Fred Muller - Building Amips Netbook

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  • 1. Building a MIPS netbook with educational content
  • 2. Agenda
  • 11. MIPS
    • M icroprocessor without I nterlocked P ipeline S tages
    • 12. Design started in 1981
    • 13. R educed I nstruction S et C omputing pioneer
    • 14. Basic concept: increase performance through the use of deep instruction pipelines (successive instructions can overlap in execution)
    • 15. Early '90s MIPS started to license their design
    • 16. First 2 releases of Windows NT available for MIPS
    • 17. Through the '90s embedded market adoption and supercomputing
    • 18. Loongson marks the return to the desktop
  • 19. Loongson
    • First Chinese general purpose CPU developed since 2002
    • 20. Developed at the Institute of Computing Technology (ICT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
    • 21. Chief architect is Professor Weiwu Hu
    • 22. Produced by ST Microelectronics
    • 23. Current version is revision 2
      • 64-bit capability
      • 24. Up to 1 GHz
      • 25. Little-endian MIPS III-compatible ISA
      • 26. Max power 4 W at 1 GHz
    • Rev. 3 available this month (4 core, server oriented)
    • 27. Rev. 2G bring 30% speed increment and x86 hardware emulation
  • 28. Why MIPS & Loongson?
    • Non x86 compatible = doesn't support Windows
    • 29. Low power consumption
    • 30. Bring competition to 2 monopolistic companies
    • 31. Endorses Open Source
    • 32. In line with our principles
  • 33. Research and Development
    • Started end of 2007, Gdium available early 2009
    • 34. Casing design by a Chinese company in Shanghai
    • 35. Board design by Lemote
    • 36. SMT, assembly, etc by a Taiwanese company
    • 37. Operating System by Mandriva
    • 38. UI design and machine specificities by Dexxon/Emtec
    • 39. Online platform specific to markets
    • 40. Content building by teachers and specialists
    • 41. No hard disk, only removable Solid State Drive (16 GB)
      • Ease of maintenance
      • 42. Unit shareable by several users
    • 16 W total consumption
  • 43. Principles
    • Provide access to knowledge to as many as possible
      • Low cost machine
      • 44. Low consumption machine
      • 45. Internet helps to spread, share, enhance content
    • Adapt to local culture
  • 50. Software
    • Current solution
    • Retail version
      • 55 educational applications
      • 56. Highly reliant on having an Internet
      • 57. Tabbed based UI with G-desklets (widgets...)
      • 58. Content available @ Gdium.com
  • 59. Chinese School solution
    • Still Mandriva based
      • Highly customized
      • 60. Looking at local distributions
        • Better local language support
        • 61. Support, pricing, etc better tailored to local market
    • Limited set of applications
      • Easier for teachers
      • 62. Focused on what works well in Chinese
    • Classroom server
      • Replicated online content
      • 63. Classroom management
      • 64. Simple admin tasks
      • 65. Intranet services (email, blog, wiki, CMS, etc)
    • 20 units Suitcase for mobile classroom (with wifi router)
  • 66. Business benefits
    • Low cost and shareable hardware
    • 67. Self-service kiosks
    • 68. Provide books and content on the removable USB disk
    • 69. Software is free and shareable
    • 70. Content is free and shareable
    • 71. Any project all the money goes to the hardware
    • 72. Donated machines don't get reinstalled
    • 73. Free software is good for the local economy
      • Locally owned company make software
      • 74. Licensing biz is dying, focus on (customer) service
      • 75. Develop local competence (vs outsourcing)
    • Content usable at school or/and at home (for everyone)
  • 76. What's next / wrap up
    • The project is more than just a netbook
    • 77. Good example of usage of FOSS in business
    • 78. I have questions!
      • ICT Status in Vietnamese school curriculum
      • 79. Status of Open Source in Education in Vietnam
      • 80. Any specific Vietnamese Educational application?
      • 81. NGO work on IT in Education
    • Attend the next talk about FOSS deployment in Schools
  • 82. Thank you