Urban Agriculture


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Introduction about urban agriculture, organizations and project in Mexico.

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Urban Agriculture

  1. 1. Urban AgriculturemariomgckStephanie Dunbar11English teacherMay 21, 2013Centro de Investigaciónen Matemáticas, A.C.
  2. 2. DenitionUrban agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing, anddistributing food in or around a village, town, or city. Urbanagriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture,agroforestry, and horticulture. These activities also occur inperi-urban areas as well.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 2/16
  3. 3. HistoryChinampa is a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculturewhich used small, rectangle-shaped areas of fertile arable landto grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 3/16
  4. 4. HistoryIn Machu Picchu, water was conserved and reused as part ofthe stepped architecture of the city, and vegetable beds weredesigned to gather sun in order to prolong the growing season.Figure: Machu Picchu terrace (agriculture).Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 4/16
  5. 5. ObjectivesFood security. Increase the amount of food available topeople living in cities.Food quality. Provide to urban consumers fresh vegetables,fruits, and meat products free of pesticides, hormones, growthpromoters, antibiotics, etc.Sustainable agriculture. Make the most ecient use ofnon-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate,where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 5/16
  6. 6. AdvantagesScalability. The systems could be designed on a small ormedium scale, adapting their production to dierent conditionsof availability of space.Health Quality. Enhance the quality of life for farmers andsociety as a whole.Recreativity. Family recreation and relaxation in a naturalaesthetics space.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 6/16
  7. 7. Modalities(a) Urban Farming (b) Roof gardens(c) Vertical gardens (d) RecreativityCentro de Investigación en Matemáticas 7/16
  8. 8. Modalities(e) Aquaculture of tilapia (f) Aquaponics(g) Urban Worm Compost-ing (Vermicompost)Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 8/16
  9. 9. Roof garden in MexicoThe supermarket Superama Horacio, Polanco, in Mexico city has asystem for capturing rainwater, which is used in its daily operations,reducing potable water consumption. Its desing permits the use ofthe same water to irrigate the roof.Figure: Superama Roof garden.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 9/16
  10. 10. Aquaculture of tilapiaTilapia has become the third most important sh in aquacultureafter carp and salmon. Tilapia sheries originated in Africa andcurrently worldwide production exceeded 3,497,391 metric tons in2010 and increases annually.Figure: Floating surface cages.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 10/16
  11. 11. AquaponicsAquaponics is a sustainable food production system that combinesa traditional aquaculture with hydroponics (cultivating plants inwater) in a symbiotic environment. México began research in thisarea seven years ago. The aquaculture department of CICESE hasdesigned a system that combines strawberry production and tilapia.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 11/16
  12. 12. VermicompostVermicompost is the product or process of composting usingvarious worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and otherearthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposingvegetable or food waste, bedding materials.Figure: Mexican vermicompost. Ivonne Escobedo, Mayra López yDeyanira Escobedo, asociación civil Organización para la AtenciónCiudadana.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 12/16
  13. 13. Mexican projectsThe Government of Mexico city signed a trade agrement in 2010with the agriculture department (SAGARPA), which includes aninvestment of 105 million pesos to boost farm production projects,farmers and small industrial city dwellers.Figure: Urban Farming.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 13/16
  14. 14. OrganizationsSembradores Urbanos is a civil organization based in Mexico City,Mexico, which promotes urban agriculture, oering materials,seeds, and training workshops. It has a demonstration center, theCenter for Urban Agriculture Romita, which opened in 2007 as therst urban agricultural community space in Mexico.Click into the picture to watch the video in youtube.Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas 14/16
  15. 15. Referenceshttp://www.uaaan.mx/postgrado/index.php/contactos.htmlhttp://artenlazotea.mx/http://www.metrohuerto.com/http://agriculturaurbanamexico.blogspot.mx/http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx/saladeprensa/boletines2/paginas/2011Bhttp://www.huertoromita.com/http://www.comuntierra.org/site/index.phphttp://www.eco-esfera.mx/http://www.fao.org/fcit/upa/en/http://www.pptbackgroundstemplates.com/nature/523-agriculture-and-oriculture-backgrounds.htmlCentro de Investigación en Matemáticas 15/16
  16. 16. Referenceshttp://www.backtotheroots.com/http://aquaponicsassociation.org/http://www.eluniversaltv.com.mx/detalle.php?d=24553http://www.tilapiademexico.org/http://www.funprover.orghttp://www.jornada.unam.mx/2008/04/15/index.php?section=cienciCentro de Investigación en Matemáticas 16/16