Mario Eguiluz Alebicto
1. What is happening with the backhaul? 2. Requirements of the new 4G backhaul 2.1 Support present and future networks 2.2...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>Numerous statistics and forecasts at Internet show that the use of data services on the m...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>The increase in the number of data traffic users is good news, but it also brings  three ...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>There are several examples in the Web about bottlenecks in the 3G nets due the above fact...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>And here is where 4G technologies have appeared: LTE and mobile WiMax can achieve high da...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>The new backhaul model must  protect the investment   already done in 2G and 3G. </li></u...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>With 4G (with 3,9G also),  users demand higher speeds of download and upload . New servic...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>A network, which pretends to be well prepared for 4G, will be  required to manage very hi...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>New services will be extremely sensitive to latency. Voice calls over packet switched net...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>MPLS supports different QoS techniques. With this techniques carriers not only can obtain...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>The new backhaul will mix different types of technologies:  2G TDM and 3G ATM, plus 4G Et...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>If the new backhaul is going to have a high capacity, it can transport traffic from diffe...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>The ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) is decreasing . The number of users has been incremen...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>In the new backhaul, there will be traffic  from 2G/3G and from 4G (LTE) . The new genera...
Analysis of  4G Backhaul <ul><li>Requirements that the  4G-Backhaul  must meet and have been discussed: </li></ul>3. Graph...
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4G Backhaul: Accept the challenge

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This presentation tries to show some of the requirements that the 4G backhaul must meet in order to provide quality services to the customers.

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4G Backhaul: Accept the challenge

  1. 1. Mario Eguiluz Alebicto
  2. 2. 1. What is happening with the backhaul? 2. Requirements of the new 4G backhaul 2.1 Support present and future networks 2.2 High speed in upload and download links 2.3 Low latency and QoS 2.4 Multiprotocol and MPLS 2.5 Flexible: SLAs 2.6 Increase ARPU. Decrease CAPEX and OPEX 2.7 Multiple synchronization for all protocols 3. Graphic summary INDEX
  3. 3. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>Numerous statistics and forecasts at Internet show that the use of data services on the mobile phone is growing up very fast . Several factors have helped this growing: </li></ul>1. What is happening with the backhaul? <ul><ul><li>The increase of smartphones sales in the last 3 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The good performance of 3G-3'5G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The user trends toward web 2.0 and social networks : Facebook, Twitter, FlickR …&quot;Internet everywhere”. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>The increase in the number of data traffic users is good news, but it also brings three problems : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More users mean more data traffic to handle, so carriers need more bandwidth. They have to upgrade their networks : in the access and in the backhaul. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New services usually require more bandwidth. Web surfing is not sufficient. Telecom operators are facing a big challenge: Users want to watch videos on demand (YouTube, Vimeo...), talk with VoIP services (Skype), listen to real time music (Spootify), etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) seems to be decreasing in the present scenario. </li></ul></ul>1. What is happening with the backhaul?
  5. 5. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>There are several examples in the Web about bottlenecks in the 3G nets due the above factors: The problem of AT&T with the Iphone is one of the famous. </li></ul><ul><li>The first step of AT&T has been to improve its towers and its backhaul. Telecom carriers are worried about the impact of the incoming devices (new smart-phones and future devices like iPad) in its net. </li></ul>1. What is happening with the backhaul?
  6. 6. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>And here is where 4G technologies have appeared: LTE and mobile WiMax can achieve high data speeds, enough to cover user demands in the next years. </li></ul><ul><li>Once an operator has chosen between LTE and WiMax, another question is revealed: </li></ul><ul><li>What about the backhaul? </li></ul><ul><li>If operators offer more bandwidth to users in the access, they need to improve the bandwidth of its backhaul in the same way. The present backhaul is not prepared to handle LTE/WiMax users...So, what are the requirements for the 4G backhaul? Lets see some of them. </li></ul>1. What is happening with the backhaul?
  7. 7. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>The new backhaul model must protect the investment already done in 2G and 3G. </li></ul><ul><li>This new backhaul has to be prepared for the 4G evolution and the next generations. In this way, the huge amount of money invested will be amortized during several years. </li></ul><ul><li>Operators are looking for a cost effective technology, with high speeds and with the capacity of interconnection with the present equipment, which could set an all-IP scenario . </li></ul><ul><li>LTE will boost this change in favor of an Ethernet based backhaul in the short term . </li></ul>2. Requirements of the new 4G backhaul 2.1 Support present and future networks
  8. 8. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>With 4G (with 3,9G also), users demand higher speeds of download and upload . New services like High Definition video on demand, High Quality photo sharing, mobile TV, etc, require a lot of bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>LTE and WiMax can achieve download speeds of 100Mb/s. The aggregate of N x 100Mb/s need a high capacity backhaul. </li></ul>2.2 High speed in upload and download links
  9. 9. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>A network, which pretends to be well prepared for 4G, will be required to manage very high bandwidths. </li></ul><ul><li>At the present scenario, a backhaul based on TDM schemas can't handle this requirement with a cost effective way. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethernet equipments tend to have a better bandwidth/cost ratio than ATM equipments. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, one has to remember that it is not only the own traffic from the 3,9/4G network: one needs to take into account the aggregate traffic from the 2G and 3G networks too! </li></ul>2.2 High speed in upload and download links
  10. 10. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>New services will be extremely sensitive to latency. Voice calls over packet switched networks, online video games, video-conference, real time video-broadcast…they need low latency values . </li></ul><ul><li>It is not only the cost of the services, it is also its quality and its performance what the customer will look for when 4G networks have arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>QoS deserves a lot of attention too: The tendency toward Ethernet changes from a circuit-switching network to a packet switching </li></ul><ul><li>Must assure the QoS that a circuit-switching network can achieve in a packet switching scenario </li></ul><ul><li>In order to do this, operators are thinking in MPLS (again MPLS!) </li></ul>2.3 Low latency and QoS
  11. 11. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>MPLS supports different QoS techniques. With this techniques carriers not only can obtain a good latency in the network, but they also can solve another problem: SLAs . </li></ul><ul><li>The SLAs (Service level agreements) of the carrier with other operators could require low latency too, so this parameter must be under consideration in the development of a new backhaul. </li></ul>2.3 Low latency and QoS
  12. 12. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>The new backhaul will mix different types of technologies: 2G TDM and 3G ATM, plus 4G Ethernet! </li></ul><ul><li>In this complex scenario, MPLS (“Multiprotocol Label Switching”) outstands. It can handle ATM & TDM packets. In this way, the protection of the 3G and 2G networks is assured while the next generation network is deployed at 100%. MPLS works in an Ethernet schema, so it fits perfectly. </li></ul>2.4 Multiprotocol and MPLS
  13. 13. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>If the new backhaul is going to have a high capacity, it can transport traffic from different carriers. </li></ul><ul><li>The owner can get benefits by selling bandwidth to other operators. </li></ul><ul><li>This flexibility of the backhaul is an opportunity , but it is also a requirement : If the company already has a SLA with other telecommunications operators, the owner of the backhaul must maintain the service until the deal ends. </li></ul>2.5 Flexible: SLAs
  14. 14. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>The ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) is decreasing . The number of users has been incremented, but the revenue per bit is going down . </li></ul><ul><li>A new business model based on the new services of the 4G-generation will be a key point to measure the success of the telecom operators in the next few years. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, operators need to find a better cost effective backhaul to improve their benefits . The reduction of CAPEX and OPEX is turning mandatory to compete in an increasingly difficult market </li></ul>2.6 Increase ARPU. Decrease CAPEX and OPEX
  15. 15. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>In the new backhaul, there will be traffic from 2G/3G and from 4G (LTE) . The new generation (4G) is clearly going to IP/Ethernet. </li></ul><ul><li>This change affects the synchronization </li></ul><ul><li>3G networks usually use the clock reference that travels through the E1-T1 to stay synchronized with the other elements of the network (they can use a GPS system also). </li></ul><ul><li>But with the new schema of the network, the new Ethernet-backhaul will require additional methods to maintain the clock reference and the delay limits, based on the QoS engineering or on special physical layers to extract the clock from the data stream (Synchronous Ethernet). </li></ul>2.7 Multiple synchronization for all protocols
  16. 16. Analysis of 4G Backhaul <ul><li>Requirements that the 4G-Backhaul must meet and have been discussed: </li></ul>3. Graphic summary
  17. 17. Mario Eguiluz Alebicto BLOG
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