Wimax and Sustainability strategies
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  • Notas para el Instructor Introducción Esta sesión busca proporcionar a los/as participantes conceptos básicos sobre sostenibilidad y brindar herramientas para analizaqr los aspectos que pueden ser críticos en la sostenibilidad de proyectos de desarrollo Duración La sesión dura 3 horas. 1 hora se utiliza para presentar los conceptos básicos y brindar ejemplos. Las siguientes dos horas se usan para el taller grupal. Contenido y principales tópicos cubiertos Introducción Qué es la sostenibilidad Características de la sostenibilidad Dimensiones de la sostenibilidad Factores a considerar Servicios Presentación de Ejemplos Taller grupal Tipo de Audiencia Cualquier persona que trabaje en proyectos de desarrollo o esté interesada en hacerlo ya sea en el área técnica, de gestión, u otra. Prerequisitos habilidades/conocimientos Ninguno Objetivos de la Unidad /Resultados previstos Al finalizar la sesión los/as participantes deberían ser capaces de definir la sostenibilidad de proyectos de desarrollo y deben contar con bases para determinar los factores que inciden en la sostenibilidad de sus proyectos. Actividades previas al taller Lectura de la guía de sostenibilidad, ya que no todos los conceptos son mostrados en la presentación. Notas sobre el uso de ejercicios Preferiblemente trabajo en grupos, en cada grupo debe estar al menos una persona que tenga un proyecto de tics y desarrollo en curso. Se recomienda el uso de papelografo para escribir de manera concisa los resultados del taller. Recursos incluidos en esta unidad Guia (incluye recursos adicionales) Presentación (incluye Notas para instructor/a) Taller grupal Recursos adionales para instructores Recursos adicionales referenciados en la guía Equipo necesario Proyector Papelógrafo Papel Marcadores

Transcript

  • 1. Guide to sustainability
      • Developed by: Tricalcar Team
      • Lilian Chamorro
      • [email_address]
    Unit 19
  • 2. Objectives
    • Define basic concepts of sustainability
    • Provide a guide to identify factors that may be critical for the sustainability of community wireless networks
    • Analise examples of projects that have used Wi-Fi technology in their networks
  • 3. Sustainability?
    • Is there no money to pay for services provided by the network?
    • Who has experience in starting up/ launching a business? What's his/her profile (technical, commercial, communication)?
    • Is it common to see low-income people using last-generation electronic devices?
  • 4. Defining sustainability
    • The ability of a project, or its results, to continue to exist/operate beyond the end of the financing or the activities of external agent.
  • 5. Caracteristics of sustainability
    • Transversal to the project
    • Concrete actions, revisions, changes
    • Changing -> Bricolage (DIY) (eg SIA - Huaral, charges to partners in order to meet costs, training farmers and their families)
    • Monitoring and evaluation must be done by partners
    • Use of methodology
    • Definition of missions, goals, results
    • Simple Solutions
    • Definition of most relevant factors
  • 6. Dimensions of sustainability
    • Social and cultural
    • Political and/or legal
    • Technological
    • Organisational
    • Financial
    • Environmental
    • Participatory work
    • Regulatory environment
    • Mesh Networks?
    • Analysis of capabilities
    • Market research, business plan
    • Synergy with the environment
  • 7. Considering factors
    • Some factors may be more important than others, depending on the project
    • Organisational, business models, etc., can not be applied in all cases
    • Analyse particular cases and identify other factors
  • 8. Services
    • Useful for the community
    • Simple and replicable
    • Not involving radical changes (IP Telephony)
    • Identify information needs
    • Virtual Courses
    • Electronic collaboration
  • 9. Services
    • Areas:
    • Commerce
    • Government
    • Education
    • Health
    • Employment
    • ...
      • Surfing the Internet,
      • e-mail
      • chat
      • VoIP
      • Store and Forward applications
      • Local applications
      • Monitoring of natural resources
      • Internal information systems
  • 10. Services: Things to remember
      • Provide connectivity to other organisations
      • Search integration with other local media (radio stations, newspapers, etc.)
      • Identify other devices with which one could gain access to network services
  • 11. Examples
    • Bolivia
        • Sopachuy – ACLO Foundation (Acción cultural Loyola) http://www.aclobolivia.org
    • Ecuador
        • Rural Action and Camari in Guamote
        • PROMEC
      • Perú
        • SIA - Huaral
  • 12. Factors to consider S ocial suatainability
    • Local context
    • Community needs
    • Commitment of key actors
    • Appropriation by the community
    • Empowering the community
    • Identify different groups
    • Sharing goals with local actors
  • 13. Factors to consider L egal and/or political sustainability
    • Implementation within the existing legal framework
      • i.e. legal use of 2.4 GHz and 5GHz bands, or regulation for IP telephony services
      • Risk factors: Bureaucracy, unacceptable political impositions, unstable political conditions.
  • 14. Factors to consider Organisational sustainability
    • Adopt an organisational model (working rules, structure, personnel)
      • Training of local staff:
        • Technical
        • Administrative
      • Documentation of key information
      • Participation of local leaders
      • Political stability
  • 15. Factors to consider Organisational sustainability
    • To select an organisational model:
      • Identify roles (administration, installation, studies, decision making, identifying needs, conventions)
      • Set team ground rules
      • Define recruitement strategies
      • Identify strategic partners
      • Look for community involvement
      • Consider need of specialised personnel
  • 16.
    • The organisation must be prepared to change, if required
    • Organisation previously constituted: Institutionalise the project
    • Managerial organisation: Follow-up activities
    Factors to consider Organisational sustainability
  • 17. Factors to consider Technological sustainability
    • Technology that suits the environment and can be maintained for a long period.
      • Features:
        • Maintainability
        • Financially accessible
        • Adaptable to new technologies
        • Easy to operate
  • 18. Factors to consider Technological sustainability
    • Consider different equipment to be provisioned:
      • Power provisioning
      • Wireless Routers, AP (different brands, firmware)
      • Software for services: proprietary, free?
        • Easy to handle, tailored to the needs
      • Internet access technology (Wi-Fi, DSL, Satellite)
      • Standards
  • 19. Factors to consider Technological sustainability
    • Ability to generate resources to allow a steady operation
      • Develop a business plan
        • Operating and investment costs (See table)
        • Define finantial resources
        • Establish costs and prices of services
      • Keep costs down without compromising quality
      • Plan cost-sharing strategies
  • 20. Conclusions
    • Maintain the benefits of the network
    • Sustainability has several dimensions: social, political, organisational, technological, financial
    • Community participation is essential for sustainability
    • We must identify the various factors affecting the sustainability, according to the context of the project.