hear that we’ll show how to re-create a famous painting each and every issue. We get a big kick out of deciding who to decode and will be looking at classic works as well as more contemporary artists. This issue we look at Edward Hopper, p56. Welcome to the part of the magazine where you can come and share your thoughts on anything you fancy! FeaturedGallery Our favourite reader’s gallery this month LynneMitchell www.paintermagazine.co.uk/ user/LynneMitchell Lynne impressed all of us with the images she posted on the website, especially the still life studies. She has a flawless application of paint, and the brush strokes are think and luxurious. Her eye for lighting is also excellent and manages to enhance the painterly elements even further. Visit the site to see Lynne’s work or pay a visit to her main website, found at www.rabbitholeproductions.com Our favourite reader’s gallery this month with the images she posted on the website, especially the still life studies. She has a flawless application of paint, and the brush strokes are think and luxurious. and manages to enhance the painterly Visit the site to see Lynne’s work or pay Reader’stipReader’stip Share your Corel Painter wisdom… Keepyourimpastocanvaswet forlateredits I always change my mind, so find it invaluable to save work in the RIFF format, because this means I can keep my impasto layer editable, and open up to change surface texture or play with depth. Sandra Choi If you have a creative tip you’d like to share with others, send it in to us and we’ll print it! LynneMitchell www.paintermagazine.co.uk/ user/LynneMitchell a flawless application of paint, and the brush strokes are think and luxurious. Her eye for lighting is also excellent and manages to enhance the painterly elements even further. Visit the site to see Lynne’s work or pay a visit to her main website, found at www.rabbitholeproductions.com Garlic and Onions A fine still life that would do Cezanne proud Formal Betty Check out how Lynne has applied textured strokes to all areas Zoe Portrait A great example of Lynne’s brush work Official Corel Painter Magazine, Imagine Publishing, Richmond House, 33 Richmond Hill, Bournemouth, Dorset BH2 6EZ, UK If you’d prefer to contact us via email, send your message to opm@ imagine-publishing. co.uk Send your letters to... For some very reasonably- priced artwork, make your way over to the deviantART store http:// shop.deviantart.com 012-13_OPM02 letters.indd 12 9/3/07 17:12:20
  • 13 The latest from our forum and website User:cgntoonartist Subject:Work in Progress section A ‘Work in Progress’ section on this forum would be great! A place where we can share and post images (step-by-step), how we create our artwork or just to show what we have been creating with Corel Painter and have image progressions on how we got there. What do you folks think of this? User:editorjo Subject:Re: Work in Progress section Great idea – consider it done! es letters websiteletters websiteletters info news events resources letters websiteletters websiteletters info CorelPainterportfolio Hello, I was wondering if you’d be interested in printing my images in the magazine? They are titled Fall and My Love. Since I was a child, nature has inspired me more than anything else to create arts. Autumn in Canada is one of the most beautiful seasons. When it comes to colours, nature is the best inspiration. So in the Fall image, I was trying to duplicate some of the colours that nature offers and I did my very best to get it right. I always wanted to paint portraits and with My Love, I had some inspiration to paint the portrait of a lady that I love. This image was painted in Corel Painter IX and the Artists’ Oils brushes were used for the medium. I used Adobe Photoshop for the �inal touches like tonal and the odd bit of colour correction. It took me 16 hours to complete it. Ata Alishahi Thanks for sending in those images, Ata. We love seeing what readers are creating, so never be shy about sending stuff in. If you’d like to see more of Ata’s work, get yourself over to www.atadesigner.com. And on the subject of showing us your work, make sure you pay a visit to our website at www.paintermagazine.co.uk. We’re going to keep plugging this because the gallery feature makes it a perfect place to show off your portfolio. You have to sign up as a member to create your own gallery, but this only takes a few moments. Once it’s done, you’re free to upload your images for all to see. For a full guide on how it works, turn to page 52 for a tutorial. Camellias and Old BoxA lovely still life with rich colours and a texture you can almost feel Ata finds inspiration in the natural colours of Canada, which is clearly expressed in this beautifully serene image Ata’s portrait of his love works because of the strong colours and also the unusual pose. Of course, the brush strokes don’t hurt either! www.paintermagazine.co.uk There’s lots to do on the magazine website, but don’t forget the website challenge. Every two months or so we will post a new set of pictures. It is then your task to take these and do something with them! The winner will receive a subscription to the magazine and worldwide adoration! It’s early days yet, but here are our two favourite entries so far. The top is by Stephen Salmon, while the bottom is by Karen Bonaker. Don’tbeshy–there’sstilltimetoenter!Gotowww.paintermagazine.co.uk/competitions ENTERTHEFORUMCHALLENGE Website challenge Some of the best so far… Forum highlights The best topic of conversation Head over to the forum to see what’s the topic of conversation today! www.paintermagazine.co.uk/forumAta’s portrait of his love works because of the strong colours and also the unusual pose. Of course, the brush strokes don’t hurt either! Ata finds inspiration in the natural colours of Canada, which is clearly expressed in this beautifully serene image 012-13_OPM02 letters.indd 13 9/3/07 17:12:43
  • Interview PhilipStraub 14 Silent Morning Using a mixture of Corel Painter and Photoshop, Phil has managed to create a beautifully evocative piece that perfectly captures the stillness of a new day website www.philipstraub.com jobtitle ArtdirectorforNCSoft,freelancedigitalartist clients Corel,Disney,WarnerBrothers,UniversalStudios 014-18_OPM02_Interview.indd 14 9/3/07 18:50:38
  • 15 hilip Straub lives and breathes creativity. Over his professional life he has been creative director at Electronic Arts, as well as his work appearing in over 30 children’s books. His list of clients include Corel, Disney, Mattel and Warner Brothers and he also has a set up a licensing business with his �iancé. In terms of style, Philip covers a dazzling range of looks, from bright and colourful children’s illustrations, to intricate concept art and fantasy landscapes. We recently spoke with Philip to discover how he works and to �ind out more about how he uses Corel Painter to create his masterpieces. We caught up with the phenomenally talented Philip Straub to find out more about how he works and what inspires him PhilipStraub How did you manage to become involved with Ballistic Publishing’s Painter book? Did you find it difficult to judge other people’s work? I’ve had a relationship with Ballistic for many years now and they’ve always been very generous in including me in such products. I worked with them on the �irst D’artiste book as one of the four authors, I’ve judged two of their CGChallenges and also teach a workshop annually through the CGWorkshops brand. I’ve judged a number of competitions in my career and it’s always a challenge to go through the thousands of entries ultimately choosing a fraction of the entries as �inalists. In my experience, the top pieces usually just jump right out at you for their excellence, it’s picking those last few �inalists that becomes dif�icult. Tell us a bit about the children’s books you are currently working on. Do you plan to release them worldwide or will it just be limited distribution? It’s based on the Secret Places brand I’ve been working on for a few years. Currently, a few images are available as massive wall murals through Brewster Wallcovering and I’ve been negotiating with a few different companies to have puzzles made as well as stationery. Once Aninterview with… well as his work appearing in over 30 children’s books. His list of clients include We caught up with the phenomenally talented Philip Straub to find out more about how he works and what inspires him PhilipStraubPhilipStraub 014-18_OPM02_Interview.indd 15 9/3/07 14:01:25
  • Interview PhilipStraub 16 I �inish the book the goal is to distribute it worldwide eventually. I have to �inish two other book projects I’m working on before I can complete this one though. What is your proudest creative moment so far? I don’t know… that’s a really tough one! Probably winning a Silver Medal in the Society of Illustrators annual illustration competition. I really feel like I still have so much to contribute to the art �ield and am just getting started. How do you start a digital painting? Do you have a typical workflow process or does it differ according to the particular piece you are doing? The answer is yes and yes! I have a couple of different work�lows I use depending on my mood and the project. For my more free-form personal concept illustrations the process is usually quite chaotic. I just simply start throwing down shapes and colours onto the canvas and see what happens. Usually after a short while something takes shape and I re�ine down from there. “I always try to bring my personal touch to all the professional work I produce” [ABOVE] The Hive “This was the first painting I created using only the Artists’ Oils in Painter IX. In this situation, I worked on only the canvas layer, building up the texture, color, and composition as I worked” [MIDDLE PAGE] Enchanted Evening This image won an award at the Society of Illustrators Los Angeles 2005, as well as being featured in The New Masters of Fantasy III When working on a commissioned painting the process is usually a bit more precise. First, I do some research on the subject matter by gathering all kinds of visual reference so I can have as complete an understanding of all the elements in the painting as possible. Next, I usually begin sketching in black and white at a fairly low resolution so that memory limitations don’t sti�le the creative process. During the sketch phase I’m primarily focused on basic shape construction, overall composition and positive negative space. Once I’m happy with the overall composition, I usually begin re�ining down the technical aspects of the painting, focusing on perspective and/or anatomy. Once I’m feeling comfortable with the drawing, I’ll begin adding colour to the image. How did you make the leap from digital artist to home decor products? I really like the idea of diversifying my portfolio and the work that I produce. When I began working with rep. she suggested I begin tailoring some of my work towards the licensed market. She 014-18_OPM02_Interview.indd 16 9/3/07 14:01:58
  • 17 felt that my more whimsical children’s book style could �ind success on licensed products so I began to expand that out into the �latter, more graphic style seen in the scrapbooking, stationery and wallpaper products I produce. I can’t take all the credit though, my �iancé helps me out with a lot of the brand development. Did you find the move from traditional painting to digital painting smooth or was it a bit of a jolt? I’d say it was a bit of jolt! I was trained as a traditional oil painter and at the time I thought that was how I would produce paintings for the rest of my life. It’s important to keep in mind computer illustration was still in its infancy when I was in school. There were a few classes just being offered to the Graphic Design and Interior Design majors but many artists still hadn’t made the transition. I was introduced to digital illustration at my �irst real art job working for children’s book illustrator Mercer Mayer. I’d played around with computer-aided design with a variety of programs before but never thought of it as a ‘real’ illustration tool. I wasn’t alone, very felt that my more whimsical children’s book style could �ind success on licensed Afternoon Light (above) “When I set up my files in bothPainter and Photoshop I always breakdown the structure by placing thebackground, middle ground, andforeground objects on separate layers.This ensures that they can easilybe edited. Towards the end of thepainting process, I’ll usually place apost layer at the top of the layerhierarchy and paint in atmosphericperspective using either an airbrushor cover pencil.” - Philip Straub few illustrators were using it to ‘paint’ and much of the computer-generated illustration at that time was �lat and graphic. When I started at Mercer’s studio I remember thinking how dif�icult Photoshop 1.0 was – it’s kinda funny looking back on those days. Are you thinking of expanding the products for sale on your website? I’m currently not set up for e-commerce simply because I’ve just not found the time. As most illustrators will tell you, depending on how much you want to do with your site, maintaining an online presence can become very time consuming. I try to post regular updates on my site as well as post as much of the imagery I produce once it’s available or I have clearance. Right now I currently have some of my images available as �ine art archive quality prints through Imagekind but I may expand that down the road. What inspires you? So many different things. Films, artists contemporary and classic, television [ABOVE] Nightmist This image is part of Philip’s Concept series, and shows how he uses Corel Painter and Photoshop to create intricate scenes 014-18_OPM02_Interview.indd 17 9/3/07 14:02:51
  • Interview PhilipStraub 18 shows, books, music, and every day life. I �ind there’s inspiration to be found everywhere you look! Is your personal work different to your professional art? Absolutely. Although I try to always bring my personal touch to all the professional work I produce, after all that’s what my clients expect! My personal work tends to be almost therapeutic and an extension of my subconscious. While some of my paintings are simply exercises, experiments trying out new techniques, many are also for my fantasy projects. Why did you start using Corel Painter and when did you start? I’ve been using Corel Painter almost as long as Photoshop. I can’t even remember the �irst version I used but I think it’s been in my work�low for around ten years. Corel Painter has always been really amazing at reproducing traditional media and it’s just a blast to experiment with. What’s your favourite Corel Painter tool? My absolute favourite is the Rotate Canvas tool, it really allows you to re- create the rotating of your canvas/paper in traditional media. I’ve also used the nozzle tools within Corel Painter quite extensively to quickly create different types of foliage, leaves, and rocks. The cover pencil is a mainstay of my work�low, especially in the early sketch stages. If you’d like to see more of Philip’s work or buy one of his posters or prints, pop over to www.philipstraub.com “I feel like I still have so much to contribute to the art field and am just getting started” Cohabitation (above) “Originally sketched in Painter 8 using a variety of different brushes and experimental techniques. During the creation of this piece I made a ton of new brushes in Painter and really learned a lot more about the flexibility and power of the brush generation tool in Painter. As I regularly do, I bounced back and forth between Photoshop and Painter as I worked, using some of my favourite brushes in both packages.” - Philip Straub 014-18_OPM02_Interview.indd 18 9/3/07 17:48:52
  • Original artwork by Philip Straub Feature GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushesFeatureFeatureFeature GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushes 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 20 9/3/07 15:48:53
  • 21 maginebeingletlooseinthe biggest, most well-stocked artshopintheworld,withaunlimited amount of spending moneyatyourdisposal–for any artist, a dream come true indeed!Nowmultiplytheexcitement of that perfect scenario bytenandyou’llcomecloseto the experience of stepping intotheartists’heaventhatisCorel Painter! WithinCorelPainter,everypainting and drawing tool and every paintinganddrawingmediumisat your �ingertips, with a mind- bogglingselectionofbrushesthatno paint box could ever hold. It’s truetosaythatthiscollectionoftools is so vast that, for the novice CorelPainteruser,itcanbequiteoverwhelming and that was the inspirationforthisfeature,toleadyou by the hand through this mammothcollection.Ofcourse,even if we hijacked the whole magazineforthisfeaturetherestill wouldn’t be enough space to giveyouthefulllow-downonallthe brushes. But we’ll give you the basicssoyoucandiveintothewonderful world of Corel Painter brusheswithmorecon�idence. CorelPainter’sbrushesaredivided into categories which relate totraditionalpaintinganddrawing media, so before you choose anactualbrush,youneedtochoose the category that relates to the mediumyouwanttosimulate,such as Oils, Pastels, Watercolor, Charcoalandsoon.Theactualbrushes that relate to the chosen mediumresideinsidethecategory, and there are many brush variantstochoosefrom.Abrushvariant is a particularly shaped brush,withanumberofpresetsettings applied to it. We’ll look at thesesettingsinmoredetailthroughout this feature. Youcancompletelychangetheway a brush behaves, and the marksitmakes,bychangingthesettings applied to it via the Brush Controlspalette(Window>BrushControls>Show General), orvia theBrushCreator(Window>Show Brush Creator). These brush controlsrelatedirectlytoeveryaspect of the brush, including its size,thewayitinteractswithpaint already applied to the canvas, howmuchpaintitcarriesandthekind of strokes it makes, among aplethoraofothercharacteristics. Of course, the way a brush behavesalsodependsonthekindof surface you’re painting on, and beforeyoustarttopaintyouneedto choose this from the Papers palette(Window>LibraryPalettes>Show Papers). At a loss for what brush variant to use? Here’s our guide to the most useful Getstartedwith CorelPainter brushes Getstartedwith At a loss for what brush variant to use? Here’s our guide to the most useful Getstartedwith 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 21 9/3/07 15:50:23
  • Original artwork by Philip Straub Feature GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushes o let’s get down to some speci�ics about these remarkable brushes! First, we’re going to take a look at the brushes within Corel Painter which use opaque, gloopy mediums such as Oils, Acrylics, and Gouache. These are the category of brushes that you’ll use to create paintings with rugged paint surfaces, body and texture, where the marks made by the brushes can either be wonderfully oily and wet, or where thick, opaque areas of paint can be laid on to the canvas, creating stunningly realistic impasto effects. As far as the speci�ic categories of these brushes are concerned, they consist of: ACRYLICS ARTISTS OILS OILS GOUACHE Within these separate categories are a huge number of Brush Variants which are designed to apply the virtual paint in many different ways. So, for instance, within Artists’ Oils, you’ll �ind variants that range from soft blender brushes, which apply very wet paint in a very soft way, through to dry and grainy brushes which react strongly to your chosen painting surface. You even get heavy impasto brushes which apply lots of nice thick paint that holds marks made by the brush and produce impasto effects where the paint stands proud of the painting surface. On the whole, all of these brushes paint with opaque colour, but each of the variants within each category can behave quite differently. It’s worth taking some time to look at the individual Brush Property settings that can signi�icantly affect the way the variants work, how they interact with paint already applied to the canvas and how they react to your choice of painting surface. Broadly speaking, within each of the above categories, you’ll �ind a selection of brushes which can be divided into four distinct types: Dry Brushes: These brush variants, although they still apply opaque paint, are rather dry, and tend to deposit paint roughly over your painting surface, catching just the high point of the paper grain and texture. Wet Brushes: These brushes give the appearance of applying lots of very wet paint, which can mix and blend with any paint already applied to the canvas. These types of brush are great for quick, gestural lines and large, painterly areas of colour. Impasto Brushes: Here we’re dealing with brushes which apply very thick paint which stands proud of the painting surface and create impasto. You will often see this effect used in many traditional oil and acrylic paintings. Most of the active dynamic categories for the brushes contain an Expression control section. This control determines how the particular characteristic of a brush responds to your graphics tablet stylus GLOOPY,OPAQUEMEDIABRUSHESGLOOPY,OPAQUEMEDIABRUSHES Build up a painting full of texture and gloopy goodness by using this selection of brushes for the wet and loaded look Original artwork by Philip Straub 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 22 9/3/07 15:51:00
  • 23 Soft, blending brushes: This group of brushes apply wet paint which readily blends with paint already applied. Marks made with these brushes blend together as you paint, creating very subtle transitions between different colours and tones. As you can see from the painting above, by choosing your brush variants carefully from these categories, super- realistic effects can be achieved. One great way to get used to exactly what these brushes can do is to use the Brush Creator (Window>Show Brush Creator). Within this panel, you can see and modify Acrylic – Thick Acrylic Bristle AO Clumpy Brush AO Dry Brush AO Impasto Oils AO Soft Blender Brush Gouache – Broad Cover Brush Gouache – Fine Bristle Gouache – Opaque Smooth Brush Gouache – Wet Gouache Round Oils – Bristle Oils Oils – Fine Feathering Oils Oils – Smeary Round Oils – Thick Oil Flat Oils – Thick Wet Oils Opaque Acrylic Thick Acrylic Flat Wet Acrylic In the detail, you can clearly see the dramatic difference between areas of smooth, wet paint and accents added using impasto brushes. Brushes that use impasto can add a real three-dimensional quality to you opaque media paintings Gloopy, opaque brushes Layer the paint on nice and thickly all of the attributes applied to the brush, and test its appearance in the large white scratchpad. Any brush characteristics that are applied to the current brush are shown in black down the left hand side, while any properties which don’t feature in the brush are greyed out. For instance, if you click on Impasto, which is often a very important characteristic of these opaque media brushes, you’ll be able to control the extent of this Impasto effect via the Depth slider. The same applies to changing any other brush characteristics within the Brush Creator. For any of these brushes to work properly, it’s vital that you �irst set your Brush Tracking via Edit>Preferences> Brush Tracking, so that the Corel Painter brushes know how to respond to the unique way you use your stylus. Within the Brush Tracking dialog, simply make a few representative strokes on the scratch pad as you would normally use your stylus and Corel Painter will adjust the brushes responsiveness accordingly. All of the usual brush shapes appear within these categories, including round and �lat brushes, pointed and �ine detail brushes and rough bristles for real texture and dynamism. To the right, you see a selection of brushes from these categories that create the range of techniques and effects that you’d expect to see with opaque media. Remember, many of these brushes create impasto effects and this can be switched on and off via the small button at the top right of the document window. You can also control the depth and shine of the impasto effect via Canvas>Surface Lighting. Within the dialog you can also modify the direction and intensity of the light that falls across the image and create the highlights and shadows that describe the surface of the impasto. 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 23 9/3/07 15:51:32
  • Feature GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushes hen it comes to dry media, such as Charcoal, Pencil, Chalk and Pastels, the drawing medium itself, and the surface you draw on work hand- in-hand together and in terms of the effects achieved. By their very nature, dry mediums work by depositing themselves on, or within, the surface texture of the drawing surface, unlike paint or ink, which sticks to, and is absorbed by the painting surface itself. Dry media depend on their particles of pigment being shaved off and held by the paper texture. If you were to try and use charcoal on a completely smooth surface, for instance, it would not make a single visible mark. However, in a stark contrast to this, if you were to use the same piece of charcoal on a piece of rough sandpaper, just the lightest strokes would create a gloriously dense, black mark in an instant. The exact same rules apply within Corel Painter when you are using dry media brushes. However, a slight difference is the fact that the result of the marks you make is governed not only by the surface you choose to work on, but also by the unique settings you apply to the particular brush variant you are using and we will look at these variables here. The Dry Media categories within Corel Painter consist of: CHALK PENCILS CONTE PASTELS OIL PASTELS COLORED PENCILS CRAYONS Although these categories are distinctly different, they are all dependent on particular characteristics when it comes to controlling the marks the brushes within the categories make and the effect you can achieve with them. When you’re using any of the variants within these categories, one of the most vital setting you will come across is the Grain slider. This setting determines how much effect the surface of your chosen paper has on the strokes made with the currently selected dry media brush variant. At relatively low values, the marks made by the brush penetrate the paper grain very little, so the paper texture is very obvious within the strokes of colour. At high grain values, the dry media penetrates deeply into the paper grain, so and the surface you draw on work hand- in-hand together and in terms of the effects achieved. By their very nature, dry mediums work by depositing themselves on, or within, the surface texture of the drawing surface, unlike paint or ink, whichdrawing surface, unlike paint or ink, which sticks to, and is absorbed by the paintingsticks to, and is absorbed by the painting surface itself. Dry media depend on theirsurface itself. Dry media depend on their particles of pigment being shaved off andparticles of pigment being shaved off and held by the paper texture. If you were to tryheld by the paper texture. If you were to try and use charcoal on a completely smoothand use charcoal on a completely smooth surface, for instance, it would not makesurface, for instance, it would not make a single visible mark. However, in a starka single visible mark. However, in a stark contrast to this, if you were to use thecontrast to this, if you were to use the same piece of charcoal on a piece of roughsame piece of charcoal on a piece of rough sandpaper, just the lightest strokes wouldsandpaper, just the lightest strokes would create a gloriously dense, black mark increate a gloriously dense, black mark in an instant.an instant. The exact same rules apply within Corel Painter when you are usingCorel Painter when you are using dry media brushes. However, adry media brushes. However, a slight difference is the fact thatslight difference is the fact that the result of the marks youthe result of the marks you make is governed not onlymake is governed not only by the surface you chooseby the surface you choose to work on, but also by theto work on, but also by the unique settings you applyunique settings you apply to the particular brushto the particular brush variant you are usingvariant you are using and we will look at theseand we will look at these variables here.variables here. DRYMEDIABRUSHESDRYMEDIABRUSHES When it comes to traditional real media effects, the dry brushes are very hard to beat. Here’s a look at the best… 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 24 9/3/07 15:52:27
  • the surface texture itself will be much less obvious in your �inished drawing. The Resat slider controls the amount of colour that replenishes within the stroke. At 100% the colour will be at maximum saturation all the way through the stroke, this saturation within the stroke will reduce at lower Resat values. You’ll also see a Bleed slider when using dry media variants, which is pretty important in determining how your brush behaves. Essentially, the Bleed value determines how much a current stroke of the brush blends with any other colour already applied beneath it. At high values, colour from your brush will blend readily with any colour beneath it. At low Bleed values it will blend very little. A practical demonstration of this is that any dry media brush variant that contains the word ‘soft’ in its name will automatically have a medium to high bleed value, whereas for the brush variants labelled ‘hard’, the Bleed value will quite often be set to zero. Of course, the settings within the brush is not the only thing that determines the look of the strokes made with the brush. The actual look of the brush is also dependent on its footprint. You can easily see the individual footprint of the brush, simply by making a single click with the brush on your canvas. You’ll see from this footprint that some brushes contain texture within their footprint, while others have either hard or soft edges. Here we come to another feature of dry media brushes which should not be overlooked, namely Jitter. By default, the stroke of a brush will be made up of multiple footprints of the brush, placed closely together and in line with each other. The Jitter slider adjusts the placement of these footprints, scattering them either side of the central line of the brushstroke to a lesser or greater extent dependent on the value of the Jitter slider. This feature can be very useful to avoid the edges of your brushstroke being too uniform and is worth experimenting with. Remember that all of the variants within the dry media categories here are Dull Grainy Chalk Variable Chalk Square Chalk Sketching Pencil Oily Variable Pencil Dull Conte Charcoal Gritty Charcoal Soft Charcoal Soft Vine Charcoal Artist Pastel Chalk Soft Pastel Square Hard Pastel Chunky Oil Pastel Soft Oil Pastel Waxy Crayons Using the Square Hard Pastel variant, the difference between a 10% Grain setting and a 100% setting is hugely dramatic Dry media brushes For brilliantly-textured papered effects The surface you choose to draw on is vital with dry media brushes. You can also adjust the scale of the paper grain, its Brightness and Contrast “Dry mediums work by depositing themselves on, or within, the surface texture” drawing media and as such, the kind of marks you make with the brush variants is key to replicating the effect of a traditional drawing. It’s good to bear in mind that drawing is an exercise that depends very much on building up tones with lots of linear shading and crosshatched strokes. As well as this, many of these variants also respond to the pressure you apply to your drawing stylus, in regard to size, opacity and grain, so it’s vital that you consider this as you draw. In the boxout to the right you’ll see a selection of examples of some of the best brush variants from each of the dry media categories available within Corel Painter. Try each of them and vary the paper surface you use with them to see the different effects that can be created. One �inal point; remember that dry media brushes often work very well on a coloured ground, so experiment with �irst �illing your canvas layer with a solid colour rather than automatically choosing a white canvas. paper surface you use with them to see the media brushes often work very well on a coloured ground, so experiment with �irst �illing your canvas layer with a solid colour rather than automatically choosing 25 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 25 9/3/07 15:53:00
  • Original artwork by Philip Straub Feature GetstartedwithCorelPainterbrushes atercolour painting is often seen as synonymous with the very best in British art. There is a charm, delicacy and directness associated with water-based transparent media that simply cannot be replicated by any other techniques and this fact holds true within the realms of Corel Painter. This is one area where Corel Painter particularly excels, and some of the most realistic results can be achieved. Here are the categories which can be regarded as transparent media: SUMI-E WATERCOLOR DIGITAL WATERCOLOR LIQUID INK The Sumi-e category features variants similar to those traditionally used in Chinese brush painting techniques and can create beautiful, effective watercolour- like paintings. The variants within this category vary from broad bristle brushes through to small detail Sumi-e brushes. Each of them feature the Resat setting mentioned in the previous section and another brush property, namely the Feature slider. This slider, common in many of the brushes in the watercolour-like categories control the density of the hairs, or bristles within the brush. Low values here create strokes where the individual hairs are densely packed, producing more solid strokes. High values produce strokes where the bristles of the brush are more sparsely packed, leaving unpainted gaps between them. The Digital Watercolor category contains a wealth of brushes which can be used on the Canvas layer, or normal �loating layers to create effective watercolour paintings. Although these brushes are a less advanced version of the Watercolor category brushes, they can still yield super results and are dependent on very particular brush property settings. The brush variants in this category include broad mop brushes, which apply beautiful wet, broad washes of colour, dry When you use Watercolor variants, notice the special Watercolor Layer that appears in the Layers palette Original artwork by Philip Straub WATERCOLOURANDTRANSLUCENTMEDIABRUSHESWATERCOLOURANDTRANSLUCENTMEDIABRUSHESWATERCOLOURANDTRANSLUCENTMEDIABRUSHESWATERCOLOURANDTRANSLUCENTMEDIABRUSHES When you need a bit of subtlety in your work or just the bearest hint of colour, the watercolour and translucent options are well worth investigating. Try these suggestions to start with… 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 26 9/3/07 15:53:28
  • is the Water section of the Brush Controls palette. The settings in this category of brush properties allow the colour you apply with the brush to diffuse and �low across the painting surface and in this section you can control how wet the paint and paper is, how far it runs and diffuses and even the direction in which colour applied by the brush �lows. There is a vast range of variants within the Watercolor category of brushes and all of them are directly comparable to traditional techniques. The variants themselves include runny brushes which apply pools of really wet paint that will �low over the paper; dry brushes which can create areas of texture that take advantage of the surface texture of the paper; sponge effect brushes and wash brushes that can be used to apply broad, diffused washes of colour. The Liquid Ink group of brush variants imitate the effect of inks, which can range from thick, gloopy ink to �ine, almost pen- like calligraphic lines of ink. Again this group of brush variants work on a special layer, added as soon as your begin to use one of the brushes. This group of brushes is fantastic for spontaneous sketches and bold, graphic images. With these variants, you’ll also �ind two new brush property settings; Smoothness and Volume, which allow you to control the amount of ink on the brush and the smoothness of your strokes. 27 brushes which will give the impression of a fairly dry brush just brushing the surface grain of your painting surface and even brushes which appear to spatter colour and water across your canvas. All of these brush variants feature two very important brush properties to create the feel of watercolour. The �irst of these variables, Diffusion, essentially controls how wet the surface is that you’re painting on. Traditionally, working with a watercolour, if you apply paint to wet paper it spreads and diffuses as soon as you make a mark. This setting creates exactly the same effect. Low Diffusion values mean that the brush you use keeps its distinct edges, but high values mean that the edges of the colour you apply diffuse into the surrounding area. The Wet Fringe setting is great for simulating the effect of watercolour paint ‘pooling’ around the edges of a brushstroke, the effect intensifying at higher values applied to this slider. The Watercolor category group of brush variants deserve special attention, as the stunningly realistic effects you can achieve with these brushes equal those of real-world watercolour effects. They also rely on some very speci�ic settings. These Watercolor brushes require a special type of layer, which will be added to your image as soon as you begin to use one of the brushes. The feature of these brushes which deserves special attention Sumi-e Dry Ink Flat Wet Sumi-e DW – Diffuse Water DW – Spatter Water Watercolor – Diffuse Camel Watercolor – Grainy Wash Bristle Watercolor – Runny Wet Flat Watercolor – Sponge Wet Watercolor – Smooth Runny Camel Watercolor – Wet Wash Flat Watercolor – Watery Soft Bristle Watercolor – Spatter Water Liquid Ink – Smooth Bristle Liquid Ink – Sparse Bristle Liquid Ink – Velocity Sketcher Liquid Ink – Clumpy Ink Transparent brushes Use for subtle washes and calm landscapes Liquid Ink – Calligraphic Flat The Water section of the Brush Controls allows you to bend and twist the Watercolor brushes for exceptionally realistic results. From soaking the paper to creating a drip effect, it has it all “There’s a charm associated with water-based transparent media that cannot be replicated” 27 Liquid Ink –Liquid Ink – Clumpy Ink 020-27_OPM02_feature.indd 27 9/3/07 15:54:19
  • Tutorial Cloneandglaze 30 eing a restless sort, I am given to trying every way I can discover to achieve my ends. I am even likely to learn a few things in this tutorial! Corel Painter is so versatile that effects can be achieved in many ways and I encourage everyone to approach painting digitally with that in mind. The project at hand should leave us with a very nice emulation of a character painted in oil, using the technique of slowly building up light, shade and colour harmonies with semi-transparent layers of digital paint. Because I have spent so much time gawking at masterworks from the Renaissance, there will be a �lavour of that look in the �inal piece. We will begin by doing a few necessary things to a photo reference, including adding parts of the body. We will then transfer the �igure to a background we will prepare together. After establishing a light source, we will build up the kind of atmospheric effects that one associates with oil painting. Because the process is a gradual one, it is also forgiving. It is evenly matched by the forgiving nature of digital painting in general. If a muddle-head like myself can do it, so can you! In this tutorial, Jeff Johnson walks you through how he cloned a photo and applied a glaze effect to create a digital masterpiece Cloneandglaze In this tutorial, Jeff Johnson walks you through how he cloned a photo and applied Cloneandglaze Painter master Time needed Skill level On the CD Jeff Johnson 2 hours Intermediate Starter photo and sketch Tutorial info 01Scalingthereferencephoto Wow, what a nice thing to have to stare at for the next few hours! I copied and pasted the photo onto a new canvas (37cm high by 23cm wide). Via Effects>Orientation>Scale I resized it. Using Canvas>Compositions>Show Layout Grid I placed the eyes on line with the upper third of the canvas, a common practice in portraiture. If you haven’t got Corel Painter X, do this by eye. 02Alteringandrotatingthe photograph With the photo still selected and on a separate layer, I rotated the head two degrees via Effects>Orientation> Rotate. I also pinched the left side on top and bottom via Effects>Distort to fix some minor lens distortion. Using the Lasso tool, I copied and pasted her mouth and resized it to 98%, as it felt slightly too full for the period flavour I wanted. I then dropped both layers and saved as a RIFF uncompressed. 03Createareferencestudy On a new layer set to 45% opacity and toned slightly brown, I began to draw in the rest of the figure, using a medium brown tapered artist chalk 10. I traced around the head and features lightly and did some early shading. After saving that layer as a new document, I worked side-by-side with the original to create the study on the right (it’s on the disc). It expresses some of the shading I will add to make the forms rounder. The two starting elements Photo and sketchPhoto and sketch Original photo Jeff Johnson shows you how to Starting sketch 030-034_OPM-02-glaze.indd 30 9/3/07 12:46:17
  • 31 TutorialCloneandglaze 030-034_OPM-02-glaze.indd 31 9/3/07 12:46:35
  • 32 Softlight layerfor modifying mid-tones andshadows Say what? One day I was experimenting with the Soft Light layer and discovered that if I painted onto it with a dark colour, it would subtly darken the area painted. I felt pretty clever until I learned that a number of Corel Painter users have stumbled upon this useful application. It has become a staple in my bag of tricks, because it takes advantage of the operative term, namely ‘soft’. Using this layer combined with a fairly large soft-edged brush set to less than 100% opacity creates wonderfully luminous effects with very little modification of the edges needed. Get that traditional look Merge photos and sketch 04Transferringthereference I then used the Lasso tool, copied and then pasted our doctored reference right over a copy of our study. Here I am in the process of erasing the unneeded parts. I have set her layer at roughly 70% opacity, so I can see where to erase. I have a plan! Once I cobble together the basic picture, I am going to transfer it to a prepared canvas via an oil cloning brush that will give me the opportunity to finesse every part of the painting. Merge photos and sketch 05Paintinginthefigure Next I painted out the hair. Using the Eyedropper tool I borrowed some of the reference’s colours to roughly paint in the new hair, body, black dress and a very rough background. I used the largest Airbrushes possible for each part of this step, set to 60% opacity, in order to create fairly smooth transitions on the first pass. 06Finishingtheblocking After flattening the image, I created a new layer set to Darken and blocked in the basic tones for the whites of the eyes, hat and frills. This is a snap, as the fields bordering these areas are darker than the goal values. I set this layer at 80% opacity. I then spent about three minutes with a Soft Blender Stump enlarged to 60 smoothing out some rough edges. 07Preparingabackground Open another document, the same size ad before. We’re going to do a refined background. I have used the Eyedropper tool to match colour between the rough background and started by using the Paint Bucket tool to fill the canvas with the darkest value. Using a size 180 Digital Airbrush set to 60% opacity, I gradually worked from dark to light. The greenish hue compliments the flesh tones nicely. 08Creating aguide forcloning I had in mind all along that I would want to use an oil brush cloner directionally over forms to create a hand- painted feel. I needed a guide for my strokes, so I simply copied our latest version onto the enhanced backround and reduced its opacity to 25%. 09Cloningthefigure This step was a hoot. I felt like I had a magic paintbrush. Using File>Clone Source I selected our cobbled together version as the source. After a few experiments, I decided the Smeary Camel Cloner was the ticket and I began to clone directly onto the background. Note how my brush strokes follow the contours of the forms. I then zoomed in and using a Straight Cloner, brought back some of the details of the original. We now have our basic underpainting and will begin to modify it. Tutorial Cloneandglaze Softlight 030-034_OPM-02-glaze.indd 32 9/3/07 12:46:54
  • 10Add highlights, mid-tonesand shadows The next three steps help define our light source coming from in front of and above her right eye. First, I created a new layer set to Soft Light and using a size 27 Digital Airbrush, made a pass of dark brown in areas away from our light source. I then selected a medium brownish-orange and added a few mid-tones to the nose and around the eyes. Finally, I increased the size to around 70 and selected a yellowish-white for passes over highlights. 33 TutorialCloneandglaze Soyoujustpaintedanapple.Youpainstakinglyobservedeverycolour youcouldseeandmixedupaslewofseparatehuesandvalues.Thenyou meticulouslyappliedthemtoyourcanvas,blendingthemseamlessly.You justemployedthedirectmethodofpainting. Theindirectmethodtakesadifferentapproach.Anindirectpainter beginswithanunderpaintingthatisthenmodifiedbysuccessivesemi- transparentlayersofpaintthataffectbutdon’tcompletelycoverthe previouslayer.Intraditionaloiltechnique,glazingusuallyinvolvesvery littlepigmentsuspendedinathinningmedium,usuallysomemixof varnish,thinnerandoil.Putapieceofbluecellophaneoverapatchof yellowandyouseeimmediatelythatyouhaveagreenthathasoptical propertiesthatcan’tbeachievedbymixingpaint.Thatisindirectpainting inanutshell. CorelPainterplacesanumberoftoolsatone’sdisposalthatcanbeused topaintindirectly.Simplyreducingtheopacityofalayerorabrushworks. CompositelayerslikeGelandMultiplyareparticularlywellsuitedforan indirectapproach.Idiscovernewmethodsallthetime. The shining light from the darkest shadows Understand glazes 11Broadenthevaluerange I created a new layer and, using various Digital Airbrush brush sizes, reintroduced some hand- painted detail around the eyes and eyebrows. I also continued rounding out areas like the far cheek with mid-tones. 12Adddepthandnuanceto shadows After creating a new layer set to Gel at 16%, I used the largest brushes that would fit the various areas to paint a medium reddish-brown into selected mid-tones to add variation and depth to the areas not in direct light. This included the entire left side of her face. 13Usinga Multiply layer I added to the shadows and mid-tones around the nose, mouth, eyes, and cheeks on a Multiply layer set to 25% opacity, picking my colour from the lightest area in the forehead. I opened a default layer, corrected some areas and began to draw in details of the hair. The truly astute observer will notice that I nudged the entire mouth up a fraction. I offer this side-by-side for comparison. Without glaze With glaze 030-034_OPM-02-glaze.indd 33 9/3/07 12:47:15
  • 34 On-line resources Here are a couple of websites that offer valuable insights: www.noteaccess. com/materials/ indirectP.htm has a synopsis of Reed Kay’s excellent notes on indirect painting techniques. It is written for natural media, but most of it holds true for digital painting as well. The page also has links to other insightful articles on painting. http://forums. cgsociety.org has a thread devoted to Corel Painter and its art techniques forum has handy tutorials and top advice from some of the most skilled digital painters out there. Going from good to great Lighting and colour tweaks 14Addinginsomedetails Working with a Soft Light and Darken layer open, I alternated between them and the painting itself to finalise some forms and modelling. I painted in selected details throughout the painting, focusing on creating rhythms of spot detail versus finishing everything completely. Lighting and colour tweaks 15Apply lighting 1 This step and the next will help create an atmosphere and put our subject into it. I copied and pasted our image on top of itself and via Effects> Apply Lighting, I chose warm globe. Note how I modified the sliders and placement of the source. I used the separate layer in case I wanted to dab a bit of the effect off in places, but it did the trick. 16Apply lighting 2 After merging and saving, I repeated the procedure and chose Gradual Diagonal, altering only the direction and placement of the source. This time I changed the opacity of the affected layer to 50%. Using a 130 eraser set at 60% opacity, I gently dabbed back some highlights, merged and saved. 17Colourcorrectlayer I copied our image onto itself again and this time worked on the lower layer. Via Effects>Correct Colors I opened the Color Correction dialog box and chose Curve>Auto Set. Then, working on the top layer with my 130 sized eraser, I gently brought some of those cooler but lighter blues into the picture, focusing on the highlights and the clothing. The last two steps had, as is the case when glazing traditionally as well, made the picture a bit too dark and it brought in a little colour balance as well. 18Flippingthepicture It is good practice to flip the picture a few times, as imbalances tend to pop out. I saw several small areas that needed attention and created a Multiply layer for darkening, a Soft Light layer for some subtle highlights, and a Lighten layer to get rid of a few annoying marks along the frills. 19Cleanup Now I zoomed to 200% and, with a Soft Blender Stump as large as I could fit in each area, began to softly blend out marks that either didn’t look man-made or detracted from the picture. I like to leave some dither and dash, so I didn’t spend too much time smoothing. Tutorial Cloneandglaze On-line Don’tget paintonyour nose I worked through this tutorial without zooming in to near 100% until the very last step. The majority of my work is done with the entire painting visible on the screen. Owing to the size of my digital canvas, that usually translates to roughly 25% magnification. This prevents me from losing track of the overall impact of a step on the painting. Indirect painting is a process of harmonising elements together, and one has to see the whole painting at one time to tell if any one step is working towards that end or not. 030-034_OPM-02-glaze.indd 34 9/3/07 12:47:38
  • 36 ur next stop on the journey down the Effects menu is the Tonal Control group. As you can guess by the name, the options in here allow you to edit the colours in an image. To many people, Corel Painter is just a tool for creating digital art, but it also has an impressive set of tools for editing photos and the Tonal Controls effects play a major part in this. From here you can perform tasks such as adjusting brightness and contrast, editing selected colours and applying posterisation effects. Some of the edits will work as dynamic layers, allowing you to make changes without permanently affecting the original image. This is a great way of experimenting with different looks without having to worry about running out of Undos and ruining your original image. For more on dynamic layers, see the right side panel. In addition to edits that improve the colour of an image, it is also possible to use some of the controls to create wild, outlandish results. These are great if you want a certain look and can be used to kickstart the colour scheme of a painting. In fact, we’d suggest that if you are painting from a photo that you always �irst pay a visit to the Tonal Controls options. By boosting saturation or enhancing shadows, you can make a photo more ‘painterly’. The Adjust Color command allows you to determine the hue, saturation and value of an image. Once selected, a dialog window will open. The Using drop-down menu allows you to control how the colour is adjusted; Uniform Color will tweak all pixels; Paper will take the current paper grain and use as the adjustment; Image Luminance will take the luminance in the image as the starting point for adjustment; Original Luminance uses the luminance in the clone source. Once you’ve set the Using menu, use the sliders to alter the hue, saturation or value. Enjoy complete colour control Adjust ColorAdjust Color Overall colour edit Brightness/ContrastBrightness/Contrast The Brightness/Contrast option allows you to alter the, erm, brightness and contrast across an image, using RGB values. Unless you make a selection, the edit will be applied to the whole of the currently selected layer. Making adjustments with this tool is intuitive and is based around sliders. Once you select the Brightness/Contrast command from the Tonal Control set, a window will appear with a Contrast slider (top) and a Brightness slider (bottom). Move the sliders right to increase the effect or left to decrease. If it goes wrong, hit Reset. Primer Effectsmenu VideoLegal Colors One Tonal Control option is very useful to movie-makers and that’s the Video Legal Colors command. This ensures your image’s colours are compatible with either the NTSC or PAL video colour. Open the dialog, choose your format and press OK to set. VideoLegal PRIMER UsethisEffectsgrouptomakesurethe coloursinyourimageareloudandproud EFFECTS MENU TonalControl Before After DIFFERENT OPTIONS When you open up the Correct Colors command, you see a window with a big area for curves and then a drop-down menu below it. There are four options in the menu; Contrast and Brightness, Curve, Freehand and Advanced. The sliders change according to the option selected in the menu. 036-37_OPM02_effects.indd 1 9/3/07 15:09:02
  • 37 Experiment without any regret! Edit on a dynamic layer 01Starttheedit Open your photo or image and then call up the Layers palette. Go to the bottom of the palette and click the Dynamic Plugins icon (second in from the left). Pick the command you want from the list that appears. We decided to go for Posterize. 02Newlayer,please As soon as you make a choice from the menu, a new layer will appear above your original one, with a little dynamic plugin icon just so you don’t forget which one it is. Primer Edit on a dynamic layer TonalControl For when you need precise contrast edits EqualizeEqualize Dramatic effects with just one click Negative and PosterizeNegative and Posterize Equalizing an image allows you to improve contrast and brightness by setting black and white points. Once you have these set, Corel Painter will then use these two points to evenly distribute the values across the layer or selection. After going to Effects>Tonal Control>Equalize, the image will be adjusted so the lightest colour is white and the darkest is black. You make adjustments by moving the black and white markers – values to the right of the white marker become white, and values to the left of the black marker become – you guessed it – black. Two of the Tonal Control options are particularly good for dramatically altering a photo or image. The Negative setting will create a negative version of your layer or selection and is particularly effective in collages or backgrounds. The Posterize option allows you to limit the amount of colours in an image. Go to Effects>Tonal Control>Posterize and enter a value of 8 or less for the number of levels. Your image will now have a more illustrated look to it and is a great starting point for vector or comic book-style images. You can also posterise using a color set. 03Readytoedit Now the dynamic layer is all set up, you are free to make your edits. When it comes to posterising an image, it pays to stick to eight levels or less. However, this does change according to certain images but if we don’t like the effect we can just delete the dynamic layer. No harm, no foul! Dynamic layers are a fabulous way of trying out an effect without worrying about ruining your original image. By setting a dynamic layer, you work above the original and can set one for the Brightness/ Contrast, Equalize and Posterize commands. ONE COLOUR OR ALL? To the right of the drop-down menu is four coloured squares. The red, blue and green squares relate to the red, blue and green in an RGB image. Click one of these to edit that colour. The black square is the ‘master’ curve and controls all colours equally. SEE THE CHANGES Once you have decided on the colour to edit (red, green, blue or all) you can move the sliders to adjust the curve. You’ll see your edit appear in the main grid in the corresponding colour. If you edit the reds, for example, a red line will appear in the grid. READING THE CURVE As you move the sliders, a line will appear on the curve representing the changes you’ve made. Anything towards the top of the graph will be lighter than the starting point, while anything towards the bottom will be darker. 036-37_OPM02_effects.indd 2 9/3/07 15:10:12
  • Tutorial Paintperfectskin 38 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 38 9/3/07 13:07:56
  • 39 TutorialRealBristlebrushes f your primary goal in using Corel Painter is to produce images which are as close as possible to real world oil or acrylic paintings, in version X you have a new super-powerful creative weapon right at your �ingertips, namely the RealBristle painting system. In the following tutorial, we’re going to illustrate and prove to you just how incredible these brushes really are and produce a landscape painting which you would be hard pressed to tell apart from its real-world equivalent! RealBristle brushes are the closest Corel Painter has ever come to actually putting a real, traditional artists brush in your hand! Essentially, these brushes very accurately mimic the shape and behaviour of traditional bristle brushes, with all of the same variability and vitality that artists have come to know and love in these brushes. The brush variants themselves range from short �lats, through to lovely full-bodied round brushes and even include tapered varieties which mimic traditional �ilberts. As well as the selection of preset brush variants you’ll �ind within the RealBristle categories, you’re also able to customise and change every aspect of the particular brush’s characteristic within the RealBristle section of the Brush Creator or the brush controls. You can change behaviour such as bristle length, bristle rigidity and the shape of the brush head, right the way through to the amount of friction between the brush and the surface and the wetness of the canvas. Remember, this project is all about painting, so use the �inished image as you guide, but don’t be afraid to inject some of your own personality and vitality into your brush strokes as you work. Use these brushes with enthusiasm and the rewards will come! RealBristle brushes are new to Corel Painter X and in this tutorial, we demonstrate just how easy it is to use them to create stunning paintings full of brush strokes! Usingthe RealBristle brushes Painter master Time needed Skill level Tim Shelbourne 1 hour Intermediate Tutorial info 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 39 9/3/07 13:42:38
  • 40 Loadingthe ColorSet We’ve supplied a colour set which features all the colours used in this painting. Once you’ve downloaded it from www. paintermagazine. co.uk, in Corel Painter go to Window>Color Palettes>Show Color Sets. In the Color Sets palette, click the small right-pointing arrow and choose Open Color Set. Click Load and locate the downloaded colour set on your computer. Once the set is loaded, click the small right- pointing arrow again and choose Sort Order>LHS. 01Openthesketch Download the starter sketch and colour swatch from www.paintermagazine.co.uk. Open it up and go to File>Save As and save the file under a new name and as a Corel Painter .riff file. Click the Papers swatch and choose Artist Canvas. Click the Brush tool and choose the RealBristle Brushes category. Choose the Real Round bristle variant. Choose a mid brown from the Colors palette. Laying down the base colour From sketch to paintingFrom sketch to painting 02Reinforcethesketch With this brush at around 10 pixel size, reinforce the distant shoreline and landscape simply by roughly painting over the sketch lines. You can leave the sketching in the sky as it is. Change to the Real Flat variant. Increase the brush size to around 60 pixels and in the Size category of the Brush Controls, change the Minimum Size to 65%. 03Lookingskyward Choose a mid blue colour and begin to paint in the blue areas of the sky. Use lots of short strokes here in random directions. Remember this brush loses its colour quickly and starts to blend after being in contact with the canvas for a while so regularly lift you stylus and then begin to paint again. 04Paint some water As you paint the blue of the sky, periodically choose either a slightly lighter or darker shade of the colour to vary the blue here and there. Now choose a darker blue from the colour set and using the same brush at a smaller size, roughly paint in the water using energetic horizontal strokes. 05Thehillsarealive! Choose the Real Oils Short variant. Set Blend to 21%, Feature to 4.4 and Grain to 72%. Choose a very dark blue/green from the swatch and reduce the size of the brush to around 29 pixels. Now begin to paint in the distant hills. Again, use short strokes here at various angles. 06Landscaping Choose a very dark olive green. Reduce the Bleed of the brush to 12%. Now, using the brush at 19 pixels, paint in the hills below the most distant ones. Try and use fairly long sweeping strokes here. Choose a darker shade of the same colour and add some darker accents here and there. Tutorial RealBristlebrushes Loadingthe 07Darker features Choose the Real Flat Opaque variant. Set Bleed to 5%, Feature to 7.1 and Blend to 2%. In the Brush Creator (Window>Show Brush Creator), choose the Color Variabilty category. Set H slider to 10%. Choose a very dark blue/black from the Colors palette. Add a new layer (Ctrl/Cmd+ Shift+N). Now begin to paint in the foreground hills and land mass. 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 40 9/3/07 13:43:05
  • 41 TutorialRealBristlebrushes 08Suggestingdetail Use short, scribbling movements here, regularly removing your stylus from the tablet. Reduce the size of the brush as you start painting in the narrow areas along the shoreline. Add a few small vertical strokes to indicate trees and areas of interest. 09Darkerclouds Change to the Real Round Bristle variant. Set Bleed to 10%, Feature to 2.8 and Blend to 11%. In the Layers palette, return to Layer 1. Increase the size of the brush to 60 pixels. Now begin to add the darker areas to the clouds. Use nice, random movements here, reducing the size of the brush where necessary. Refer to the finished painting for placement of these areas. 10Moresky Reduce the size of the brush a little and paint the darker areas of the sky just above the horizon line. Again, use short, dabbing strokes, brushing over some areas repeatedly to blend those areas a little. It’s a good idea as you go to choose a slightly warmer or cooler hue of a similar tone from the Colors palette. We’re still applying base colour! Continue with the colourContinue with the colour The sky’s the limit thanks to Corel PainterOur pick of the RealBristle brushes RealFlat–LowBlend With a low Blend setting, the same variant blends less and leaves much more distinct brush marks as you paint. For the initial blue of the sky, we will use the Real Flat variant. This is a great RealBristle brush because it quickly enables you to cover large areas with colour that still maintains lots of visible brush strokes for interest and texture. These brush strokes become visible because of the fairly high Blend value featured in the brush. For the darker cloud areas in the sky, we’re using the Real Round Bristle variant. The attributes we apply to the brush means it has a fairly high Feature setting, which allows the individual bristles within the brush to remain visible in the areas of paint it applies. The low Blend value means that the colour remains for longer as you continue to paint. It’s best to use this brush at a fairly large size and with a distinct scribbling motion. For the lighter parts of the clouds we use the Impasto brush we created, which is a modified version of the Real Oils Short variant. The great thing about this brush is that it paints with impasto and is best used in short dabs in various directions. For all of these brushes one of the most important values is that of Blend. At high values the brushes will create strokes and colours which blend together, at lower values your brush strokes will be more distinct. RealOilsShort–NoImpasto Here you can see the same variant without the Impasto value applied. You can easily achieve a mix between the two simply by using a very low Impasto value. RealOilsShort–Impasto Because we’ve modified the Impasto properties of the Real Oils Short variant, it paints with very realistic impasto, making it ideal for the bolder areas of the sky. RealRoundBristle The Real Round Bristle variant leaves visible bristle marks within its stroke, making it ideal for soft areas such as the darker shades in the sky and clouds. RealFlat–HighBlend With a high Blend setting, the Real Flat variant blends readily and quickly with the canvas and other paint. in the brush. longer as you continue to paint. It’s best to use this brush at a fairly large size and with a distinct scribbling motion. 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 41 9/3/07 18:52:29
  • 42 Createthe Impasto brush Choose the Real Oils Short variant and set Bleed to 37%, Grain to 72%, Feature to 1.2 and Blend to 26% in the Properties Bar. Now go to the Brush Creator and click the Impasto category. From Draw To choose Color and Depth, and set the Depth slider to 14%. Click the Artists Oils category and use these settings: Bristling 9%, Clumpiness 95%, Canvas Wetness 50%. In the General category, set Grain Expression to None, and in the Size category, set Feature Expression to None. Once you’re back in Corel Painter, click the small arrow next to the variant selector and choose Save Variant, giving your new brush a name. It’s all in the brush work Suggest detail with subtle shading 11Mixsomecolours Using the Mixer pad, mix a range of very light pinks, yellows and blue/greys. Now choose the Impasto brush you made earlier (see Impasto Brush boxout to the left). In the Mixer pad, choose the Sample Multiple Colours Eyedropper and click anywhere within your mix of light shades in the Mixer pad. Suggest detail with subtle shading 12Paintingthecloudswithsunshine! Begin to paint in the lightest parts of the clouds. Remember, this brush paints with impasto, so the more you paint over one areas, the thicker and more three-dimensional the paint will become. Refer to the finished image for the placement of these highlight areas. 13PaintandBlend Reserve the thickest areas of impasto for the absolute highlights in the sky. For where the lighter areas of the clouds meet the existing dark areas, increase the Blend value of the brush in the Properties Bar so that you get smoother transitions from one tone to another here. 14Another brush Add anewlayer.Choose theRealFlatOpaque variantandintheBrush Controlspalette,set MinimumSizeto75%. SetGrainto64%,Bleed to5%,Featureto1.5 andBlendto17.Now, choosinglightergreens, ochresandyellows fromthesupplied swatches,begintoadd somemorecoloursto thehills. 15Suggesteddetail Use long strokes that suggest the contours of the land and remember that the lightest areas will be on the tops of the hills. As you work further down the hills, use darker shades of greens, browns and blue/greys. In these areas, increase the Blend setting to around 40% so that the brushstrokes aren’t quite as distinct. There are really no definite shapes to paint here, we’re simply adding texture. 16Darkshades,brokencolour Increase the size of the brush a little and begin to add some real darks to the large tree bank on the left of the painting. It’s important to break up this area with stokes of slightly different dark colours from dark browns through to very dark dusky blues. A great range of these colours are in the supplied colour set. Tutorial RealBristlebrushes Createthe 17Refinethedetail Use this same brush at a smaller size to add some small strokes to the top edge of the distant tree mass, to break up its outline and blend it slightly with the sky. Now continue adding dark areas of interest all along the shoreline, still varying the colours you use here and there. Small, random brushstrokes here will work well. 18Suggested trees Small, upward strokes of the brush along the dark of the shoreline can easily give the impression of small trees and objects. Again, at this distance you really only need to be quite impressionistic, but it’s still useful to zoom close in to the image so you can still see the brush when you’re using it at a small size. 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 42 9/3/07 13:44:24
  • 43 TutorialRealBristlebrushes Controlling theimpasto effect Sometimes, by default, Corel Painter can slightly over-egg the pudding when it comes to showing the impasto effect in your paintings, but you can easily temper this via Canvas>Surface Lighting. Use the Amount slider to reduce the impasto effect in you image. Often, very small values applied via this slider can give a much better effect than more extreme ones. Just click OK to apply the change. 21Letthebrushdothework! The foreground boat is really quite easy to construct as we’re using a flat brush which helps a lot with the shapes. First, set the Blend value to 7% so the paint from the brush does not blend too much. Set the brush size to 9 pixels. Choose a very light blue/grey and paint a long vertical stroke in front of the tree mass to serve as the mast of the boat. 22Painting thesails Increase the brush size to around 22 pixels and paint in the two triangular shapes for the sails. Apply more pressure towards the bottom of the strokes to widen the brush there. You can always reduce the size of the brush to sharpen up the shape of the sails. Make sure to stroke in some thicker highlights, using the brush at a smaller size. But still keep a loose style! Add some extra elementsAdd some extra elements 19Distantboats Reduce the brush to a very small size (around 5 pixels) and choose a very light blue/grey from the swatches. Distant boats along the shoreline can be indicated very easily. Simply make upward strokes for the mastsandsailsandtwoorthreehorizontalstrokes for the main body of the boats. 20Waterhighlights At this stage, you can add a new layer to the image for the final details, or continue working on the existing layer, whichever you’d prefer. Continue to add horizontal strokes of this light colour along the distant waterline to serve as simple highlights on the water. 23Boatbuilding! Choose a slightly darker neutral grey and use horizontal strokes to paint in the main body of the boat. Use short, deft strokes here, before reducing the size of the brush and adding a couple of small highlights here and there. By using the brush at a very small size, you can refine the outline of the boat. Controlling 25Watershadows Increase the Feature setting to 6.3. Choose a deep petrol blue and set the brush size to 39 pixels. Now use this brush to add long horizontal strokes to the water. Also add some of this colour horizontally beneath the boat. 24Darkerdetails Choose a very dark colour and reduce the Blend and Bleed to very low values. Now use the brush at a very small size to add the dark details to the boat. 26Morerefinements This step relies on your own preference. Using the techniques demonstrated throughout this tutorial, refine the painting by adding more areas of indicated detail, such as more distant boats and sharp highlights on the water. Using a range of colours from the swatches, also take the time to add some finer details to the hills and sky. RealBlender brushes The Real Blender brush variants (Real Blender Flat, Round and Tapered), are very useful for refining your paintings. If there are areas of paint where tones and areas of paint don’t blend together as much as you would like, use one of these brushes to brush over these areas with an approximate colour to subtly blend the areas together. RealBlender 038-043-OPM-02-bristle.indd 43 9/3/07 13:47:32
  • MARKCOROTAN TITLE Manji_TheBladeoftheImmortal WEBSITE www.sundang.com JOBTITLE CGI/FXartist,animationdesigner Mark has produced some incredible work covering digital art, traditional mediums and also animation films. His images are always vibrant and dynamic, demanding the viewer’s attention straight away. Also be sure to check out Mark’s The Kindredd Saga animation project. showcase 044-045_OPM_02_mark Corotan.indd44 44 9/3/07 14:45:06
  • 044-045_OPM_02_mark Corotan.indd45 45 9/3/07 14:45:32
  • 48 olour is one of the big boys when it comes to creating artwork. Selecting the perfect hue is vital to any artist and it comes as no surprise to discover that Corel Painter has plenty of options for choosing, editing and saving colours. The main colour selection takes place in the Colors palette. As you’d expect from Corel Painter, this is entrenched in traditional art theory and is based around the concept of a colour wheel. This means that you can visually see which colours complement each other or which belong to the same ‘group’. Once you have selected your main colour, you can then adjust its saturation or colour value. If you haven’t got a clue what this means, we’ll be explaining everything over these pages! In addition to the Colors palette, there are various other methods of selecting colours. These include the Dropper tool, the Color squares and the Color Sets palette. Again, we’ll be looking at how all of these work in more detail, including a walkthrough on how to create and save your own Color Sets. When it comes to emulating traditional art techniques, though, the Mixer palette is phenomenal. You can use this to mix up paint as you would with a traditional paint palette and can also set the brush to pick up multiple colours. We’ve got a special walkthrough just on this feature over the page, where you’ll �ind out how to use it and what options are available. The quickest way to select a colour and the most intuitive if you’re used to using an image editing program, is to click the front coloured square in the toolbox. This will call up a Colors window, with a colour wheel and a slider to the right. Click inside the wheel to select a colour and adjust how bright or dark it is by moving the slider up (brighter) or down (darker). There are also icons at the top of the window that allow you to set a different way of selecting a colour. These range from colour spectrums through to web-safe colours. Selecting colour Quick and easy colour selection Select using squaresSelect using squares Two squares are better than one The main man (plus additional)The main man (plus additional) One thing that confuses most people when they move from a program such as Photoshop over to Corel Painter is the two coloured squares in the toolbox. In Photoshop these would be the foreground and background colours, but in Corel Painter they are the main (front) and additional (back). The main colour is the one currently selected. The additional colour only comes into play when you have multicoloured brush strokes, two-point gradients or whenever more than one colour is applied. To set the additional colour, double-click on it and pick a colour as normal. Featurefocus Selectingcolour MAIN AND ADDITIONAL COLOUR The front square here sets the main colour being used. The back square is the additional colour and comes into play when you use dual colour control on your brush. Workwith RGBvalues If you are creating a piece of art that you know has to have certain RGB colour values, you might think that the little readout box in the Colors palette is useless, since it shows HSV values instead. Well, if you click on this readout it will turn into RGB, so you can see how things are shaping up! Selecting Selectingcolour FEATURE FOCUS Colour is at the heart of any painting, so it’s worth mastering how to select it! 048-51_OPM02_featurefocus.indd 48 9/3/07 12:40:48
  • 49 FeaturefocusSelectingcolour Using the Color palette’s Hue ring to set colour Hue’s this then?Hue’s this then? Use the triangle for tints and shade The value of saturationThe value of saturation The best way to select colour is the Colors palette. By default this will display as a ring of colour with a triangle in the middle (although you can make it smaller). This is based around hue, saturation and value colour model. Typically, this model begins with you picking a hue, which is represented by the circle. Hue indicates a colour’s position on a colour wheel, hence why it’s presented in a ring. To select your hue, simply click and drag the small black circle. As you move it around the wheel, the triangle and main/additional colour squares will update accordingly. The triangle in the middle of the ring controls the saturation and value of a colour. Saturation is basically how intense a colour is. By moving the triangle’s circle to the left, you reduce saturation. A move to the right will increase it for a very strong colour. Value refers to how light or dark a colour is and lets you pick tints or shades of colours. By moving the circle to the top of the triangle, you lighten the colour and create a tint. Moving the circle to the bottom of the triangle will darken the colour and therefore make a shade. COLORS PALETTE The hub of choosing colours, this palette allows you to set a hue and also control the value and saturation of that hue. COLOR SETS These sets are a handy way of keeping colours of similar values or uses together. You can use the ones that ship with Corel Painter, or create your own for the perfect control. MIXER PALETTE This palette is one of the most exciting features of Corel Painter and allows you to blend colours just as you would with a traditional paint palette. COLOR INFO If you have to adhere to certain colour rules – maybe you are designing for the web – you can see the colour values for RGB, HSV and Web RGB from here. Group colours for easy location Create color sets 01Openupthesets Start by going to Window>Color Palettes>Show Color Sets. Once the palette appears, click the small right- pointing arrow and then select New Empty Color Set. 02Pickyourcolours Now it’s time to fill your nice, clean color set. Start by picking a colour from the Colors palette and then click the Add Color to Color Set button (second from right). Create color sets 03Repeatandsave Continue until you have all the colours you want and then click the right-pointing arrow again. Choose Save Color Set from the menu and give your set a name in the Save As box. Pick a location to save to and click Save. Color Sets are a fabulous way of grouping colours and creating bespoke colour palettes. Corel Painter ships with several color sets, but it’s worth creating your own. You might make some for portrait painting, landscapes, clothes… it’s completely up to you. 048-51_OPM02_featurefocus.indd 49 9/3/07 12:41:48
  • 50 Saveyour creations Justasyoumight saveacolorsetfor workinthefuture, youcanalsosave yourcreationsinthe Mixerpalette.Maybe youhavecreatedthe perfectconcoctionfor underwaterscenes. Simplygotothepalette menuarrowandclick SaveMixerPad.Give thepadaname,choose wheretosaveitand thenclickSave.Load itupbypickingOpen MixerPadfromthe palettemenu. Even though the Colors palette is an extremely accurate way of selecting colour, you might find that you can’t get the hue that you need. Maybe you are trying to add text to a painting but can’t get a colour that matches a hue in the image. For times like these, pay a visit to the Dropper tool. Found in the toolbox (or by hitting ‘D’ on your keyboard), it allows you to select a colour from an image. Click the main or additional colour square, pick the Dropper tool and then click the colour you want to sample in your image. As long as it’s a visible colour, it will appear in your square. Sample colour from images The Dropper toolThe Dropper tool Go for preset colours Clone colour from imagesClone colour from images Another way of using colours from an existing image is to use the Clone Color option. This works by letting a brush pick up dabs of colour from the clone source. If you’re using a brush that has dab-based dab types, the colour will be an approximation of the clone source’s colour. Rendered dab types sample various colours, giving very realistic results. Open an image and go to File>Clone. Now go to Select>All and press delete/backspace. Pick a brush and open the Colors palette. Click the Clone Color button and start painting! Featurefocus Selectingcolour 01Openupthepalette If it isn’t already open, go to Window>Color Palettes>ShowMixertoopenuptheMixerpalette. For the shortcut fans, just press Cmd+2 (Mac) or Ctrl+2 (Windows). 02Anewbackground By default, the Mixer pad is on a white background. If you’d rather change this, click on the palette menu arrow and then choose Change Mixer Background. A Colors dialog box will appear, so pick the new colour you want. This is good practice if you are painting onto a coloured background as you’ll see how the colours will appear once mixed. 03Applycolour Togetstartedwiththe Mixerpad,clickontheApplyColortoolat thebottomoftheMixerpalette.Gouptotherowof coloursatthetopofthepaletteandclickononeyou like.ReturntotheMixerpadandpaint.Yourchosen colourwillappear. Enjoy a true real media effect Mix colours with the Mixer paletteMix colours with the Mixer palette 04Secondhelping TheMixerpadwas notmeantforjustonecolour,soreturn tothecolourswatchesandclickonadifferent colour.PaintintheMixerpadasbefore.Ifyoupaint overtheoriginalcolouryouadded,you’llseethe huesstarttoblendtogether.Toreallyworkthem in,usetheMixColortool.Swapbetweenthetwo byholdingdownCmd(Mac)orCtrl(Windows). 05Usethecolour When you are happy with the blended colour, you need to apply it to the canvas. Do this by clicking the Sample Color tool at the bottom of the Mixer palette – it will become the main colour. Now paint with the new colour. 06Allinthebrush With Corel Painter X, you can use certain brushes to mix colour directly on the Mixer pad and then move over to the canvas to start painting straight away. The variants that support this are ones that use these dab types: Camel Hair, Flat, Bristle Spray, Watercolor Camel, Watercolor Flat and Watercolor Bristle. Userswithversion IXoraboveofCorel Painterwillbe abletoenjoythe Mixerpalette.This allowsyoutomix andmergepaint justasyouwould atraditionalpaint canvas,butitcan takeabitofgetting usedto.Here’show itworks… Mix colours with the Mixer palette FEATURE FOCUS 048-51_OPM02_featurefocus.indd 50 9/3/07 12:42:32
  • 51 FeaturefocusSelectingcolour 07Mixandapply Making sure you have a brush selected that supports direct mixing, move the paint around in the window to get the mix you want. Check that the Dirty Brush Mode tool is selected and then move over to your canvas. The colour you just mixed will be applied. 08Multiple fun On a traditional paint palette, you are able to load more than one colour on a brush. You can do exactly the same in the Mixer palette thanks to the Sample Multiple Color tool. Select this and move the Change Brush Size slider to decide how big the sample area is. Click in the pad to pick up colour and then paint on your canvas. 09Otherswatches The Mixer palette will open with a default set of colours, but you can change these to suit your work. Pick a colour from the Colors palette and then Cmd-click (Mac) or Ctrl-click (Windows) on the swatch you want to change in the Mixer palette. The square will change to your selected colour. 10Savethecolours When you have created your new selection of colours, go to the palette menu arrow and click Save Mixer Colors. Give it a name, a save location and then save! You can load Mixer colours by clicking the palette menu arrow and picking Load Mixer Colors. Navigate to the one you want and the job’s a goodun’! Customise your colours Further afieldFurther afield Ensure perfect control Know your Mixer palette tools If you share your work with others or are collaborating on a project, the ability to annotate colours means everything will always match up. It’s very easy to do as well, although you have to be working from a color set that included names. Paint as normal, picking your colour from the color set with names. Now go to Canvas>Annotations> Annotate. Put your cursor over the colour you want to annotate and then drag out to just beyond the boundaries of the colour. As soon as you let go of the mouse, the name of the colour will appear. Save as a RIFF file to keep the annotations. Pass the information on Annotate coloursAnnotate colours For when things gets technical Get colour informationGet colour information You can call up the Color Info palette and discover the HSV or standard RGB values of the colour you are currently using. If it isn’t already open, go to Window>Color Palettes>Show Color Info. You’ll see some sliders, which you can use to adjust the values, or simply type a new number in the box. Click the right-pointing arrow to swap between RGB or HSV colour values. Any alterations you make can be previewed in the colour squares. Also, if you Shift-click on the HSV/RGB square in the Colors palette, you can see hexadecimal RGB values for when creating for the web. Travel down to the bottom of the Mixer palette and you will find a range of tools that allow you to control how you mix the colours. These are all you need in order to create your own special colour mixes for whatever the job at hand is. In addition to the tools, don’t forget about the settings available from the palette options arrow. It is from here that you can save your Mixer pad workspace. Dirty Brush Mode tool Enable this in order to apply colours mixed in the pad to your canvas Apply Color tool Use this to click on the top swatches and apply a colour to the pad Mix Color tool Mixes colours on the pad and unlike the Apply Color tool, does not add any more Sample Color tool Use this to sample a colour from the pad and set it as the main colour Sample Multiple Colors tool When you have a pleasing blend, use this to load up multiple hues Zoom tool Quickly zoom in and out of areas on the Mixer pad Pan tool If your pad expands beyond the realms of the palette, use this to move about Clear and Reset Canvas tool Get rid of any marks on the pad and reset the zoom level to 100% 048-51_OPM02_featurefocus.indd 51 9/3/07 12:43:09
  • Tutorial Createyourowngallery 52 n addition to offering users a delicious array of tools and commands for creating outstanding digital artwork, Corel Painter also comes with a ready-made community of loyal users who are only too willing to pass on their advice to others. This sense of community is an important part of this magazine. In addition to bringing you great tutorials for creating modern masterpieces, we also want to provide a place for you to come and get a healthy Corel Painter �ix while you wait for the next issue to arrive! So when we created our website, we wanted to make sure that there was a place for readers to come and post their Corel Painter artwork. As a result, once you sign up to the site you can create a special gallery to display your work. Other members can then comment on your images, plus you can also link to other members’ galleries and support an artist who you particularly admire. One thing that we want to make clear from the outset is that this isn’t a site just for Corel Painter professionals or talented artists. We welcome all users of all abilities and styles, so don’t feel shy if you’ve just started using the program. Over these pages we are going to show you how to create a gallery, upload an image and set an avatar for your pro�ile. At the end, we will also highlight a couple of other features that you may have missed on the site. Createyourowngallery Painter master Time needed Skill level Jo Cole 10 minutes Beginner Tutorial info Share your Corel Painter artwork with other users and become part of a thriving community Newest Member Markie 052-054_OPM_02-web.indd 52 9/3/07 15:42:24
  • 53 TutorialCreateyourowngallery 01Register Pop along to www. paintermagazine.co.uk. You’ll be taken to the homepage of the website. Go up to the Sign-up link and click on it. Fill in the form and make sure you enter the correct email address. Once completed, click Create User and wait for an email. Click the link and you’re now a member! 02Yourprofile There’s a default avatar, but you might prefer to add your own image. This is easily done. Make sure you are logged in and then click on Edit Profile. Go down to the avatar bit and click Remove This Image. Now click Choose File. 03Setthefile Navigate to where the image is you want to use and select it. For ease of use, make sure it is relatively small, but the image will be automatically shrunk to fit the space. Make sure it is a square format to start with. Inputting profile information and uploading images Register at the site to access the galleries Picture of the Week ‘An Homage to Van Gogh’ Top Rated Gallery painter_fan_75 Featured Gallery Jo Cole 052-054_OPM_02-web.indd 53 9/3/07 15:43:11
  • 54 04Finishup Make any other changes you want to your profile and then click Update. Now it’s time to add some images! Go down to the Gallery Images area and click Add New Image. Read through all the rules for the size/format the image has to be and then click Choose File to select your picture. Extra content for members Other site features 05Moreinformation With the image selected, use the Description area to give a bit of background about why you created it and what brushes you used, or mention if anything in particular inspired you. Click Submit Image and once the file is approved, it will magically appear in your gallery. 06Lookatothergalleries Click the Gallery Home link in the left-hand side panel to see all the galleries. Click Search but leave the field blank. Click on a user to see their work. If they have posted lots of images, use the top arrows to navigate through them. Click the small image to open a larger one in a separate window. 07Makeacomment As you look at other people’s work, feel free to leave a comment. This is an ideal way of praising artists or making helpful suggestions. It’s easy to do – as you click on an image, scroll down to Comment and Rate. If you’d like to give a score, pick one from the drop-down menu and click Rate. 08Wordsof wisdom Use the Comment box to leave a, um… comment! Type in your thoughts or suggestions and then hit Post Comment. Remember that this is a place for people to learn and share, so any derogatory or offensive posts will be deleted. 09Forall your downloads In addition to the gallery feature, you can also download tutorial files from past issues. This is useful if you have lost your disc, or can’t wait to get your issue and want to follow one of the PDF tutorials. Just click the Tutorial Files link and then the relevant tutorial. 10Regularchallenge Members can also enter our regular website challenge. Click the Competition link and then click Download images. Use one or all of these to construct your art and then email them to us by hitting the Click here to email your entry link. Tutorial Createyourowngallery Theapproval process There will be a slight delay between you uploading an image and it appearing on the website as all images go through an approval process. This is just to make sure no one posts anything offensive. We approve images as quickly as we can, but bear in mind that we are based in the UK, and so are tucked up in bed while some of you have just started your day! 052-054_OPM_02-web.indd 54 9/3/07 15:44:01
  • Tutorial PaintlikeEdwardHopper 56 Discoverhowtore-createoneofAmerica’smostfamouspaintingsDiscoverhowtore-createoneofAmerica’smostfamouspaintings EdwardHopperPaint like: Discoverhowtore-createoneofAmerica’smostfamouspaintingsDiscoverhowtore-createoneofAmerica’smostfamouspaintings Paint like: 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 56 9/3/07 12:24:18
  • TutorialPaintlikeEdwardHopper 57 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 57 9/3/07 12:24:51
  • 58 Tutorial PaintlikeEdwardHopper ighthawks was based on a Greenwich village spot that attracted Hopper’s native eye. The artist was known for roaming the streets of New York, where he lived for 54 years, to �ind spots of interest. He would make a few sketches on location but continue to do the great bulk of work in his studio. Like many truly great works of art, Nighthawks is a timeless piece. The locality of the all night diner is interesting to note but the place could in fact be anywhere. Its strength is in the strong sense of place and atmosphere. The three silent customers are eerily captivating. They are lost in their own thoughts and inevitably make us wonder of their personal circumstance. Also, �luorescent lights were new in the early 1940s and here they create a unique glow and the place stands out on the dark street corner. At the time of Nighthawks’ �irst exhibition, Hopper was already a well- known artist. He made his name painting houses and other buildings, barns and farmhouses, often lonely in a sea of landscape. Be it a rural or urban setting, Hopper’s paintings were of an outsider looking in. In 1920 Hopper had his �irst solo show at the Whitney Studio Club in Greenwich Village. His style was a success from the very start of his career and his acclaim continued to grow during his lifetime. He remained a private person who spent much of his life in his house on Cape Cod, where many of his most famous works were created. He was fascinated by light and its changing nature at different times. Hopper is reported to have said of himself: “I guess I’m not very human. All I really want to do is paint light on the side of a house.” According to the artist’s wife and muse, Josephine, Hopper had a very clear idea of a piece before he started the work. He mixed the original sketches with extensive studio oil paintings, often using Josephine as a model. To produce our own work in the style of Hopper, we will create a sketch of this piece as a guide. In the spirit of imitating real life, we will use the simple 2B Pencil. Hopper’s preferred painting medium was oil and it is usually applied quite smoothly, with strokes being highly visible at times. We will also end up with an oil painting but instead of applying impasto directly onto the guiding sketch, we will explore Corel Painter’s tools and array of paint media. Nighthawks has found its way into many culture references, including this season promo for the popular CSI television programme (www.cbs.com/ primetime/csi/ diner/) This oil painting is full of shades and tones. The dark black areas are in fact made of black and dark green. Consider this when applying paint for a more sensitive piece “His style was a success from the start of his career and his acclaim continued to grow during his lifetime” In the Brush Creator you can access, adjust and test the results before applying 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 58 9/3/07 12:25:34
  • 59 TutorialPaintlikeEdwardHopper Establish the basic sketch Set up the documentSet up the document 03Pencildrawing In the Brush Selector choose Pencils and the 2B pencil. Use the new grid to guide you as you draw background and characters. Set Opacity to 30-40 to begin with. For the option to step back when needed, to Preferences in the main menu and set a high number of Undo levels. 01Settingup Open a new file size 30.7cm high by 40cm wide. You might want to open the final painting from the disc. This is useful for selecting colours or to make sure you are progressing nicely. Name this layer ‘reference’. 02Layout We’ve also provided a quick sketch, but if you’d rather create your own, open a new layer. Go to Window>Show Grid to open the Layout Grid box. Create a grid to help create an accurate guide. Set Vertical and Horizontal divisions, Size and Display colours. If you haven’t got Corel Painter X, you will have to make your own lines. We will start with �illing in the sketch and move on to the Airbrush. This is used to smooth the surface in preparation for oil paint application. The last painting stage is the Impasto brush, providing the oil painting look. We will adjust the Impasto settings as we progress using different Draw To options in the Brush Creator. The �inal piece of the puzzle will be to adjust the tone and texture. We will apply Image Luminance to the oil paint to see its effect on the paint stroke itself. As expected in such a comprehensive application, there is more than one way to achieve different effects. A black-and- white sketch, for example, can be created by drawing using a pencil or you could take the Effects automatic route. You can apply canvas texture to the �inished piece or start off with a textured canvas and so on. [TOP RIGHT] Under the Impasto category in the Brush Creator, we control the Draw To option. Once the piece is covered in smooth Airbrush, choose Depth for an oil painting look Painter master Time needed Skill level On the CD Hannah Gal 3 hours Intermediate Final file and sketch guide Tutorial info [RIGHT] If you’d prefer to not draw an outline, you can always use the Sketch effect Airbrush is used here to smooth out the painting in preparation for application of the mighty Impasto 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 59 9/3/07 12:26:20
  • 60 Layers To organise the Layers palette more efficiently, consider grouping. This means placing relevant layers in a group, saving both space and time. A good example here would be the man on the left, woman, bus boy and man in the centre. To group layers, Shift-select them in the Layers palette and then choose Group. Set up your palette Laying down base colours 04ColourSet Design a palette dedicated to the making of this piece. This will include the many different shades within the original. Use the Eyedropper to sample a colour. Double-click on the Main colour square to open the main Colors palette. Now select Color Palette (third from right)>New. Drag the sampled colour down to the newly created colour palette, continue with different colours to build up your set. Laying down base colours 05Startto paint Create a new layer to apply paint and name it Background. Go to the Brush Selector and choose the Oils brush category. Now select Smeary Bristle Spray and set Opacity to 3-5%. Choose the Cover Method and the Subcategory Soft Cover from the General Brush Control palette. You can work over the drawing at full opacity or reduce it in the Layers palette. 06Painting Observe our finished image and start applying paint. Keep the General and Size palettes open and adjust controls as you paint. Brush size for the vast spaces can be large but it needs to be reduced for smaller ones. We’re only laying in some base colour, so don’t cover every bit of white with this colour. Opacity can be adjusted to when it needs to be changed. Set Expression to None at this stage. 08Thefirstcharacter In the Layers palette, open a new layer and name it Man on Left. We are ready to start colouring in the four characters. A separate layer for each will allow greater control as you progress. With the same brush as before, observe the final image, zoom in on the man and apply paint. Start with the blocks of dark areas and move to light. 09Centralfigure Open a new layer for the man in the centre of the image and name it accordingly. Follow the previous step to loosely cover the man with paint. Observe the original as you use your own colour palette. If you feel a shade is missing, sample and add to the set to complete it. Tutorial PaintlikeEdwardHopper 07Keepon building Continue to cover the drawing while observing the finished one. You can open that in a separate file altogether or turn the Reference layer on and off as needed. Vary Opacity between 2 and 10% as you apply layers of paint. We are filling in the drawing with guide colour. 10Remaining two Create a new layer for both the woman and bus boy. Use the reference layer as well as the guide drawing to see where colours change and how tones vary. This can be quite loose as we will apply fresh paint later on. 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 60 9/3/07 12:26:59
  • 61 TutorialPaintlikeEdwardHopper Impasto Any brush can be adjusted to paint in Impasto style. To do this, choose the brush. Open Brush Creator and in Stroke Designer adjust settings. Set Draw To to Depth or Color and Depth. The Bristle Oil brush we used here, for example, will also benefit from adjusting Smoothing and other aspects. Once you reached Impasto heaven, be sure to save it. Use the Airbrush category to deepen the painting Smoothing and enhancing the colour 14Save! With all layers in place, it would be wise to save the file as a layered RIFF. Now flatten it by going to the Layers palette and choosing Drop All. Save the flat version as a TIFF file. This flat file will be easier and considerably faster to work on from this point onwards. 15Morepaint! Use the Digital Airbrush to continue applying paint to the canvas. Once you finish covering the top-left corner move to another section and repeat. You need to cover the entire piece before moving on to the Impasto paints. Remember to vary brush size and apply paint in low opacity layers. Smoothing and enhancing the colour 11Zoomout As you apply paint on zoomed in areas, it is easy to lose sight of the whole picture. When you feel you are nearly at the end of the ‘guide paint’ stage, zoom out and assess progress so far. Painters do this in real life by taking a few steps back. This helps to spot problem areas and ones in need of enhancement. 12BrushCreator The original painting is oil on canvas so you can now select an Impasto brush and apply straight to surface. Smoothing out the layer underneath the thick oil paint, however, does wonders to the overall look. Go to Window>Show Brush Creator and select the Airbrush category and Digital Airbrush. 13Buildthingsup ChooseCoverMethod and Soft Cover subcategory. Start with a low 5-10% Opacity and zoom in on the top-left corner of the canvas. Observe the original, choose the relevant colour from your colour set and start covering the area. Set Expression to None and brush size to 30-40. 16Deepenthecolours When you have finished applying the Airbrush to the canvas, sample the dark green and black colours for the Main and Additional colours. You can now toggle between the two as you deepen the black and green walls behind the characters. 17 Allinthedetails The seats, cups and other small items add a great deal of interest to the composition. Choose white as your colour and cover these with small 10-12 brush. Again, set Opacity to 5-10 and reapply one layer over the other to create depth. 18FinalAirbrush Go back to the black and green Main and Additional colours and start refining edges and shadowed areas throughout. Tidy up the composition by straightening lines, filling in areas and smoothing edges everywhere. Add missing details, for example highlights on seats. 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 61 9/3/07 12:27:28
  • For the ultimate touch of realism The Brush Creator 01DrawTo Although the Stroke Designer is the area used the most, you will benefit greatly from understanding Transporter and Randomizer. While using the Impasto brush, use the category within the Brush Creator to choose the appropriate Draw To option but also to adjust both Depth and Expression. 02Modifybehaviour UsetheArtists’Oilscategorywithin theBrushCreatortocontrolthewaypaintisapplied.Thebest optionsarePaintAmount,ViscosityandPaintaswellasBrushLookand CanvasWetness.Theseareallcrucialfactorsinwhatthebrushlookslike andhowit‘behaves’. 03Express yourself While applying Oils you can decide to apply identical strokes throughout the painting, in which case you will set your Expression to None. Choosing any of the other Expression options brings in your own personal style to the piece. The reason why Corel Painter is so good at emulating real media effects is because it has such amazing brushes. An important part of understanding how the program works involves getting to grips with the Brush Creator. Here we take a closer look at how to build up realistic paint texture and depth. 62 Build up paint with Impasto Lay it on thickLay it on thick 19Impasto1 In the Brush Selector choose Artists’ Oil. Set Opacity to 55-65% and Grain to 13%. Zoom in on an area and start applying paint to the layer underneath. If you wish your strokes to be similar throughout, set Draw To to Depth only and Expression to None. For this option, you need to have a smooth Airbrush layer underneath, any possible imperfections will show through the deep strokes. 20Impasto2 Go to the Brush Creator and click on the Impasto category. Set Expression to Pressure. Start working with a 70-80% Depth. You can adjust this setting at any time to what looks and feels best as you work. Try your brush out on the Brush Creator pad before continuing. 21Canvas This painting has a very clear canvas look. To achieve that we will apply canvas texture to the painted piece. To save time, use a selection tool to create a small area in the image. At the bottom of the toolbox, click on the Paper Selector to open it. Now select the Artists Canvas option. 22Adjust Colours Go to Effects>Tonal Control>Adjust Colors. Increase Saturation to 30% and click OK. If you feel that Saturation level is too high, go back and adjust it. We want to boost the colours a bit to match that of the original. Tutorial PaintlikeEdwardHopper 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 62 9/3/07 12:27:46
  • 63 TutorialPaintlikeEdwardHopper More Impasto The Impasto brush look is determined by its lighting and depth. Under Canvas> Surface Lighting, you can adjust level of Shine for more gloss, Amount and more. The Impasto Lighting box is a time saver allowing application of the Impasto look to the entire image. It is memory hungry so be sure to clear any Impasto effect you do not wish to keep. Experiment with Light Controls to see what effect they have on the final brush look. Perfect the colour texture for a great look Continue to edit colour 25Luminousquality Zoom to 100% to see the effect in full. The Image Luminance has added texture to the stroke itself, giving it a 3D look. To properly assess the effect, view at full magnification and even print out. 26 Fade Go to Edit>Fade and move the slider to 40-50%. This will tone down the effect you have just applied. Again, use the preview window to see it in action but be sure to apply and view at full magnification on the painting itself. Continue to edit colour 23Texture Go to Effects>Apply Surface Texture and under Using, choose Paper. The Preview window will now show you your selected texture in action. Leave softness at 0 and set Amount between 50-60%, Picture to 90%, Shine to 90% and Reflection to 10-15%. 24Surfaceeffects Go to Effects>Surface Control>Apply Surface Texture. Under Using, select Image Luminance. Set Amount to 55- 60%, Picture to 100% Shine to 70% and reflection to 10-12%. See the effect change in the preview window and adjust according to personal reference. Apply to see on the painting itself. 27Newpaper In the Paper selector choose different paper textures and experiment. Even though the original is painted on canvas, you might prefer the look of one of the many textured papers on the list. When ready to try any texture out, go to Effects>Apply Surface Texture. 28Adjust Tone Once you have applied the new experimental texture to the painting, go to Effects>Tonal Control>Adjust Colors. Choose the Uniform Color setting and move sliders to see the effect. Apply and compare the effect to that of the previously applied canvas texture. 056-063_OPM_02-Hopper.indd 63 9/3/07 12:28:16
  • 64 he humble airbrush has been one of the most trusted illustrator’s tools for many years, its use dating back to pre-digital times when photographers used it for retouching photographs. The airbrush is synonymous with very �ine, polished illustrations with beautifully soft gradations of tones and highlights. Corel Painter has a huge selection of airbrushes and you never have to breathe in any fumes from sprayed paint! The Corel Painter Airbrushes feature variants that spray a very �ine mist of colour, with which you can build up super- smooth tones and gradients, tiny versions that can be used to create super-�ine details and even really coarse, spatter airbrushes that feature almost tactile grain and grit. And what’s more, Corel Painter Airbrushes work just like the real thing, even responding to the tilt of your pressure-sensitive stylus so that they spray colour across your image, rather than just perfectly circular footprints of the airbrush! The art of using these super- sensitive variants is to build up tones gradually, by very gently working over particular areas again and again rather than trying to lay down colour in one hit. See the samples opposite for the cream of the crop of Airbrushes! Ifyourpreferyourpaintsprayedrather thanplastered,youshouldexperiencethe flawlessfinishofCorelPainter’sairbrushes! The Feature slider is critical when you’re using the Airbrushes, because it determines the size of the individual grains or speckles within the airbrush stroke. At high values these grains are large and packed closely together. When set at lower values, the airbrushes that use the Feature control produce strokes where the grain is very fine indeed. Ifyourpreferyourpaintsprayedrather Airbrush Control the speckler Brush Size Setting smooth or hard lines Soft centresSoft centresSoft centres It’s vital to remember that by their very nature, airbrushes produce strokes with very soft edges, so if you want hard edges around objects in your paintings, you need to paint inside selections. Use the Lasso tool to draw over the object you’re painting and then paint inside the shape with the selection still active. Alternatively, paint the shape onto a separate layer with one of the smooth pen variants and then check Preserve Transparency in the Layers palette. You can now paint inside the shape without any colour marking the transparent areas of the layer! Primer Airbrushes PEPPER AND SALT Here the Pepper Spray variant was used to create yeast speckles and surface interest on the grapes. The Pepper Spray variant sprays a very coarse pattern of colour, which is ideally suited to creating interesting texture and grain in your illustrations. SKETCHING You can actually draw with airbrushes too! Here, the sketching was achieved using the Detail Airbrush. Airbrushes are great to sketch with as they allow you to build up your drawing gradually, slowly reinforcing the tone of the lines. Here the Pepper Spray variant was used BRUSH CATEGORY smooth tones and gradients, tiny versions that can be used to create super-�ine details and even really coarse, spatter airbrushes that feature almost tactile grain and grit. And what’s more, Corel Painter Airbrushes work just like the real thing, even responding to the tilt of your pressure-sensitive stylus so that they spray colour across your image, rather than just perfectly circular footprints of the airbrush! The art of using these super- sensitive variants is to build up tones gradually, by very gently working over particular areas again and again rather than trying to lay down colour in one hit. See the samples opposite for the cream of the crop of Airbrushes! PRIMER 064-065_OPM02_brushes.indd 64 9/3/07 12:02:14
  • The Airbrushes in Corel Painter offer users an excellent way of gradually building up effects in their paintings. There’s a healthy amount of variants to choose from, which can be used to create an airbrush effect or just smooth colours. 65 PrimerPrimerAirbrushes SELECTION BOX Initially, each grape was painted inside a selection. With the selection active, each grape was then filled in with the base colour with one of the Soft Airbrush variants. Once the initial colour was filled in, the same airbrush was used with Preserve Transparency checked in the Layers palette to add the dark and lighter modelling. Dictate every stroke Control yourselfControl yourselfControl yourself The Brush Controls palette has a complete panel dedicated solely to airbrushes, where you can control how much colour flows from the airbrush as you paint with it and also control the spread of the strokes it makes. You can choose for these characteristic to be controlled in a number of ways, such as being affected by the tilt of your stylus or by the pressure you apply as you paint. Set this option via the Expression option in this section of the palette. BRUSH PALETTE Selecting a brush requires nothing more than clicking the brush variant menu and then clicking on the brush you want from the menu. nothing more than clicking the Get the perfect effect each time Choosing your brush Broad Wheel Coarse Spray Detail Airbrush Digital Airbrush Fine Air Detail Fine Spray Fine Tip Soft Air Fine Wheel Airbrush Finer Spray Graffiti Pepper Spray Pixel Spray Soft Airbrush Tapered Detail Air Tiny Soft Air Tiny Spattery Airbrush Variable Splatter CATCHING THE LIGHT The highlights here were added with one of the Fine Tip Soft Air variants, allowing the highlights to be built up very slowly and subtly, gradually increasing in intensity into pure white catchlights. 064-065_OPM02_brushes.indd 65 9/3/07 18:55:42
  • 66 Drawing101 Composition Thecoreofasuccessfulpaintingisgoodcompositionandtherearelotsoftheoriesand rulesthatcanhelpyousetupthedreamarrangement.Wetakealookatthebesthere Composition Understand the rules of Thecoreofasuccessfulpaintingisgoodcompositionandtherearelotsoftheoriesand rulesthatcanhelpyousetupthedreamarrangement.Wetakealookatthebesthere Composition Understand the rules of our painting can be set to succeed or fail before you have even applied any colour or form onto the canvas and it’s all because of composition. A truly successful image is one that plays with a viewer’s eye, moving them around the different areas in the most pleasing manner. In essence, composition is a jigsaw puzzle. For it to work properly you’ll need to work out exactly where to place objects for the maximum effect. While this may sound quite lofty and annoyingly vague, the good news is that a lot of composition theory is based around instinctive behaviour. Our eyes travel in certain directions and it is such an ingrained action you probably haven’t even noticed it. For example, when you read your eyes go in a certain direction and most people tend to look at the top third section of an image. When an image feels wrong, it is most likely because it is forcing the viewer’s eye to move in an unnatural or awkward way. Try it for yourself – look at an image and try and remember where your eyes land �irst. Also feel how your eyes ‘wander’ about the scene. It is this behaviour that can be controlled by what composition techniques the artist has employed. Now, we know that this sounds like a very wispy concept and to be honest, it is. Everyone is obviously different and you’ll never be able to come up with a full- proof way of ensuring that every single CompositionComposition Understand the rules of 66 rulesthatcanhelpyousetupthedreamarrangement.Wetakealookatthebesthererulesthatcanhelpyousetupthedreamarrangement.Wetakealookatthebesthere 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 66 9/3/07 11:37:19
  • 67 Drawing101Composition person who looks at your painting will respond to its composition in the same way. Well, you could just have one thing �illing the entire frame, but even that technique can be improved by applying composition techniques. Thankfully there have been many studies on what makes for an aesthetic arrangement and these studies, plus centuries of artists trying new techniques, have resulted in a set of guidelines that will help you get a good composition. Although some of them have come to be known as ‘rules’, never ever feel as though you have to rigidly stick to them. Not all of them will work in all situations and sometimes an image’s colour or structure or texture will override any composition factors. While it’s easy to think of composition rules only in relation to where objects are placed, it’s important to remember that every single element in an image contributes to the success or failure of the composition. For example, having an even balance of light and dark areas will give a more balanced image. Have an image with too much dark area and you can drag everything down – go for too much light and you have a �loaty result. The fact is that composition covers everything you put in your image, whether you are actually conscious of it or not. But by familiarising yourself with some good composition practice, you will be more in control when it comes to painting a scene and will be able to make informed decisions about how something should be arranged. We’ll be looking at some of the most common composition rules over the following pages, demonstrating how they can help your images become stronger. From the scienti�ic principles of the golden section, the rule of thirds and divine proportion, to general advice for arranging elements so they have maximum impact. Corel Painter also has some inbuilt tools for handling composition, so we’ll also look at what these are and how they work. A triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in the frame. In the above example, the two figures actually make two triangles This is a great example of leading a viewer’s eye around a picture. The textured brush strokes and subtle direction lines allow you to discover the two figures and other detail Bigger is not always better Try not to fill a frame with your main object being used really large. Use a smaller size so there’s room for other elements to give a sense of setting Arrange your objects x To keep the viewer’s interest, go for a meandering path that leads into an image. This forces the eye to look around the painting. A straight path to the centre leaves little room for exploring x A triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in theA triangular composition is very handy for portrait paintings and sits well in the 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 67 9/3/07 11:38:01
  • 68 Drawing101 Composition n image’s format is an important part of the composition process, because certain formats give you certain bene�its. It’s then up to you to pick the best one for the type of image you want to create. By choosing the perfect format, you can help ensure that the viewer’s attention is on the part of the image that you want. You can use any shaped format that you like, but the main three are landscape, portrait and square. Landscape formats are good for when you have lots going on in the foreground, because it allows the eye room to explore what’s there. It’s also a good format to use for, unsurprisingly, landscape paintings because you can have a meandering river or path that leads the viewer’s eye towards a focal point. Plus, if you have a moving subject in a painting such as an animal or bird, the landscape format gives more room around the subject and can help heighten the feeling of movement. The portrait format works well when you have a stationary subject that you want to emphasise. It is also good for landscape subjects, especially those that have a directional device for leading the eye upwards. Because a portrait format is taller, it means that the eye has farther to Your first decision Pickaformat Drawing101Drawing101Drawing101 Composition travel from bottom to the top, making the experience interactive and interesting. A square format isn’t as popular as portrait or landscape, but that doesn’t mean it’s any less effective. If you have a scene with lots of detail at the edges, a square format will help frame this and force the eye to look into the picture. If you have an image that you’re not happy with, try cropping it in a different format. You may �ind that it’s the best solution for getting maximum impact. What happens when maths meets art Thegoldenratio/divineproportion ronically, a lot of artistic composition theory is based around mathematical equations. When looking at the history of composition theory, many people will cite the ancient Greeks as playing a pivotal role. As artists and architects, the ancient Greeks were fanatical about perfection and this fanaticism drove them to create objects that are still lauded as true works of art. They decided that there had to be a reason why a certain arrangement or balance was pleasing to the eye and why another one wasn’t. Their studies led them to a certain ratio. By constructing a canvas into eight parts horizontally and vertically, and then counting �ive stops in horizontally from the left and right, and then �ive stops in from the top and bottom, they created a grid that has come to be known as the golden section. Well it’s actually been called all sorts of things, from golden section, golden number, and divine proportion. The intersecting lines created by this grid became the hotspots on a canvas and marked the spots where the viewer’s attention would fall. This gave artists a guide as to where to put the subject(s) for maximum impact and interest. For maths fans, the technical de�inition of the golden ratio is that the sum of two quantities is to the larger quantity and the larger is to the smaller. You also have something called a golden rectangle. This, not surprisingly, is a rectangle whose side lengths are the golden ratio. You can make one by �irst making a square. Now draw a line from the midpoint of one side over the opposite Scholars believe that the divine ratio can be seen in architecture. One of the theories is that the Parthenon conforms to the ratio and if the roof was complete, it would fit into the ratio grid perfectly. There are also those who think it was more of a case of the Greeks having a good eye for proportion! Here we’ve taken the same scene and applied a landscape, portrait and square format. The landscape one works the best, with its feeling of space Scholars believe that the divine ratio can be seen in architecture. One of the history of composition theory, many Scholars believe that the divine ratio can be seen in architecture. One of the architects, the ancient Greeks were fanatical about perfection and this fanaticism drove them to create objects 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 68 9/3/07 11:39:08
  • 69 Drawing101Composition corner. Use this to make an arc, which will then give you the height of the rectangle. You can now complete it. The golden ratio has been discussed for over 2,400 years, with the Greeks attributing the ratio to Pythagoras. But it wasn’t until the Renaissance period that any literature on how the golden ratio can help aesthetics was developed. The �irst was De Divina Proportione by Luca Pacioli in 1509. Pacioli applied the mathematics behind the ratio to explain how it produces harmonious proportions. The three-volume edition was also illustrated by Leonardo da Vinci, who was convinced that the human body had proportions that �itted with the golden ratio. It has been said that he constructed some of his most recognisable artwork using divine proportion, including the infamous Mona Lisa. Mr da Vinci was notoriously private about his artwork, but given his love of maths and codes, it’s completely believable. Heavenly composition for everyone Divine Proportion tool With Corel Painter X, you can apply guides to help you make your creations adhere to divine proportion. This gives you a greater sense of where the areas of interest are and where to place elements to help move the viewer’s eye around the canvas. Just as with the Layout Grid, you can edit and customise the tool and alter the size, angle, colour and opacity of the guide and also edit how many levels there are, which will affect how many times an area divides into itself. You can also choose to just see parts of the guide. STEP 01 GotoWindow>ShowDivineProportiontocallup thepalette.ClicktheEnableDivineProportioncheckbox.Usethe Orientationareatosetwhichdirectionyouwanttheguidetoappear. divides into itself. You can also choose to just see parts of the guide. STEP 01 GotoWindow>ShowDivineProportiontocallup STEP 02 Chancesareyouwill needtoresizethe guidetomakeitwork withyourcanvasor existingartwork.This iseasilydone;simply movetheSizeslider totherighttomake itbiggerorgoleftto makeitsmaller. STEP 03 IfyouhavetheDivineProportiontoolselectedinthe toolbox,youcanmovetheresizedgridwhereveryoulikeonyour canvas.Youcanalsoturnoffsomeoftheguidestojustbeleftwiththe spiral,gridoraxis.SaveanddeletepresetsaswiththeLayoutGrid. Orientationareatosetwhichdirectionyouwanttheguidetoappear. STEP 02 Chancesareyouwill needtoresizethe guidetomakeitwork withyourcanvasor existingartwork.This iseasilydone;simply movetheSizeslider totherighttomake itbiggerorgoleftto makeitsmaller. STEP 03 IfyouhavetheDivineProportiontoolselectedinthe 02 divides into itself. You can also choose to just see parts of the guide. 01 03 The Golden Section rule is similar to the rule of thirds, but with a thinner middle section Many believe that Leonardo da Vinci used divine proportion when he created the Mona Lisa Divide and conquer Pacioli’s De Divina Proportione text also boasted lots of illustrations by Leonardo da Vinci. These demonstrated how different forms could be split up according to the golden ratio, thus ensuring the most aesthetically pleasing arrangement. This allowed artists to ‘see’ the human form as measurements and break down parts into their relevant length and width. Obviously you don’t have to adhere to these rules, but they are useful for life drawing, especially the face. We’ll look at the measurements in more detail in a future issue. Classical divisionClassical division 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 69 9/3/07 18:59:22
  • 70 Drawing101 Composition he grandam of composition theory has to be the rule of thirds. Employed by artists and photographers, this follows a similar grid system to the golden ratio, except the scene is split into nine equal parts. These lines and the points they intersect are the ‘hotspots’ and represent the optimum position for your objects. It is thought that the rule works because the human eye is naturally drawn to a point that’s two-thirds up a page. Because it also positions subjects away from the centre, it makes for a more balanced arrangements, since everything isn’t clumped in the middle. When it comes to creating landscape shots, the rule of thirds is a great guide Ruleofthirds for getting the most from your foreground or background. By placing your horizon line on the highest horizontal line, you give yourself a nice amount of space for foreground interest. If you use the rule of thirds to a portrait format, you have even more room for the foreground elements. Alternatively, get the most from skyscapes by placing your horizon line on the lower horizontal line. Now you have two thirds of the image to dedicate to a dramatic skyline. Even though you have committed to having the top area as the main point of interest, the lower third provides an important ‘rest area’ before the main event. This avoids bombarding the viewer with the main point of interest and will actually enhance the focal point. By playing with the horizon line, you are playing with the point of interest. A lower line forces the viewer to concentrate on the top two thirds, and vice versa for a high horizon. Meet the main event Divide up your canvas The Layout Grid We’ve already seen how the rule of thirds has been used in photography and art to improve composition and this grid-based system is at the heart of the Layout Grid. Once enabled, you will see a non-printing grid appear on your canvas. This divides your canvas up into sections and you get three default options straight out of the box. These are the rule of thirds, 3x5 and 5x5. You also have the option to modify these grids by altering the number of divisions, angle, colour, opacity or size. Any alterations you make can be saved for future use or to give to other people. Here’s how to set the grid up and also use the options. STEP 01 Withyourcanvasopen,gotoWindow>ShowLayoutGrid. Oncethepaletteopens,clicktheEnableGridcheckboxtoseethegrid. Usethedrop-downmenutoapplyoneofthepresets–wepickedRule ofThirds. STEP 01 Withyourcanvasopen,gotoWindow>ShowLayoutGrid. STEP 02 Horizontalandverticallineswillappear onyourcanvas.Ifyou’drathertheseweredifferent colours,simplyclickthearrownexttothecolour squareandthenpickacolourfromthepicker.To changehowstrongthegridlinesare,altertheOpacity slider.Byhavingalowopacity,youcangetonwithyour composingandnotgetboggeddowninguidelines. STEP 02 0201 TOOLBOX CONTROLS You can access the Layout Grid here and control some of the options. By clicking the tool in the toolbox, you can then move the grid about on your canvas. Having the horizon line directly in the middle of your frame lessens the impact. It’s better to use the rule of thirds and place it in the top or lower third Having the horizon line directly in the middle of your frame lessens the impact. It’s better to use the rule of thirds x 70 of divisions, angle, colour, opacity or size. Any alterations you make can be saved for future use or to give to other people. Here’s how to set the grid up and also use the options. Ruleofthirds for getting the most from your foreground 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 70 9/3/07 11:41:15
  • 71 Drawing101Composition STEP 03 Itmightbethatyou’dratherusethegridat adifferentsizetohowitappears.Thisiseasilydone.Goto theSizeareaandmovetheVerticalandHorizontalslider.If youwanttoresizethegridproportionally,simplyclickthe Synchronizebox. STEP 03 03 STEP 04 Youmightwanttomakeupyourown compositionalguide,inwhichcaseyouneedtomake atriptotheDivisionsarea.Inhere,setthenumber ofhorizontalorverticallinesyouwant.Tolinkthese values,selecttheSynchronizetheDivisionscheckbox. STEP 04STEP 04 04 STEP 05 Ifyouwanttomoveagrid,clickthe LayoutGridiconinthetoolboxanddragthegridinto yournewposition.Tosaveagridasapreset,clickthe AddPresetbutton(lookslikeaplussign).Giveita nameandthenclickOK.Todeleteapreset,chooseit andthenclicktheDeletePresetbutton. STEP 05 Ifyouwanttomoveagrid,clickthe 05 CONTRASTING GRID COLOURS The default grid colours are a dark blue and green. You may find these get lost on your image, in which case click the colour square and choose a contrasting shade. SETTING THE GRID TYPE You have a choice of three preset grids – the Rule of Thirds, a 3x5 or a 5x5 grid. You can also create your own presets or delete ones that are of no use to you. A quick way to boost interest By using the rule of thirds when constructing your composition, you can make sure you have maximum impact from the objects. Don’t go centre – near the side is better. Go off-centre x 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 71 9/3/07 11:42:03
  • 72 Drawing101 Composition Lines of interest Otherrules all over the image otherwise they will compete for the eye’s attention. Also, if you can, try to stay away from even numbers or rigidly symmetrical images. Things always seem to work better with odd numbers. Triangular composition is an interesting one and is very good for painting portraits. It works best if the background is simple and plain and then the �igure is placed to the side in a triangular format. The space around the �igure will actually make it more powerful and the clean geometry will enhance it even further. It may sound like a bit of a weird thing to say, but when thinking about composition, you need to make sure that you don’t push a viewer out of the picture frame. If you have a road or river or any other such element, don’t have it leaving the frame. It needs to go into the horizon, rather than out of the frame. If you have an animal or person in your painting, have them facing straight out or facing and looking inwards. When it comes to the actual objects in your image, try and mix up forms and shapes. If you have lots of mountains or vertical elements, �luffy round clouds will act as a good balance. In a similar vein, if your scene has lots of horizontal planes, try mixing things up by adding vertical detail such as trees. Make the viewer’s eye travel around the canvas General guides for getting the best composition s artists have developed and started to experiment, various other rules of composition have sprung up. While they may not be as iconic as the ones we’ve looked at so far, they are still good techniques to employ in your work. The diagonal rule splits one half of a picture into two and then each half is divided into three separate parts. The adjacent side is then divided so the lines connecting the points make a diagonal frame. The most important elements of a picture should then be placed along these diagonals. Diagonal lines in a painting are preferable to horizontal or vertical, since they do not run parallel with the frame of the picture. You can merge all lines, but make one noticeably longer. When using a diagonal composition, try to have elements in both sections. A straight strong diagonal line with objects just on one side won’t look that good. Keeping a diagonal line in mind when it comes to adding a second object of interest is also helpful. Keep one larger than the other, and place them diagonally across from each other. This will be far more attractive than right on top of each other! In fact, on the subject of multiple points of interest, it’s worth saying that multiple subjects should be grouped within the centre of interest. Do not scatter them �igure will actually make it more powerful an animal or person in your painting, have Make the viewer’s eye travel around the canvas Mix and match lines When there are no objects, use lines to add interest to the scene There doesn’t have to be an object in a scene for it to be interesting. In the example below, the trees and sun look lost because there is so much nothingness. Even though the example on the right had no real excitement in terms of form, the fact it has horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines makes it dynamic and appealing to the viewer.diagonal lines makes it dynamic and appealing to the viewer. If you have bought the limited edition paint can, or if you end up being one of the lucky 30 to win one in the competition set in last issue, you will benefit from the special composition guide tool. With this, you can physically place a grid over the scene in front of you and then use it to transfer what you see onto the canvas. There are five different grids in this tool, covering the rule of thirds, divine proportion (both grid and spiral), 5x5 grid and the diagonal rule. To use it, simply pull out the one you want and then hold up in front of you. You can then call up the corresponding tool from the Corel Painter X software and use the guides to paint your picture. This tool is perfect for if you are out and about, maybe using a laptop to do some digital painting on the fly. The paint can bonus If you have bought the limited edition paint can, or if you end up being one of the lucky 30 to win one in the competition set in last issue, you will benefit from the special composition guide tool. With this, you can physically place a grid over the scene in front of you and then use it to transfer what you see onto the canvas. There are five different grids in this tool, covering the rule of thirds, divine proportion (both grid and spiral), 5x5 grid and the diagonal rule. To use it, simply pull out the one you want and then hold up in front of you. You can then call up the corresponding tool from the Corel Painter X software and use the guides to paint your picture. This tool is perfect for if you are out and about, maybe using a laptop to do some digital painting on the fly. Limited edition tools 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 72 9/3/07 11:50:27
  • 73 Drawing101Composition When you are dealing with landscape paintings, think about where your lines are directing the viewer. As general good practice, you should add a bit of excitement for the viewer and avoid straight lines. Even though the image on the left goes towards a central horizon, the fact that the path leading there is curvy makes things far more interesting. In the example below, the path goes past the house and off the canvas. Always try and keep the viewer in the canvas – trips off the side means the eye misses whatever has been painted! Keep it odd Stay away from symmetry Diagonal compositions Good advice for working on a slope Diagonal compositions are really effective, but they work best when it’s a subtle suggestion. Don’t divide your image into stark light/dark, or space/detail. Have things on both sides of the line A symmetrical composition may look nice and neat, but if you go for one with angles and odd bits you’ll end up with a much more interesting effect 066-073-OPM02_Drawing.indd 73 9/3/07 11:51:12
  • JOERGWARDA TITLE Waitingpart2 WEBSITE www.warda-art.com CLIENTS Samsung,NokiaandSony Joerg’s career started as a young airbrush artist, where seven years were spent applying the effect and teaching airbrush classes. Since then Joerg has worked for many different clients, both as a designer on user interfaces and an award-winning digital artist. showcase 074-075_OPM_02_Joerg.indd 74 9/3/07 14:41:56
  • 074-075_OPM_02_Joerg.indd 75 9/3/07 14:42:15
  • 76 Official Painter Magazine Q&A, Imagine Publishing Ltd, Richmond House, 33 Richmond Hill, Bournemouth, Dorset BH2 6EZ. Alternatively you can email us at opm@imagine-publishing.co.uk. Make light work of it Istheresuchathingasanultimate lightsourcedirectionthatlooks goodnomatterwhat? B�� P������� It’d be great to say something like ‘top left’ but this question cannot be answered (at least we think…) in one go. Think about what sort of scene you are painting and what kind of atmosphere you are trying to create. It’s good to go for light sources that will cast interesting shadows and pick out fascinating highlights that will add intrigue to the overall painting. So if you’re painting scenery, strong scattered sunlight from a sun partially hidden behind clouds will create beautiful variation over your landscape and add depth in a way even bright sunlight will not. For portraiture, a soft global light can work well, but to make it more dramatic, low key backlit scenes are perfect as many old Masters have discovered. Fantasy art seems to often call for mysterious and oddly coloured ambient light and many different light sources radiating from various glowing orbs and creatures. Behind glass I’mtryingtodoapaintingofa friendwhowearsglasses,butI justcan’tseemtogetthe‘look’of glasses.Anytips? A����� M��������� We sympathise with you Adrian because we also find that glasses are indeed rather tricky to paint effectively. One thing to remember is that the lens of glasses will distort whatever it’s placed upon. So if the wearer is short-sighted, things behind the lens will appear smaller and vice versa if the person is long-sighted. Modern anti-reflective lenses also mean that there isn’t much in the way of highlights to paint except for around the edges where the glass is actually cut. Assuming you are not painting the subject under very dramatic lighting you can generally ignore the shadows cast by the frame. If it so happens that the eyes happen to be in shadow while the lens is catching the light, then there will be reflections on the lens. The best advice is to observe the way it looks and take a few photos for reference. B�� P������� Leafy environments create green-tinged ambient light, which makes the character’sskin look green and casts shadows on her arm. A second light source from thelantern throws warm hued light and puts emphasis on the main character Your questionsansweredYour questionsanswered 76 opm@imagine-publishing.co.uk. Sendinyourquestions forourexpertstoanswer atopm@imagine- publishing.co.uk Wen-Xi Chen We saw in issue one how talented Wen-Xi was when it came to painting. So this issue we have called upon her services to answer the general art questions, revealing the best Corel Painter tools to use. Whatyou’llfindinthissection Wen-Xi Chen We saw in issue one how talented Wen-Xi was when it came to painting. So this issue we have called upon her services to answer the general art questions, revealing the best Corel Painter tools to use. Sendinyourqueriesto… Software Don’t get bogged down in a Corel Painter black hole – write to us and we’ll help you work harmoniously Fine art When it comes to creating art, you often find little niggles that ruin your masterpiece. We sort them out Illustration Make sure your illustrations are in top form by following our advice Yourexperts Stewart McKissick Stewart is a long-time user of Corel Painter and is a big fan of the airbrush and illustration potential offered by the program. Here he answers your questions on creating cartoons and character design. Stewart McKissickStewart McKissick Stewart is a long-time user of Corel Painter and is a big fan of the airbrush and illustration potential offered by the program. Here he answers your questions on creating cartoons and character design. SHARE YOUR PROBLEMS! lantern throws warm hued light and puts emphasis on the main character lantern throws warm hued light and puts emphasis on the main character In light and shadow. Notice how the edges of the lenses are outlined with white 076-80_OPM_02_artclass.indd 76 9/3/07 14:31:11
  • 77 Q&AArtClass A touch of evil Iwanttoshowthatacharacter isevilandmenacing.Ihavethe basicformsorted,butamhaving problemswiththeshadow–what’sthe easiestwayofcreatingdramaticshadows? E���� D������ The two things to keep in mind here are having a very long, strong and interestingly shaped cast shadow and the lighting on the character itself. You should design your composition so that it can show the cast shadow clearly and perhaps place your light source in an unusual way. A classic ‘scary’ lighting scheme is to light a person from underneath – this is not often seen in normal conditions when the light is usually from above. Here we have a scary guy positioned at the bottom of a tall composition so the cast shadow can be used as a long and dramatic 01Basecolours If you find it hard to paint a circle, use the Oval Selection to create the shapes you need. Fill in the outer circle with the colour you want the eye to be, and the smaller circle should be black. 02Shading Things are obviously looking a little grim at the moment, but it doesn’t take much to alter this flat and lifeless application of colour and turn it into a realistic eye that holds interest. To start with, you need to apply some shading to the top half and the outer ring of the iris. Use a darker colour than the base colour, but don’t go for pure black. If needs be, pick up a lighter colour and shade the bottom half with the lighter colour. 03Texturing Using your favourite Corel Painter painting tool, I chose a basic Digital Airbrush here, paint short strokes that ‘radiate’ out from the centre of the iris, keeping lighter colours towards the bottom half. This can be many different colours but primarily those that match your desired colour. Paint a dab of white to simulate light reflection, it can be a circle but for a more realistic look take into account the surroundings, eg the reflection of eyelashes. Eye concern How can I paint realistic eyes? I’m �ine with the shape and the shading, but always seem to go wrong when it comes to the iris. T��� T������� The iris is far more complicated structurally than you might think. To paint a realistic eye is, however, simpler than the anatomy of the eye. Once you have mastered creating the 3D look of the eyes then painting the pupil is a simple process in Corel Painter. It is a good idea to have a photoreference or to look at your own eyes in the mirror if you are trying to achieve perfect realism or if you are unsure what to do. easiestwayofcreatingdramaticshadows? E���� D������ Using unusual colours and a strong low light source can create a menacing shadow effect! Using unusualUsing unusualUsing unusual 076-80_OPM_02_artclass.indd 77 9/3/07 14:32:20
  • Palette Knife, and paint with short decisive strokes from the root of the fur to the tips. The pressure of your pen should fall most heavily at the start and fade towards the tips; this creates soft looking fur. Your base colour should be relatively dark as upper layers will create a shadow on the lower layers and the layers of fur should get gradually lighter as you reach the surface layer. Using a smaller brush size, pick out some highlights and single hairs. Colour concerns Arethereanyspecialruleswhen itcomestochoosingcoloursfora painting?Shoulditbelimitedtoa certainnumber? P���A���� Unless you really do know what you are doing, too many colours in a painting can sometimes make it look crowded, confused and often downright silly. It is normally a good idea to use your colours very subtly and rely more on different tonal values. A strong painting has an underlying ‘colour theme’ to it. However, saying this may lead to counter-productivity, as in some cases many different colours go to make what you might conceive to be just one colour variant and 78 Palette Knife, and paint with short decisive Q&A ArtClass element. The red is a rough plan of where the light will fall. A green light was eventually chosen to add to the sense of drama. If your character’s shape is closed off you can use the Magic Wand tool to select the white space around it. Then Select>Invert to turn the selection into the shape of the character and the Select>Transform Selection option to drag the selection up and widen it. Shadows are often soft-edged and variable. Use the Select>Feather command to soften the selection edge before filling. It’s a good idea to create a new layer just for the shadow and fill it with a neutral grey. Then just paint your character on layers above it. Lastly, add a light to dark gradient. Furry critter Anygoodadviceforgettingthelook offur?Iseemtoeithernothave enoughortoomuch. S�����C����� Unless you’re thinking of very short bristly fur, painting fur is rather like painting hair. Try layering your strokes to create the elusion of fluffiness and depth. Work with a tool that you find easy to control the opacity of – a good choice is a basic Loaded Q&AQ&AQ&A ArtClass Gradually building up your painting from the bottom layer up creates depth and makes the fur look soft Palette Knife, and paint with short decisive strokes from the root of the fur to the tips. The pressure of your pen should fall most heavily at the start and fade towards the tips; this creates soft looking fur. Your base colour should be relatively dark as upper layers will create a shadow on the lower layers and the layers of fur should get gradually lighter as you reach the surface layer. Using a smaller brush size, pick out some highlights and single hairs. Colour concerns certainnumber? look crowded, confused and often downright silly. It is normally a good idea to use your colours very subtly and rely more on different tonal values. theme’ to it. However, saying this may lead to counter-productivity, as in some cases many different colours go to make what you might conceive to be just one colour variant and Palette Knife, and paint with short decisive Work with a tool that you find easy to control the opacity of – a good choice is a basic Loaded Creating a colour set helps you to see the variety of colours other artists are using 076-80_OPM_02_artclass.indd 78 9/3/07 14:33:07
  • 79 Q&AArtClass often contrasting colours make the painting tell a story. Open up some of your favourite paintings and go to Windows>Color Palettes> Show Color Sets and create a new colour set from the image. It’ll give you some indication as to how many colours the pros are using. A bit of a do I’millustratingmy�irstcharacter andamhavingtroublewiththe hair.Haveyouanyadvicefor creatinghairthathasabitofde�initionbut thatdoesn’tinvolveloadsandloads ofshading? S����� W����� In a way Steven, your question actually answers itself. Indeed, a common mistake in drawing is making things far more complicated than they actually should be. Many artists of all different kinds and styles become much more simple and direct as they mature throughout their careers. When you draw and then shade in hair, you should think of it as an overall shape or group of shapes, instead of individual strands. Then treat it as you would any other shape and think of how the light hits. Whatarethebest brushesformakinga sketchoutline? D���� S���� There are a huge number of brushes in Corel Painter that will do line sketching, so a lot comes down to your personal preference. One of my favourite sketching brushes is one you might not immediately think of for this: the Pastel variant Square Hard Pastel. This is a captured dab brush that really looks like its namesake. This brush works well with the paper textures and has a very nice ‘organic’ feel to it, lending a loose look to the sketch. As with all brushes in Corel Painter, you can modify it with the Brush Controls to further customise its features and looks to how you wish it to appear. Similar brushes can also be found in the Chalk and Charcoal categories. Sketching an outline 02Finishthecomposition Now to establish the rest of the background. For a stylised effect, switch the brush to Straight Line Strokes (keyboard shortcut ‘V’) for the big trees in the far distance. This allows you to make straight lines but you have to hit the ‘V’ key every time you want to make a new line that doesn’t connect to the last one. To go back to the regular Freehand Stroke, just hit the ‘B’ key. You can also use the buttons in the Property Bar. 03FinalDetails To finish, thicken the brush to make ‘shading’ strokes – they’re still just lines to suggest shadows and volume. A final trickistoraisetheJittersettingto 4 and raise the Spacing setting in the Brush Controls palette from its default to around 120%. This creates a spattery brush that we used for the leaves on the little tree. Switch the colour to white in the end to give the leaves some depth. 01 We all know hair is thousands of individual strands, but that’s not what we see. Here we drew many small lines, but the result is ‘busy’ and even though they followed the face contours, it looks flat. Here we’ve simplified and treated each hairstyle as a few basic forms and also applied definite highlights. These actually feel more dimensional than the more complicated versions. Here are six simple character heads. In each case we started with the head shape and then drew the hair on as masses that sit on the head. This is important as it determines how the overall character will look. 02 03 brushesformakinga sketchoutline? D���� S���� in Corel Painter, you can modify Sketching an outline 02Strokes (keyboard shortcut ‘V’) for the big trees in the far distance. This allows you to make straight lines but you have to hit the ‘V’ key every time you want to make a new line that doesn’t connect to the last one. To go back to the regular Freehand Stroke, just hit the ‘B’ key. You can also use the buttons in the Property Bar. 02Finishthecomposition Now to establish the rest of the background. For a stylised effect, switch the brush to Straight Line02 03brush to make ‘shading’ strokes – they’re still just lines to suggest shadows and volume. A final trickistoraisetheJittersettingto 4 and raise the Spacing setting in the Brush Controls palette from its default to around 120%. This creates a spattery brush that we used for the leaves on the little tree. Switch the colour to white in the end to give the leaves some depth. 01Roughinthemainshapes Start with a Square Hard Pastel 10. You can use the default settings except for the size, which should be smaller (2.4) for a more linear look. The opacity should also be lowered to 33% for more light and dark variety. Just use black for the colour at this stage; the grey comes from varying the pressure. 076-80_OPM_02_artclass.indd 79 9/3/07 14:33:58
  • Q&A ArtClass 80 01Shape Think about the structure of lips; the upper lip curves inwards slightly towards where the upper and lower lips part and the lower lips curve out and then in again. 03Highlight Adding some white highlights to the middle of the lower lip and a little also to the upper lip makes those areas ‘pop’ and appear closer to the viewer than the rest and this again helps to create that rounded look. Lip service What’safool-proofmethodofshadinglips?Ican’tgetthe roundedlook–mylipsarealways�lat! A����� M�L������� As long as you have a basic grasp of the shape and contour of lips then the same principles apply to lips as to any other 3D object. Projecting a shadow under the lower lip helps to create the illusion of roundness and strategically placed highlights will also achieve this effect. The most important part to get right is the shape of the lower lip and most of that comes down to placing highlights in the right places. Different fabrics have very different properties, in the way they fold, the way they reflect light, their opacity and surface texture. Satin, for example is reflective and will often form quite dramatic highlighted areas along folded edges. Cotton on the other hand has a matte surface and has a more even tonal distribution. There is a whole myriad of fabrics out there, and the best way to nail each one is to work from observation; take out some clothes and drape them over furniture to see the sort of shapes the folding create and how shadows are formed in these folds. Experiment a little and see how your results vary. Common mistakes in painting fabric are ignoring gravity and tension, or to paint too many folds so it looks unnatural. Painting fabric What’sagoodwaytogetan authenticlookoffabric? P���� T���� 02Colourandshadow Depending on the direction of the light source, the lips will cast shadows and colours of the lips will vary accordingly. The upper lip normally looks a little darker than the lower lip due to the way the curve of it interacts with light. The lower lip will cast a shadow on the chin in many light conditions. Q&AQ&AQ&A ArtClass White highlights along a folded edge create voluminous looking fabric and surface texture. Satin, for example is reflective and will often form quite dramatic highlighted areas along folded edges. Cotton on the other hand has a matte surface and has a more even tonal distribution. and the best way to nail each one is to work from observation; take out some clothes and drape them over furniture to see the sort of shapes the folding create and how shadows are formed in these folds. Experiment a little and see how your results vary. Common mistakes in painting fabric are ignoring gravity and tension, or to paint too many folds so it looks unnatural. 076-80_OPM_02_artclass.indd 80 9/3/07 14:34:52
  • MARKBANNERMAN TITLE GothicDrive WEBSITE www.markbannerman.com JOBTITLE Professionaldigitalartist CLIENTS Madonna,TimeWarner,SonyandEMI During his professional career, Mark has been involved in the entire spectrum of design, from creating illustrations for advertising and editorial, to producing images for BBC TV. He now works entirely within the digital realm, merging 3D and other techniques. showcase 081_OPM_02.indd 44 9/3/07 17:36:22
  • 83 Usethissectiontodiscoverwhat creativeproductscanboostyouruse ofCorelPainter,learnaboutthebest artisticbooksanddiscoverideasfor outputtingartwork Weusedaphoto takenwiththeFujifilm cameraandthen printeditoutwiththe HPprinter! Usingthe products FUJIFILMFINEPIX F31FD Thiscamerapromisessharp colourrenditionandcrisp,clear photos.Doesthismakeitan idealcompact? HPPHOTOSMART PROB9180 WetriedthisA3+printertosee ifitofferedhomeusersthe opportunitytogetprofessional- lookingprints BOOKREVIEWS Starttoexploretraditionalart booksandseehowtheycanhelp improveyourartwork.You’d beamazedatwhattipsand techniquesyoupickup OUTPUT Thisisourregularlookat companiesorproductsfor printingoutyourwork.Thisissue welookatMDFblockmounts fromTheBigPrintCompany ReviewsThe creative products on test this issue… 083_OPM02_reviews.indd 83 9/3/07 17:04:08
  • Reviews FujifilmFinePixF31fd 84 the future of photography very well indeed. With the touch of one button on the back of the camera, you can activate the Face Detection feature in Auto, Anti Blur or scene modes, but curiously not in Shutter Speed Priority, Aperture Priority or Manual modes. The Face Detection system works by seeking out eyes, noses and mouths, and adjusting the camera’s settings to a best-�it exposure for all the faces in the frame. However, it can only locate faces when they are facing the camera. The system is fooled by glasses and it won’t recognise a face that’s in pro�ile, or tilted to one side. The manual also states that the FD system will not work if the subject is not human, if the camera is not held correctly, or if the subject is standing on their head! That aside, what we had anticipated as being a fantastic little feature seems to be a little sensitive in reality. In practice, once a target has been acquired, a green box surrounds the subject’s face and you can �ire the shutter. However, unless the subject remains perfectly still, they may move outside of the FD frame, so you’ll end up with a part of the background beautifully in focus, but not your intended subject! When you do everything right however, the Face Detection is a great tool that will come in very handy for family gatherings and nights out. The Face Detection button doubles as an Exposure button, allowing users to quickly alter t �irst glance, the Fuji�ilm FinePix F31fd looks pretty ordinary. With 6.3 megapixels, 3x optical zoom and 2.5-inch LCD screen, on the surface it seems the camera is nothing particularly special. In order to discover the true beauty of this latest offering from Fuji�ilm, we must delve a little deeper beneath the F31fd’s matte silver body. This offering takes after its older sibling: this camera is an upgraded version of the much- revered F30. Its predecessor was praised for its performance in low light, something which the F31fd certainly upholds: the AF-Illuminator – a bulb that helps the camera to �ind a point of focus by shedding some light on shady situations – does a great job, helping the AF system to focus quickly. Users can choose to either activate the Intelligent Flash system, let the camera pick the ISO sensitivity automatically, or set the shooting mode to Manual and select the ISO themselves. With a comprehensive range of ISO settings available (100-3200) the F31fd really does let the photographer take control of their creative decisions. But that’s not the only trick the camera has up its sleeve. Within the sleek, stylish, yet solid shell, lies the technology that gives the camera the new credentials at the end of its name: Face Detection. This is one of the latest and most exciting pieces of technology to be developed in some time and the F31fd demonstrates the possibilities it holds for £249 | Face Detection and low-light capabilities for a modest price FujifilmFinePixF31fd Maximumzoom This shows the F31fd’s capabilities when it comes to reproducing vivid and accurate colours. The leaf is crisp and detailed, even when at full zoom Memorycard The F31fd takes xD Picture Cards, which you will need to buy separately, although the camera does have 26MB of internal storage to get you started 74.5mm 105.5mm Set-upmenu Playbackmenu Colourmenu F-modemenu Navigating youron-screen options Get to know the camera’s menu system Batteries The camera comes with a hardwearing, long-lasting lithium- ion battery and a power adapter for recharging, so there’s no need to keep buying disposables! Connections AV, DC and USB sockets are all present. The F31fd can also be connected directly to PictBridge- compatible printers for fast printing without the need for a computer OK button Playback button Photo Mode button Wide angle and zoom button Display/Back buttonLCD Intelligent face detection button 084-85_OPM02_camerareview.indd 84 9/3/07 17:02:45
  • 85 Wideangle Capturing a scene is easy using the camera at a wide angle setting. All of the detail is picked up too, thanks to its high quality lens Colourcapture The F31fd’s ability to capture pin- sharp shots full of colour means that it is perfectly-suited to snapping resource shots for turning into lovely works of art the shutter speed or aperture without having to hunt through the main menu – a de�inite plus for users who like to make their own decisions when shooting. Another excellent feature is the Infra- Red Communicator, which sends and receives images to and from another Fuji�ilm camera or other devices with IR capability. Although Fuji�ilm has got it right when it comes to accessing important functions like Macro mode, Self-timer mode and LCD brightness – all of which can be accessed with one touch of the d-pad – things have gone a bit awry elsewhere. The F-button can get confusing, as the functions it accesses change every time you switch to a different shooting mode. It would be useful if users could program this button to access the functions they use on a regular basis. Overall though, the F31fd manages to feel as good as it looks – this stylish little number even has specially designed �inger grips that make it really comfortable to hold and easy to use with just one hand. An extremely quick start-up time, great low-light performance, Intelligent Flash and Face Detection are just a few of the fabulous features that make the F31fd a recommended buy. A huge range of preset shooting modes as well as more advanced settings make this an excellent introductory camera, especially if you’re looking for something light and reliable enough to slip into your pocket and forget about until it’s eventually needed. This camera has it all: good looks, functionality, excellent image quality and some really innovative technology to boot. Builddesign Ergonomic grips make the F31fd easy to keep hold of and it has just enough weight behind it to make it feel robust and ready for any shooting situation Built-in flash Ergonomic grip Microphone Mode dial Power button Mode dial Shutter button onthefrontonthetopwesayverdict Quick startup Intelligent Face Detection IR capability What we don’t like Noisy at high ISOs F-button is confusing Confusing menu/ shooting mode system 9.0Overall score What we like Theoccasional confusingdesign featureaside,the F31fdhassome greatfeatures andproduces decentimages, particularly lowlight features 9.3 easeofuse 9.0 qualityofresults 8.7 valueformoney 8.9 Cameraspecs Price £249 Megapixels (effective) 6.3 Max resolution 3,024 x 2,016 Lens data f/2.8-5 (36-108mm) Zoom 3x opt, 6.2x dig Focus/Macro 60cm-Inf/5cm Shutter speeds 3-1/2000sec (1-15 secs in Night mode) ISO sensitivity A, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 Metering options MS, S, A Exposure modes P, AP, SP, 15 scene modes Flash modes A, RE, FF, SF, SS, SRE&S, Foff Connectivity USB, AV Weight 155g (excl. batteries) Dimensions 92.7 x 56.7 x 27.8mm Batteries Lithium-ion Storage xD Picture Card, 26MB int LCD 2.5” FujifilmFinePixF31fdFlash Ergonomic grip Lens “The Face Detection is a great tool that will come in handy for family gatherings and nights out” 084-85_OPM02_camerareview.indd 85 9/3/07 19:02:30
  • Reviews HPPhotosmartProB9180 86 will need a considerable amount of desk space available, but the unit is robustly built inside and out. It really is an ideal purchase for those of you who work in a busy studio, but it’s also just as viable for home users who are serious about printing. While the printer is obviously tailored for large format prints, it’s also possible to print on smaller sizes than A3 by placing them into the main tray of the unit. If you want to print onto large specialist media such as canvas sheets or watercolour paper, all you have to do is load it into the speciality media tray, which is easily located on the front of the unit and is simply �lipped open. Loading paper into the speciality media tray is simple – it must be fed into the front of the tray until the edge nearest you lines up with the dotted line on the tray and the other edge of the paper is poking out of the back of the printer. Once you commit your image to print, the B9180 then impressively feeds the paper out and then back into the printer and begins to print. t can be expensive to have your images printed professionally at a large size, so this month we’re testing a printer from HP which enables you to print at A3+ size. It goes without saying that the B9180 is more expensive than the usual inkjet printer you’ll �ind on the shelves of your local appliance store, but we thought it was worth trying out, considering that it was voted the best A3 photo printer in Europe by the Technical Image Press Association, quite an accolade. The setting up process is a lot more complicated than other printers we’ve come across. After shaking each ink cartridge a precise number of times at a 25 degree angle and wiping each print head nozzle with individual foam swabs, the printer then needed to be left for a further 30 to 60 minutes while the initialisation process ran its course. However, it has to be said that although this part was time-consuming, the software installation was quick and simple. In terms of appearance the printer is obviously large and quite dominating, so you £499 | When it comes to printing out artwork, bigger is always better. We discover what results this A3 printer will give the home artist HPPhotosmartProB9180 Avoiddamaginganyof yourwork There’s an output tray extension built into the unit which can be pulled out to catch larger prints as they come out of the printer On-screeninstruction Thereisasmallpadforcontrols, whichalthoughbasic,stillgivesyou theinformationyoumayneed Speciality Media tray Display Ink cartridge compartment Noneedtorush This isn’t a machine that’s ready for printing as soon as you take it out of the box. Set aside enough time for quite a fiddly setup process Papertextures HP sells special textures papers, such as canvas, photo and watercolour 086-87_OPM02_printer review.indd86 86 9/3/07 16:59:51
  • 87 The printer uses eight individual Vivera ink cartridges so you can change each one as and when it runs out verdict 9.0Overall score Produces beautiful prints on a variety of materials Prints rich, vibrant and crisp colours Easy to load paper, which is then fed back into the printer automatically Reasonable output time for A3+ prints What we don’t like Consumes a lot of desk space, but this is expected Fiddly and lengthy setup process What we like Prettybulky,but worthitforthe exquisitequality ofprints Features 8.0 Easeofuse 7.0 Qualityofresults 9.0 Valueformoney 8.0 As expected, the B9180 works at its best when printing onto HP sheets of paper. We printed out images onto a variety of different paper types from HP. When printing onto matte canvas paper we found the image was improved, especially if the colours are �irst given a bit of a boost. However, even though the result is subtle it’s very effective, appearing to have actually been painted onto the canvas sheet. We also tested printing a photo onto the HP A3+ Hahnemuhle Watercolour paper and found the results amazing – the image wouldn’t have looked out of place hung in a �ine art gallery. We certainly weren’t disappointed when printing onto HP Advanced Photo Paper. The results were crisp, clear and displayed excellent tone, thanks in no small part to the four HP 70 dual-colour print heads and 8448 nozzles which the printer features. Not only were we pleased with the quality of the prints, the time taken to output each was fast – with an A3+ sheet of canvas taking around �ive minutes. Even though the setup process was lengthier than normal, this more than paid off in the quality and speed of the �inished printed pieces. If you buy the B9180 it really is worth investing in the specialist types of paper that HP offers for some really outstanding prints. It also has the added bonus of featuring eight individual ink cartridges, so if one runs out you don’t have to replace the whole set. The cost of each HP Vivera ink cartridge is £22, which can be expensive if replacing all at once. However, if this is compared to the price of getting a collection of your images printed at A3+ size professionally, it really is great value for money. It wouldn’t be unheard of to pay £70 or more for an A3 printed canvas, and with the B9180, you can get the same quality but in the comfort of your own home. Artwork looks divine and the quality of the photos means they look as though they could be hung in a gallery. De�initely one to save up for! “It’s an ideal purchase for those of you who work in a busy studio, but it’s also just as viable for home users who are serious about printing” Price £499 Website www.hp.com Operating systems PC and Mac PC Requirements Windows 2000 Professional, XP Home, XP Professional Mac Requirements Mac OS X 10.2.8 or later (the printer driver for Mac OS X 10.2.8 must be downloaded from www.hp.com) HPPhotosmartProB9180 Printerspecswesay Versatileprinting The B9180 produced beautiful A3+ prints of a high quality on all types of paper we tested it on, from glossy photo paper to canvas sheets Outputprintsofdifferentsizes You don’t have to stick to prints of A3 size or greater. Other smaller sizes of paper can be loaded into the main tray quickly and conveniently 086-87_OPM02_printer review.indd87 87 9/3/07 17:00:07
  • Reviews Books 88 sually, any subtitle in a book is taken for show. It’s a clever marketing ploy and the reader generally takes it with a pinch of salt – it’s PR’s way of adding a bit of excitement and zing to the book. This offering from Ballistic Publishing has one of these subtitles – The World’s Finest Painter Art – but if anything, this undersells the extraordinary content found within the 190-odd pages. What you have here is a collection of jaw- dropping, envy-inducing Corel Painter artwork. Divided into 12 sections, the artists here have been chosen by a special board of noted Corel Painter evangelists and represent some of the best work being produced with the software. The sections cover a speci�ic style and deal with Character in Repose, Character in Motion, Portraits, Concept Art, Fantasy, Editorial Illustration, Humorous, Environment, Wildlife, Sill Life, Transport and Abstract & Surreal, and each section starts with the artists who were awarded the title of Master and Excellence. They then deftly move on to the other works in that particular style. $45.00 | A glossy collection of inspirational art Painter Colourfulstuff The print quality of the book is absolutely perfect, so all of the tones are represented faithfully. Images are crisp and clear and you won’t find any washed-out colours here! Differentstrokes The 12 sections of the book represent 12 completely different artistic styles, resulting in a glorious mixture of styles, moods, colours and finishes Authors Daniel Wade and Paul Hellard Price $45.00 Publisher Ballistic Publishing ISBN 1-921002-18-2 Artisticindulgence Some of the artwork is spread over two pages, giving a luxurious feel to the book. This also gives you a great chance to examine the brush strokes and techniques in much finer detail Thejudges Before you get into the artwork, you can find out about who the judges and advisory board were – the people responsible for picking who went into the book The fact that there are so many styles represented in the book means that there is something that will strike a chord with you, no matter what your favoured look is. It also makes for an incredibly lush feel – just by �licking through the book you will see everything from traditional-style portraits to fantastical scenes and furry critters. What’s also good is that there is nothing to get in the way of the artwork – the pages are glossy and the colours are beautifully rendered. If an artwork doesn’t happen to take up an entire page, it is placed on a black background. This means that everything is shown off to its very best advantage. Put simply, this book really is an essential buy. It has obviously been put together by people who love Corel Painter and who are passionate about using it to its full potential. The quality of work created by the featured artists is truly breathtaking and highly inspirational. If ever the term ‘feast for the eyes’ was applicable, it’s here! Multiplechoice The pages are a mixture of full pieces of artwork and smaller pieces. Even if something isn’t printed as a full page, you still have no trouble seeing all of the detail “Just by flicking through the book you will see everything from traditional-style portraits to fantastical scenes and furry critters” 088-89_OPM02_books.indd 88 9/3/07 16:53:03
  • 89 £9.99 | Learn more about this flexible art medium crylicsareafabulousmedium topaintinbecausetheygive youthedepthandlookofoils, yetyoucanalsodilutethemto getmoreofawatercolourfeel.TheAcrylics brushcategoryinCorelPainterisvery true-to-life,makingthisbookaworthwhile readtounderstandhowthebrusheswork. Inadditiontotheacrylic-speci�icfocus, thisbookalsohassomeexcellentguidance toarttechniquessuchascomposition, perspective,lightandcolour.Youcanalso stretchyourlegsonthewalkthroughs forvariouspaintings,andusetheguide tobrushstrokestosetupyourown specialisedacrylicvariants. Thisisaveryinterestingbookthathas plentytoteachwhetheryou’reworkingin thedigitalortraditionalformat.There’s tonsofinformationandinterestingideas onoffer. Author Phyllis McDowell Price £9.99 Publisher Dorling Kindersley ISBN 1-4053-1578-4 £19.99 | In-depth guide to improving your drawing skills hisisaheftytome,comingin atjustunder400pages,andis packedtothegillswithtechniques forimprovingyourdrawingskills. Startingwithbasictechniquesanda fabulousdisplayofwhatpencilmarksgive whatkindofeffect,thebookthenmoves ontotypesofdrawingaswellastypes ofmedium. Everyconceptisaccompaniedby detailedinstructionsofhowitworksand thereareplentyof‘inprogress’shotsfor understandinghowtogetfromAtoB.The book’sauthorgivesaconstantnarrativeof information,pointingoutwhat’sgoingon inanexampleandwhyit’shappening. There’splentytolearnfromthistitle, whetheryouwanttogetstartedin drawingoryou’rejustlookingtoimprove yourskills. Author Giovanni Civardi Price £19.99 Publisher Search Press ISBN 1-84448-206-5 GiovanniCivardi’sComplete GuidetoDrawing Inprogress Perhaps the most interesting pages are the ones where you can see how a drawing was built up. Seeing the progression from start to finish is a valuable learning tool Essentialconsiderations The pages dedicated to specific techniques will help you create realistic sketches and ensure that everything is in order Basictechniques There’s plenty of advice for the complete beginner in the book – we particularly liked the guide to different effects using different mediums Inspiration forall TheGallerypagesdotted throughoutthebookcan giveyousomegoodideas forusingtheacrylicbrushes inavarietyofways Watchandlearn The walkthroughs in the book are a great way of seeing how ‘real’ acrylics work and then transferring that to your Corel Painter space Colourmixing These pages on what happened when you mix certain colours together are handy for when you’re using the Mixer palette to paint from scratch AcrylicsWorkshop: SimpleStepstoSuccess 088-89_OPM02_books.indd 89 9/3/07 16:53:39
  • Reviews Output 90 Painter master Time needed Skill level Jo Cole 10 minutes Beginner Tutorial info Mountyour imagestoMDF The Big Print Company offers customers professional printing options at affordable prices. We see how the site works emember the days when the only option for printing photos was 4x6-inch prints, with a choice of gloss or matte �inish (but only if you were lucky)? If you wanted a larger print you had to try and scout out professional printers and pay a hefty amount of money to get the result you wanted. Now you can get digital �iles printed on loads of different media, in a seemingly endless number of different sizes. One retailer offering such a service is The Big Print Company. Based in Manchester, this is an online haven for artists and photographers who want to show off their work in the best possible way. You can have images printed on high-quality paper, canvas, MDF board or plastic, get them laminated and even framed so they can take pride of place on your wall. The company can work with digital �iles, or you can send in your prints, negatives or transparencies to be scanned in. And don’t worry if your image is a bit on the small side – The Big Print Company can scale an image up to 1600% without a discernable loss of quality, so there’s hope for those old negatives yet! Before any order is started, the customer is sent a section of the image at print size to check that the resolution meets their standards. “The Big Print Company can scale an image up to 1600% without a discernable loss of quality, so there’s hope for those old negatives yet!” All blocks have impeccably neat finishes to the edges You’ll get everything you need to hang your board The MDF board offers a very interesting texture If it doesn’t, the order can be cancelled at no cost. Over these three pages we’re going to take you step-by-step through the process of uploading an image to the site and ordering a print. We’re choosing the example of an MDF board here, which gives a very robust solution to displaying your artwork. Plus we’re all fans of Changing Rooms so if MDF’s good enough for building a bedroom, it’s certainly good enough for us! See how it all works and then try it for yourself. 090-92_OPM02_reviews.indd 90 9/3/07 16:45:52
  • 91 04Intheframe Ifyouwanttoadda frametotheequation,thenextpageis whereyougettodothis.Therearethreetypesof framestochoosefromalongwiththetypeoffinish. AlsonoticethatapricehasappearedintheYour Cartboxatthetopofthewindow.Thiswillkeep youinformedastohowmuchyourorderiscoming to.Ifyoudon’twantaframe,justclickContinue. 01Andyou’reoff Load up www. thebigprintcompany.com and click the Print your Images link on the side panel of the main page. You’ll see a screen which explains how the process works and what you can order. Click the Continue link at the bottom to get going. 02Theperfectsize The first job is to select the size of your print. You can either pick a preset size form the drop-down menu, or enter your own dimensions. You also have the option to constrain proportions to keep within standard frame proportions. Click Continue when you’re finished. 03Makeyourchoice You’ll now see a page with all the different print products. Each option has a good description of what the product offers, so there’s no guesswork required. Click the small square on the right to make the selection. We went for the Block Mount Wrapped Edge option, and picked the 18mm thickness option from the drop-down menu. 07Saveandsend Onceyouhaveyourfile atthecorrectdimensionsandresolution settings,it’stimetoheadtotheSavedialog.We’re savingasa.jpg,somakesurethattheQualityslider isuptothemaxandthere’snocompression.Once that’salldone,clickOKandreturntowhereyouleft offatTheBigPrintCompany. It’s easy to place your order Pick your productPick your product 05Anartistic touch Dependingonthe imageyou’rethinking ofusing,thenextpage offersvariousoptions includingthechance tohaveyourprint turnedintoapieceof artbythecompany’s designers.Ifyouhave anoldphotoyouwant printed,it’sworth choosingthePhoto Enhancementoption, butifyou’rehappy withyourimage,just clickContinue. 06Editthe size The next page gives information about how to get your image to the company. If you go the upload route you may need to do some tinkering in your image editor. Open the file up and go to Image>Image Size. The Big Print Company recommends that your file is no larger than 150ppi at the print size, so adjust the numbers. Fileformats A wide variety of formats is accepted by the Big Print Company, but there are guidelines worth following if you’re uploading the image to the site. Pick an RGB image because this allows the site to provide an online thumbnail and actual size image of your file. It’s also preferred to save the file in .jpg, .tiff, .eps or .pict format. If you pick .jpg, make sure it is saved at the highest quality setting. 090-92_OPM02_reviews.indd 91 9/3/07 16:46:10
  • Reviews Output 92 10Thereit is A little thumbnail will appear in the Upload box which should be the image you’ve just selected. Press Continue to upload the image. This may take a while depending on the size of the image or the speed of your internet connection. 11Ordersummary Once uploaded you’ll see a summary of your order, including postage rates and final total. If you want to order more products, click the Continue Shopping button. If you want to order more than one copy, enter the number you want in the Quantity box and click Update. When all is as you want it to be, click the Proceed to Checkout button. The final order steps Upload and pay 09Pickandchoose A dialog window will zip down that allows you to navigate to your file. Once you’ve found the file destined for printing greatness, simply click on the Choose button to add it to the site. 08Uploading Now the file is in the correct format and dimensions, tick the square to select the Upload option and then click the Choose File button to get to your image. 12 Details, details With the order out of the way, it’s time to add your details. The first step is to add your name and address, and then the country you live in. The Big Print Company delivers worldwide, so don’t worry if you’re outside the UK. Click the Proceed to Secure Server button to enter your card details. 13Worldonastick You will be taken to the secure WorldPay server where you can enter your payment details and finish up your order. You will receive an email confirmation and also be forwarded a print size portion of your image to make sure it’s the resolution you want it to be. Then just sit back and wait about a week for your print to arrive! Gettingyour filethere We’ve shown you how to upload a file to the company simply because this is the quickest option. Obviously this isn’t suited to everyone – you may have a slow internet connection or have a hard copy of an image – so there are other ways of getting your image printed. If it’s a large digital file, burn it to disc and post to the company. Photos, transparencies or negatives can also be posted and will be returned with the final product. 090-92_OPM02_reviews.indd 92 9/3/07 16:46:34
  • 94 readers’gallery issuetwo f you’ve already had a look on this issue’s disc you will have seen Jennifer Miller’s art inside the Gallery section. We were blown away by her painting skills, especially the detail and realism she brings to light and cloudscapes, so couldn’t resist including her in the magazine. Currently living on the East coast of America with her husband, four parrots and dozens of tropical �ish, Jennifer has drawn all her life, but says it has only been the past eight years that she has been serious about it. Starting out on Corel Painter Classic back in 2001, she applies traditional art practices to her work, citing the oil pastel brushes as her favourite. This love of the traditional also means she prefers to leave a rough and organic feel, avoiding the smooth/airbrushed look of some digital art. To see more of Jennifer’s work, head over to http://featherdust.critter.net. While you’re here, check out the print service and order some of her work! Time to indulge yourself in more inspirational art from a fellow Corel Painter user. This month, we feast our eyes on the work of Jennifer Miller Gallery 01 Title: December Sunrise “Often the best way to touch a viewer is to paint things that evoke a memory or emotion and when painting this piece, I was reminded of silent snowy mornings I’ve spend in the wooded areas of my home.” “Often the best way to touch a viewer is to paint things 094-097_OPM02_gallery.indd 94 9/3/07 16:48:13
  • 95 Title: These Velvet Skies “A commissioned piece; this was a joy to paint and experiment with lots of dark colours. I started with a black canvas and built up the colours with the Oil Pastel tools. The stars were created using the Pixel Spray Airbrush.” 04 Title: Sunrise Ritual Part commission and part personal piece, this painting started life as a scenic ocean view, but the client wanted to have a one- of-a-kind piece of artwork so I worked a deal with her and used the background for a different idea I had. Title: Barn Owl – Five of Hearts (far left) “This piece was actually painted to be included in an animal-themed deck of cards (can you see the five hearts?). It was completed mostly with the Oil Pastel tools and the rough graphic lines were hashed in with the Scratchboard pen tool.” 02 03 094-097_OPM02_gallery.indd 95 9/3/07 16:48:48
  • 96 Gallery 05 Title: Likeshine Portrait “Here is a piece that has more tools used, as an experiment. The sketch was done with the Pencil tools in a layer set to Multiply, then the rest was done on the canvas. There is a mixture of Oil Pastels (character) with Palette Knife and Digital Watercolor tools used in the background.” 06 Title: Corvid Triptych “This was a piece a long time in the making, and as the title suggests is actually three separate paintings. They were done both as a gift for a friend and as personal pieces, each with their own meaning and a combined meaning when viewed as a triptych. They were completed almost entirely with the Chunky Oil Pastel tools, with a touch of the Splattery Airbrush.” “This was a piece a long time in the making, and readers’gallery issuetwo 094-097_OPM02_gallery.indd 96 9/3/07 16:49:21
  • 97 Challenge ith another issue comes another Readers’ Challenge. If you missed out on the �irst issue, let us explain what the devil this page is all about. Basically, each issue we will provide a collection of random �iles that you have to create a piece of art with. You can use all of the �iles or mix some with your own resources but all we ask is that you use at least one �ile. There will then be a winner from the entries we receive in that month who will get their work printed onto canvas, courtesy of the excellent PhotoArtistry (www.photoartistry.co.uk) site. There are no deadlines and you can �ind the images on this issues’ disc. To share your work with others, send your pictures in to us and you could be featured on these pages. Just pop your images onto a CD and send it to: CreativeChallenge,OfficialCorelPainterMagazine, ImaginePublishing,RichmondHouse,33RichmondHill, Bournemouth,DorsetBH26EZ,UK Alas, we can’t return any CDs. If your entry is under 2MB, you can email it to opm@imagine-publishing.co.uk How to enter the challenge… This challenge’s materials Remember! You can email your entries to opm@imagine-publishing.co.uk How to enter the challenge… THEWINNER WILLGET THEIRPAINTING PROFESSIONALLY PRINTEDONTO CANVAS! Remember! You can email your entries to 094-097_OPM02_gallery.indd 97 9/3/07 16:50:20